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Purchasing
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  • Policies & procedures

    NUMBER EFFECTIVE POLICY AND PROCEDURE
    Overview New Purchasing Procedures Overview
    PPP1 11/01/96 Best Judgment Purchasing
    PPP2 11/01/96 Simplified Bid Process
    PPP3   Official Sealed Bids and Specifications Writing
    PPP4 07/08/96 New or Renewal Subscriptions
    PPP5   Printing and Printing Related Purchases
    PPP6 11/01/96 Blanket Purchase Orders
    PPP7 New Illegal Purchases
    PPP8   Non-Competitive Purchasing
    PPP9   Change and Cancellation Orders
    PPP10   Return Materials Authorization (RMA) Process
    Definitions New Definitions

    Purchasing Overview

    1. GENERAL. As a rule, departments obtain goods and services through the purchasing process governed by State Bureau of Procurement policy and internal procedures within UW-L Purchasing Services.  For most purchases, a  purchase requisition  is generated by the department, signed by the Department Chair, Dean, or Director and forwarded to Purchasing Services for review and approval. 

    2. TYPES OF ORDERS.

    2.1 DIRECT PAYMENT. This is used for those items not requiring a purchase order, such as, memberships, registration fees, services, etc. less than $5,000.

    2.2 PROCUREMENT CARD. This is used for low dollar supplies purchases (less than $5,000) under the conditions described in the  Procurement Card Manual .

    2.2 PURCHASE ORDER. Used for most other purchases.

    2.2.1 BEST JUDGMENT -- Goods and services costing less than $5,000, excluding shipping.  Normal processing time from receipt of a problem-free order to purchase order transmission is two working days.  (PPP 1)

    2.2.2 SIMPLIFIED BIDDING -- Goods and services costing between $5,000 and $50,000.  Requires obtaining quotations from at least three sources.  (PPP 2)

    2.2.3 OFFICIAL SEALED BID -- Goods and services costing $50,000 or more.  Procedures and timing are strictly regulated by law.  At a minimum, the processing time will be four weeks, but six weeks is more common. (PPP 3)

    2.2.4 SPECIAL PROCEDURES -- Not all purchases fit the categories above.  If a state or UW System contract is in effect for the ordered commodity, then the processing will be shortened and simplified.  On the other hand, if there are special considerations, e.g., sole source, evaluation by other than lowest cost, etc., then special procedures will apply. (PPP 8)

    3. CONTRACTS. Negotiated at various levels, contracts are developed to ensure the availability of goods and services, to establish vendor relationships, and to obtain favorable pricing.  An advantage of contracts is that they save time in processing higher dollar purchases.  A disadvantage is that they can sometimes limit choice.

    3.1 MANDATORY -- The State will negotiate contracts requiring that only certain vendors' products will be purchased for specific commodities.  Examples include printers and copiers, business papers, floppy disks, and systems furniture.

    3.2 OPTIONAL -- State negotiated contracts that may be used if desired.  Examples include office furniture and carpeting.

    3.3 UW SYSTEM -- Contracts negotiated by UW System and/or UW-Madison.  All are voluntary usage.  Examples include video & audio electronics, laboratory supplies, etc.

    3.4 UW-LA CROSSE -- Most UW-L negotiated contracts are for services, such as motor coach transport and snow removal.

    4. PURCHASING RESTRICTIONS. Some commodities are strictly controlled, and they require special procedures and approvals.  Additionally, some purchasing practices are prohibited by statute.

    4.1 CONTROLLED COMMODITIES -- Examples include printing, vehicles, heating/air conditioning equipment, and some computer software.

    4.2 SERIAL PURCHASING -- The practice of issuing a series of orders within a ninety day period to the same vendor for the same item or service in order to avoid the appropriate competitive procurement process.  This is a prohibited practice.

    4.3 FRAGMENTED PURCHASING -- The intentional splitting of requisitions for like items or services in order to avoid the appropriate competitive process.  This differs from serial purchasing in that the fragmented purchases usually occur at the same time, and the items may not be identical, though they are related by project or commodity.  This is a prohibited practice.

    4.4 AGENCY CONTRACTING -- An agency employee without delegated purchasing authority making a purchase agreement with a vendor prior to obtaining the appropriate approval.  In such a case, the employee can be required to personally pay for the purchase.  (See PPP 7, Illegal Purchases)

    4.5 PERSONAL GAIN - Wisconsin statutes prohibit state employees from obtaining financial gain or anything of substantive value as a result of their positions as state employees.  Personal gain is extended to include the employee's immediate family and any organizations with which the the employee is associated.  Specific examples of prohibited practices include the following:

    4.5.1 - Using state funds to make purchases of goods or services from yourself, your immediate family, or an associated organization.

    4.5.2 - Converting state property to personal use or gain without legally obtaining the property through normal surplus procedures.

    5. SPECIAL PROCEDURES:

    5.1 BLANKET PURCHASE ORDERS -- Upon departmental request and if use of a procurement card is not appropriate, Purchasing Services will issue blanket purchase orders to vendors for small, repetitive purchases of the same commodity.  An example would be a blanket order with a local plumbing supplier for repair parts.  Purchasing Services will not approve blanket purchase orders for office supplies, as they are to be obtained through Campus Stores.

    5.2 EMERGENCY ORDERS -- An emergency can be justification for suspending the rules on competitive procurement.  An emergency is strictly defined by procurement regulations as something that threatens public health, safety, or welfare and in which the following conditions exist: 1) it was unforeseen; 2) it calls for immediate action; 3) it cannot be responded to using normal procurement processes.  Failure to plan ahead does not constitute an emergency.

    5.3 SAMPLES -- The standard procurement rules apply to the purchase of any sample, demo, or loaner equipment.  Departments must be careful not to be making an "agency contract" with a vendor when accepting a sample, demo, or loaner, as the accepting individual can be held financially responsible for the purchase.

     

    Best Judgment Purchases (Under $5,000)

    1. GENERAL. The  Procurement Card  is intended to satisfy most purchasing needs below $5,000.  When a procurement card is not appropriate for purchases less than $5,000 (PPP 12), a  purchase requisition  is submitted to Purchasing Services.  It will usually be converted without change to an official purchase order unless the item(s) being ordered is available on an existing contract or a special approval is required.  Purchasing Services assumes that the ordering department is exercising its "best judgment" in choosing the item(s) and vendor.

    2. CAUTIONS. A published contract for the supplies or services being requested may already exist.  The department may check for published  UW-Madison, UW System , and state contracts and for pricing and terms by contacting Purchasing Services prior to completing a requisition.  Also, some commodities of goods and services may require special approval documentation (Ex: temporary help, vehicle leasing).

    2.1 If Purchasing Services receives a requisition requesting items that are on a contract, the order may be processed as a contract order.  The department will be notified of this action by receipt of a purchase order copy with the contract vendor and contract number printed on it.

    2.2 If Purchasing Services receives a requisition requesting items that require a special approval, the department contact person will be notified and asked for assistance in getting whatever special documentation is required.  The requisition will be held until this requirement is completed.

    3. RESTRICTIONS:  Departments MAY NOT independently place orders with vendors that equal or exceed $5,000.  Invoices received for $5,000 or more that do not reference a purchase order number will not be processed for payment until the procuring department adequately justifies why proper purchasing procedures were not followed.  Insufficient justification may result in the ordering employee becoming personally liable for payment of the invoice  (See PPP 7).  

    4. CONTACTS:  Purchasing Services (608.785.8724); Accounts Payable (608.785.8555).

    5. USAGE. The department prepares a  purchase requisition , making sure to have the complete vendor name and address as the "suggested vendor," and processes the requisition through normal approval channels.  Departments should consider requesting a Blanket Order if they anticipate frequent, low-dollar purchases of similar items from the same vendor and procurement card use is not appropriate.

    6. DOLLAR LIMIT. A Best Judgment Order may not equal or exceed $5,000, not including freight or shipping charges.

    PPP 1 - Procedures for Best Judgment Requisitions

    1. PROCEDURE. The  purchase requisition , as prepared by the department, is usually converted  without change  by Purchasing Services to an official purchase order, unless the goods or services being ordered are available on an existing contract or a special approval is required.  Therefore, each requisition must contain the following:

    1.1 Complete, accurate vendor name and address including zip code.  This is the address to which the order will be mailed.

    1.2 Complete department location, including building name and room number.  This is where the item(s) will be delivered after receipt in Central Receiving.

    1.3 First and last name of the department person placing the order.  A telephone number is optional, but helpful should there be questions or problems.

    1.4 A complete and detailed description of the goods or services to be purchased, including quantity, unit of packaging, manufacturer's model number, accurate confirmed prices, and any other information necessary for the vendor to accurately process the order.

    1.5 All of the above elements are required or the processing of the requisition may be delayed until the appropriate information is obtained.

    2. CHECK ENCLOSED. If it is required by the vendor, and prices are firm (up to date order forms, catalog information, phone quote, etc.), a  purchase requisition  may be processed "check enclosed," which eliminates the need to process a later invoice.

    3.1 In addition to item 1.4 above, type in the description area of the requisition "CHECK ENCLOSED" and attach two copies of price documentation to the requisition.  A telephone quote with complete name of the vendor contact person, telephone number, date given, and cost (including all shipping) is acceptable documentation.

    4. TURNAROUND. Every effort will be made to process Best Judgment orders within two working days after the requisition is received in Purchasing Services. 

    5. FOLLOW UP. If the department has not received the blue department copy of a purchase order after five (5) working days of it being encumbered, the department should check the status by calling Purchasing Services at 608.785.8724.

    6. TRACING ORDERS. Departments should trace their own Best Judgment orders.  Purchasing Services is available to assist departments whenever necessary.

    7. PAYMENT. Properly submitted invoices will be paid within 30 days of receipt.  If the department receives the original invoice, it should verify the purchase order number is referenced on the invoice and forward it IMMEDIATELY to Accounts Payable.

    Simplified Bid Process

    1. POLICY. When the estimated cost of the purchase of a supply, service (except printing), or equipment item(s) is between $5,000 and $50,000, simplified bidding may be performed by departments or will be performed by Purchasing Services using several different methods of solicitation.  Simplified bidding performed by departments will be subject to review by Purchasing Services, which may elect to solicit additional bids to assure the requirement for competitive bidding has been met.  Simplified bidding is not intended to circumvent the appropriate purchasing procedures.  Final award will be made by Purchasing Services.

    1.1 Mandatory State Bulletins, when applicable, must be used unless prior approval is obtained through Purchasing Services.  The State, UW-Madison, and UW System have non-mandatory contracts available for department convenience and savings.

    1.2 When the cost of a transaction is estimated to be more than $50,000, official sealed bids may be required.  Please contact Purchasing Services for instructions. (See PPP 3.)

    2. CAUTIONS. All UW-L personnel involved in soliciting bids are responsible for compliance with the laws and regulations related to this activity. 

    2.1 Ethics/Conflict of Interest. For Classified Staff refer to Classified Employee Work Guidelines and Chapter ER-Pers 24 of the Wisconsin Administrative Rules.  Faculty and Academic Staff refer to Wisconsin Administrative Code, UWS Chapter 8.

    2.2 Confidentiality of bids. UW personnel must be careful not to give one supplier an advantage over another by inadvertently sharing one supplier's prices, terms, or other bid information with another prior to the purchase order being released.

    2.2.1 Only information needed to clarify a specification and necessary for a supplier to prepare his/her own bid may be given out and made available to all contacts.

    2.2.2 Suppliers may ask to be notified of the bid results after the award is made.  Departments are not authorized to release this information until after the purchase order has been released.

    2.3 Insurance. Insurance coverage will be required from the successful bidder for service, installation, inside delivery and other work performed on campus.  It is imperative that this requirement be made known to the supplier as part of the bid specification.  Contact Purchasing Services for assistance in this area.

    3. CONTACT. For additional information on simplified bid processing, contact Purchasing Services at 608.785.8724 or dotto@uwlax.edu  

    4. USAGE. Simplified bidding is used by Purchasing Services and may be used by departmental personnel with the approval of their dean/department administrators when the estimated cost of the purchase is between $5,000 and $50,000.  Price quotes should be obtained from three or more vendors who are normally expected to carry or provide the supply, service, or equipment.  Repetitive/frequent requisitions from the same department for the same supply, service, or equipment will be consolidated by Purchasing Services, and the appropriate purchasing procedures will be followed.

    4.1 Three supplier contacts for competitive pricing is a minimum.  The maximum realistic number of bids should be governed by the cost and definition of the product being purchased.  The use of only three contacts should not be used to restrict competition, and we encourage more than three quotes to maximize competition.

    4.2 Whenever possible, minority businesses, sheltered workshops and small businesses should be included among the contacts.

    4.3 When other university departments or other government agencies are considered viable vendors, they should be contacted prior to making contact with outside vendors.

    4.4 Contacts or price quotes may be gotten through the following methods: current price lists, advertisements, telephone or verbal quotes, facsimile quotations, written bids, or previous quotes on file (see Sec. 4.5.3 below).  No matter which method is used, contacts for price quotes must be documented.

    4.5 When comparing bids/quotes, the following elements must be considered:  price (discount), conformity with original specifications, delivery date (if specified), freight charges, and special preferences (minority business, etc.).  If the bids are not carefully reviewed, the department may receive inferior products or a decrease in competition resulting in higher prices.

    4.5.1 Alternate Bids. If suppliers submit bids for products or services different from that specified, a determination must be made as to whether or not the alternate item is an equal substitution.  The supplier must provide sufficient product information for the user to completely evaluate the alternate item.  An inaccurate evaluation by the university may result in the purchase of inferior products or services.  This situation is unfair to those suppliers who submit bids meeting or exceeding the original specifications.

    4.5.2 Unclear Specifications. If a specification is unclear, a supplier may submit a bid for a product or service that is lower or unnecessarily higher in quality.  With a more clearly understood specification, the supplier will be able to bid closer to the stated specification at a competitive price. (See PPP 3.)

    4.5.3 Using previous quotes on file:  Under certain conditions the results of a bid may be used more than once.  If the awarded bidder from a recent round of bidding will agree to hold to the same pricing, and if this pricing is still to the university's advantage, then bidding does not need to be repeated and the previous (recent) round of bidding takes the place of competitive bidding for the new purchase.

    Procedures For the Simplified Bid Process:

    1. Prepare written specifications before soliciting bids.  Elements that may be included are:

    1.1 Quantity wanted; packaging information (e.g., 12 each 60-oz. containers/case).

    1.2 Physical description; i.e. dimensions, size, color, weight, grade, finish; composition; performance requirements.

    1.3 Trade or brand name; manufacturer part number, model number, and catalog number.  Note: Brand names are not normally specified, except as an example of the product desired.  Departments must be prepared to justify specific brands as the only products acceptable.

    1.4 For installation and/or service contracts: insurance requirements, nature of service, location, time limits.

    1.5 Delivery deadline if applicable; delivery location(s); type of delivery, i.e. dock delivery, installed.

    1.6 Request for freight costs if not already included in the bid price.

    1.7 Method of award, specify line item or lot total.

    2. Contact potential bidders.  Departments are encouraged to solicit bids from Minority Business Enterprises (MBE) and Sheltered Workshops.  Contact Purchasing Services for guidance on determining awards involving these types of vendors.

    3. Obtain price quotations by one or a combination of the following methods.  In all methods, collect the following information: supplier/company name and order address; first and last name of person giving the quote; date and/or number of current price list used; date of quote; unit price, extended price, and lot total where designated; freight costs if not included in the price; payment terms (i.e., net 30, 2% 10/N30); delivery date or calendar days until delivery from when supplier receives your order [e.g., 3 weeks after receipt of order (ARO)] and designation of Minority Business and/or Sheltered Workshop.

    3.1 Telephone. Contact the suppliers directly.  It is important the suppliers understand you are taking COMPETITIVE BIDS and not placing an order.  Provide all suppliers with the exact same specifications and information, and request they get back to you by a specific date with their quotation.  The nature of the procurement and the urgency of your need will determine this deadline.  Be sure to allow sufficient time for special situations where a site inspection may be necessary, e.g., service contracts. In the event you need to alter the specifications because of a change in needs, error in the specification, etc., it will be necessary to re-contact all suppliers.  Remember, competitive bids are confidential until the purchase order is issued.

    3.2 Facsimile (FAX). Prepare a list of your needs and the specification and transmit it to the supplier.  It is important to include in a prominent position, the phrase "REQUEST FOR BID" so the supplier does not think it is an order.

    3.3 Written Request for Bid. Similar to a facsimile quotation except the document is emailed to the suppliers.

    3.4 Price Lists. Prices may be taken from current price lists or advertisements.  These lists MUST be current and appropriate for the commodity area.  It is best to check with the supplier by phone or facsimile to confirm the pricing.  In many cases, there may be an additional discount for a quantity purchase or an educational institution discount.  This is particularly true for computer equipment.

    3.5 In the event the supplier does not respond by the stated deadline, this should be documented. This "no response" may be used to meet the requirement of three or more solicitations.

    4. Analyze bid results. The recommended award shall be made to the lowest responsible bidder meeting all the specifications.

    4.1 Minority Business Enterprises receive a 5% price preference and Sheltered Workshops receive a 2% price preference in competitive bidding.  Contact Purchasing Services for guidance in making these determinations.

    4.2 When the recommended award is made to other than the lowest bidder, a justification must be provided for each bid that is lower than the recommended award.  Examples include: the low bid is for an alternate item of inferior quality (be specific), the low bid cannot meet the required delivery deadline, other deviations from the bid specification, or interstate reciprocity considerations.  Contact Purchasing Services for assistance in this area.

    4.3 If there are tied bids or if there is some confusion, contact Purchasing Services for assistance.

    5. Upon reviewing simplified bidding results, Purchasing Services may elect to solicit additional bids.  Purchasing Services will be the agent of record on the purchase order; it is their responsibility to see that the requirement for competitive bidding has been met.

    New or Renewal Subscriptions

    1. POLICY. New or renewal subscriptions to magazines, journals, and periodicals should be paid directly with a procurement card.  A direct payment by check will be made when a procurement card purchase is not appropriate.  A purchase order will not be issued unless there is insufficient documentation provided for producing a check.

    2. CAUTION. For check payment, if the requisition is not completed as noted in section 4, Accounts Payable will return the requisition to the department contact person for more information.

    3. CONTACT. Call Accounts Payable at 608.785.8555 for general questions.

    4. REQUISITION PROCEDURES (CHECK PAYMENT). Complete an order form or renewal notice and attach it to a completed purchase requisition .  If there is no subscription form, provide a detailed description of the subscription on the requisition.

    4.1 Make certain the VENDOR NAME and ADDRESS, including the ZIP+4 digits, is correct.  Provide a complete SHIP-TO address: Department name, c/o person, building room number, street address, city, state and ZIP+4.

    4.2 State whether this is a  renewal  or  new  and the subscription period on the requisition.  Specify the name of the journal, magazine, etc.

    5. The department is responsible for all follow-up activities with the vendor after the check has been issued.  This includes duplicate orders, cancellations, and non-delivery.

    5.1 To obtain the check number and/or check date for discussions with the vendor, contact Accounts Payable and provide them with the voucher number.

    5.2 If the subscription is canceled and the vendor issues a refund check, forward that check to Accounts Payable with a note of explanation.

    Blanket Purchase Orders

    1. POLICY. A blanket order is issued to establish an account with external vendors or with other Wisconsin state agencies for the purpose of making small, repetitive purchases of similar supplies or services.  The intent of the blanket order is to reduce the need for multiple purchase orders to the same vendor, thus reducing the numbers of transactions and making the purchases easier and more timely.

    2. CAUTION. A blanket order is potentially the easiest purchasing instrument to abuse, as individual purchases against the blanket order do not receive Purchasing Services scrutiny before they are made.  Departments should order only goods or services with a blanket purchase order covered by the class code for which it was issued.  In other words, a blanket order to an audio store for recording tape should not be used to buy speakers.  Items ordered that are not included in the general description of the blanket order may be considered an illegal purchase (See PPP 7, Illegal Purchases).  Purchasing Services periodically reviews blanket order releases to determine if the usage limit is being followed.  Inappropriate use of blanket orders may result in discontinuation of blanket order privileges for the department.

    3. CONTACTS. Questions regarding establishing and changing blanket orders should go to Purchasing Services at 608.785.8724.  Questions regarding invoice approval or billing should go to Accounts Payable at 608.785.8555.

    4. PROCEDURES. Departments may request a blanket purchase order by completing a   purchase requisition  and routing it through normal approval channels.

    4.1 Departments should determine the beginning and ending dates of the blanket order.  Otherwise, the order will be automatically closed at the end of the fiscal year (June 30).  Estimate the encumbrance dollar amount to cover expected expenditures during the time period of the blanket order.

    4.2 Departments may place an order against a blanket order upon receiving the department copy of the blanket order.  Give the vendor the complete eight character blanket order number.  Remind the vendor that three copies of the invoice, referencing the blanket order number, must be sent to Accounts Payable, 1725 State Street, La Crosse, WI  54601.

    4.3 Departments may need to add or delete a supply or service item(s) on an existing blanket order (See PPP 9, Change & Cancellation Orders).  When returning or exchanging items, see PPP 10, Return Materials Authorization (RMA) Process, for the correct procedures.

    4.4 Departments will receive roll-over forms during the fourth quarter of the fiscal year for blanket orders that are expiring on June 30.  Departments may renew expiring blanket orders without having to type new requisitions by "editing" each form for a new time period and encumbrance.  If these forms are not returned to Purchasing Services before the fiscal year ends, the blanket order will not roll-over, and departments will have to use the requisitioning process to create new blanket orders.

    5. USAGE and LIMITS. A blanket order is issued for the purchase of either supplies or services as defined by the selected class code.  No single transaction against a blanket order may exceed $5,000.00.  A blanket order:

    5.1 Is not issued for printing except for allowable items under $50 per transaction (refer to PPP 5--Printing & Printing Related Purchases).

    5.2 May be issued for a maximum of 12 months.  Do not place an order after the expiration date.

    5.3 Start date may be back-dated by two weeks from the requisition date, or to the beginning of the current month, whichever is longer.

    Illegal Purchases

    1. POLICY. It is the responsibility of each person to comply with Wisconsin Statutes and Administrative Codes when expending public funds (regardless of the source of the funding) deposited with the University of Wisconsin- La Crosse.

    Wis. Stats. 16.77(2) states whenever a person "...contracts for the purchase of supplies, materials, equipment or contractual services contrary to ss. 16.705 to 16.82 or rules promulgated ... the contract is void, and any officer or subordinate is liable for the cost thereof, and if such supply, material, equipment or contractual services so unlawfully purchased have been paid for out of public moneys, the amount thereof may be recovered in the name of the state in an action filed by the attorney general against the officer or subordinate ...".  See attached list of items exempt from this policy (e.g., preprinted educational materials, travel costs).

    2. CONTACTS. Purchasing Services, 608.785.8724.

    3. PROCEDURES. Purchasing Services will take the following actions for the following illegal purchases:

    3.1 Serial purchases identified by Purchasing Services will be stopped and brought to the attention of the appropriate Dean/Director.  Transactions involving extenuating circumstances, which show no intent to evade the bidding process, may be considered for further processing upon the agreement of the Dean/Director and the Director of Purchasing Services.

    3.2 Fragmented purchase requisitions will be combined and processed using the appropriate competitive process.  Fragmenting of purchases results in an increased workload for the Department, Dean, Accounting, Computer Center, and Purchasing Services.

    3.3 A Return Materials Authorization (RMA) form modifying the original purchase order in any way is illegal.  Modification to a purchase order may only be made by an official change order issued by Purchasing Services.  For proper use of the RMA, see PPP 10.

    4. USAGE. Any person deemed responsible for initiating an illegal purchase (responsibility will be determined by Department/Dean and/or Purchasing Services) is personally accountable for a satisfactory resolution.  Resolution options are:

    4.1 To submit a personally composed and signed letter/memo which includes:

    4.1.1 Description of the goods or services purchased.

    4.1.2 Circumstances which led to the illegal purchase.

    4.1.3 Justification for lack of prior Purchasing Services approval.

    4.1.4 Statement of actions being taken to prevent repetition of the situation.

    4.1.5 Department head and Dean/Director signatures indicating review and approval.

    4.2 To return goods to the vendor for full credit.  The person may be required to pay restocking or other charges, if any.

    4.3 To pay for the goods or services personally from own funds, NOT from public funds.

    Surplus Property Disposal

    1. POLICY. In accordance with Department of Administration policy, Campus Stores has been delegated sole authority to dispose of surplus property for UW-La Crosse.  Campus Stores may further delegate disposition authority for specific items or for general disposal activities.

    2. DEFINITIONS.

    2.1 State Property -- All materials, supplies, and equipment of a state agency, regardless of value.  This does not include real property.

    2.2 Surplus Property - State property that is in excess of department needs, no longer in use by the department, technically or mechanically obsolete, no longer functional, or has no intrinsic value (junk).  This does not include real property.

    2.3 Surplus Property Transaction -- A single transaction is identified as a separate and distinct Surplus Property Transaction Form (L-1814) with a distinctive date.

    3. CAUTIONS. All sales of state property to organizations outside the University of Wisconsin System or to individuals must be approved by Campus Stores.  University departments are NOT authorized to dispose of state property without Campus Stores approval.

    4. CONTACTS. Departments should call Campus Stores at 608.785.8643 with any questions regarding surplus disposal, or to request copies of the Surplus Property Transaction Form (L-1814).

    5. DEPARTMENT PROCEDURES. UW-La Crosse departments must fill out a Surplus Property Transaction Form (L-1814) listing the surplus item(s) and send it to Campus Stores, Physical Plant.

    5.1 Campus Stores will coordinate with the department for property removal.

    5.2 Generally, Campus Stores will determine the selling price of surplus property.  Campus Stores will consult with department personnel in pricing specialized items.

    5.3 Departments disposing of equipment and supplies will receive the net proceeds of the sale after deduction of the Campus Stores handling expenses (paragraph 9).  The credit will be made directly to the funding source indicated by the department on the Surplus Property Transaction Form or credited to the department's Stores account, if desired.

    5.4 All sales to individuals and to organizations that cannot provide a Wisconsin Sales Tax Exemption number are subject to state and county sales taxes.

    5.5 Property may be donated to non-profit or other tax-supported organizations with the approval of Campus Stores.  This preference should be indicated on the "Additional Comments" section of the Surplus Property Transaction form.

    6. DIRECT DISPOSAL. Surplus property is first made available to other UW-La Crosse departments by announcement in the Campus Connection or by electronic bulletin board.  After surplus property has been made available to UW-La Crosse departments, other UW System institutions, and other state agencies, it is made available to the general public.

    7. EQUIPMENT TRANSFERRED TO ANOTHER DEPARTMENT. The contributing department must complete a Surplus Property Transaction form. In the "Condition Codes" section indicate "T" and record the building and room number to which the property was transferred.

    8. EQUIPMENT TRADE-IN. Departments may elect to trade-in equipment as part of a new equipment purchase.  The department must complete a Surplus Property Transaction Form describing the equipment that is being traded in.  In the "Condition Codes" section indicate "TR," and in the "Comments" section include the bid number or purchase order number, and the due date for the new equipment.  The completed form should be sent to Campus Stores, Physical Plant.

    9. SALES PROCEEDS DISPOSITION. Campus Stores will deduct a handling fee from surplus property sales proceeds to cover disposal expenses and will return the remainder to the contributing department.  The disposal handling fee is $50 per transaction, minimum, plus 10% of proceeds above $50.  Transaction proceeds less than $50 will be totally applied to disposal expenses.

    10. TRANSPORTATION SERVICES. Campus Stores will pick up surplus property from UW-La Crosse departments.  Arrangements for pick up of surplus items can be made by calling 608.785.8643.

    11. REPORTING AND RECORDS. Campus Stores will report surplus property transactions to DOA and maintain required records in accordance with PRO-F-3, State Procurement Manual.

    12. PROHIBITED AND CONTROLLED PRACTICES. The following practices are specifically prohibited or controlled by State of Wisconsin regulations:

    12.1. Donations of state property to private individuals, for-profit organizations, or state employees are prohibited.

    12.2. Sales to state employees are prohibited unless the items are sold at announced public sales or auctions.

    12.3. There are special restrictions on the disposal of certain major appliances, including air conditioners, clothes washers and dryers, dishwashers, freezers, microwave ovens, ovens, refrigerators, and stoves.  Contact Campus Stores for further information.

    12.4. State data shall be removed from all electronic media, such as computer hard drives, prior to disposal.  For computers, this includes all data files and program applications other than the computer operating system, i.e., DOS and Windows.

    13. REFERENCE. PRO-F-3, State Procurement Manual, Surplus Property Disposal - Nonvehicles, August 1, 1996.

    Attachment: Surplus Property Transaction Form (L-1814)

    Definitions

    Abandoned Property:   Items not owned by the state or university that are abandoned on UW-La Crosse property and will be disposed of by Campus Stores following notification of the owner.  Refer to PPP #11 on Surplus Property Disposal.

    Account Number:   An eleven digit number that identifies a UW-L financial account by appropriation and department.

    Agreement:   A legally binding compact that states terms and conditions of a procurement between two or more parties.

    Auction Sales:   Process used to offer surplus property to the general public by open competition, which may be conducted by fax or sealed bid.

    Award:   Selection of the lowest price bid which meets all specifications of the bid.

    Back Orders:   When a stock item that is ordered is temporarily out of stock a back order is automatically created.

    Badger State Industries Program:   Policy on procurement of BSI materials and services to establish mandatory bulletin release procedures.

    Best Judgment Order:   A purchase order of $5,000 or less (excluding freight) that is created from a requisition for only that particular purchase.  Best judgment orders may not be used for blanket orders, maintenance agreements, printing services, radioactive materials or gas cylinders.

    Blanker Order:   A purchase order issued to establish an account with a vendor or state agency to obtain miscellaneous supplies or services (e.g., laboratory supplies, repair parts) during a specified period of time.

    Brand/Trade Names:   Manufacturer's name and/or product number.

    Cancellation Order:   An order issued to cancel an existing purchase order when none of the items ordered are wanted.

    Capital Equipment:   Items that individually cost $5,000 or more and have a useful life of two years or more.

    Certified Minority Business Enterprise:   A business certified by the Wisconsin Department of Development under s.560.036(2), Wis. Stats.

    Change Order:   An order issued to change or modify an existing purchase order.

    Check With Order:   Payment for purchase is mailed with the vendor copy of the purchase order prior to supplies or services being received.

    Commercial Invoice:   A document communicating the seller's understanding of the nature of the agreement between the seller and buyer.  This document is used by service companies as a source of information about conditions of sale and transportation, and by foreign customs officer to establish duty.

    Competitive Process:   A minimum of three qualified vendors are solicited to submit bids on a procurement on which they normally would be expected to bid.

    Confirming Order:   A requisition asking for payment out of public funds of a purchase made by an individual prior to release of a purchase order.

    Contract:   An established legally binding agreement between the University/State of Wisconsin and one or more vendors in which the vendor agrees to provide certain supplies or services at a specified price or at a discount from price list for a set period of time.

    Contract Compliance Affirmative Action Program:   Committing the vendor to a program designed to achieve a balanced work force within a reasonable period of time.  It contains, at a minimum, a policy statement, work force analysis, program goals, internal monitoring system, and dissemination of the plan.

    Contract Order:   A blanket-type order supported by a UW-Madison or UW System Contract, a State Procurement Bulletin, or a Governor's Waiver.

    Contractor:   A vendor with whom the University/State has entered into a contract or negotiated an agreement.

    Controlled Substances:   Chemicals, drugs, or compounds of which the use and/or purchase is controlled by state or federal rules and regulations.

    Credit Memo:   Issued by a vendor to offset all or part of an invoice.

    Deep Discount:   A vendor discount which reduces the net price substantially below normal market price.

    Direct Charge:   A payment for goods or services which are exempt from the normal purchasing procedures.  See list of authorized direct charges on Attachment A.

    Emergency Purchase:   A purchase of goods or services needed to respond to an emergency situation.  An emergency situation is something which threatens public health, safety or welfare and in which all the following conditions exist: 1) was unforeseen; 2) calls for immediate action; 3) cannot be responded to using established procurement methods.  An emergency situation may also exist as the result of a proclamation by the Governor, under Wis. Stats. S.166.03(1)(b)1. PRINTING CANNOT BE PURCHASED USING EMERGENCY PURCHASING PROCEDURES.

    Encumbrance:   A reservation/commitment (by a requisition) of budgeted funds into the (3270 computer program delete) campus accounting system.  The encumbrance occurs when the purchase order is printed.

    Exchange:   The return of all or part of a purchase to a vendor or manufacturer in exchange for replacement goods (e.g., defective or incorrect merchandise, error during the ordering process, or product not meeting departmental needs).

    Exchange for Partial Credit:   An exchange except the replacement goods are of a lesser value than the original order or of the same value but in a quantity smaller than the original order.  The vendor will usually issue a credit memo.

    Fragmenting of Purchases:   The intentional splitting of requisitions for like items from the same vendor with the intention of avoiding the competitive bid process.

    Gift-in-kind:   A non-monetary gift voluntarily bestowed upon the University without restrictions.

    Graphic Equipment:   Photocopiers (70 copies/minute or more) and floor-standing presses.

    Illegal Purchase:   Any procurement action taken to obligate the University for goods or services without going through required purchasing procedures.

    Intra-Campus Large Move:   Office furniture and equipment that cannot be handled by a small move as determined by the Physical Plant Operations Manager.

    Intra-Campus Small Move:   A move of office furniture/equipment in fewer than two offices, or when furniture needs to be moved temporarily for carpet installations, remodeling, etc.

    Invoice:   A request or bill for payment of item(s) shipped and/or services rendered with a detailed accounting of all charges and total amount due.

    Junk Property:   Surplus property that has no intrinsic value and is disposed for minimum price or in lieu of transportation cost for removal from a UW-La Crosse site.

    Maintenance Agreement:   A contract for repair or service of specified equipment, building equipment (i.e., elevators, furnaces) or non-consumable supply items.

    Market Sensitive Equipment:   Equipment which has an established after market of brokers and dealers, and price is dependent on timing of the sale.  Example: desktop computers.

    Minimum Requirements:   Basic needs identified by the department user.

    Minority Business Enterprise Policy:   Minority Business enterprises are encouraged to respond to the state's procurement needs.  All efforts are made to identify and eliminate any procedural or technical impediments to full participation of minority business enterprises in state procurement.

    Negative Approval:   The usual payment process, without special department approval, in which an invoice is automatically processed for payment and a copy is sent to the department for review.  It is the department's responsibility to review the approved invoice and contact Accounts Payable if there is a problem.

    Offer to Sell:   Procedure used to seek competition to sell specific surplus property equipment or abandoned property.  UW-La Crosse currently does not have delegated authority to make offers to sell.

    Office Equipment:   University-owned equipment typically found in an office, e.g., microcomputers, typewriters, calculators, laboratory fixtures.

    Office Furniture:   University-owned furniture typically found in an office, e.g., desks, tables, chairs, file cabinets.

    Office Supplies:   Supply items typically used in an office and which are consumed (or lose their identity) in use.  Office supplies also may include durable, low cost items also used in offices, e.g., staplers, calculators.

    Pro Forma Invoice:   An invoice provided by a supplier prior to shipment informing the buyer of the types and quantities of commodities being sent, value, and important specifications (weight, size etc.).

    Procurement Information Memorandum (PIM):   Published by the Department of Administration (DOA) and outlines the policies and procedures for specific commodity/service purchases.

    Property Transaction Form:   Form used by UW-La Crosse departments to notify Campus Stores of items deemed surplus by the department.  Also used to notify Capital Inventory of a disposed item(s) so inventory records may be updated.

    Public Funds:   All moneys deposited with the University regardless of source (e.g., state and federal funds, grants, contracts, donations).

    Published Contract:   The terms, conditions, and pricing document published as a result of the award of a contract.

    Real Property:   Land, buildings or any improvements to land.

    Recent Quote On File:   Recent, e.g. three months, is determined by the professional judgment of the purchasing agent responsible for releasing the purchase order.  Considerations include, but are not limited to, the commodity(ies) being purchased and prevailing economic conditions.

    Reciprocity Law:   To establish a listing of in-state preference practices of other states.

    Recycling Program:   To define the procedures that agencies must follow in purchasing products with recycled content.

    Release Order:   An individual purchase via telephone, FAX, or in writing of an item(s) made against an open blanket order.

    Requisition:   For the purposes of Purchasing Policy and Procedure papers the reference is to the "green sheet" Form L-0620, unless otherwise indicated.

    Return Materials Authorization (RMA) Form:   A form initiated by a department or Purchasing Services to be sent along with goods returned to a vendor.  An RMA may authorize the vendor to repair or exchange the returned goods and provides a current purchase order number to invoice any charges resulting from the transaction.

    Serial Purchasing:   An illegal practice in which an individual/project issues a series of requisitions totaling more than $1,500.00 in any 90 day period to the same vendor for the same commodity or service without the benefit of simplified or sealed bidding procedures required for purchases $1,500.00 or greater.

    Services:   The furnishing of labor, incidental parts and materials by a vendor; not involving the delivery of a piece of equipment or a supply item.

    Sheltered Work Center Program:   A charitable organization or nonprofit institution which is licensed under s. 104.07, and incorporated with the state or a unit of county government which is licensed under s. 104.07, and which is operated for the purpose of carrying out a program of rehabilitation for severely handicapped individuals and for providing the individuals with remunerative employment or other occupational rehabilitating activity of an educational or therapeutic nature, and which is engaged in the production of materials, supplies or equipment or the performance of contractual services in connection with which not less that 75% of the total hours of direct labor are performed by severely handicapped individuals.

    Signatory Authority:   Authority delegated by the Department of Administration allowing specified individuals to legally bind the university as related to procurements.

    Simplified Bidding:   A method used when the estimated cost of a transaction is more than $1,500 and less than $25,000 to obtain at least three competitive price quotes.

    Small Business:   A business which has had less than $1.5 million in gross annual sales in the most recent calendar or fiscal year. In general, minority businesses are considered to be small businesses.

    Software License:   A written contract between the university and a provider of computer software.  The license usually describes the terms for how the software is legally used and copied and includes non-disclosure language.  The license may cover the types of software evaluation or development needed in return for grants (donations) of computer equipment.

    Software License Nondisclosure Endorsement Form (SLN1):   A form signed by department staff agreeing to the terms of a software license agreement.

    Special Approval:   A written document or form, or a required review of the request for procurement of a product or service.

    Special Conditions of Bid:   Instructions which are applicable and particular to the commodities and services being purchased.

    Special Orders:   Orders placed for non-stock items.  Campus Stores provides the service of locating, ordering and delivering the product.

    Specific Order:   A purchase order issued to a specific vendor for the one time purchase of specified supplies or services.

    Specifications:   Detailed statements describing the materials, dimensions, performance requirements, and workmanship of something to be built, installed, manufactured or processed.

    Standard Terms and Conditions:   A preprinted set of instructions and information that need to be considered by bidders and which are standard for all bids.

    State Property:   All materials, supplies, and equipment of a state agency, regardless of value (not real property).

    Subscription:   A contract to receive a magazine, journal, or periodical on established regular intervals for a stated length of time.

    Supplies:   Customarily, items consumed or expended in the course of being used.  This does not include construction, services, capital equipment, and printing.

    Surplus Property:   State property that is in excess of department needs, no longer in use by the department, technically or mechanically obsolete, no longer functioning, or has no intrinsic value (junk). This does not include real property.

    Temporary Help:   Professional or nonprofessional services contracted for to supplement state employee efforts, on a temporary basis, such as clerical, word processing, data processing, labor, maintenance or support services.

    Transaction:   The invoice resulting from a release order.

    UDDS:   An accounting acronym for Unit, Division, Department, Sub-Department used to designate a particular organizational unit within the UW System.

    Unresolvable Problem:   A problem. or complaint (e.g., late deliveries, disputes over pricing, or dissatisfaction with a product or service) with a vendor that a departmentally placed phone call to the vendor cannot resolve.

    Vendor:   A supplier of goods or services.

    Waiver:   A process with adequate prior justification which allows a purchase to be made without competitive bidding.

      For additional information please contact the Purchasing Director, De Anne Otto at 608.785.8724 or  otto.dean@uwlax.edu