Watching the Detectives:  Seasonal Student Employee Reactions to Electronic Monitoring

by Audra Hovorka-Mead, William H. Ross, Jr., Tracy Whipple, & Michella B. Renchin,

University of Wisconsin at La Crosse

The present paper tested procedural justice hypotheses about seasonal high school and college student employees' reactions to electronic monitoring with video cameras.  Study 1,  a field study, explored (a) whether employees receiving advance notification of monitoring offered more favorable justice judgments than employees who did not, and (b) whether employees who saw monitoring procedures and/or their consequences as fair returned to work at the organization the following summer.  Results supported the hypotheses:  employees viewed monitoring procedures as fairer if they received advance notice.  Fairness judgments predicted reemployment.  Study 2, a scenario-based laboratory experiment, also found that advance notice elicited greater justice beliefs.  In addition, Study 2 examined how variations in justifications for the monitoring affected justice beliefs.  Specifically, strong justifications, weak justifications, and no justifications were compared.  Consistent with prior psychological research, either strong justifications or weak justifications produced greater procedural justice beliefs than no justification.

Abstract copyright (c) 2002 by Personnel Psychology.