ARCHAEOLOGICAL STUDIES 
(ARC)

Web site: www.uwlax.edu/Sociology/Archaeology/major.htm

 

 

+ above a course number indicates a General Education course.

 

+

ARC       100                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Archaeology: Discovering Our Past

This course is an introduction to the fascinating world of archaeology designed as a detailed exploration of the methods used to learn about past human lifeways before written records. Each student will be involved in the process of discovering our past.

 

ARC       200                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

World Archaeology — The Story of Our Past

A survey course which examines the origin and development of human cultures from earliest Paleolithic times to the great ancient civilizations. An emphasis will be placed on how these evolutionary developments represent changing patterns of human adaptation to the social and natural environment.

 

ARC/HIS 204                                                                                                                                   Cr. 3

Ancient Literate Civilizations

An historical and archaeological study of ancient Eurasia and North Africa, including a survey of the major archaeological sites. Topics such as the development of urbanization in the Near East and Mediterranean, and comparative studies of the Indus civilization, China, Classical Greece, Rome, and the New World will be discussed. (Cross-listed with HIS; may only earn credit in ARC or HIS.)

 

ARC       205                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

North American Archaeology

An intensive survey of the prehistoric cultures of North America from the time of the initial peopling of the New World to the period of European contact. Major archaeological sites will be critically examined and an interdisciplinary approach will be stressed. There will be field trips to archaeological sites and/or museums. Prerequisite: ARC 200 recommended.

 

ARC       265                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Ancient Egypt

A survey of the archaeology and history of ancient Egypt which will emphasize Egyptian Civilization and its development. An emphasis will be placed on the adaptive aspects of Egyptian culture as well as the spectacular legacy of one of the world’s greatest ancient civilizations. Prerequisite: ARC 200 or ARC/HIS 204 recommended.

 

ARC       275                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Ancient Britain and Ireland

Exploration of the fascinating archaeological heritage of the British Isles and Ireland from the earliest Stone Age inhabitants to the end of the Roman Occupation. Prerequisite: ARC 200 and/or ARC/HIS 204 recommended.

 

ARC/ANT   285                                                                                                                               Cr. 3

Archaeology of Mexico and Central America

This course offers the student an overview of the evolution of the civilizations of ancient Meso-america (Mexico and Central America) from the earliest stages of hunting and food gathering until the conquest of Mesoamerica by Spain in the early 16th century. The course describes the social and economic life as organized by a complex religion which produced human sacrifice, writing, calendrical systems, advanced art forms, iconography, and monument building activities. (Cross-listed with ANT; may only earn credit in ARC or ANT.)

 

ARC/ANT   304                                                                                                                               Cr. 3

Hunter and Gatherer Societies

This course focuses on recent human societies throughout the world that have lived by hunting and gathering wild resources. The specific subsistence strategies of a wide range of hunter-gatherer groups are examined relative to their technology, social structure, territory, demography and interaction with food producers. The conclusion of this course will consider hunter-gatherers in prehistory. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. (Cross-listed with ANT; may only earn credit in ARC or ANT.)

 

ARC/ANT   305                                                                                                                               Cr. 3

Indigenous Agricultural Societies: Past and Present

This course examines the origins, structure, social organization, and operation of indigenous agricultural societies. A central focus of the course is an inquiry based, sequential examination of geographically related couplets involving (1) contemporary indigenous agricultural tribal societies and (2) archaeological excavation reports. The utility of the ethnographic record as a guide to interpretation of the archaeological record is evaluated. Prerequisite: ARC 200 strongly recommended. (Cross-listed with ANT; may only earn credit in ARC or ANT.)

 

ARC       310                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Midwest Archaeology

This course will focus on the human occupation in the Midwest/Great Lakes region over the past 12,000 years. Emphasis will be given to the dynamic quality of cultural adaptation and social organization. The cultural developments leading to the Middle Woodland and Mississippi climaxes in the region are to be stressed. Prerequisite: ARC 200 recommended.

 

ARC/HIS   331                                                                                                                                 Cr. 3

The Ancient Greek World

An historical and archaeological survey of the ancient Greek world (Greece proper, the Aegean Islands, southern Italy, western Turkey). Periods discussed will include Cretan (Minoan), Mycenaean, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, and Early Greek Christian. (Cross-listed with HIS; may only earn credit in ARC or HIS.) Offered every fourth semester.

 

ARC/HIS   332                                                                                                                                 Cr. 3

Ancient Rome and the Mediterranean

An historical and archaeological survey of the ancient Mediterranean area (with emphasis on the Italian peninsula) from the founding of the city of Rome to the collapse of the western Roman Empire in the 5th century A.C.E. Periods discussed will include: Italy in the Neolithic period, the founding of Rome, Etruscan Domination, the Roman Republic, the Roman Principate/ Empire, and the advent of Roman Christianity. (Cross-listed with HIS; may only earn credit in ARC or HIS.) Offered every fourth semester.

 

ARC/ANT   334                                                                                                                               Cr. 3

Bones for the Archaeologist: Human Skeletal Anatomy and the Anthropological

   Study of the Dead

This course is designed for students majoring in archaeological studies or related fields. The focus of this course is a detailed study of the human skeleton. Each student will be required to learn the anatomy of the human skeleton in detail. Also considered are methods of determining an individual’s age, ethnic origins, sex, and stature from skeletal remains. The final three weeks of the course will be concerned with anthropological interpretation of the dead. (Cross-listed with ANT; may only earn credit in ARC or ANT.)

 

ARC/HIS   340                                                                                                                                 Cr. 3

The Rise and Fall of Ancient Civilizations

A historical and archaeological study of the nature of the origin of ancient civilizations and causes for their decline and fall. Numerous case studies will be surveyed, including the rise and fall of Sumerian, Egyptian, Iranian, Hittite, Harappan, Israelite, Chinese, Minoan, Classical Greek and Roman, and New World civilizations, among others. (Cross-listed with HIS; may only earn

credit in ARC or HIS.)

 

ARC       350                                                                                                                                     Cr. 1-6

Independent Foreign Research in Archaeology

An individually designed, directed archaeological research project in a foreign country dealing with a significant field, laboratory, museum, or archival/library research problem. The course permits in-depth, independent research using foreign sources, facilities, and resource persons. Requires a high degree of motivation and the ability to work independently. Prerequisite: INS 250, junior or senior standing, and consent of the department of sociology/archaeology. Only three credits may apply to the major.

 

ARC/ANT/HIS    353                                                                                                                      Cr. 3

Maya Civilization

The course presents an overview of the Maya culture located in southern Mexico and Central America. The class is organized chronologically into several sections that focus on the origins, adaptations to various environments, social, political, and religious organizations, and the belief systems of the Maya beginning at around 3000 BC. Emphasis will be on Prehispanic Maya; will also explore lifeways of contemporary Maya people. (Cross-listed with ANT and HIS; may only earn credit in ARC, ANT, or HIS.)

 

ARC/HIS  365                                                                                                                                  Cr. 3

Ancient Iraq

A historical and archaeological survey of ancient Iraq (Syro-Mesopotamia) from its prehistoric origin in the neolithic period to the Seleucid period. Ethnic groups discussed will include the Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Assyrians, Kassites, Amorites, Chaldeans, and Elamites. Topics will include the rise of urbanism, cuneiform writing, religion, literature, displaced persons, gender relations, and social structure. (Cross-listed with HIS; may only earn credit in ARC or HIS.)

 

ARC/HIS  366                                                                                                                                  Cr. 3

Ancient Israel

A historical and archaeological survey of coastal Syria and Palestine from the neolithic period to the Roman conquest. Various ethnic groups discussed will include the Eblaites, Phoenicians, Philistines, Canaanites, Arameans, Israelites, Samaritans, and Judeans. Special emphasis will be placed on putting biblical history in its Palestinian context. Topics will include social structure, gender relations, religion, and literature. (Cross-listed with HIS; may only earn credit in ARC or HIS.)

 

ARC/HIS  372                                                                                                                                  Cr. 3

History of Women in the Ancient World

A history of the nature and status of women in the ancient world as derived from textual sources, including works of literature, private letters, economic documents, and tomb inscriptions. Areas studied will be Syro-Mesopotamia, Israel, Iran, Anatolia, Egypt, and the Mediterranean world. Also discussed will be the study of women as derived from archaeological sources. (Cross-listed with HIS; may only earn credit in ARC or HIS.) Offered Sem. II.

 

ARC/SOC/ANT  399                                                                                                                      Cr. 1-3

Archaeological Forum

Investigation of areas and topics of current archaeological interest not covered in the regular curriculum ranging from local and regional to transcultural issues. Departmental option for Pass/ Fail grading. Repeatable for credit—maximum 6. (Cross-listed with SOC and ARC; may only earn 6 credits total in ARC, SOC, and ANT.)

 

ARC       402                                                                                                                                     Cr. 6-8

Field Methods in Archaeology

Practical application of the basic skills used in the excavation of archaeological sites, including surveying techniques, methods of excavation, compilation of field data, and laboratory analysis. Enrollment by permission of instructor. ARC 200 recommended. Offered Summer Session.

 

ARC       403                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Archaeology Lab Methods

Taking a hands-on approach to analyzing and interpreting archaeological remains, the class will integrate lectures with demonstrations, experiments, and supervised laboratory projects. Study will focus on the potential for interpreting human lifeways and adaptations to the environment from stone tools, ceramics, floral, and faunal remains. Prerequisite: ARC 200; recommended ARC 205, 310 or 402. Offered Sem. I, even-numbered years.

 

ARC       404                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Environmental Archaeology

This course investigates the relationship between prehistoric human societies and their biotic communities. An array of techniques using plant and animal remains from archaeological contexts to reconstruct aspects of ancient environments, climates, and human subsistence patterns are examined. Applications of environmental data toward the understanding of human settlement and subsistence systems are discussed. Prerequisites: ARC 200, junior or senior standing.

 

ARC       409/509                                                                                                                             Cr. 1-3

Readings and Research in Archaeology

Directed readings or research under the super-vision of an instructor. Prerequisites: ARC 200 or 490, consent of supervising instructor, junior standing. Repeatable for credit — maximum 6.

 

ARC/ANT   410                                                                                                                               Cr. 3

Anthropology of Art

This course will introduce students to the anthropological study of art. In this class we will define art as an expressive form of culture that includes both visual and performing genres. Using this definition, we will examine such topics as aesthetics, style, the role of the artist, and the various functions of expressive culture using examples drawn primarily from non-western societies. (Cross-listed with ANT; may only earn credit in ARC or ANT.)

 

ARC       433                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of Archaeology

A study of the history of archaeology from its antiquarian past to the present. The course will include both a survey of the intellectual development of the field and the great discoveries that accompanied each phase of these developments and the social and intellectual contexts in which they occurred. Prerequisite: ARC 200.

 

ARC       435                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Cultural Resources Management

This course studies the history of and current issues in the preservation of archaeological and historical sites. Current situations in the upper Midwest will be addressed. Application of exercises involving the processes of contract archaeology will be emphasized. Prerequisite: ARC 200; recommended ARC 205 or 310 or 333 or 402.

 

ARC       445                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Research Methods in Archaeology

This course is an introduction to a broad spectrum of research strategies available to archaeologists with a focus on quantitative methods. It is not a course in statistics. Rather, the course is intended to help students learn to be comfortable working with qualitative and quantitative data, and to be a sampler of commonly used quantitative methods in archaeology. Prerequisite: MTH 205 or 250 is recommended.

 

ARC       450                                                                                                                                     Cr. 1-15

Internship in Archaeology

An academically relevant field experience for archaeology students. The experience will involve direct participation in excavation, laboratory analysis, or other aspects of archaeological science including museum work, supervised by an archaeologist or professional of a related discipline. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing with a GPA of at least 3.00 and approval of the department. Repeatable for credit — maximum 15. Only three credits can apply to the major. Pass/Fail grading. 

 

ARC  455                                                                                                                                          Cr. 3

Archaeological Theory

This course reviews the practice of anthropological archaeology. The goal of the course is to examine the relationship between social or cultural anthropology and archaeology and to explore the theories and research strategies that produce a greater understanding of past human behavior.

 

ARC       490/590                                                                                                                             Cr. 3

Archaeology for Teachers

This course explores methods and resources for applying archaeology in the regular precollegiate classroom. A brief overview of the science of archaeology, and the pre-European cultures of Wisconsin and Minnesota is provided. Offered Sem. II and Summer Session.

 

ARC       491/591                                                                                                                             Cr. 3

Archaeology Field School for Teachers

Participants will experience the basic skills used in the excavation of archaeological sites, including surveying techniques, methods of excavation, compilation of field data and laboratory analysis. Practical application of the skills will be related to the classroom of the precollegiate instructor. Repeatable for credit — maximum 9. Prerequisite: ARC 490. Offered Summer Session.

 

ARC       492/592                                                                                                                             Cr. 3

Archaeology Analysis Procedures for Teachers

Taking a hands-on approach to analyzing and interpreting archaeological remains, the class will integrate lectures with demonstrations, experiments, and supervised laboratory projects. Study will focus on the potential for interpreting human lifeways and adaptations to the environment from stone tools, ceramics, floral, and faunal remains. Practical application of the interpretation process will be related to the classroom of the precollegiate instructor. Introduction will provide an overview of field procedures. Prerequisite: ARC 490. Offered Sem. I, even-numbered years.

 

ARC       498/598                                                                                                                             Cr. 1-3

Seminar in Archaeology

Intensive study of some specific area or problem of archaeology. Prerequisite: ARC 200 or 490. Repeatable for credit — maximum 6 in ARC 498 and ANT 499. Department option, Pass/Fail grading.

 

ARC       499                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Senior Project/Thesis in Archaeology

This course is the last course in the archaeological studies major course sequence and is normally taken during the student’s final year. The course is designed to assist the student in completing the graduation requirement of the senior project/thesis. Prerequisite: senior standing and prior agreement with project adviser. Pass/Fail grading.