| Table of Contents | Message from the Dean and a Note to Students | The University of Wisconsin-La Crosse | General Information about Graduate Studies | Graduate Programs | Graduate Courses | Appendix |

**PHY 509 Cr. 4**

**Chemical Physics**

A study of the nature and behavior of matter and energy with emphasis on topics from classical mechanics, thermodynamics, electro magnetism and modern physics which relate to the theoretical study of chemical systems. Calculus-based problem solving, analysis and modeling will utilize Mathematica computer software. Prerequisites: baccalaureate degree, MTH 507 or equivalent, and acceptance into the "Certification and Qualification for Underprepared Chemistry Teachers" program. Offered Summer Session.

**PHY 450/550 Cr. 3-15**

**Physics and Astronomy Internship**

Full- or part-time work experience in a physics or astronomy related position with a public or private agency. Not more than five credits are applicable to a major or three credits to a minor in physics. A written application, departmental acceptance, and appointment with adviser must be completed before registration. Prerequisites: minimum cumulative GPA of 2.25 (2.50 in physics), PHY 104 or 204 plus six credits in physics or astronomy courses above 204 level. (Cross listed with AST; may only earn credit in PHY or AST.)

**PHY 453/553 Cr. 1-3**

**Topics in Physics and Astronomy**

Various subjects of interest to specific groups will be offered on occasion. Specific sub-topics will be assigned each time the course is offered. Such titles might be physical applications of group theory, nuclear physics, cosmic-ray physics, holography, acoustics, archeoastronomy, advanced experimental physics for school teachers or other areas of current interest. Prerequisite: PHY 104 or 204 or equivalent. Repeatable for credit under different sub-titles. (Cross listed with AST; may only earn credit in PHY or AST.)

**PHY 460/660 Cr. 3**

**Condensed Matter Physics**

This course will include such topics as crystal structure, electrical conductivity, insulators, free electron Fermi gases, energy bands, semiconductors, superconductivity, dielectrics, and ferro-electric crystals. Magnetic phenomena such as diamagnetism, paramagnetism and ferromag-netism will also be studied. Finally, the recent exciting discoveries of high temperature superconductivity and quasicrystals will be explored as well as the relevant technologies. Prerequisites: PHY 401, MTH 208, and MTH 309 or concurrent enrollment.

**PHY 464/664 Cr. 4**

**Computational Physics**

This course is an introduction to the new and rapidly developing field of computational physics. Students will learn the fundamentals of applying numerical, graphical and computational methods to a variety of physics topics ranging from problems in chaos, quantum mechanics, particle physics, fluid dynamics, space radiation and astrophysics. This course is also especially suitable for computer science and mathematics students as well as anyone wishing to seek work in modern industry. Lect.3, Lab.3. Prerequisites: PHY 104 or 204, MTH 208, and MTH 309 or concurrent enrollment.

**PHY 466/666 Cr. 3**

**General Relativity and Cosmology**

General relativity is the name given to the theory of gravitation developed by Albert Einstein. Topics will include tensor analysis, Einstein field equations and their solution, the search for gravitational waves and an introduction to quantization of the gravitational field. The course will also study how the Einstein field equations lead to the prediction of black holes and the big bang. The course will also discuss the work of physicists such as Stephen Hawking via the study of naked singularities, cosmic censorship hypothesis, black hole evaporation and the arrow of time. This course is also especially suitable for mathematics students. Prerequisites: PHY 104 or 204, MTH 309 and 310. (Cross listed with AST; may only earn credit in PHY or AST.)

**PHY 470/670 Cr. 3**

**Advanced Quantum Mechanics**

Topics will include bound states, collision theory, abstract formulations of quantum mechanics, symmetry and group theory, approximation methods, identical particles, spin, and applications to atoms, molecules and nuclei. In addition relativistic quantum mechanics will be introduced as well as second quantization techniques and an introduction to quantum field theory. This course is also especially suitable for chemistry and mathematics students. Prerequisites: PHY 401, MTH 309 and 310.

**PHY 472/672 Cr. 3**

**Particle Physics**

An introduction to the exciting field of modern elementary particles. Topics will include Feynman diagrams, quantum electrodynamics, quantum chromodynamics, weak interaction theory, quarks, leptons, intermediate vector bosons, and group theoretical formulations of modern gauge theories. Current ideas concerning grand unified theories, supersymmetry, superstring theory and particle astrophysics will also be discussed. This course is also especially suitable for mathematics students. Prerequisites: PHY 401, MTH 309 and 310.

**PHY 474/674 Cr. 4**

**Advanced Computational Physics**

In-depth study of advanced computational techniques as applied to a wide variety of modern physical phenomena. Topics include scattering, equations of state, stellar structure, atomic structure, nuclear physics, hydrodynamics, and solitons. Monte Carlo methods will also be explored. This course is also especially suitable for computer science and mathematics students. Lect. 3, Lab. 3. Prerequisite: PHY 464, MTH 208, and MTH 309, or concurrent enrollment.

**PHY 476/676 Cr. 4**

**Advanced Optics**

This course involves both theoretical and experimental work on the latest developments in quantum optics. Topics covered are optical detectors, theory and application of lasers, modern optical concepts and technology. Gaussian beams and optical resonators. Far-infrared lasers, interaction of radiation and quantized matter, nonlinear effects and laser spectroscopy. This course is also especially suitable for chemistry students. Lect. 3, Lab. 3. Prerequisites: PHY 302 and 401. Offered Sem. I, even-numbered years.

This catalog is a record of graduate programs, courses, policies, staff and facilities as of April 1, 1997. The University of Wisconsin-La Crosse reserves the right to change any of the information in this catalog at any time and without giving prior notice. This catalog does not establish a contractural relationship. For a further explanation of your rights and responsibilities as a student please see the Welcome and Note to Students section.

Last Modified: Tuesday, Thursday, March 12, 1998

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