Paleo people probably hunted for much of their food. Some of the animals that lived in these conditions were very different from animals living here today. Mammoths and mastodons, similar in size to today's elephants, roamed the area. These animals are extinct today, but they were around when the first people came to Wisconsin. Some of these animals were hunted by groups of hunters using spears. These hunters would probably look for old, young, sick or isolated animals. They might also look for animals that were stuck in the mud. These animals might be easier to kill than a healthy adult animal. They also scavenged, or used the meat of animals that were already dead.
Caribou and elk were also hunted by these early people. These animals are not extinct. They are no longer in Wisconsin but can still be found farther north. Caribou and elk were probably hunted in similar ways that deer are hunted today in Wisconsin, except these early people didn't have guns or bows and arrows. The early people most likely hunted these animals using spears as weapons. These early people probably also hunted smaller animals such as rabbits, ground squirrels, muskrats, and beaver.
For food, Paleo people also used the limited plants that they found such as berries, seeds and nuts. Plant material is very delicate and does not preserve well, therefore, it is difficult for archaeologists to find evidence of plant materials used by these first people. We do know that these early people were resourceful and that they would have used the plants that were around them as much as possible.