Archaeologists are not just interested in the artifacts recovered from a site. Archaeologists are like detectives working at a crime site. In a murder investigation the
location of the gun in relationship to the murder victim can give a detective lots of information. The geographic or spatial relationship between the gun and the murder
victim, along with other clues, is called context.
For archaeologists, just as important as the artifacts themselves is the relationship between the artifacts, or their context. For archaeologists knowing what artifacts were
found together, where they were found geographically, even what the soil color and texture were like in that area can give archaeologists valuable information which helps them
interpret what happened at the site.