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Exercise and Sport Science (ESS)



ESS 423/523 Cr. 2
Adherence Principles for a Physically Active Lifestyle

This course provides the essential theoretical foundations and practical applications of the psychological concepts involved in living a physically active lifestyle. Prerequisite: ESS 302.


ESS 430/530 Cr. 4
Cause and Effects of Developmental, Physical and Sensory Disorders

The etiology and effects of selected physical, sensory, mental, and emotional disorders. Content includes the full range of each category mild through severe/profound and the role of physical education in the educational program. Students in the special physical education concentration are given priority in enrollment. Prerequisites: ESS 231 or RTH 326.

ESS 333/533 Cr. 3
Perceptual Motor Learning

Examination of the effective integration of perceptual processes and motor functioning in movement and the selection of activities to improve perceptual motor learning. Prerequisites: ESS 231, PSY 100, and junior standing.

ESS 335/535 Cr. 2
Sports for Persons with Disabilities

This course will provide the student with a
working knowledge of sport programs for persons with disabilities. Areas to be addressed are coaching and training of persons with disabilities (both physical and mental), classification of athletes, and the organization and conducting of sports events such as: wheelchair basketball, track, softball, and Special Olympics. Students in the special physical education concentration are given priority in enrollment. Prerequisites: ESS 205, 206 and ESS 430/530. Offered Sem. II.

ESS 436/536 Cr. 3
Assessment and Program Evaluation in Special Physical Education

An introduction to appropriate instruments for assessing the motor development and physical fitness needs of persons with disabilities. Students will learn how to use the results of a motor assessment to develop an individualized motor program. In addition, selected motor assessment instruments utilized by other disciplines will be evaluated. Students in the special physical education concentration will be given priority in enrollment. Prerequisite: ESS 231.


ESS 340/540 Cr. 3
Motor Development and Movement Experiences for Early Childhood

This course is designed to develop movement education programs that are based on the needs, interests and movement capabilities of the preschool and primary-aged child.

ESS 346/546 Cr. 2
The Olympic Games: Cooperation, Competition and Controversy

A study of the ancient and modern Olympic Games including events, issues and people that have influenced these international athletic competitions throughout history. Prerequisite: junior standing.

ESS 349/549 Cr. 2
Psychology of Coaching Competitive Athletics

Aids the prospective coach to better understand the application of psychological concepts to the coaching of sports. Emphasis will be on the methods of improving the performance of athletes through a better understanding of the factors affecting teaching and learning in athletics.

ESS 452/552 Cr. 2
Seven Habits of Highly Effective People

An in-depth study of lifestyle principles as identified by Stephen Covey in the book 7 Habits of Highly Effective People. Students will explore how to apply these principles as teachers and coaches personally and with peers, students and athletes. Prerequisite: senior standing.

ESS 395/595 Cr. 2-3
Comparative Physical Education

A study of the scope and sequence in physical education in the public schools in countries outside the United States. Special emphasis will be placed upon the examination of the philosophy of physical education as reflected in the methods of instruction and evaluation. Repeatable for credit - maximum 6.

ESS 405/605 Cr. 2
Physiological Principlesof Training Athletes

This course gives practical suggestions, principles, and techniques to improve coaches’ ability to train athletes optimally and to audition them in a wide variety of sport activities. Study will include endurance versus power training, continuous versus intermittent endurance training, and various forms of weight training (isotonic, isometric and isokinetic). Prerequisites: ESS 205, 206 and 302.

ESS 456/656 Cr. 3
Planning Facilities for Physical Activity and Sport

A study of planning techniques concerning facility development and maintenance for schools, athletic clubs, fitness centers and professional sport organizations.

ESS 460/660 Cr. 1-3
Physical Education Clinical Forum

Visiting lecturers as well as university professors will address various topics related to physical education. Repeatable for credit.

ESS 471/671 Cr. 2
Dance Therapy

Exploration of theories and methods in the use of dance to achieve physical and psychic integration. Special orientation to be given toward movement as an adjunctive therapy for the emotionally and physically handicapped.

ESS 480/680 Cr. 2
Injury Prevention, Management and Rehabilitation

Designed to assist the student in refinement of skills in prevention, management and rehabilitation of injuries occurring in a high activity environment. Special attention will be given to injury recognition and common injuries. Basic rehabilitation protocols will be reviewed in addition to conditions for referral. Prerequisite: teaching and/or coaching experience.

ESS 701 Cr. 6
Internship in Sport Administration

Designed to provide students with an intensive supervised sport administration work experience. The internship must be at least three consecutive months (40 hours per week). Open only to students in the sport administration track of the ESS general M.S. program who have completed all required course work for the degree. Only approved sites can be used for internships.

ESS 727 Cr. 3
Planning for Effective Instruction in Physical Education

This course focuses on the planning and teaching skills needed to be an effective/model physical educator. Research related to teaching and learning styles will be studied and instructional materials will be developed. A variety of instructional units and lessons which incorporate knowledge-based objectives and developmentally appropriate learning experiences will be designed and implemented. Prerequisite: ESS 759.


ESS 728 Cr. 2-3
Effective Middle School Physical Education

Course designed to provide an overview of middle school physical education. Emphasis will be on current recommended standards and assessment procedures. Creating a positive learning environment, cocurricular activities, personal philosophy and program content will also be examined. Students may choose to do an independent application project utilizing material covered in the course.

ESS 736 Cr. 3
Critical Analysis Project: Special Physical Education

This is a required course for the special physical education master’s degree non-thesis option program. The student will propose an issue/problem for approval by the analysis committee. Upon approval, the student will conduct an in-depth analysis of the issue/problem. The end product will be a written document describing the student’s analysis and an oral presentation with the analysis committee. Prerequisites: ESS 530, 536, and EFN 730.

ESS 737 Cr. 3
Curriculum Design in Physical Education

This course will provide an in-depth review of a variety of traditional and contemporary curricular models for physical education. Topics relating to philosophical perspectives/belief systems inherent in various types of programs will be included. Additional emphasis will also be given to designing and producing an elementary, junior/middle, or high school curriculum for the future and the evaluation model which could be used to assess its effectiveness.

ESS 739 Cr. 3
Current Issues in Sport Law

A comprehensive examination of the court and legal system as it relates to the sport enterprise. Prerequisite: ESS 456/656.

ESS 741 Cr. 3
Concepts of Teaching in Elementary School Physical Education

An in-depth examination of teaching methods appropriate for use in elementary school physical education. Course work will involve an examination of research findings, laboratory experience and extensive reading and discussion in related areas.

ESS 742 Cr. 3
Perceptual Motor Development of Children

The nature of neuromuscular activity, prenatal development and neonatal, infant and childhood perceptual motor development are covered in this course. Special emphasis is given to movement experiences appropriate for use at the different developmental levels.

ESS 743 Cr. 3
Research in Elementary School Physical Education

Includes: 1) a review of technique for locating information and data, 2) the identification of sources from which research related to elementary school physical education may be found, 3) a review of research with implications for elementary school physical education, and 4) a problem-solving experience involving the location of research information of interest to individual students.

ESS 744 Cr. 3
Laboratory Techniques for Adult Fitness - Cardiac Rehabilitation

Application of experimental research techniques pertinent to a laboratory and/or non-laboratory environment. Techniques in laboratory experimental research; methods of use and operation of available experimental research equipment. Prerequisites: graduate standing in ESS, ESS 770 or concurrent registration.

ESS 745 Cr. 3
Pedagogy of Outdoor Physical Education

This course the history, philosophy, and principles of outdoor physical education, and its interdisciplinary nature and aim of employing the outdoors to contribute to student’s physical and educational growth. The pedagogical focus provides teaching strategies, instructional materials, and procedures used in the field, as well as information on existing programs. Current research and national trends and issues will be emphasized.

ESS 746 Cr. 3
Physical Education Pedagogy Graduate Project

Culminating synthesis project to provide students with a supervised opportunity for in-depth study of a physical education issue, trend, or problem. Completion of the project should demonstrate advanced professional competence in program development, implementation, and evaluation. The project will be completed with graduate faculty approval and supervision. Prerequisites: EFN 736, completion of at least six hours of the required pedagogy core, candidacy approval, and unconditional acceptance into the pedagogy track of the M.S. in ESS general program.


ESS 749 Cr. 3
Psychological Aspects of Sport

Examines the developmental, personal, social and psychological aspects of sport performance. Special attention is given to psychological factors such as activation, aggression, anxiety, affiliation, motivation, personality and performance variables.

ESS 750 Cr. 3
Mechanics of Movement

Mechanics of Movement is a quantitative approach to movement analysis. The mechanical principles, laws, and equations of motion will be reviewed, studied, and applied to the human body and sporting equipment. Prerequisite: ESS 303 or equivalent. Offered Sem. I.

ESS 751 Cr. 3
Analysis of Movement

Analysis of movement is designed to take an indepth look at the major factors which contribute to successful movement and performance. Quantitative analysis techniques will be employed to measure and evaluate human movement. These measures will be compared to the literature whenever possible. Prerequisites: ESS 750. Offered Sem. II.

ESS 752 Cr. 3
Assessment of Physical Education and Athletics

This course is designed for practitioners in the field of physical education and athletics. Students will learn to utilize assessment strategies and data to improve instruction and program effectiveness. Emphasis on the use of assessment data to document effectiveness and increase accountability of physical education and athletic programs. Prerequisite: ESS 321 or equivalent.

ESS 753 Cr. 2-3
Problems in Physical Education

Provides an opportunity to investigate and to attempt solution of a professional problem in one of the following areas: 1) athletics; 2) recreation; 3) health education; 4) dance; 5) physical education. Designed primarily for experienced teachers.

ESS 754 Cr. 3
Sport Marketing

Principles of marketing theory and practice in the sport industry to include public relations, promotions, special events, fund raising, and media.

ESS 758 Cr. 3
Sport Administration

Principles of management theory and practice in the sport industry, including management functions, personnel, fiscal, program, and facility management of athletic/sport administration enterprise. Prerequisite: ESS 404 or 457 or equivalent.


ESS 759 Cr. 3
Analysis and Supervision of Physical Education

Designed to present current research related to effective teaching in physical education, provide quantitative and qualitative techniques to gather information about and analyze teaching, and how to apply the principles of clinical supervision in physical education for the improvement of instruction. Additional emphasis will also be given to the personal assessment of teaching and the need for and characteristics of effective staff development activities.

ESS 760 Cr. 3
Problems in Athletics

This course is designed to provide the learner the opportunity to study specific problems in the field of athletics, and to analyze the constantly changing areas of coaching through lectures, readings, visual aids, discussion, and student investigation.

ESS 761 Cr. 2
Lab Techniques in Human Performance - Biomechanics

This course provides a variety of hands-on experiences in biomechanical testing procedures. Students will be introduced to a variety of testing procedures utilized in collecting kinematic, and neuromuscular data. Special techniques of data processing will also be discussed. Prerequisite: ESS 750 or concurrent enrollment. Offered Sem. II.

ESS 762 Cr. 3
Laboratory Techniques in Human Performance - Exercise Physiology

Development of skills and experience (in the area of exercise physiology) necessary for data collection in laboratory and field settings, special techniques of data acquisition, processing, analyzing and interpretation of results using available experimental equipment and methods. Prerequisites: graduate standing in ESS, and ESS 770 or concurrent registration.

ESS 763 Cr. 2
Lab Techniques in Human Performance - Motor Learning

Development of skills and experience (in the area of motor learning) necessary for data collection in laboratory and field settings, special techniques of data acquisition, processing, analyzing and interpretation of results using available experimental equipment and methods. Prerequisites: graduate standing in ESS, and ESS 768 or concurrent registration.


ESS 765 Cr. 2-3
Adventure Education for Physical Educators

This course focuses on methods, safety, research, and management of adventure education programs and initiative games in the physical education curriculum. Implementation of adventure activities with different age groups and diverse populations in physical education programs will be emphasized, as well as the principles and challenges of teaching adventure education. The use of unique environments such as ropes courses and climbing walls will be included.

ESS 766 Cr. 3
Sports in American Culture

An examination of twentieth-century American culture and the role played in it by sports. Areas which will come under scrutiny are: the family, labor, industry, schools, churches, communication media, population mobility, government, race relations, foreign relations, war activities, and democracy as they are related to sports in America.

ESS 768 Cr. 3
Psychomotor Bases of Skilled Performance

Integration of thought processes with the physical organism to produce highly skilled acts.

ESS 769 Cr. 3
Application of Muscle Physiology to Strength/Power Trainin
g
This course is designed to teach skeletal muscle physiology in a classroom setting combined with principles of weight training in a strength training center. It is unique in that skeletal muscle physiology will be applied with an emphasis on a hands-on, practical approach to potentiate strength and power-speed in athletes. Topics include: the periodization model, i.e., forming a base, converting strength to power-speed, peaking and active rest; training modes, viz. free vs. fixed weights, isometrics, isotonics, and plyo-metrics; over stress training; and general weight room mechanics. Prerequisites: 4-6 credits of basic anatomy and physiology, 2-3 credits of exercise physiology. Recommended: two credits of biomechanics.

ESS 770 Cr. 3
Physiology of Activity

Designed to provide the student with a general overview of the physiological basis of activity with an emphasis on those factors affecting performance in healthy individuals. Prerequisite: ESS 302 or equivalent.


ESS 771 Cr. 2-3
Current Issues in Physical Education

Identification of current trends and issues in physical education. Emphasis on development of methods for resolving issues. Opportunities for the students to pursue professional issues of current interest will be encouraged.

ESS 772 Cr. 2-3
History of Physical Education

The history of physical education from ancient Greece to the present with particular emphasis on the development of American physical education from 1861 to the present.

ESS 773 Cr. 3
Physical Education in Higher Education

The role of physical education in higher education. Problems in college teaching and administration.

ESS 779 Cr. 1-3
Readings in Special Physical Education

An in-depth analysis of the literature in a chosen topic pertaining to special physical education. Readings will include both assigned and student selected materials. In addition, there will be
periodic discussions with the instructor and an agreed upon terminal assignment. Prerequisites: ESS 430/530, 436/536, and 792. Repeatable for credit - maximum 3.

ESS 780 Cr. 3
Organization and Administration of Adult Fitness and Cardiac Rehabilitation Programs

Course emphasizes the various aspects of an adult fitness - cardiac rehabilitation program such as: organization, finance and budget, equipment and supplies, personnel, liability and insurance and medical liaison.

ESS 781 Cr. 1
Principles and Techniques of Physical Activity for the Adult

Course is designed to provide the student with experiences as an exercise leader of adult programs. The course emphasizes the cognitive aspects of leading adult men and women in exercise and covers such topics as exercise prescription, motivation, common injuries, procedures for warm-up, exercise, and cool down as well as exercise follow-up procedures. Throughout the course the individual’s attitudes and concepts toward exercise will be examined and evaluated. Lecture and practicum.


ESS 782 Cr. 3
Electrocardiography

Course is designed to instruct the student in the basics of the normal, the abnormal resting and the exercise electrocardiogram. Involves lecture experiences and intensive investigation of documented ECG-GXT case studies.

ESS 783 Cr. 3
Graded Exercise Testing and Exercise Prescription

This course is designed to provide students with the theoretical and practical knowledge necessary to conduct and interpret the wide variety of diagnostic exercise tests commonly used in clinical practice. Additionally, students will be able to formulate, based on test results, appropriate exercise prescriptions for healthy adults, as well as patients with a variety of cardiac-related disorders. A major goal of the course is to provide students with the knowledge and practical skills required to take the American College of Sports Medicine Exercise Specialist certification examination. Prerequisite: ESS 782.

ESS 784 Cr. 3
Advanced Cardiovascular Physiology

Designed to acquaint the student with advanced principles and concepts regarding cardiovascular physiology. The course examines in detail the various parameters of the cardiovascular system, the implication of disease and structural abnormalities to these parameters, and the relationship of resting cardiovascular data to exercise data. Lect. 2, Lab. 2.

ESS 785 Cr. 5
Internship: Adult Fitness - Cardiac Rehabilitation

Designed to provide the student with work experiences in a clinical, agency, industrial, or institutional environment. The internship will be three months in duration and all course work and research requirements must be completed prior to the beginning of the internship. Open only to students in the Adult Fitness - Cardiac Rehabilitation Master’s Degree Program.

ESS 786 Cr. 1
Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS)

An indepth study and the development of understanding and skills of “Advanced Cardiac Life Support,” (ACLS). Successful completion of the course and passing the ACLS exam results in the student being ACLS certified. Prerequisite: ESS 782. Offered Sem. II.


ESS 787 Cr. 1-3
Clinical Internship in Special Physical Education

Provides the students with clinical experiences. The student is required to do three different clinical experiences. Each experience is to last one semester and to equal one credit hour. Clinical experiences include infant (0-2 years) stimulation programs, related services, motor development and physical fitness programs for persons with disabilities, and school-based adapted physical education programs. Three credits of internship are required in the special physical education M. S. program.

ESS 789 Cr. 3
Internship: Human Performance

A practical learning experience designed to apply the competencies gained within the Human Performance Emphasis in a community, institutional or industrial setting. Each intern will earn three elective credits for a mutually agreed upon time period, consistent with the policies of the university and the internship site. All other course work shall be completed prior to the internship experience. Repeatable for credit - maximum 6.

ESS 790 Cr. 2
Supervision and Administration of Special Physical Education

Designed to provide the student with the skills and knowledge to conduct and/or administer staff planning, program critiques, staff management, program coordination, IEP material least restrictive placement, and in-service training for a special (adapted) physical education program.

ESS 791 Cr. 1
Cardiac Clinical Practicum

Provided will be required observation and, where appropriate, participation in clinical/hospital cardiology-related procedures. All assignments will function through the Wisconsin Heart Institute in affiliation “in town” with Gundersen Clinic and La Crosse Lutheran Hospital. Additional class activities will be two “ regional” field trips to observe cardiac rehabilitation programs, and related offerings.


ESS 792 Cr. 3
Seminar in Special Physical Education

Intensive exploration of special physical education emphasizing current literature, issues and recent developments in the field. Issues covered are concerned with curriculum in special physical education, assessment of motor capabilities of persons with disabilities, and movement sciences as they relate to persons who are disabled. Prerequisites: ESS 430/530 and 436/536.

ESS 793 Cr. 2
Motor Development Issues in Special Physical Education

Growth and development issues concerning motor skill acquisition for adapted physical educators. Examination of embryology, normal growth expectations, developmental sequences of fundamental skills, various motor development concepts, Dynamical Systems Model and abnormal motor development.

ESS 794 Cr. 1-3
Readings in Sports Psychology

A survey and analysis of current and classical literature pertaining to the area of sport psychology in human performance. Readings will include both assigned and student selected materials for the purpose of student presentation to and discussion with the assigned instructor. Prerequisites: graduate standing in ESS and ESS 749.

ESS 795 Cr. 1-3
Independent Study

Advanced work not covered in regular courses. Prerequisite: consent of adviser and department chair. Repeatable for credit - maximum 6.

ESS 796 Cr. 1-3
Readings in Biomechanics

A survey and analysis of current and classic literature pertaining to the area of biomechanics in human performance. Readings will include both assigned and student selected materials for the purpose of student presentation to and discussion with the assigned instructor. Prerequisites: graduate standing in ESS, ESS 750 and 751.


ESS 797 Cr. 1-3
Readings in Exercise Physiology

A survey and analysis of current and classical literature pertaining to the area of exercise physiology in human performance. Readings will include both assigned and student selected materials for the purpose of student presentation to and discussion with the assigned instructor. Prerequisites: graduate standing in ESS and ESS 770.

ESS 798 Cr. 1-3
Readings in Motor Learning

A survey and analysis of current and classical literature pertaining to the area of motor learning in human performance. Readings will include both assigned and student selected materials for the purpose of student presentation to and discussion with the assigned instructor. Prerequisites: graduate standing in ESS and ESS 768.

ESS 799 Cr. 1-6
Research: Master's Thesis

An independent research project is to be selected and executed under the direction of a staff member by those students electing to write a thesis. The project may be in any of the areas related to physical education, such as health, recreation, or athletics. For students following Plan A - Thesis option.


This catalog is a record of graduate programs, courses, policies, staff and facilities as of April 1, 1997. The University of Wisconsin-La Crosse reserves the right to change any of the information in this catalog at any time and without giving prior notice. This catalog does not establish a contractual relationship. For a further explanation of your rights and responsibilities as a student please see the Welcome and Note to Students section.


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