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Exercise and Sport Science (ESS)
College of Science and Allied Health
Department Chair: Patrick DiRocco
137 Mitchell Hall, (608)785-8173
e-mail: dirocco.patr@uwlax.edu 
http://perth.uwlax.edu/eeshr/ESS

 

Professors: Batesky, Foster, Hastad, Mikat, Porcari, Steffen, Tymeson; 
Associate Professors: DiRocco, Martinez, Waters, Yu; 
Assistant Professors: Adegbamigbe, Anderson, M., Battista, Felix, Gibson, M., Mally, Pein, Schockmel, Skemp-Arlt, Udermann, Wright; Lecturers: Blum, Burton, Dobertstein, Dodge, Durnin, Gibson, B., Gillette, Healy, Heeren, Kline, Perkins, Petersen, Schull. 

Center of Excellence in Physical Education  

The Center of Excellence designation was awarded to the Department of Exercise and Sport Science by the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. The purpose of the center, which reflects the excellent reputation of the department, is to serve as a catalyst for maintaining faculty and curricular vitality while expanding the scope of comprehensive services provided to professionals in Wisconsin and throughout the nation. General goals are to provide in service and expertise in emerging content areas and technology to physical educators and students in professional preparation programs; modify undergraduate and master’s curricula to incorporate recent trends and projected professional needs and expand research and public service components with special emphasis on assessment.

A three-dimensional professional preparation model was developed with the following foci: (1) enhancing life span motor development; (2) promoting the major purposes of professional preparation in physical education — prevention of injury or illness, skill enhancement, meaningful active living, and rehabilitation; and (3) developing instruments for assessment of performance and programs. Additional emphasis is placed on the importance of movement of young children and on age-related changes in active, older adults to develop and maintain efficient movement throughout the lifespan. The professional preparation programs within the Department of Exercise and Sport Science prepare graduates to assist individuals of all ages in developing meaningful, active lifestyles. Improving the level of skill in a wide variety of activities and promoting effective movement patterns will result in more active and healthy individuals in our society. For additional information regarding the Center of Excellence in Physical Education, please contact: Department Chair, Exercise and Sport Science, Mitchell Hall, University of Wisconsin-  La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601.  

Exercise Science, Health and Recreation Transfer Policy —

UW-La Crosse students transferring into the ESHR programs must have a cumulative GPA of 2.50 or higher at the time of transfer.  

Pre-major and Admission to Program

All students in the department of exercise and sport science will be designated as pre-major until they have been admitted to their specific program. This applies to the following majors: pre-athletic training, pre-ESS-fitness, pre-ESS-sport management, and pre-ESS-physical education teaching.

Students are advised to become aware of the application criteria for their major, and may refer to program Web sites for the most detailed information regarding these criteria and procedures. Meeting minimum criteria does not guarantee admission, as the department programs have competitive admission processes.                                     

Athletic Training Major (Exercise Science, Health, Recreation) 70 credits. Required courses: ESS 181, 201, 205, 206, 207, 283, 286, 287, 302, 303, 323, 349, 378, 379, 386, 387, 450, 481, 483, 484, 485, 486. Interdisciplinary Requirements: HPR 105*, HP 350. 

Note
     
Athletic training majors are required to take BIO 105*, MTH 145* or 250*, to meet prerequisite for advanced courses.

      Admission to the athletic training program is competitive and not all who apply can be accommodated.

      Admission requires an application/ selection process for entry into ESS 181. Enrollment in ESS 181 is limited to 35 candidates who will be considered for final selection into the program following completion of ESS 181 and a subsequent semester of volunteer athletic training center experience. Ten to fourteen (10-14) of the 35 candidates are selected at the end of the two-semester experience to enter the CAAHEP accredited undergraduate program. Application deadline for enrollment in ESS 181 is February 1 for consideration for each fall semester. Application materials may be obtained from the director, athletic training program. Notification of acceptance into ESS 181 will be made by approximately April 1.

      Students accepted to the athletic training educational program after the observational year may not participate in intercollegiate athletics secondary to scheduling conflicts with clinical and field experiences required in the educational program. 

Consideration for selection into ESS 181 is based on the following criteria:
1.   Acceptance into the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse;
2.   Cumulative high school/university GPA;
3.   GPA in science and sports medicine related course work;
4.   SAT or ACT scores and rank in class;
5.   Strength of student’s athletic training commitment as reflected in letters of recommendation;
6.   Previous athletic training/sports medicine experience, extracurricular activities and leadership experience.
7.   Evaluation of application by selection committee. 

             Students admitted into the athletic training education program must maintain a minimum 2.75 cumulative grade point average (GPA), a minimum of a 3.0 GPA in all course work in the major, and have clinical evaluation scores of 3.0 or above (5.0 scale). Failure to meet any one of these retention criteria requires the student to be on a probationary status. If the student does not meet all criteria in two consecutive semesters, the student will be removed from the program.  

Exercise and Sport Science Major — Physical Education Teacher Certification  (Teacher Certification programs) — 53 credits of professional requirements. Required courses: (freshman year) ESS 112, 113**, 115, 121; (sophomore year) ESS 205, 206, 207, 225, 226, 231, 258, 261 (junior year): ESS 201, 302, 303, 310, 321, 326, 367; (senior year) ESS 401, 402, 412, 422, 424; 16 credits of teacher education requirements: C-I 323, 325, and C-I 403 student teaching practicum; 15-18 credits of statutory requirements: ERS 100* or HIS 306* or SOC 225* or W-S 230*; C-S 101*; PSY 370; EFN 205; and RDG 330. Total credits 84-87.            

Note:
Physical education teacher certification majors and minors are required to take BIO 103* or 105* or MIC 100*, HPR 105*, and PSY 212 to meet prerequisite requirements for advanced courses. It is recommended that all incoming freshmen wishing to major in exercise and sport science — physical education teacher certification enroll in ESS 112, 115 and 121 during their first year at UW-L. 

                 Students should refer to policies identified in the School of Education section on p. 61. These policies apply to students in all teacher certification programs. The School of Education Web site also has more information.

             Admission to the physical education teacher education (PETE) program is competitive and successful completion of application requirements does not guarantee admission into the PETE program. Students who wish to be considered for acceptance into the program will be evaluated using the following criteria: physical fitness assessment, grade point average of foundation courses (ESS 112, ESS 115, BIO 103 or 105 or MIC 100, HPR 105), 2.75 combined cumulative GPA (including transfer grade points), passage of all parts of the pre-professional skills test (PPST), K-12 athletic/teacher leadership involvement and reflection, a satisfactory interview with PETE admission committee members, and a background check. Students admitted into the PETE program must maintain a 2.75 grade point average. Thirty students per semester are the approximate number allowed into the PETE major. Course substitutions may be authorized by the program director. Curriculum changes may result in a revision of courses used as admission requirements. In order to enroll in student teaching and clinical courses, students must have earned and maintained a 2.75 combined cumulative GPA and a 2.75 GPA in the major, minor, concentration and professional course work.

             Students are allowed to apply for PETE admission twice during their academic career at UW-L.

 Students must have successfully completed all parts of the PPST, earned and maintained a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.75 and be admitted to teacher education in order to enroll in teacher education courses. In order to enroll in student teaching practicum courses, students must have earned and maintained a 2.75 cumulative GPA and a 2.75 GPA in the major, minor, concentration and professional course work and have an official Praxis II documenting passing scores on Praxis II content tests in the appropriate certification area/discipline.  

·     These courses may apply to the General Education requirements. May substitute BIO 103 for 105. 

**Aquatics requirement: Exercise and Sport Science-Teaching majors must enroll in ESS 113 unless they hold one of the following American Red Cross (ARC) certifications: Intermediate Swimmer, Advanced Swimmer, Life-guard Training, or Water Safety Instructor (WSI). 

Please refer to the options listed below as a guide in satisfying this requirement, and note that ESS-Teaching majors are strongly encouraged to graduate with a current ARC WSI certification. 

Track 1 — Student with a current ACR WSI certificate can:

             a. Take ESS 116 WSI, 2 cr. in the junior/senior year to ensure current certification upon graduation; or

             b. Take 2 cr. from other ESS 100 aquatic offerings (not ESS 100 Beginning Swim), including
             ESS 100             Scuba Diving
             ESS 100             Beginning/Intermediate Springboard Diving
             ESS 100             Swim for Fitness
             ESS 100             Water Exercise
             ESS 100             Synchronized Swimming
             ESS 100             Water Polo
             ESS 100             Lifeguard Training
             ESS 453             Aquatics Programs

Track 2 — Advanced swimmer without current WSI certification: Take ESS 116 WSI, 2 cr. junior/senior year to ensure current certification upon graduation. 

Track 3 — Non-swimmer or weak swimmer: Take ESS 113 Basic Swim, 1 cr. and select an additional ESS 100 aquatic credit suited for swim level.  

Exercise and Sport Science Major with Fitness Emphasis (Exercise Science, Health, Recreation)   60 credits.

Required courses (57 credits): ESS 115, 201, 205, 206, 281, 302, 303, 320, 323, 344, 355, 368, 410, 442, 443, 447, 449, 450 (12 credits); MKT 309; CST 260 or ENG 307.

Electives (3 credits):
ESS 100          Lifeguard Training
ESS 100          Swim Fitness
ESS 100          Water Exercise
ESS 100          Aerobic Exercise
ESS 100          Jogging and Fitness
ESS 100          Cross Country Skiing
ESS 100          Tennis
ESS 100          Golf
ESS 100          In-Line Skating
ESS 100           Fitness Walking
ESS 100          Cycling
ESS 100          Sport Conditioning
ESS 100          Yoga
ESS 100          Advanced Yoga
ESS 100          Tai Chi Chuan
ESS 100          Water Exercise
ESS 100          Hip Hop
ESS 100          Cardio Kickboxing
ESS 100          Pilates
ESS 100          Strength Training
ESS 100          Indoor Rock Climbing
ESS 116          Water Safety Instructor
HED 409, 439, 473
MGT 205, 308, 385;
MKT 365, 444.
 

Workshops: A maximum of three credits of approved workshops may be applicable to the fitness emphasis.  

General Education requirements—Exercise and sport science majors with fitness emphasis are required to take BIO 103 or 105 or MIC 100, ECO 110, C-S 101 and HPR 105 to meet prerequisites for advanced courses and/or for admission to the emphasis. These courses also will fulfill General Education requirements. 

Admission requirements—To be considered for admission to the exercise and sport science major fitness emphasis, the student must have completed at least 30 semester credits, including general education credits and the three pre- admission core courses (BIO 103 or 105 or MIC 100, HPR 105 and ESS 115) with a grade of at least “C” in each of these core courses and a cumulative GPA of 2.75.

Admission to the fitness emphasis is competitive and not all who apply may be accommodated. From those applying each year, approximately 30 will be admitted into the fitness emphasis. Admission and retention process:

1.   To be considered for admission to the exercise and sport science major fitness emphasis, the student must have completed 30 semester credits, including general education credits and the three preadmission core courses (BIO 103 or 105 or MIC 100; HPR 105; ESS 115) with a grade of at least “C” in each of these core courses and a cumulative GPA of 2.75.

2.   Applications are due October 1 to be considered for admission to the program spring semester or February 1 to be considered for admission to the program for fall semester. All candidates must meet academic requirements, physical fitness standards and professional and personal qualifications and be approved by the Fitness Advisory Board. Consideration for selection is based on the following criteria: a) cumulative GPA; b) fitness evaluation; c) professional site visitations/observations/work experiences; d) word processing and writing skills; and e) interview.  

3.   Once admitted, a 2.75 GPA (cumulative and major) must be maintained and a “C” grade or better must be earned in all required and elective major courses for retention in the program. Students whose GPA falls below 2.75 will be placed on probation for one semester. Failure to achieve a 2.75 GPA (cumulative and major) by the end of the probation semester will result in ineligibility to continue in the program.

4.   To be admitted to ESS 450 internship, students must achieve a 2.75 cumulative and major GPA and have successfully completed all program course work. 

For complete details regarding application procedures, contact the fitness program director in the department of exercise and sport science.  

Exercise and Sport Science Major with Sport Management Emphasis (Exercise Science, Health, Recreation) 58 credits. Required courses (52 credits): ESS 115, 201, 205, 206, 302, 303, 320, 410, 445, 447, 448, 449, 450 (12 credits); ACC 221; MGT 308; MKT 309; MGT 300 or CST 260 or ENG 307. Electives (6 credits): ESS 281, 323, 349, 368, 442; ECO 320; FIN 355; HED 409, 439, 473; MGT 205, 305, 385; MKT 365, 444; REC 305. 

WorkshopsA maximum of three credits of approved workshops may be applicable to the sport management emphasis. 

General Education requirements     Exercise and sport science majors with sport management emphasis are required to take BIO 103 or 105 or MIC 100, C-S 101, and ECO 110 to meet prerequisite for advanced courses and/or for admission to the emphasis. These courses will also fulfill General Education requirements. 

Admission to the sport management emphasis is competitive and not all who apply may be accommodated. From those applying each year, approximately 30 will be admitted into the sport management emphasis. 

Admission and retention process:

1.              To be considered for admission to the exercise and sport science major sport management emphasis, the student must have completed or be “in progress” of completing at least 30 semester credits, including General Education credits and the three pre-admission core courses (BIO 103 or 105 or MIC 100; C-S 101; ESS 115) with a grade of at least “C” in each of these core courses and a cumulative GPA of 2.75.

2.   Applications are due October 1 to be considered for admission to the program spring semester or February 1 to be considered for admission to the program for fall semester. All candidates must meet academic, professional involvement, physical fitness and personal qualifications and be approved by the fitness and Sport Management  Advisory Board. Consideration for selection is based on the following criteria: a) cumulative GPA; b) fitness evaluation; c) professional site visitations/observations/work experiences; d) word processing and writing skills; and e) interview.

3.   Once admitted, a 2.75 GPA (cumulative and major) must be maintained and a “C” grade or better must be earned in all required and elective major courses for retention in the program. Students whose GPA falls below 2.75 will be placed on program probation for one semester. Failure to achieve a 2.75 GPA (cumulative and major) by the end of the probation semester will result in ineligibility to continue in the program.

4.   To be admitted to ESS 450 Internship, students must achieve a 2.75 cumulative and major GPA and have successfully completed all program course work. 

For complete details regarding application procedures, contact the sport management program director in the department of exercise and sport science.  

Concentration in Coaching Competitive Athletics (Teacher Certification programs) — 24 credits. Required courses (16-18 credits): ESS 100 Strength Training or ESS 368, ESS 201, 205, 206, 281, 348, 349, 451 (2-3 credits). Elective courses (6-8 credits): ESS 130, 207, 249, 302, 303, 323, 348, 368, 404, 410, 451, HED 409, 439, 474, SHE 458. 

Concentration in Special Physical Education (Teacher Certification programs) — 14 credits. Admittance into the concentration requires the successful completion (grade “C” or higher) of ESS 231; an overall GPA of 2.5 or higher, and the approval of the coordinator of special physical education. Required courses: ESS 233, 430, 435, 436, 439. Students will be required to participate in two special physical education clinical experiences. 

Retention in the concentration requires that:             
1.   A “C” grade or higher is obtained in all special physical education courses
2.   A 3.0 GPA is maintained in the special physical education courses
3.   A grade of “B” or higher is earned in ESS 439. (In addition, all ESS teaching majors in the concentration will be required to teach adapted physical education classes during their student teaching.) In order to receive the Wisconsin add-on Adapted Physical Education 860 certificate, a person must be certified to teach physical education. 

Concentration in Strength and Conditioning  (All colleges) — 22 credits. Required courses: ESS 205, 206, 209, 302, 303, 309, 368, 403, 411, 409. 

Students in the strength and conditioning concentration receive a theoretical and practical education with a combination of classes and hands-on experience. Graduates are prepared to take the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist examination. These graduates are prepared for employment in a variety of educational, fitness, and sports settings and capacities.

Students who desire a strength and conditioning concentration must apply for entrance into the program. Admission to the strength and conditioning concentration is competitive and not all who apply may be accommodated. From those applying, approximately 30 will be admitted into the strength and conditioning concentration each year. Priority order for admission: 1) ESS majors, 2) other health and recreation majors, and 3) other UW-L majors. To be admitted to the program students must have a minimum 2.50 cumulative GPA and completed 100 supervised pre-clinical hours. Student must attain a 2.75 cumulative GPA before registering for ESS 403 and 411. For complete details regarding the application process, contact the strength and conditioning center or the Department of Exercise and Sport Science.

 

Admission and retention process:  To be considered for admission to the strength and conditioning concentration, students must:
1.    Have a minimum 2.50 cumulative GPA
2.   Complete and submit application materials by Oct.1st for spring semester enrollment and Feb. 15th     for fall semester enrollment
3.   Have completed at least 28 semester credits including BIO 103 or 105 (prerequisite for ESS 205 and 206).
4.   Have completed 100 supervised pre-clinical hours in strength centers
5.   Possess current CPR certification

Once admitted, the following requirements must be maintained:
1.        A “C” or better in all strength and conditioning courses.
2.   Satisfactory clinical evaluations.
3.   Completion of competencies in strength and conditioning clinicals.
4.   A cumulative GPA of 2.50. 
      Note: students must have a cumulative GPA of 2.75 to register for ESS 403 and 411.)
5.   Maintain current CPR certification.
 

Note:          Priority for admission: 
      1) ESS majors, 
      2) other EESHR majors, 
      3) other UW-L majors. 

Practical experience:

Students must complete 350 supervised laboratory hours in one of three UW-L strength centers. Much of this practical experience is accomplished in the 100 hour pre-clinical requirement and the three clinical courses. This experience is designed to give students practice designing and implementing strength and conditioning programs.  

The exercise and sport science department incorporates a significant amount of writing through the required courses instead of identifying particular courses as writing emphasis courses. Students who complete the ESS major, including any of the emphases, will fulfill the university writing emphasis requirement. 

 

+ above a course number indicates a
General Education course. 

 

ESS     100  Cr. 1
Physical Activities
A program of instruction to enhance participation in physical activities throughout one’s lifetime. The primary emphases for specific activities may include acquiring a knowledge base, learning new skills and/or refining skills, developing components of health-related fitness, enhancing affective skills. Repeatable for credit. Pass/Fail grading. 

+
ESS     104  Cr. 2
Dance Appreciation
This course attempts to develop an awareness and appreciation of the role of dance in human society through the study of its purposes, functions and various forms. 

+
HPR    105  Cr. 3
Creating a Healthy, Active Lifestyle
This course will focus on the knowledge and skills necessary for developing and maintaining a healthy, physically active lifestyle throughout one’s lifespan. Major issues directly affecting one’s health such as physical fitness, movement skills and activities, health promotion and disease prevention, the effective use of leisure and content in various wellness topical areas will be included. 

HPR/H-P   106 Cr. 2
Introduction to Health Related Careers
Overview of health related professions in the health delivery system. Course will include educational and professional aspects of a broad range of health related careers. General topics will include an overview of the health related delivery system, health reform, legal and ethical issues, and professionalism. An interdisciplinary approach will be utilized to present specific information on individual health related professions. (Cross-listed with H-P; may only earn credit in HPR or H-P.) 

ESS     112  Cr. 2
Fundamentals of Movement
The study of fundamental human movement patterns with an emphasis on movement principles, movement sequences, movement developmental stages and basic movement analysis. 

ESS     113 Cr. 1
Basic Swimming
This course is open to Exercise and Sport Science majors and minors only. Emphasis is placed on the improvement of the individual student’s swimming skill. Course content ranges from the non-swimmer level through American Red Cross intermediate skill level. Physical education teaching majors and minors are required to enroll in ESS 113 unless they hold one of the following American Red Cross certifications: Water Safety Instructor or Lifeguard Training. 

ESS     115  Cr. 2
Orientation to Exercise and Sport Science
This course is designed to introduce the Exercise and Sport Science major to the profession of exercise and sport science and to give insight into the many diverse careers that can result from studying the discipline. Background knowledge of the foundations of the profession and the selection of a career path that reflects personal interests and abilities will be the focus. 

ESS     116  Cr. 2
Water Safety Instruction
This course is designed to cover the basic components for certification by the ARC including infant and preschool, Longfellow’s Whale Tales, progressive instruction, safety training for swim coaches and basic and emergency water safety. Upon successful completion of this course the student will be certified to instruct aquatics by the American Red Cross. 

ESS     121  Cr. 2
Adventure Theory for Physical Educators
This course presents the concepts of adventure education including cooperative and initiative games. The students will learn to use and implement a ropes course as a classroom for different age groups and diverse populations, especially as applied to physical education programs. Much of the emphasis of the adventure theory will be introducing the teaching and methodology of adventure education. This course introduces undergraduate students to teaching adventure education in elementary and secondary physical education programs in the schools. 

ESS     130 Cr. 1-2
Officiating Athletics
Provides a general background of the rules, interpretations and mechanics of officiating athletic events at various levels of competition. Knowledge in this area may lead to WIAA certification in the following sports: basketball, baseball, football, gymnastics, swimming, track and field, volleyball, and wrestling. Repeatable for credit. 
 

ESS     181  Cr. 3
Introduction to Sports Medicine
An introductory course designed to provide insight into the areas of sports medicine. Fundamental emergency care procedures and wrapping/taping techniques are taught. Students are exposed to athletic training room procedures, accident forms, maintenance of equipment and use of athletic training materials. Enrollment in the course is dependent on an application/ selection process. See requirements for athletic training emphasis. Offered Sem. I. 

ESS     201  Cr. 1
Safety, First Aid and CPR
Instruction and practice in proper first aid principles, procedures and emergency care including CPR training. American National Red Cross Standard First Aid certification and CPR certification will be awarded to those students who meet certification requirements. One lecture/lab for seven weeks. 

ESS     205  Cr. 3
Human Anatomy
This course is designed to cover the structure and function of the muscular, nervous skeletal, sensory, and integumentary systems. Emphasis will be placed on the musculoskeletal system during the laboratory component. Lect. 2, Lab. 2. Prerequisite: BIO 103 or 105 or MIC 100. (Not open for credit to students who have had BIO 312.)  

ESS     206  Cr. 3
Human Physiology
This course is designed to cover the structure and function of the cardiovascular, respiratory, immune, endocrine, reproductive, digestive and renal systems. Metabolism will also be discussed. Emphasis will be placed on exercise physiology during the laboratory component. Lect. 2. Lab. 2. ESS 206 may precede ESS 205 or may be taken concurrently. Prerequisite: BIO 103 or 105 or MIC 100. (Not open for credit to students who have had BIO 313.)  

ESS     207  Cr. 3
Human Motor Behavior
Investigation of the nature of motor development, motor control, and motor learning in individuals throughout the lifespan. Interactions of motor development and the acquisition of fundamental movement patterns and motor task acquisitions will be explored. Topics will focus on the inter-action between development, movement performance capabilities of the learner, and the role of the learning environment in facilitating the processes of motor skill learning and performance. 

ESS     209  Cr. 2
Strength Training Clinical I
A course designed to provide practical experience in the supervision of a strength center. Students will have the opportunity to instruct proper lifting technique, assist with the assessment of strength, power and speed, and learn facility and equipment maintenance. Lab. 4. Prerequisite: acceptance into strength and conditioning concentration; ESS 205 or 206 (can be concurrent). Pass/Fail grading. 

ESS     225  Cr. 2
Management and Instruction in Physical Education
Focus will be on current issues and concerns of the students during their physical education field experience in the public schools. Emphasis will be placed on effective teaching strategies, basics of classroom management, discipline theory and practices, inclusion activities and educational technology applications. 

ESS     226  Cr. 1
Clinical Experience in Teaching Physical Education I
Students will observe and practice teach with close supervision of university and high school physical education teacher. Students will be exposed to class management and instruction theories. Students will have a minimum of 24 hours of public school clinical experiences. Must be taken concurrently with ESS 225. 

ESS     231  Cr. 3
Introduction to Special Physical Education
Introduces the students to the process of providing physical activity for individuals with a disability. The course will provide knowledge of 1) the general characteristics of selected disabilities and how these disabilities affect a person’s movement potential; 2) the federal and state laws pertaining to the education of persons with a disability; 3) the process of referral and placement of students in the least restrictive environment; 4) appropriate teaching methods to use for inclusion placements; 5) adapted techniques for physical fitness and aquatics programs; 6) behavior management techniques. In addition, all students will participate as a staff member in the Motor Development program which is conducted on 11 Saturday mornings for a total of 25 clinical hours for the semester. 

ESS     233  Cr. 2
Methods in Adapted Aquatics
Skills and techniques for teaching swimming to persons who are disabled. Prepares the student to deal with the full spectrum of disabilities in the aquatic setting. Two-hour lab required. Students are expected to have intermediate level swimming skills. Students in the special physical education concentration area are given priority in enrollment. Lect. 1, Lab. 2. Prerequisite: ESS 231 or RTH 326.  

ESS     249  Cr. 2
Youth Sport Issues
 An investigation of how youth sport programs can provide a healthy experience for participants. Concepts dealing with when to teach sport techniques and the physical, psychological and social implications of athletic experiences will be covered. 

ESS     258  Cr. 3
Team Sports
This course is designed to present introductory skills, knowledge, teaching methodology, evaluative techniques and resources related to conducting team sport activities. Primary emphasis is on knowledge and understanding of the skill and methodology. This course is integrated with the theoretical teaching segment of the program. Lect. 2, Lab. 3. Prerequisite: ESS 112, 225/226 or concurrent enrollment. 

ESS/PSY/W-S  259       Cr. 1
Girls and Women in Sport
An introduction to the involvement of girls and women with sport. Topics include a historical perspective on women’s sport participation, cultural images of women athletes, physiological and psychological benefits of sport particiation as well as negative correlates, teaching and coaching implications of current research, Title IX, and recreation/leisure approaches to physical activity.  (Cross-listed with PSY and W-S; may only earn credit in ESS, PSY, or W-S.) 

ESS     261  Cr. 1
Developmental Gymnastics
This course prepares the student to safely plan and conduct a developmental or educational gymnastics curriculum through the study of sound sequencing, proper mechanics of skills, safety procedures, updated methodology and error analysis on a variety of gymnastic type apparatus. Course will include 6-10 clinical hours with public school children. Prerequisite: ESS 112. 

ESS     281  Cr. 2
Prevention and Care of Athletic Injuries
Gives students who are interested in inter-scholastic athletics part of the necessary background to become a qualified coach or director. This course includes: common injuries occurring as a result of participating in athletics and physical education activities; procedures and techniques in the prevention and care of injuries; and the understanding of the coaches’ and teachers’ roles in the care of injuries. Prerequisite: ESS 201 and 205. 

ESS     283  Cr. 3
Clinical Pathology for Athletic Trainers
Course designed to introduce students to the pathology of injuries and illnesses treated by athletic trainers. Topics included are categorized into physiological responses to trauma, disease, inflammatory responses and autoimmune/ immunodeficiency responses to various diseases. Prerequisite: Acceptance to the athletic training program.

ESS     286  Cr. 2
Athletic Training Clinical I
A course designed to provide clinical experiences in an athletic training setting. Students will have the opportunity to gain competency in skills that have been previously instructed and practiced in classroom and laboratory settings. Prerequisite: ESS 181 and acceptance to the athletic training program. Offered Sem I. 

ESS     287  Cr. 2
Athletic Training Clinical II
A course designed to provide clinical experiences in an athletic training setting. Students will have an opportunity to gain competency in upper extremity evaluation skills, and management of pathologies of the upper extremity, trunk/thorax and the head and neck that are common in athletics. Prerequisites: ESS 286. Offered Sem II. 

ESS     302 Cr. 2
Physiology of Exercise
Applied physiology: a study of how normal physiological function (homeostasis) is altered, and subsequently restored, in response to various forms of stress (exercise and training). Prerequisite: BIO 103 or 105, a grade of “C” or better in ESS 206.  

ESS     303 Cr. 2
Biomechanics
Biomechanics emphasizes the investigation and application of mechanical principles to the study of human motion and the motion of sport objects. Students will learn systematic approaches for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the human body as it engages in motor activities. Prerequisite: grade of “C” or better in ESS 205. Recommended: MTH 150, 151, or 207. 

ESS     309  Cr. 2
Strength Training Clinical II
A course designed to provide experience in the supervision of a strength center. Students will have the opportunity to instruct proper lifting technique, assess strength, power and speed, maintain the strength facility, and assist with the design of lifting and conditioning programs. Lab. 4. Prerequisite: ESS 209. Pass/Fail grading. 

ESS     310  Cr. 2
Teaching Outdoor Activities in Physical Education
This course will focus on teaching physical educators how to implement outdoor activities as part of the K-12 physical education curriculum. Included are such activities as hiking, backpacking, climbing, skiing, primitive camping, canoeing, snowshoeing, biking, and archery. Common pedagogical knowledge and skills which cut across activities will be emphasized. Students will participate in the scope and sequence for skill development in at least two outdoor activities, and plan the scope and sequence for one additional outdoor activity. Open to exercise and sport science majors only. Prerequisite: ESS 121, 225/226. Lect. 4, Lab. 1. 

ESS     320  Cr. 3
Field Experience in Fitness or Sport Management
Practical experience in a fitness and/or sports management setting. Experiences provided may include: sports event facilitation, budget preparation and monitoring, preparing contracts, checking eligibility, marketing and promotion, exercise leadership, assisting with fitness assessment and exercise prescription. Prerequisite: acceptance into the ESS major — fitness or sport management emphasis. 

ESS     321  Cr. 2
Evaluation in Health Education and Physical Education
An introductory course in the meaning and application of measurement, tests, elementary statistical procedures and evaluation in physical education. Prerequisite: admission into teacher education. 

ESS     323  Cr. 2
Nutrition and Sport
Basic principles of human nutrition and nutritional needs for athletes and/or active populations. Issues discussed include ergogenic aids, carbohydrate loading/manipulation, eating disorders, and protein supplementation. Practical application will include dietary analysis and composition for people in various activities and conditions.  

ESS     324 Cr. 1-3
Individual Problems in Physical Education
Provides an opportunity for physical education majors or minors to pursue specific subject areas within their programs of study. Prerequisite: consent of instructor and department chair. Repeatable for credit —         maximum 6. 

ESS     326  Cr. 2
Clinical Experience in Teaching Physical Education II
Students will practice teaching with close supervision of both the university instructor and the elementary/middle school cooperating teacher. The students will learn to use objective analysis instruments, videotaping, computer analysis techniques, and intervention processes. Students will have a minimum of 48 hours of public school clinical experiences. Must be taken concurrently with ESS 321, and C-I 323, 325. Prerequisite: admission into teacher education. 

ESS     327  Cr. 2
Physical Education for the Elementary Classroom Teacher
Students participate in lecture and laboratory experiences to gain and practice skills in teaching elementary physical education. Applied teaching experience occurs at a local school allowing for implementation of appropriate skill progression, movement education management and a variety of curriculum options. Lect. 1, Lab. 2. Prerequisite: EFN 210 and C-I 211. For elementary education majors only.  

ESS     344 Cr. 3
Introduction to Fitness Assessment

The purpose of this course is to review the clinical and diagnostic approach to cardiovascular anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology, and to provide basic knowledge in evaluation, methodology and interpretation of fitness testing. Areas of emphasis will be population characteristics, participant screening and referral process, alternatives of fitness assessment and exercise prescription. Lect. 2, Lab. 2. Prerequisite: ESS 302 and acceptance into the ESS major — fitness emphasis.
 

ESS     348  Cr. 2
Theory of Coaching  (specific sports as listed)
Theory of coaching specific competitive sports. Coaching and directing youth, club, inter-scholastic and intercollegiate sports programs. Theory of coaching the following sports will be offered on a rotational basis: baseball/softball, basketball, football, gymnastics, soccer, swimming and diving, tennis, track and field/cross country, volleyball, and wrestling. Prerequisite: junior standing. A competitive background in and fundamental knowledge of the sport is HIGHLY recommended. Repeatable for credit — maximum 4. 

ESS     349/549             Cr. 2
Psychology of Coaching Competitive Athletics
Aids the prospective coach to better understand the application of psychological concepts to the coaching of sports. Emphasis will be on the methods of improving the performance of athletes through a better understanding of the factors affecting teaching and learning in athletics. 

ESS     355 Cr. 3
Methods of Exercise Leadership
This course will cover the methodology of developing, teaching and leading sound exercise workouts for all levels of physiological fitness and for individual needs. Lect. 2, Lab 2. Prerequisite: ESS 302, 303, and acceptance into the ESS major — fitness emphasis.

ESS     367  Cr. 4
Individual Sports
This course is designed to present introductory skills, teaching methodology, evaluative techniques and resources related to conducting individual sport activities. Primary emphasis is on knowledge and understanding of the skill and methodology. This course is integrated with the theoretical teaching segment of the program. Lect. 2, Lab. 4.  Prerequisite: ESS 112, 225 and 226. 

ESS     368  Cr. 2
Strength Training Techniques and Programs
This course is designed to provide the student with a working knowledge of proper lifting and spotting technique, an understanding of the various types of equipment and modes of strength training, basic program design and programming for special populations, and weight training for competition. Students will be taught to design and individualize a strength training program. Prerequisite: ESS 205 and 206. ESS 100 Strength Training recommended. 

ESS     378  Cr. 4
Athletic Injury Assessment Techniques — Lower Body
This course is designed for individuals seeking certification from the Board of Certification (BOC). Content addresses observation and evaluation techniques for athletic injuries to the lower body. Students must integrate anatomical structures and physiological principles to provide a basis for critical decision-making in an injury management environment. Lect. 3, Lab 2. Prerequisite: ESS 286 and 379. Offered Sem. II. 

ESS     379  Cr. 4
Athletic Injury Assessment Techniques — Upper Body
This course is designed to give athletic training students a basis for injury evaluation of the upper body. Evaluations will follow the format of: history, inspection, palpation, range of motion, strength tests, stress tests, special tests, and functional tests. Lecture, demonstration, and practical experience will be the instructional methods used to help students gain knowledge and confidence in their assessment techniques Prerequisite: ESS 181 and admission to the athletic training program. Lect. 3, Lab 2. Offered Sem I.
 

ESS  386    Cr. 2
Athletic Training Clinical III
A course designed to provide clinical experience in an athletic training setting. Students will have an opportunity to gain competency in lower extremity evaluation skills, and management of pathologies of the lower extremity that are common in athletics. Prerequisite: ESS 287. Offered Sem I. 

ESS  387    Cr. 2
Athletic Training Clinical IV
A course designed to provide clinical experience in an athletic training setting. Students will have an opportunity to gain competency in utilization of therapeutic modailites for the management of pathologies that are common in athletics. Prerequisite: ESS 386. Offered Sem II. 

ESS     401  Cr. 2
Dance
Theory and methods of teaching age appropriate dance activities for students in elementary/second grades. Emphasis will be on skill progressions, teaching techniques and assessment methods. Lect. 1, Lab. 2. Prerequisite: ESS 112, admission to teacher education.  

ESS     402  Cr. 1
Advanced Activities
A program of opportunities to enhance advanced teaching knowledge and participation in a self-selected physical activity. The course will go beyond the knowledge, skills and strategies that may be offered at the introductory level. These opportunities may include, but not be limited to, participation in advanced activity classes offered both on and off campus, participation in advanced certification programs, intern teaching experiences in the student’s area of expertise. Repeatable for credit in different activities — maximum 3. Only one credit counts toward the PETE major. Prerequisite: ESS 321, 326, C-I 323, 325. Pass/Fail grading.  

ESS     403 Cr. 2
Advanced Strength Training Applications and Techniques
This course presents advanced strength training and conditioning theory and practice. Designed primarily for students specializing in strength and conditioning, the course explores advanced periodization models and their utilization, mastery and analysis of Olympic lifts, plyometric programming, ergogenic aids (identification, legal implications, nutritional alternatives,) facility design, and special population needs. Prerequisite: ESS 302, 303, and 368. Offered Sem. II. 

ESS     409  Cr. 2
Strength Training Clinical III
A course designed to provide practical experience in management of a strength center. Students will have the opportunity to instruct proper lifting technique, assess strength, power and speed, maintain the strength facility, design lifting and conditioning programs, and assist with the supervision and instruction of junior staff members. Lab. 4. Prerequisite: ESS 302, 303, 309, 368. 

ESS     410  Cr. 2
Legal Implications of Sport and Activity
The demands of today’s young people and adults can be met more effectively if professional personnel concerned with the operation of physical education programs, competitive athletic programs as well as community and commercial fitness programs, understand the legal aspects of these activities. It is imperative that individuals enjoy the protection of a safe environment. Prerequisite: ESS 201. Must be accepted into the ESS major-fitness or sport management emphasis. 

ESS     411  Cr. 2
Strength and Conditioning Educator Training 
This course is a capstone experience for students specializing in strength and conditioning. Content includes exercise physiology and biomechanics, nutrition and ergogenic aids, testing and evaluation, exercise techniques, program design, and organization and administration of a strength and conditioning facility. Prerequisite: ESS 403 or concurrent enrollment. Offered Sem. II and summer session. 

ESS     412 Cr. 3
Issues and Philosophies in Teaching Physical Education
The student teaching experience is a team effort that involves the cooperative efforts of the student teacher, the cooperating teacher, and the university consultant. This course provides a method to maintain open communication among each member of the team. The primary purpose is to provide a setting for the discussion and development of teaching competencies necessary for the physical education teacher. Additional purposes of the seminar include developing an awareness of the total school environment and preparing for the job market. Must be taken concurrently with C-I 403. 

ESS     422 Cr. 4
Methods of Teaching an Active Healthy Lifestyle
This course provides the knowledge and skills necessary to teach elementary/secondary students the cognitive, affective, and behavioral skills associated with a lifelong active healthy lifestyle based upon the five health related components of physical fitness: cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition. Prerequisite: ESS 302, admission to teacher education. 

ESS     423/523             Cr. 2
Adherence Principles for a Physically Active Lifestyle
This course provides the essential theoretical foundations and practical applications of the psychological concepts involved in living a
physically active lifestyle. Prerequisite: ESS 302.
 

ESS     424  Cr. 4
Curriculum Development and Administration of Elementary/ Secondary Physical Education Programs
Introduction of a curriculum model based on philosophical statements, aims, yearly programs, unit plans and lesson plans. Selection of activities based on current trends, community resources, growth and development characteristics and facilities. The administrative component will include budgeting, principles, public relations, legal liability and scheduling principles. Prerequisite: admission to teacher education, ESS 321, 326, C-I 323, 325 and a 2.75 cumulative GPA. (concurrent enrollment allowed.) 

ESS     430/530             Cr. 4 
Causes and Effects of Developmental, Physical and Sensory Disorders
The etiology and effects of selected physical, sensory, mental, and emotional disorders. Content includes the full range of each category — mild through severe/profound and the role of physical education in the educational program. Students in the special physical education concentration are given priority in enrollment. Prerequisite: ESS 231 or RTH 326. 

ESS     435/535             Cr. 2
Sports for Persons with Disabilities
This course will provide the student with a working knowledge of sport programs for persons with disabilities. Areas to be addressed are coaching and training of persons with disabilities (both physical and mental), classification of athletes, and the organization and conducting of sports events such as: wheelchair basketball, track, softball, and Special Olympics. Students in the special physical education concentration are given priority in enrollment. Prerequisite: ESS 231. Offered Sem. II. 

ESS     436/536             Cr. 3
Assessment and Program Evaluation in Special Physical Education
An introduction to appropriate instruments for assessing the motor development and physical fitness needs of persons with disabilities. Students will learn how to use the results of a motor assessment to develop an individualized motor program. In addition, selected motor assessment instruments utilized by other disciplines will be evaluated. Students in the special physical education concentration will be given priority in enrollment. Prerequisite: ESS 302, admission to teacher education. 

ESS     439  Cr. 3
Methods and Internship in Special Physical Education
Methods and opportunities for students to plan, implement, and evaluate motor tasks and activities for children/adults who are disabled. Students in the special physical education concentration are given priority in enrollment. Saturday morning laboratory required. Lect. 2, Lab 4. Prerequisite: ESS 233, 430, 435, 436.  

ESS     442  Cr. 2
Aging and Physical Activity
The course will explore why and how physical activity must change to meet the modifications that occur to the human body with aging. The physiological and psychological status of an aging population will be presented, along with suggestions to address the physical activity needs of this growing group. Practical experience in both on and off campus sites. Prerequisite: ESS 302. Must be accepted into ESS major-fitness emphasis or have a declared emphasis in Gerontology. 

ESS     443  Cr. 3
Youth and Family Fitness
This course addresses the principles and procedures for designing physical fitness experiences for children and families. Lecture, practice, and field experiences are included. Prerequisite: ESS 302, 303 (or concurrent enrollment), and acceptance into the ESS major — fitness emphasis.  

ESS     445/545             Cr. 3
Planning Facilities for Physical Activity and Sport 
A study of planning techniques concerning facility development and maintenance for schools, athletic clubs, fitness centers and professional sport organizations. Prerequisite: Acceptance to sport management emphasis or ESS graduate program. 

ESS     447 Cr. 3
Administration in Fitness and Sport
The course will cover principles of administrative theory and practice in the fitness and sport industry, including general administrative functions, public relations, personnel, budget and finance, facility management, and evaluation techniques. Prerequisite: acceptance into the ESS major — either fitness emphasis or sport management emphasis. 

ESS     448  Cr. 3
Promotion and Development of Fitness and Sport Programs
This course will provide understanding of and skill in the promotion process as it relates to advertising and public relations activities for the operation of programs in sport, physical education and fitness. Primary focus will be on the application of promotion principles to specific sport scenarios. Prerequisite: MKT 309, MGT 308. Must be accepted into the ESS major-fitness or sport management emphasis. Offered Sem. I. 

ESS     449 Cr. 1
Seminar in Fitness/Sports Management
An in-depth orientation to the required senior internship experience. Required course to be taken one semester prior to internship. Prerequisite: GPA of 2.75 (cumulative and major), acceptance into the ESS Major — fitness or sport management emphasis, senior standing.

ESS     450   Cr. 8 or 12
Exercise and Sport Science Internship
The internship is designed to be a terminal experience for students majoring in fitness or sport management (12 credits) emphases and athletic training (eight credits) with an intensive supervised practical work experience. Prerequisite: fitness/sport management: all course work for the appropriate major must be completed, and a minimum cumulative and emphasis GPA of 2.75; athletic training: ESS 484. Pass/Fail grading for all emphases. 

ESS     451 Cr. 2-3
Practicum in Athletic Coaching
The practicum in athletic coaching is designed to be a terminal experience for students completing the concentration in Coaching Competitive Athletics. Students will be placed with department approved university or public/private school athletic teams to obtain practical coaching experience in the sport(s) of their choice. The practicum experience will be supervised by coaches of the assigned team and the director of the concentration in coaching competitive athletics. Prerequisite: completion of requirements in coaching concentration with the exception of ESS 368 and 404 and elective credits. Repeatable for credit in different sport(s) — maximum 6. Pass/Fail grading. 

ESS     452/552             Cr. 2
Seven Habits of Highly Effective People
An in depth study of lifestyle principles as identified by Stephen Covey in the book 7 Habits of Highly Effective People. Students will explore how to apply these principles as teachers and coaches personally and with peers, students and athletes. Prerequisite: senior standing. 

ESS     460/560             Cr. 1-3
Exercise Science Clinical Forum
Visiting lecturers as well as university professors will address various topics related to exercise science. Repeatable for credit. 

ESS     480/680             Cr. 2
Injury Prevention, Management and Rehabilitation
Designed to assist the student in refinement of skills in prevention, management and rehabilitation of injuries occurring in a high activity environment. Special attention will be given to injury recognition and common injuries. Basic rehabilitation protocols will be reviewed in addition to conditions for referral. Prerequisite: teaching and/or coaching experience. 

ESS     481  Cr. 4
Therapeutic Modalities for Athletic Training
Introduction and overview of the principles and therapeutic modalities used in the treatment of  athletic injuries and the role of rehabilitation in athletic training. Course is designed for students interested in taking the certification examination from the Board of Certification (BOC). Prerequisite: ESS 287 and 378. Lect. 3, Lab. 2.  Offered Sem. I. 

ESS     483  Cr. 3
Administration of Athletic Training Programs
A study and analysis of administrative policies involved in the management of an efficient athletic training program. Course is designed to provide information in program and strategic planning, evaluation of plans, record keeping, facility design and planning, budgeting and purchasing, inventory control, management of human resources, and governance structures in athletic training. Prerequisite: ESS 387 and 484. Offered Sem. I. 

ESS     484  Cr. 4
Rehabilitation Techniques for Athletic Injuries
This course covers the knowledge and skills needed in the rehabilitation of specific injuries received in recreational and sports participation. Rehabilitation strategies are designed to utilize rehabilitation principles and functional activities to prepare patients for safe return to full sports and physical activity. Lect. 3,  Lab. 2.  Prerequisite: ESS 481 and ESS 386. Offered Sem II. 

ESS     485  Cr. 3
Current Readings and Research in Athletic Training
This course is designed to give students an overview of the research process in athletic training. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of building a research base in athletic training, the basics of developing a research study, protecting human subjects, presenting and publishing data, manuscripts review, and fundamentals of grant writing. Students will also review and discuss current published research in the field and give presentations pertaining to special topics not included in regular course work. Prerequisite: ESS 483 and 486. Offered Sem II. 

ESS  486    Cr. 2
Athletic Training Clinical V
A course designed to provide clinical experience in an athletic training setting. Students will have an opportunity to gain competency in rehabilitation and management of pathologies that are common in athletics. Prerequisite: ESS 387. Offered Sem I. 

ESS     499  Cr. 3
Seminar in Physical Education
The provision of intensified experiences in the solution of some individual or group problem. The utilization of some rudimentary research techniques receive marked attention, including the formulation of hypotheses, the design of study, the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data. Prerequisite: open to students of “honor” quality having senior class standing, a minimum 2.75 grade point average will be required. Offered occasionally.

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