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| Table of Contents | Message from the Dean and a Note to Students | The University of Wisconsin-La Crosse | General Information about Graduate Studies | Graduate Programs | Graduate Courses | Appendix |


The graduate program in biology leading to the master of science degree is focused on three areas: (1) Biology, (2) Nurse Anesthesia, and (3) Clinical Microbiology. Admission to the program is based, in part, on individually prescribed undergraduate course work to meet prerequisite requirements for each area of focus. More information about requirements for biology graduate students, including those listed below, may be found in the Department of Biology's graduate student guidelines.


This traditional master's degree program is designed to provide the most beneficial learning opportunities based on the student's intended area of focus. Most students emphasize thesis research and course work in aquatic science and micro-biology; however, other areas of biology, such as botany, ecology, and molecular biology, are also supported. Each student will choose a major adviser and an advisory committee during the first semester of residence. This committee will draft the student's plan of study which will dictate the student's curriculum for the ensuing semesters. Graduates of the biology program are prepared for research positions in private industry and public agencies, as well as entry into doctoral programs.


This area of focus is jointly offered by the Department of Biology and Microbiology and Franciscan Skemp Healthcare, La Crosse, Wis. Students simultaneously complete requirements for the master of science degree in biology and educational requirements to become a Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA). Candidates for this focus area must also apply separately and be accepted into the Franciscan Skemp Healthcare School of Nurse Anesthesia.

BIO 501 Human Gross Anatomy 5 credits
BIO 524 Endocrinology 3 credits
BIO 713 Physiology of Drug Action 2 credits
BIO 715 Pathophysiology I 3 credits
BIO 717 Pathophysiology II 3 credits
BIO 718 Advanced Human Physiology I 4 credits
BIO 719 Advanced Human Physiology II 4 credits
CHM 530 Chemistry in Health Sciences 4 credits
ESS 782 Electrocardiography 3 credits
Total Credits 31


This area of focus is jointly offered by the Department of Biology and Microbiology, Gundersen Lutheran Medical Center, and the State Laboratory of Hygiene. This is a two year program involving on-campus didactic training, approximately one year/semester of clinical rotations administered through Gundersen Luthern Medical Center or other affiliated medical institutions, and approximately six weeks at the State Laboratory of Hygiene of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In addition to oral preliminary exams, the program will have a manadatory laboratory management component and a required research experience. The research experience will be targeted toward conducting a publishable/ presentable original piece of clinically focused research, which may or may not include the writing of a thesis. Students who complete the program in Clinical Micro-biology are eligible to secure Specialist Microbiologist certification of the American Academy of Microbiology [SM (AAM) Certification] and Specialist Microbiology/ Specialist Immunology of the American Society of Clinical Pathologist [SM-ASCP and SI-ASCP Certifications respectively]. The combination of classroom education, clinical rotations and research experience will prepare students for a variety of employment opportunities, including:

(1) supervisory positions in the diagnostic facilities of medical centers, public health and private laboratories; (2) research, marketing, and sales in select industries; and (3) basic research.

Clinical Microbiology

BIO 751 Graduate Seminar 2 credits (one credit per semester)
BIO 752 Clinical Laboratory Management 2 credits
BIO 753 Epidemiology of Infectious Disease 2 credits
BIO 754 Mechanisms of Microbial Pathogenesis 2 credits
BIO 755 Advanced Immunology 2 credits
BIO 761 Research and Seminar in Biology 2 credits
BIO 799 Research: Master's Thesis 2 credits

Clinical Practicum I

BIO 771 Clinical Microbiology I 4 credits
BIO 772 Clinical Laboratory Science 1 credit
BIO 773 Clinical Virology I 1 credit
BIO 774 Clinical Mycology I 1 credit
BIO 775 Clinical Parasitology I 1 credit

Clinical Practicum II

BIO 781 Clinical Immunology I 3 credits
BIO 782 Clinical Immunology II 1 credit

Clinical Practicum III

BIO 791 Clinical Microbiology II 3 credits
BIO 792 Clinical Instumentation I 1 credit
CHM 541 Instrumental Analysis or Grad Elective 4 credits
ECO 571 Health Economics or Grad Elective 3 credits

Total Credits 35

Other courses may be substituted as agreed upon by the student and the advisory committee. Elective courses to complement the curriculum or to make up deficiencies may be chosen from the following:
BIO 406/506 Parasitology 4 credits
BIO 412/512 Mycology 4 credits
BIO 413/513 Medical Mycology 3 credits
BIO 416/516 Microbial Genetics 4 credits
BIO 420/520 Virology 3 credits
BIO 449/549 Microtechnique and Electron Microscopy 3 credits
BIO 701 Communication in the Biological Sciences 4 credits
CHM 327/527 Biochemistry I 3 credits
CHM 328/528 Biochemistry II 3 credits
CHM 461/661 Nuclear Chemistry 4 credits

Biology Graduate Student Requirements

1. Prior to registration each semester, the student must consult with the major adviser.
2. Pass a preliminary written examination on the fundamentals of biology during the first semester of residence.
3. Submit a written thesis proposal to the advisory committee prior to the midterm of the second semester of residence. CRNA students are exempt from this requirement and are not required to complete a thesis as part of the degree program.
4. Enroll in BIO 751, Graduate Seminar, during the first four semesters of residence. Two of the semesters must be taken for one credit each; the other two semesters will be taken on an audit (no credit) basis. CRNA students are exempt from this requirement.
5. Students who are on-campus utilizing university staff and/or facilities, must enroll for a minimum of two credit hours per term, including fall or spring semester, and summer sessions.
6. Seek to complete an appropriate graduate course (numbers 500 and above) from outside the Department of Biology. Upon approval of a student's advisory committee, a student may be permitted to take a maximum of 10 graduate credits in other departments.
7. Graduate Assistants are required to enroll as full-time students during the first two semesters of residence.
8. Pass a eliminary oral examination covering primarily the student's area of specialty and advanced course work.
9. Consult this catalog and the department's graduate student guidelines for additional policies pertaining to graduate students in a biology program.

Note: BIO 721, Directed Study is not intended to (1) cover areas related to the thesis research, (2) serve as an instrument for removing deficiencies, or (3) be used in place of courses offered elsewhere in the biology graduate curriculum. Permission to register for BIO 721 must be secured, prior to registration, from the advisory committee and from the faculty member supervising the special project.

This catalog is a record of graduate programs, courses, policies, staff and facilities as of April 1, 1997. The University of Wisconsin-La Crosse reserves the right to change any of the information in this catalog at any time and without giving prior notice. This catalog does not establish a contractual relationship. For a further explanation of your rights and responsibilities as a student please see the Welcome and Note to Students section.

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