College of Liberal Studies

Department Chair: J. Richard Snyder

401A Wimberly Hall, 608-785-8351

e-mail: snyder.john@uwlax.edu



Professors: Buffton, Chavalas, Lee, Potts, Snyder, Zeisler-Vralsted; Associate Professors: Hollenback, Sinclair; Assistant Professors: Macias-Gonzalez, Vandenberg-Daves; Lecturers: Denlinger, Loayza, Weinzierl.




History Major

(All colleges) — 40 credits.


Core requirements — 12 credits from HIS 220, 230, 240, and 250 plus HIS 490 (four

                credits). Twenty four (24) credits from the following five categories:


Category I: History of Women —

                Three credits from HIS 301, 302, 304, 305, 315, 370, 371, 372.


Category II: Topical Approaches —

Three credits from HIS 306, 309, 310, 311, 314, 320, 330.


Category III: U.S. History —

Six credits from HIS 308, 312, 313, 316, 317, 318, 319, 321, 322, 323, 324, 325, 345.


Category IV: Regional/World Cultural Zones (Asia, Latin America, Europe) —

nine credits total, including: Asia, three credits from HIS 329, 334, 335, 337,

338, 339; Latin America, 3 credits from HIS 336, 341, 342, 343, 344, 347, 356; Europe, 3 credits from HIS 346, 348, 349, 350, 351, 352, 354, 355, 357.


Category V: Classical World/Religions —

Three credits from HIS 204, 326, 327, 328, 331, 332, 333, 340, 353, 365, 366.


History Major with Regional World Emphasis — 40 credits.

Core requirements as listed in the major; three credits in INS 350 or 495; 4 credits in HIS 490. Three credits (3) from each of the following categories: Category I: History of Women, Category II: Topical Approaches, and Category V: Classical/World Religions; 12 credits from one selected area of focus:



—European Focus: HIS 314, 346, 348, 349, 350, 351, 352, 354, 355, 357

—Asian Focus: HIS 311, 316, 334, 335, 337, 338, 339

—United States Focus: HIS 301, 304, 306, 308, 309, 310, 312, 313, 316, 317,

    318, 319, 320, 321, 322, 323, 324, 325

—Latin American Focus: HIS 336, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 347, 356

—Ancient/Medieval World Focus: HIS 204, 327, 328, 329, 331, 332, 333, 340,

    346, 353, 365, 366, 372


Teacher Certification requirements:

Students in teacher certification programs may substitute HIS 495 for 490. GEO 200, EFN 200 and C-I 381 are also required.


History Minor

(All colleges) — 24 credits. Six (6) credits in core requirements; three credits each from Categories I, II, III, and V; six credits from any two of the three Regional Cultural zones in Category IV. All to be selected from lists under major. (History minors in teacher certification programs are also required to take HIS 495 for a total of 28 credits.)


History Minor with Regional World Emphasis — 24 credits. Six (6) credits in core requirements; three credits each from Categories I, II, and V; nine credits from one focus selected from Asia, European, United States, Latin America or Ancient/ Medieval focus. (History minors in teacher certification programs are also required to take HIS 495 for a total of 28 credits.)


Social Studies Major

(Middle Level/Secondary Education). See description of the broadfield major on p. 74.


Public History Minor

(All colleges) — 24 credits. The public history minor is an interdisciplinary undergraduate curriculum which prepares students to practice history outside of the academy, in non-teaching capacities, in the service of select public needs. Required courses: ENG 307 or 308, POL 211 or MGT 308, and HIS 320, 390, 450. A focus must be selected from one of the following options. Archaeology focus: ARC 205, 310, 455. Public administration focus: POL 313, 314, 315. Environmental studies focus: ENV 201, HIS 310, GEO 324.


Advanced Placement is available for Advanced Placement Examinations in American History or European History as developed and administered by the Educational Testing Services (ETS), Princeton, New Jersey. Information is available from the department chair.


Courses numbered HIS 100-299 are primarily for freshmen and sophomores, those numbered HIS 300-399 are open to sophomores, juniors, seniors, and to those freshmen who have appropriate General Education background.



+ above a course number indicates a General Education course.



HIS         151                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

World History to 1500

This course focuses on the diversity of the human community from earliest times to 1500 while recognizing that no civilization or nation developed in isolation or survived without coming to terms with its neighbors. Moreover, the course explores historical processes in the formation of the human community before 1500 without which modern humans cannot understand or explore contemporary issues.



HIS         152                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Roots of the Modern World

This course examines current regional cultures by tracing the historical development which has produced these features of the modern world: emergence of the nation-state system; revolutions of ideology; the expansion of Western culture into the Pacific Rim; the opening of Africa to modern features of empire and independence; the interaction of non-Western economies with Western capitalism; world identification of issues of gender, race, and class. Offered Sem. II.



HIS         202                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Contemporary Global Issues

This course will offer a contemporary multi-disciplinary perspective regarding the major issues and trends confronting the global society as it enters the 21st century. Emphasis will be given to a critical review and assessment of the origin and present condition of the plethora of situations and problems affecting modern global society. The student will also learn to critically evaluate current and future events. The course will incorporate the views and approaches of the following disciplines: sociology/anthropology, economics, geography, political science and history. (Cross-listed with SOC/ANT/ECO/GEO/POL; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Sem. II.


HIS/ARC  204                                                                                                                                  Cr. 3

Ancient Literate Civilizations

An historical and archaeological study of ancient Eurasia and North Africa, including a survey of the major archaeological sites. Topics such as the development of urbanization in the Near East and Mediterranean, and comparative studies of the Indus civilization, China, Classical Greece, Rome, and the New World will be discussed. (Cross-listed with ARC; may only earn credit in HIS or ARC.)



HIS         205                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of Ethical Values in World Religions

This course is a comparative historical survey of selected religions which focuses upon the distinctive ways that each religion developed norms of good and bad behavior that it imposed upon its adherents. What behaviors did each religious tradition label as good or bad, pure or impure? Why did each tradition place behaviors in those categories? How did those value judgments concerning good and bad behaviors change over the centuries? Some of the topics covered in this comparative historical fashion will include the treatment of women, attitudes toward abortion, contraception, sex outside of marriage, homosexuality, war, attitudes towards other religions, and environmental ethics. Offered Sem. II.



HIS         206                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Life in 20th Century America

This course focuses on the individual in a changing society. It will trace transformations in political and economic institutions, but will focus on the individual in a time of changing racial, gender, family, and cultural structures. It will explore the history of the self in American history. Offered Sem. II.



HIS         220                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

The United States in the Global Community

A survey of the history of the United States focused on the ways that its constitutional creations, expressions of representative politics, growth of empire, racial and ethnic policies, economic growth and military power have interacted with the global community. Offered once a year.


HIS         230                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

The Ancient Medieval World

An historical survey of the civilizations of West Asia, North Africa, and Europe from the advent of urbanization in 4000 B.C. to the beginning of the Renaissance (c. 1300 A.D.). Topics discussed will be the nature and status of women, ethnic and religious minorities, the importance of geography and technology. Special emphasis will be placed on studying historical themes that have survived to the present day. Offered once a year.


HIS         240                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Survey of Modern Europe

This course will consider the forces of nationalism, liberalism, imperialism, and totalitaranism, as well as Europe’s interaction with non-western cultures, the two world wars and the Cold War. Upon completion of the course, the students will be able to place this period of European history within the context of global history. Offered once a year.


HIS         250                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

The Asian World

This course will introduce students to various aspects of Asian history with special focus on the Modern period (post-1800). In particular, it will compare the political, social and economic structures as well as the religious/philosophical underpinnings of Asian countries, including China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, India and Indonesia. Offered every other year.


HIS         300                                                                                                                                     Cr. 1-3

Topics in History

Topics selected by the individual instructor or by the students and instructor together. Special interests of both the bases of current world crises or areas of historical concern not covered in formal course work, may be the vehicles for this offering. Credits generated in this course apply as electives in the major or minor. Prerequisite: HIS 151. Repeatable for credit.


HIS         301                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Women in the Modern United States: 1890-Present

This course introduces students to key issues in modern women’s history in the United States. It explores women’s experiences as workers, activists, consumers, citizens, and family members. It also examines the various ways in which generations of Americans have defined “woman’s place” and “women’s issues”, and raises questions about the possibility for defining common “women’s issues” today. Offered Sem. II.


HIS         302                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Women, Class, and Identity in United States History

This course will acquaint students with class as a feature of women’s identity in American history, focusing primarily on the experiences and identities of working-class women, and secondarily on relationships between classes of women. We will explore how women’s class identities were shaped and expressed in their roles as workers, consumers, wives, mothers, citizens, activists, etc. We will also examine the way the larger culture perceived and portrayed working-class women in politics and in popular culture. Though class and gender will be the key categories of analysis as we examine American women’s history, we will also look at the complex intersection of race, region, sexual identity, and other factors that contribute to women’s identity. Offered once every three years.


HIS         304                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Women in Early America: 1607-1890

This course provides an historical survey of women’s lives and women’s status in the colonial, early national and nineteenth century United States. It explores the varied experiences of Native American, European American, and African American women in the contexts of colonization, migration, and slavery, and it examines the role of women in defining American politics and social movements in the emerging American nation. Offered once every three years.


HIS         305                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of Motherhood in the United States

This course considers motherhood in nineteenth and twentieth century United States history from a variety of perspectives. It explores women’s experiences’ as mothers, across lines of class, race, and relationship status. It also examines the politics of motherhood in U.S. history, and considers both the restrictive and the empowering dimensions of ideologies of motherhood. Offered once every three years.


HIS         306                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of Ethnic America

The role and impact of immigrants and ethnic minorities on the political, economic and cultural development of the United States from colonial times to the present. Emphasis on the immigrant experience — the problems of immigrant adjustment, patterns of immigrant mobility and assimilation, and the persistence of ethnicity and ethnic tensions. Offered once a year.


HIS/SOC   308                                                                                                                                 Cr. 3

Social History

An exploration of the nature and history of society, focusing on the individual, family and community. From a global perspective, the purpose of the course is to seek an understanding of American society and the historical context of contemporary concerns about individual character, family life, and community relations. (Cross-listed with SOC; may only earn credit in HIS or SOC.) Offered once every three years.


HIS         309                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of African-American Protest

This course traces the history of African-American protest strategies and movements, with a focus on the modern Civil Rights movement. The course examines the ways in which these struggles shaped American politics generally, but focuses on major themes and and problems in the history of African-Americans’ struggles for racial justice, including questions of integration versus separatism, proposals to “repatriate” to Africa, appropriate responses to the violence of institutionalized racism, the roles and perspectives of women, European-Americans, working-class and middle-class African-Americans in anti-racist politics, and strategies for economic empowerment. Offered once every three years.


HIS         310                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Native American History

A survey of Indian history in North America from European contact to the present, with primary emphasis upon the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. A major theme to be explored will be Indian patterns of resistance to white-imposed policies. Offered once every year.


HIS         311                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of Peace and War

An examination of the causes, consequences and nature of both war and peace in a global context. This course will consider war and peace throughout history and within various cultures. Offered once every three years.


HIS         312                                                                                                                                         Cr. 3

The First American Revolution

An examination of the efforts to mold a new nation, to maintain personal liberty and private property, and to promote political unity and economic expansion. Offered once every two years.


HIS         313                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Colonial America

A history of the founding and development of the North American colonies with special attention devoted to the successes and failures of the British imperial structure and to the development of republican institutions in the English colonies. Offered once every three years.


HIS         314                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

The Holocaust

This course is designed to introduce students to the Holocaust from the perspective of historians, writers and poets. Offered once every three years.


HIS         315                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of Feminist Thought

An examination of the history of feminist ideas in the United States and the historical context, both western and international, from which they emerged. Offered once every three years.


HIS         316                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Vietnam War

The history of the Vietnamese civil war with focus on the involvement of the United States in it. It will examine Vietnam’s anticolonial revolution, trace developing American foreign policy from Truman forward, and study its attendant consequences in both the United States and Vietnam. Offered once every three years.


HIS         317                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of the Environmental Movement: 1850-Present

A study of the historical roots of the conservation movement and how the perceptions of humans toward their environment have evolved. Beginning with Thoreau’s ideas about nature in the 1950s to present-day environmental concerns, articulated by groups such as the Sierra Club, course will trace the development of an environmental conscience. Offered once every two years.


HIS         318                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

The West in American History

A survey of the American West as a significant world region. In addition to coverage of the frontier process, subjects such as racial prejudice, religious movements, land use, environmental and social change, and comparisons with other global themes and areas will be explored. Offered once every three years.


HIS         319                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Twentieth Century U.S. and World

Social, economic, political and diplomatic history of contemporary America from the 1890s to the present. Major topics include the development of the modern bureaucratic corporate state, the rise of U.S. power and its international effects, and the roles of women and American social and ethnic minorities in the 20th century. Offered once every three years.


HIS         320                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Public History

An introduction to public history (history outside academe and public interest) and field experience. Class time will be devoted to the background, methods and application of history in the public arena. The class will also feature a team research project in historic preservation, cultural resource management, public policy, or museum administration. Offered once a year.


HIS         321                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Wisconsin History

An exploration of the history of Wisconsin, focusing on place, people, and the development of regional culture. Special emphasis will be given to environment, native peoples, ethnicity, the Progressive transformation of state politics, and community from the territorial period to the recent past. Offered once every three years.


HIS         322                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

The American West in Film and Literature

The American West as portrayed by scholars, novelists and film makers over the past century. Students will read and analyze the historical interpretations of Turner, Webb, Nash, Limerick and White and examine selections from novels that treated the West in a popularized concept. Students will view, analyze, compare and contrast a series of commercial, popular films with this literature. Offered once every three years.


HIS         323                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

World War II

This course focuses on World War II, its causes, its conduct and its consequences. It will examine the war from a global perspective, exploring all of its aspects – political, diplomatic, military and civilian — in the broad context of national differences, rivalries and conflicts extending from World War I and The Treaty of Versailles (1919) into the third quarter of the twentieth century. Offered once every three years.


HIS         324                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Civil War and Reconstruction

A study of the Middle Period (1826-1876) in U.S. History with emphasis on the Civil War and its military implications for later conflicts. Offered once every two years.


HIS         325                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

America in the Cold War

The United States spent almost half of the twentieth century engaged in a hostile confrontation with the Soviet Union. This course will explore the origins of the Cold War from its development in 1945 to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. It will study the economic and ideological conflicts between the two countries, as well as explaining the effects of the Cold War on U.S. domestic

politics and culture. Offered every other year.


HIS         326                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Modern Christianity

This course surveys the history of Christianity from the beginning of the Protestant Reformation until the present. Offered once every three years.


HIS         327                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of Buddhism

A survey of the historical development of the Buddhist religion — its doctrines, practices, and institutions — from its origins through the 20th century. This course will analyze how Buddhism first evolved in India and focus upon the distinctive ways that it developed in southeast Asia, Tibet, China, and Japan. Offered once every three years.


HIS         328                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of Hinduism

A survey of the historical development of the Hindu religion from its origins in the early Vedic period through the 20th century. Some of the topics covered include the evolution of the belief of reincarnation, the development and significance of the caste system, the development of Hindu attitudes toward women, and the evolution of the principal Hindu gods and goddesses. Offered once every three years.


HIS         329                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of Islam

A survey of the historical development of Islam from its origins through the present day. It will also analyze the central beliefs, practices, and institutions of Muslims. Special attention will be given to the situations of women in the Islamic world. Offered once every three years.


HIS         330                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of Religions

This course will be a historical and broadly comparative study of religion, religions, and religious phenomena. First, it will incorporate a cross-cultural study of such phenomena as myth, ritual, sacred places, gods and goddesses, mysticism, and the various forms of religious community and authority. Second, it will also trace the historical development of the scholarly study of comparative religion. Finally, it will focus on the historical evolution of a particular religious phenomenon through many centuries, i.e., the historical evolution of the devil and the concept of hell in the Old Testament and Christianity. Offered once every three years.

HIS/ARC   331                                                                                                                                 Cr. 3

The Ancient Greek World

A historical and archaeological survey of the ancient Greek world (Greece proper, the Aegean Islands, southern Italy, western Turkey). Periods discussed will include Cretan (Minoan), Mycenaean, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, and Early Greek Christian. Offered once every three years. (Cross-listed with ARC; may only earn credit in HIS or ARC.)


HIS/ARC  332                                                                                                                                  Cr. 3

Ancient Rome and Mediterranean

A historical and archaeological survey of the ancient Mediterranean area (with emphasis on the Italian peninsula) from the founding of the city of Rome to the collapse of the western Roman Empire in the fifth century A.C.E. Periods discussed will include: Italy in the Neolithic period, the founding of Rome, Etruscan Domination, the Roman Republic, the Roman Principate/Empire, and the advent of Roman Christianity. (Cross-listed with ARC; may only earn credit in HIS or ARC.) Offered once every three years.


HIS         333                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Christianity to 1517

This course surveys the history of Christianity from its origin up to the beginning of the Protestant Reformation in 1517. Topics to be covered will include the following: question of the reliability of the Gospels as historical sources, early heresies, Christological and Trinitarian controversies, the conversion of Western and Eastern Europe during the Middle Ages, the evolution of the papacy and monasticism, the Crusades, and the status and treatment of women in ancient and medieval Christianity. Offered once every three years.


HIS         334                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Aspects of Chinese History

Each semester this course will examine a specific aspect of the history of China from earliest times to the present. Included will be the Chinese family; the role of ideology in Chinese history (Confucianism, communism, etc.); the revolutionary period (1800-1949); and China since 1949. Offered once every three years.


HIS         335                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of China

A survey of the history of China from earliest times to the present. Included are the study of traditional China, the impact of western civilization on that traditional society, and the rise of communism. Offered once every three years.



HIS         336                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Hispanics in the United States

This course will introduce students to the diverse experiences of Hispanic peoples in the United States through an interdisciplinary survey of their social, historical, political, economic, and cultural experiences. Offered once every three years.

HIS         337                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Modern China and Japan

This course will explore Chinese and Japanese history from the late 19th Century to the present, giving careful scrutiny to the political, economic, and cultural relationship between these two nations. Offered once every three years.


HIS         338                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Modern Middle East

This course is intended to be a survey of the Middle East from the rise of Islam to the present day concentrating on the Arabian Peninsular, the Fertile Crescent, Iran, and to some degree Egypt. Offered once every three years.


HIS         339                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of Russia and the Soviet Union

The origins and development of the Russian state from Kievan Rus through the collapse of the Soviet Union. This course will also examine the global impact of Russian interaction with Asian, Islamic and Western cultures. Offered once every three years.


HIS/ARC     340                                                                                                                                 Cr. 3

The Rise and Fall of Ancient Civilizations

A historical and archaeological study of the nature of origin of ancient civilizations and causes for decline and fall. Numerous case studies will be surveyed, including the rise and fall of Sumerian, Egyptian, Iranian, Hittite, Harappan, Israelite, Chinese, Minoan, Classical Greek and Roman and New World civilizations, among others. (Cross-listed with ARC; may only earn credit in HIS or ARC.) Offered once every three years.


HIS         341                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Nineteenth Century Latin America

Study of the problems of political instability, economic underdevelopment and social disunity from the Wars of Independence (1810-1825) to World War I. Attention also to the non-Hispanic Caribbean region. Offered once every two years.


HIS         342                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Twentieth Century Latin America

The struggle for economic development, political democracy, and social justice in the period of developing nationalism since World War I. The Non-Hispanic Caribbean is included. Offered once every two years.


HIS         343                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

U.S. Borderlands

This course will focus on the Hispanic frontier in North America from California to Florida and the interactions between the United States and Mexico (and Spain) from 1521-1990. Offered once every three years.


HIS         344                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Colonial Latin America

This course will analyze Iberian society as a way to understand the establishment and evolution of Hispanic institutions and culture in Latin America from 1492 until 1821. Offered once every three years.


 HIS        345                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

U.S.-Latin American Relations

This course will explore U.S. relations with the Latin American republics from 1776 to the present day. It will devote careful attention to the economic and political goals of U.S. foreign policy in Latin America and explore how these goals have fueled anti-U.S. nationalism, thereby compromising Washington’s efforts to forge closer ties with the Latin American nations. Offered once every three years.


HIS         346                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of the Middle Ages

The emergence and flowering of medieval European civilization — in its political, religious, socio-economic and cultural aspects — from the Germanic invasions to the Renaissance era. This course will also examine the Byzantine and Islamic civilizations; their interaction with the West; and the contributions made by the Muslim and Byzantine peoples to medieval Europe. Offered once every three years.


HIS         347                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

A History of Greater Mexico

This course examines the Mexican experience in the United States as an integral part of Mexican history. Offered once every three years.


HIS         348                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Renaissance and Reformation

The broadening of European political, social, cultural, geographical and religious horizons from A.D. 1300 to 1648. This course will also examine European interaction with Asian, Islamic and American cultures, and the impact such interaction had upon Europe. Offered once every three years.


HIS         349                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of Modern Europe (20th Century)

The emergence of Europe as a political, cultural, social, industrial and military power during the 19th and 20th centuries. This course will also explore European interaction with non-Western cultures, the two world wars, the Cold War, decolonization, the decline of Europe as a premier world power, and the break-up of Eastern Europe and Soviet regimes. Offered once every three years.


HIS         350                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Episodes in French History

An examination of various episodes in French history that illustrate major social, intellectual, political, and economic trends. Each semester will examine a specific aspect of French history since 1750. These will include: the French Revolutions of 1789, 1830, 1848, 1870, and 1968; war and occupation in France; and French intellectual development since 1750. Offered once every three years.


HIS         351                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of France: 1750-Present

A history of France since 1750 incorporating major social, intellectual, political, and economic trends. Offered once every three years.


HIS         352                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of Modern Germany

Development of Germany through wars of unification and emergence as a world power, World War I and Weimar Republic, Nazi rule and World War II, and changes in the post-war Germanys. Offered once every three years.


HIS/ANT/ARC    353                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Maya Civilization

The course presents an overview of the Maya culture located in southern Mexico and Central America. The class is organized chronologically into several sections that focus on the origins, adaptations to various environments, social, political, and religious organizations, and the belief systems of the Maya beginning at around 3000 BC. Emphasis will be on Prehispanic Maya; will also explore lifeways of contemporary Maya people. (Cross-listed with ARC/ANT; may only earn credit in HIS, ARC or ANT.) Offered once every three years.


HIS         354                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Spain to 1700

This course will examine political, religious, socio-economic and cultural developments from the beginnings of Visigothic rule to the decline of Spain in the seventeenth century. Particular attention will be paid to Muslim and Jewish contributions to Spanish culture, as well as Iberian voyages of exploration and imperial ventures in the “New World”. Offered once every three years.


HIS         355                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

England to 1603

This course will examine political, socio-economic and cultural developments in England from the Anglo-Saxon invasions of the fifth century through the reign of Elizabeth I. Particular attention will be paid to the development of the English monarchy and of Parliament, as well as interaction with other European nations. Offered once every three years.


HIS         356                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of Mexico

Survey of Indian and Hispanic roots of Mexican history on both sides of the border. Emphasis on events in Mexico which have affected the United States. Offered once every two years.


HIS         357                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

History of the Balkans

An examination of the Balkans from its ancient beginnings to present day dynamics of ethnic diversity and nationalism. Offered once every three years.


HIS/ARC   365                                                                                                                                 Cr. 3

Ancient Iraq            

A historical and archaeological survey of ancient Iraq (Syro-Mesopotamia) from its prehistoric origins in the neolithic period to the Seleucid period. Ethnic groups discussed will include the Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Assyrians, Kassites, Amorites, Chaldeans, and Elamites. Topics will include the rise of urbanism, cuneiform writing, religion, literature, displaced persons, gender relations, and social structure. (Cross-listed with ARC; may only earn credit in HIS or ARC.) Offered once every three years.


HIS/ARC   366                                                                                                                                 Cr. 3

Ancient Israel

A historical and archaeological survey of coastal Syria and Palestine from the neolithic period to the Roman conquest. Various ethnic groups discussed will include the Eblaites, Phoenicians, Philistines, Canaanites, Arameans, Israelites, Samaritans, and Judeans. Special emphasis will be placed on putting biblical history in its Palestinian context. Topics will include social structure, gender relations, religion, and literature. (Cross-listed with ARC; may only earn credit in HIS or ARC.) Offered once every three years.


HIS/W-S   370                                                                                                                                 Cr. 3

The History of Black Women’s Activism

An historical overview of the thoughts, actions, and creative products of Black women activists in the United States, from slavery to the present. Students will examine historical analyses, speeches, essays, economic activities, organizational styles, political issues, and various forms of artistic expression that women of African descent have produced in order to query, resist, and defy the interlocking oppressions of racism, sexism, and classism in the United States. Prerequisite: W-S 100 or 210 or 230. (Cross-listed with W-S; may only earn credit in HIS or W-S.) Offered once every three years.


HIS/W-S   371                                                                                                                                 Cr. 3

Women, Agriculture, and the Environment

Beginning with the ancient notion that the earth was both alive and female, a concept indigenous to western as well as other cultures, this course will examine subsequent ideas that have historically shaped attitudes and actions toward women and the earth, especially as those values and actions have affected agriculture in the U.S. The course will examine such topics as the roles of women as builders of community in the rural world; the impact of the industrializing of the production of food and fiber on concepts of femininity; the development of the modern corporate state and its impact on women and agriculture; and how women and men are working to re-shape the way we see, think about, and act on, and interact with the earth. Prerequisite: W-S 100 or 210 or 230. (Cross-listed with W-S; may only earn credit in HIS or W-S.) Offered once every three years.


HIS/ARC   372                                                                                                                                 Cr. 3

History of Women in the Ancient World

A history of the nature and status of women in the ancient world as derived from textual sources, including works of literature, private letters, economic documents, and tomb inscriptions. Areas studies will be Syro-Mesopotamia, Israel, Iran, Anatolia, Egypt, and the Mediterranean world. Also discussed will be the study of women as derived from archaeological sources. (Cross-listed with ARC; may only earn credit in HIS or ARC.) Offered once every three years.


HIS         390                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3

Public History Research

An intensive research field school in historic preservation, cultural resource management, oral history, or museum studies. Students will complete one active research project in one of the above specialities. Both the specialty and the project will vary from semester to semester. Offered once a year.


HIS         400/500                                                                                                                             Cr. 1-3

Historical Themes

Investigation of areas and topics of current historical interest not covered in the regular curriculum, ranging from local and regional to global issues. Credits generated in this course apply as electives in the major or minor. Repeatable for credit — no maximum.


HIS/M-S    402                                                                                                                                 Cr. 3

American Military History

An historical review and analysis of the development of military strategy and weapons, a detailed study of the history of the United States military, an analysis of contemporary, post World War II issues, and a study of selected battles. (Cross-listed with M-S; may only earn credit in HIS or M-S.) Offered once a year.


HIS         450                                                                                                                                     Cr. 3-12

History Internship

The internship is intended to provide a student with an on-the-job experience which is related to academic studies in history. A student who applies for an internship and is accepted, will be placed in a carefully selected position and will be supervised by a committee of three members. At least two members of the committee shall be members of the history department. A maximum of 6 credits may be counted toward the history major and 3 credits toward the history minor from HIS 450. Prerequisites: overall grade point average of 2.75 with a minimum GPA of 3.00 in history. An open evaluation session between the committee and intern will be held before a grade is assigned by

the faculty members of the committee.


HIS         490                                                                                                                                     Cr. 4

Seminar: Historiography

Themes and techniques of historical inquiry. Lectures, discussions, and reports on historiography with particular attention to research methods, use of library resources, interpretation, and composition. Completion of a supervised project which requires practical applications of historical methods. Prerequisites: 12 credits in history, excluding current registration. Offered once every year.


HIS         495                                                                                                                                     Cr. 4

History with Documents

This course brings students into a study of selected historical documents as a meaningful way of linking historical research to the teaching of history. Offered Sem. I.


HIS         497                                                                                                                                     Cr. 1-3

Individual Study in History

Directed readings and research under the supervision of an assigned instructor. No more than six credits in HIS 497 may count in the major and no more than three credits in HIS 497 may count in the minor. Prerequisites: 20 credits in history (including current registration) and written permission of the instructor. Repeatable for credit — maximum 6.