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and Earth Science (GEO/ESC)
of Science and Allied Health
Department Chair: Harun Rasid
2020 Cowley Hall, (608)785-8339
Ahmed, Chu, Cravins, Rashid, Wilder, Wingate;
Geography Major (All
colleges, excluding Teacher Certification programs) — 36 credits, including
ESC 101, 221, 222, GEO 110, 201, 250, 401; one course in cultural geography
elected from GEO 300, 306, 307, 309, 329, 409; one course in techniques elected
from GEO/ESC 345, 390, 440, 451, 455, 481; one course in regional geography
elected from GEO 204, 304, 312, 318, 328, 331; and electives in physical
geography from GEO/ESC 323, 343, 422, 425, 426, 427, 460 or electives from
courses listed above plus GEO 200, 202, GEO/ESC 450, 470, 490, 495 and 499.
Geography Major: Environmental Science
colleges, excluding Teacher Certification programs) — 56-60 credits, including
ESC 101, GEO 110, 201, 250, 401; five courses from ESC 221, 222, GEO 200;
GEO/ESC 323, 343, 422, 425, 426, 427, 460, 490; three courses from GEO/ESC 345,
390, 440, 445, 450, 481, GEO 485; MTH 145 or 250, 305; C-S 101 or demonstrated
skills; and either BIO 103, 204, and 210, or CHM 103, 104, 301; three credits of
GEO 499 may be applied to the major.
Geography Major: Geographic Information Science
colleges, excluding Teacher Certification programs) — 52 credits, including
ESC 101; GEO 110, 201, 485; GEO/ESC 250, 345, 401, 481; two courses from ESC
221, 222, GEO/ESC 323, 343, 422, 425, 426, 427, 460; one course from GEO 300,
309, 409; one course from GEO/ESC 390, 440, 445, 451, 455, one course from GEO
450, 490, 499; plus MTH 145 or 250, 305, C-S 120, 224.
Geography Major (Teacher
Certification programs) — 36 credits, including ESC 101; GEO 110, 201, 204,
250, 300, 306, 309, 401, and electives in geography. GEO 200, EFN 200, and C-I
381 also are required. Three credits of GEO 499 may be applied to the major.
colleges, excluding Teacher Certification programs) — 26 credits, including
ESC 101; GEO 110, 201; one course in physical geography elected from ESC 221,
222; GEO/ESC 323, 422, 425, 426, 427, 343, 460; one course in cultural geography
elected from GEO 202, 300, 306, 307, 309, 409; one course in techniques elected
from GEO/ESC 250, 345, 390, 440, 451, 481; one course in regional geography
elected from GEO 204, 304, 312, 318, 328, 331; and electives.
Geography Minor (Teacher
Certification programs) — 24 credits, including ESC 101; GEO 110, 201, 204,
306, 309 and electives in geography. GEO 200, EFN 200 and C-I 381 also are
Geographic Information Science Minor (All
colleges, excluding Teacher Certification programs) — 21 credits, including
GEO/ESC 481, GEO 485; at least twelve credits from GEO/ESC 250, 345, 390, 440,
445,450, 451, 455, 490, 499. (independent study, geography internship, and
undergraduate research, must be with GIS topic); at least three credits from ESC
101, GEO 110, 200, 201, 300, 307, 309. Students in this minor are required to
take MTH 145 or 250. Not open to
GEO/ESC majors and minors.
colleges, excluding Teacher Certification programs) — 22 credits, including
ARC 195, ESC 222, ARC 310, GEO/ESC 323, 343, 426 and one course from ARC 403 or
404. Geography majors who select the geoarchaeology minor must take 18 credits
in the courses listed above in addition to the 36 required for the major.
Archaeological studies majors who select the geoarchaeology minor must take 19
credits in the courses listed above in addition to the 36 required for the
Earth Science Minor (All
colleges, excluding Teacher Certification programs) — 24 credits, including
ESC 101, 221, 222; one course from GEO/ESC
323, 343, 422, 425, 426, 427, 460; one course from GEO/ESC 250, 345, 390, 440,
451, 481 and electives in earth science. Geography majors who select the earth
science minor must take 18 credits in the courses listed above in addition to
the 36 required for the major.
Earth Science Minor
Certification programs) — 24 credits, including ESC 101, 221, 222; one course
from GEO/ESC 323, 343, 422, 425, 426, 427, 460; one course from GEO/ESC 250,
345, 390, 440, 451, 481 and electives in earth science.
GEO 200 and C-I 381 also are required.
Note: The earth science minor may be used as
partial fulfillment of the requirement for a teacher certification broadfield
science major. See p. 108.
Broadfield Social Studies Major (Teacher
Certification program) — See description of this broadfield major on p. 108.
Geography/Earth Science Department Honors Program
15 completed credits in the major
3.25 grade point average in the major and a 3.00 cumulative grade point average
Recommendation by two faculty members in the department
A. Completion of the major program in Geography and Earth Science
GEO/ESC 490 — Independent Study, 2-3 cr.
GEO/ESC 495 — Seminar in Geography/Earth Science (Honors Seminar), 1
A. Cumulative 3.50 grade point
average in the major and a cumulative grade point of 3.00 at graduation
performance on a paper/project in GEO/ESC 490
C. Presentation of paper/project to
the faculty and students in the department.
above a course number indicates a
course concentrates on understanding the earth’s dynamic environments through
the study of processes and physical and human interactions related to the
lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere. A scientific approach is used to
examine fundamental concepts in earth and environmental science related to
topics such as plate tectonics, landform development, atmospheric processes,
global climate, and water resources, in order to provide an understanding of how
the earth system functions and the human role in these phenomena. Lect. 3, Lab.
101 Cr. 4
course provides an understanding of the global distribution of world cultures.
The cultural, economic and natural patterns and their interrelationships are
examined on a global and regional scale. The development and distribution of
cultural regions within countries are included when appropriate.
110 Cr. 3
to natural resources, resource management, environmental and land use ethics,
environmental impacts of resource utilization and strategies to resolve
environmental conflicts. Course examines the relationships between society and
the environment from the global to the local scale.
200 Cr. 3
of Global Environments
201 Cr. 3Physical
and cultural characteristics of United States and Canada. Changing patterns of
land use and the accompanying economic and cultural development of the various
of United States and Canada
course will offer a contemporary multi-disciplinary perspective regarding the major issues and trends confronting the
global society as it enters the 21st century. Emphasis will be given to a
critical review and assessment of the origin and present condition of the
plethora of situations and problems affecting modern global society. The student
will also learn to critically evaluate current and future events. The course
will incorporate the views and approaches of the following disciplines:
sociology/anthropology, economics, geography, political science and history.
(Cross-listed with SOC, ANT, ECO, GEO, POL, and HIS 202; may only earn credit in
202 Cr. 3
204 Cr. 3Geographic
patterns in Wisconsin. Physiographic regions, climate, population distribution,
resources and their use, agriculture, industry, transportation, and urban
growth. Offered occasionally.
221 Cr. 4An
introduction to physical principles and the dynamic processes that govern the
behavior of the atmosphere at global and regional scales. Spatial and temporal
variations of energy, moisture, circulation, and weather systems; and the
patterns of the world climate systems are discussed. Lect. 3, Lab. 2.
Prerequisite: ESC 101. Offered Sem. I.
to Climate Systems
222 Cr. 4An
introduction to the earth surface processes that are dominant in forming various
types of landforms Spatial variations in landform will be studied both at the
local scale and as the outcome of large-scale global processes, including the
effects of plate tectonics and global climatic change. Lect. 3, Lab. 2.
Prerequisite: ESC 101. Offered Sem II.
Processes and Regions
for the collection of geographic information from various sources. Techniques of
representation on maps. Emphasis on the theoretical/fundamental aspects of
display of cartographic data, symbolization, map design and planning, and map
evaluation through lectures and exercises.
300 Cr. 3A
systematic analysis of the populations of the world and the geographic factors
influencing human existence. A study of the origin and distribution of
populations and the cultural features with which they are associated.
304 Cr. 3Geographic
factors in the changing physical, political, cultural and economic patterns in
Europe. Emphasis on northwestern, central, and southern Europe and their
importance in world affairs.
306 Cr. 3This
course introduces students to the global economic patterns which have shaped and
conditioned the world of the 1990s, and the salient economic geography models
and approaches which help to explain such patterns. Elements emphasized include
the evolution of social and economic organization; the globalization of economic
activity since the late 1400s; the interconnectivity of development and
underdevelopment; and the relationship between development and social
environmental problems. Prerequisite: GEO 110 or ECO 110 or HIS 101or GEO/ECO/POL/ANT/SOC/HIS
307 Cr. 3A
real differentiation and analysis of relationships between geographic factors
and political entities. This includes physical environment, organization of
space, cultural influences, and economic capabilities.
309 Cr. 3Geographical
study of cities, their form, function, site and situation. Classification of
cities, urban land use patterns, and the role of the city within its region.
312 Cr. 3Cultural,
physical and economic characteristics including the bases of problems in
socio-economic development are investigated from a geographic perspective.
Resources, regions, and world-ties are studied. Offered Sem. II.
318 Cr. 3
of Latin America
and the Caribbean
cultural and physical characteristics of Latin America and the Caribbean region
are systematically examined and explained. This includes an examination of
diverse physical and “built” environments that encompass this region, from
the borderlands of northern Mexico to the Tierra Del Fuego of the south; from
the lush tropical environments of the Amazon, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico, to the
Altiplano and arid regions of the west; from disparate lowlands to the startling
mountain zones of the Andes. Indigenous civilizations which developed out of
unique arrangements with these complex environments as well as those imposed and
imported since 1500 will be explored in depth. Not open for credit to students
who have completed GEO 316 or 317.
systematic analysis of surface processes that shape the origin and evolution of
the earth’s topographic features. Emphasis is placed on the fundamental
principles and methods of geomorphology. Prerequisite: ESC 222 and junior
standing. Offered Sem. I, odd-numbered years.
328 Cr. 3The
geography of China, Japan, the Koreas, and Mongolia; the geography of the 10
states of Southeast Asia, including Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines,
and Burma. Contemporary geopolitical problems and prospects; East Asia and the
world; primordial and historical factors contributing to identity and conflict.
The course emphasizes human-cultural patterns, salient physical characteristics,
and the relationship between these.
of East and Southeast Asia
329 Cr. 3Reconstruction
and portrayal of the geography of the United States at selected times.
Geographical factors operative as the frontier of European settlement progressed
across the continent. Prerequisite: junior standing. Offered occasionally.
Geography of the United States
GEO 331 Cr. 3Cultural,
physical and economic elements of this predominantly Islamic domain are examined
from a geographic perspective for a better understanding of this region of the
world. Cultural and socio-economic impact of these regions on other regions and
cultures of the world, including their resources, are investigated. Offered Sem.
of the Middle East,
and South Asia
pro-seminar on the contribution of earth sciences to the interpretation of
archaeological contexts. Emphasis is placed on the methods of geoarchaeology and
the applications of selected earth science fields to archaeological problems.
Prerequisite: ESC 222 or GEO/ESC 323 or 426; or ARC 205 or 310 or 455. Offered
Sem. II, odd-numbered years.
to remote sensing, emphasizing satellite multispectral observations of the earth
applied to such fields as agriculture, forestry, water resources, urban and
regional planning, and environmental assessment. Upper Midwest and selected
areas worldwide are explored with visual and digital image processing
techniques. Offered Sem. I.
Sensing of the Environment
in sampling techniques, interviewing procedures, and field surveying methods.
Includes reconnaissance and detailed surveys using current methods and
equipment. Prerequisite: junior standing. Offered Sem. I.
on Geography: A Capstone Course
seminar-style course designed to prepare students for graduate school and/or a
career in geography/earth science. This course will cover the basic concepts of
interviewing, graduate school application, oral presentation of a topic, and the
writing of professional abstracts. The development of the field will be studied
by the reading and discussion of landmark articles in geography and earth
science. Students are expected to actively participate in the assessment of
their major. Prerequisite: senior standing. Pass/Fail grading.
409 Cr. 3A
study of the spatial organization of land as determined by the physical
limitations placed by the environment, the social needs of the people as
expressed by the population on the land, and the economic forces acting to
change land use. The course focuses on the application of land use planning
processes to a specific case study area wherein students are asked to
demonstrate their ability to integrate geographic determinants in planning land
use. Prerequisite: ESC 222, GEO 309.
principles and laws which govern the behavior of the atmosphere are
investigated. Laws of gases and radiation, energy exchange between the earth and
the atmosphere, laws of motion, various forces governing atmospheric motion,
atmospheric moisture and psychrometry, condensation, preciptable water and
precipitation, atmospheric stability/instability, thermodynamic characteristics
of the atmosphere, vorticity, and synoptic meteorology are discussed. Surface
and upper-air charts, synoptic patterns, thermodynamic charts, radar and
satellite images, and weather patterns are analyzed for weather forecasting.
Prerequisite: ESC 101 or equivalent. Offered Sem. II.
and Weather Forecasting
systematic analysis of the geographic distribution of organisms from historical,
ecological and regional perspectives. Emphasis is placed on the principles and
the methods of biogeography. Special reference is made to bio-geographic
regions, the distribution of organisms in space and time, and ecological
biogeography. Prerequisite: ESC 221 and junior standing. Offered Sem. II,
systematic analysis of soil morphology, weathering, factors of soil formation
and soil-forming processes. Emphasis is placed on soil landscapes and the field
study of soils. Special reference is made to current systems of soil
classification. Prerequisite: ESC 221 or 222 and junior standing. Offered Sem.
I, even-numbered years.
Morphology and Genesis
study of physical water resources systems and management and utilization of
water as a resource. Class activities will include seminars on critical water
resource management issues and hands-on analysis of pertinent data, including
exercises in Geographic Information Systems. Prerequisite: ESC 221 or 222.
Offered Sem II.
applications of aerial photographs in the interpretation and analysis of
geographic problems. Emphasis is placed on drainage, landforms, vegetation,
soils, urban and rural land use and transportation. Lect.2, Lab 2.
of digital image processing emphasizing computer-assisted processing of
satellite/airborne, digital data applied to natural resource, agricultural, land
use, archaeological, and environmental problems. Study of data sources,
acquisition, data integrity, manipulation, formatting, storage and retrieval;
integration with a geographic information system for spatial analyses and
decision-making. Lect. 2, Lab. 2. Prerequisite: GEO 345. Offered Sem. II.
experience with a variety of organizations where the student’s geographic
background and training can be utilized to advantage. Students are placed in
carefully selected positions screened by the department. Actual work supervision
is accomplished by personnel of the selected agency and the department staff
coordinator. A maximum of five credits may be counted toward the non-education
major. Prerequisite: geography major, junior standing, overall grade point of
2.25 with a minimum of 2.75 in geography. Pass/Fail grading.
of digital methods of Multimedia Thematic Cartography and Internet based
Geographic Information Systems (GIS); emphasis on the production of web-based
interactive maps, mapping on the Internet, spatial data acquisition and
integrity issues, delivery of GIS databases through the Internet, Metadata
issues, and thematic mapping through the querying of spatial information.
Prerequisite: GEO/ESC 250 and MTH 145 or 250. Lect. 2, Lab. 2. Offered Sem. I.
Cartography and Internet Geographic Information Systems
course explores both manual and digital methods in cartographic design and
production, map design theory, perceptual aspects of map symbols, methods of
production for small format and large format maps, cost efficiency factors,
design environments in GIS packages, production of both monochromatic and color
maps, map publishing. Prerequisite: GEO 250.
Map Design and Production
Cartography and GIS
processes are investigated in light of the hazards they might pose for
development and how they may be avoided or mitigated by proper land use
planning. Prerequisite: ESC 221 or 222.
470/570 Cr. 1-3Specifically
selected topics or skills which may be designed for the interest of special
groups will be offered with formalized instruction and methodology appropriate
to geography and/or earth science. May be counted as an elective in the
geography major or earth science minor at the discretion of the Geography/Earth
Science Department. Prerequisite may be required at the discretion of the
department. Repeatable for credit — maximum 6.
Topics in Geography/
476/576 Cr. 1-3Selected
topics in geography and/or earth science pertinent to applications in the
teachers’ classrooms. Courses are designed to meet the needs of teachers so
that they may implement the course material into their classroom teaching.
introduction to both theoretical and applied aspects of Geographic Information
Systems (GIS). GIS software, with an emphasis on ARCGIS, will be used to analyze
management of resources, environmental assessment, business location, and
urban/regional planning. Topics will include data organization, input
techniques, map design, map output, data quality, and geographic analysis of
spatial data. Lect. 2, Lab. 2. Prerequisite: MTH 145 or 250.
485/585 Cr. 3Advanced
theories in GIS database structures, advanced applications, database transfers,
database management, use of census data, spatial analysis, and decision-making.
Emphasis on ARCGIS and its applications. Integration of GIS with remote sensing
and GPS. Prerequisite: GEO 481.
readings and investigation of selected problems in geography. Open to senior
majors and minors with a “B” (3.00) average in geography. Registration
with consent of regular adviser, instructor, department chairperson, and the
dean of the college in which the student is enrolled. Maximum credit
applicable to major— 3; maximum credit from any instructor — 3. Repeatable
for credit — maximum 6.
495/595 Cr. 1-3
in Geography/ Earth Science
into various topics in geography or the earth sciences. Varying topics will be
offered at intervals with a specific title assigned to each. Prerequisite: two
semesters of geography and/or earth science. Additional prerequisite may be
required by the instructor. Repeatable for credit — maximum 6. Variable
topics; check semester timetables. Offered occasionally.
research by an advanced student under the supervision of a faculty member in the
geography/earth science department. The student must present a written report
and either have their work published in an appropriate journal or presented
either orally or by poster at a conference acceptable to the department chair
and adviser. A contract must be signed by the student, the project advisor, the
student’s adviser and the Geography/Earth Science Department chair. Repeatable
for credit — maximum 6. Three credits may be applied to a major or minor in
geography and earth science. Prerequisite: 12 credits of geography and/or earth
science with six of the credits numbered 300 or above, or consent of the
instructor and department chair.
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