HISTORY (HIS)

College of Liberal Studies
Department Chair: Charles Lee
401A Wimberly Hall,
(608)785-8350
email:lee.char@uwlax.edu

www.uwlax.edu/history

Professors: Buffton, Chavalas, Lee;
Associate Professors: Hollenback, MaciasGonzalez, Sinclair;
Assistant Professors: Candido, Iguchi, Kreider, La Coss.

History Major

(All colleges) - 40 credits

Core Requirements - HIS 200, 490; 9 credits from HIS 210, 230, 240, 250, 285; 24 credits from the following four categories:

Category I: History of Women - 3 credits from HIS 301, 305, 315, 370, 371, 372, 386

Category II: U.S. History - 6 credits from HIS 308, 310, 313, 316, 317, 319, 320, 321, 323, 324, 325, 336, 343, 345

Category III: Regional/World Cultural Zones - 12 credits total, including Asia, 3 credits from HIS 316, 329, 334, 335, 339; Latin America, 3 credits from HIS 341, 342, 344, 347, 356; Europe, 3 credits from HIS 311, 314, 346, 348, 349, 350, 351, 352, 354, 355; Africa, 3 credits from HIS 385, 387, 388

Category IV: Classical World/ Religions - 3 credits from HIS 204, 275, 326, 327, 328, 330, 331, 332, 333, 340, 353, 365, 366, 367

History Major With Regional Emphasis

(All colleges) - 40 credits

Core Requirements - HIS 200; HIS 490; 9 credits from HIS 210, 230, 240, 250, 285; 3 credits from each of the following categories:

Category I: History of Women - HIS 301, 305, 315, 370, 371, 372, 386

Category IV: Classical World/Religions HIS 204, 275, 326, 327, 328, 330, 331, 332, 333, 340, 353, 365, 366, 367

12 credits from one selected area of focus:

  1. European focus: HIS 311, 314, 346, 348, 349, 350, 351, 352, 354, 355
  2. Asian focus: HIS 316, 329, 334, 335, 339
  3. United States focus: HIS 301, 308, 310, 313, 316, 317, 319, 320, 321,323, 324, 325, 336, 343, 345
  4. Latin American focus: HIS 341, 342, 344, 347, 356
  5. Ancient/Medieval World focus: HIS 204, 275, 327, 328, 329, 331, 332, 333, 340, 346, 353, 365, 366, 367, 372

6 credits electives HIS 200-300 level courses.

History majors in teacher certification programs also are required to take GEO 200, EFN 200 and CI 381.

History Minor

(All colleges) - 24 credits

Core Requirements: HIS 200; 3 credits from HIS 210, 230, 240, 250, 285. 3 credits from each of the following categories:

Category I: History of Women - HIS 301, 305, 315, 370, 371, 372, 386

Category II: U.S. History - HIS 308, 310, 313, 316, 317, 319, 320, 321, 323, 324, 325, 336, 343, 345

Category IV: Classical World/ Religions - HIS 204, 275, 326, 327, 328, 330, 331, 332, 333, 340, 353, 365, 366, 367;

3 credits from any two regional cultural zones in category III (6 credits total); Asia, HIS 316, 329, 334, 335, 339; Latin America, HIS 341, 342, 344, 347, 356; Europe, HIS 311, 314, 346, 348, 349, 350, 351, 352, 354, 355; Africa, HIS 385, 387, 388;

3 credits elective from HIS 200-300 level courses

(History minors in teacher certification programs also are required to take HIS 307 for a total of 27 credits.)

History Minor With Regional Emphasis

(All colleges) - 24 credits Core Requirements: HIS 200; 3 credits from HIS 210, 230, 240, 250, 285; 3 credits from each of the following categories:

Category I: History of Women - HIS 301, 305, 315, 370, 371, 372, 386

Category IV: Classical World/ Religions - HIS 204, 275, 326, 327, 328, 330, 331, 332, 333, 340, 353, 365, 366, 367

9 credits from one focus area selected from:

  1. European focus: HIS 311, 314, 346, 348, 349, 350, 351, 352, 354, 355
  2. Asian focus: HIS 316, 329, 334, 335, 339
  3. United States focus: HIS 301, 308, 310, 313, 316, 317, 319, 320, 321, 323, 324, 325, 336, 343, 345
  4. Latin American focus: HIS 341, 342, 344, 347, 356
  5. Ancient/Medieval World focus: HIS 204, 275, 327, 328, 329, 331, 332, 333, 340, 346, 353, 365, 366, 367, 372

3 credits from one elective HIS 200-300 level course.

(History minors in teacher certification programs also are required to take HIS 307 for a total of 27 credits.)

Public History Minor

(All colleges) - 24 credits The public history minor is an interdisciplinary undergraduate curriculum which prepares students to practice history outside of the academy, in nonteaching capacities, in the service of select public needs. Required courses: ENG 307 or 308; POL 211 or MGT 308; HIS 320, 390, 450

A focus must be selected from one of

the following options:

Archaeology focus: ARC 195, 250, 300

Public administration focus: POL 313, 314, 315

Environmental focus: ENV 201; HIS 317, GEO 200

Broadfield Social Studies Major

(Teacher Certification programs). See description of the broadfield major here.

Advanced placement

Advanced placement is available for Advanced Placement Examinations in American history or European history as developed and administered by the Educational Testing Services (ETS), Princeton, New Jersey. Information is available from the department chair.

Courses numbered HIS 100-299 are primarily for freshmen and sophomores, those numbered HIS 300-399 are open to sophomores, juniors, seniors, and to those freshmen who have appropriate General Education background.


+ next to a course number indicates a General Education course.


+ HIS 101 Cr. 3 Global Origins of the Modern World

This course explores the origins and development of the modern world, focusing on the dual dynamics of globalization and vital indigenous civilizations. The course will critically examine a minimum of three world civilizations, their ancient antecedents, and will include multiple themes, such as technology and science, religion, gender, war and peace, and the environment.

+ HIS 102 Cr. 3 Global Transition and Change

This course examines world history from the perspective of one specific theme, such as technology and science, religion, gender, cross-culture connections, war and peace, arts and literature, government, or the environment. The course is global in scope, covering a minimum of three world civilizations. Individual sections will trace the development of one theme over the course of major changes in world history, ancient origins to the present. Students will have their choice of sections, thus of themes.

HIS 200 Cr. 3 Historiography and Historical Methods

This course is an interdiction to both historiography (the history of the study of history) and historical research. In addition to introducing students to historiography, the course also introduces students to historical research methods, use of primary sources, problems of interpretation, and composition. Required for all history majors and minors.

+ HIS 202 Cr. 3 Contemporary Global Issues

This course will offer a contemporary multidisciplinary perspective regarding the major issues and trends confronting the global society as it enters the 21st century. Emphasis will be given to a critical review and assessment of the origin and present condition of the plethora of situations and problems affecting modern global society. The student will also learn to critically evaluate current and future events. The course will incorporate the views and approaches of the following disciplines: sociology/anthropology, economics, geography, political science and history. (Crosslisted with SOC/ANT/ECO/ GEO/POL; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Sem. II.

HIS/ARC 204 Cr. 3 Ancient Literate Civilizations

An historical and archaeological study of ancient Eurasia and North Africa, including a survey of the major archaeological sites. Topics such as the development of urbanization in the Near East and Mediterranean, and comparative studies of the Indus civilization, China, Classical Greece, Rome, and the New World will be discussed. (Crosslisted with ARC, may only earn credit in HIS or ARC.)

+ HIS 205 Cr. 3 History of Ethical Values in World Religions

This course is a comparative historical survey of selected religions which focuses upon the distinctive ways that each religion developed norms of good and bad behavior that it imposed upon its adherents. What behaviors did each religious tradition label as good or bad, pure or impure? Why did each tradition place behaviors in those categories? How did those value judgments concerning good and bad behaviors change over the centuries? Some of the topics covered in this comparative historical fashion will include the treatment of women, attitudes toward abortion, contraception, sex outside of marriage, homosexuality, war, attitudes towards other religions, and environmental ethics. Offered Sem. II.

+ HIS 206 Cr. 3 Life in 20th Century America

This course focuses on the individual in a changing society. It will trace transformations in political and economic institutions, but will focus on the individual in a time of changing racial, gender, family, and cultural structures. It will explore the history of the self in American history. Offered Sem. II.

HIS 210 Cr. 3 Survey of United States History

This course examines United States history from the period of the revolution to the present. It focuses on the development and reform of American politics, the evolution of American society and culture, and the place of the United States in the world. Offered once a year.

+ HIS 220 Cr. 3 The United States in the Global Community

A survey of the history of the United States focused on the ways that its constitutional creations, expressions of representative politics, growth of empire, racial and ethnic policies, economic growth and military power have interacted with the global community. Offered once a year.

HIS 230 Cr. 3 The Ancient Medieval Worlds

An historical survey of the civilizations of West Asia, North Africa, and Europe from the advent of urbanization in 4000 B.C. to the beginning of the Renaissance (c. 1300 A.D.). Topics discussed will be the nature and status of women, ethnic and religious minorities, the importance of geography and technology. Special emphasis will be placed on studying historical themes that have survived to the present day. Offered once a year.

HIS 240 Cr. 3 Survey of Modern Europe

This course will consider the forces of nationalism, liberalism, imperialism, and totalitaranism, as well as Europe's interaction with nonwestern cultures, the two world wars and the Cold War. Upon completion of the course, the students will be able to place this period of European history within the context of global history. Offered once a year.

HIS 250 Cr. 3 The Asian World

This course will introduce students to various aspects of Asian history with special focus on the Modern period (post1800). In particular, it will compare the political, social and economic structures as well as the religious/philosophical underpinnings of Asian countries, including China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, India and Indonesia. Offered every other year.

HIS/ARC 275 Cr. 3 Ancient Britain and Ireland

Exploration of the fascinating archaeological heritage of the British Isles and Ireland from the earliest Stone Age inhabitants to the end of the Roman Occupation. Prerequisite: ARC 200 or ARC/HIS 204 recommended. (Crosslisted with ARC, may only earn credit in HIS or ARC.) Offered occasionally.

HIS 285 Cr. 3 Introduction to African Civilizations

This survey course is designed to introduce students to the civilizations of Africa as well as the experiences of African people before the 19th century. Focusing on African cultural heritage, it examines religious, economic and political shifts in state formation as ancient African kingdoms and empires rose and fell. Offered Sem. II, every three year.

HIS 300 Cr. 1-3 Topics in History

Topics selected by the individual instructor or by the students and instructor together. Special interests of both the bases of current world crises or areas of historical concern not covered in formal course work, may be the vehicles for this offering. Credits generated in this course apply as electives in the major or minor. Prerequisite: HIS 101 or 102. Repeatable for credit.

HIS/WS 301 Cr. 3 Women in the Modern United States: 1890Present

This course introduces students to key issues in modern women's history in the United States. It explores women's experiences as workers, activists, consumers, citizens, and family members. It also examines the various ways in which generations of Americans have defined "woman's place" and "women's issues", and raises questions about the possibility for defining common "women's issues" today. (Crosslisted with WS, may only earn credit in HIS or WS.) Offered every other year.

HIS/WS 305 Cr. 3 History of Motherhood in the United States

This course considers motherhood in nineteenth and twentieth century United States history from a variety of perspectives. It explores women's experiences as mothers, across lines of class, race, and relationship status. It also examines the politics of motherhood in U.S. history, and considers both the restrictive and the empowering dimensions of ideologies of motherhood. (Crosslisted with WS, may only earn credit in HIS or WS.) Offered every other year.

+ HIS 306 Cr. 3 History of Ethnic America

The role and impact of immigrants and ethnic minorities on the political, economic and cultural development of the United States from colonial times to the present. Emphasis on the immigrant experience - the problems of immigrant adjustment, patterns of immigrant mobility and assimilation, and the persistence of ethnicity and ethnic tensions. Offered once a year.

HIS 307 Cr. 3 History with Documents

This course brings students into a study of selected historical documents as a meaningful way of linking historical research to the teaching of history. Offered Sem. I.

HIS 308 Cr. 3 Reforming American Society

An exploration of moral and political reform in nineteenth century America, this course focuses on the reform impulse from 18201920. Antebellum reform developed out of a basic moral understanding of the social fabric, and included many issues that once introduced to public dialog have remained to this day, such as women's rights, antislavery and civil rights, and temperance. Postbellum reform movements were more overtly political; this course will examine populism and progressivism. Offered once every two years.

HIS 310 Cr. 3 Native American History

A survey of Indian history in North America from European contact to the present, with primary emphasis upon the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. A major theme to be explored will be Indian patterns of resistance to white-imposed policies. Offered once every two years.

HIS 311 Cr. 3 Dilemmas of Peace and War

An examination of the causes, consequences and nature of both war and peace in a global context. This course will consider war and peace throughout history and within various cultures. Offered once every three years.

HIS 313 Cr. 3 Colonial and Revolutionary America

A history of the founding and development of North American colonies and the era of the American Revolution, with special attention devoted to the establishment and evolution of Euro-American culture and the creation and maturation of American politics. Offered every other year.

HIS 314 Cr. 3 The Holocaust

This course is designed to introduce students to the Holocaust from the perspective of historians, writers and poets. Offered once every three years.

HIS/WS 315 Cr. 3 History of Feminist Thought

An examination of the history of feminist ideas in the United States and the historical context, both western and international, from which they emerged. (Crosslisted with WS, may only earn credit in HIS or WS.) Offered every other year.

HIS 316 Cr. 3 Vietnam War

The history of the Vietnamese civil war with focus on the involvement of the United States in it. It will examine Vietnam's anti-colonial revolution, trace developing American foreign policy from Truman forward, and study its attendant consequences in both the United States and Vietnam. Offered once every three years.

HIS 317 Cr. 3 History of the Environmental Movement: 1850-Present

A study of the historical roots of the conservation movement and how the perceptions of humans toward their environment have evolved. Beginning with Thoreau's ideas about nature in the 1950s to present-day environmental concerns, articulated by groups such as the Sierra Club, course will trace the development of an environmental conscience. Offered once every two years.

HIS 319 Cr. 3 Twentieth Century U.S. and World

Social, economic, political and diplomatic history of contemporary America from the 1890s to the present. Major topics include the development of the modern bureaucratic corporate state, the rise of U.S. power and its international effects, and the roles of women and American social and ethnic minorities in the 20th century. Offered once every three years.

HIS 320 Cr. 3 Public History

An introduction to public history (history outside academe and public interest) and field experience. Class time will be devoted to the background, methods and application of history in the public arena. The class will also feature a team research project in historic preservation, cultural resource management, public policy, or museum administration. Offered once every three semesters.

HIS 321 Cr. 3 Wisconsin History

An exploration of the history of Wisconsin, focusing on place, people, and the development of regional culture. Special emphasis will be given to environment, native peoples, ethnicity, the Progressive transformation of state politics, and community from the territorial period to the recent past. Offered once every three semesters.

HIS 323 Cr. 3 World War II

This course focuses on World War II, its causes, its conduct and its consequences. It will examine the war from a global perspective, exploring all of its aspects - political, diplomatic, military and civilian - in the broad context of national differences, rivalries and conflicts extending from World War I and The Treaty of Versailles (1919) into the third quarter of the twentieth century. Offered once every three years.

HIS 324 Cr. 3 Civil War and Reconstruction

A study of the Middle Period (1826-1876) in U.S. History with emphasis on the Civil War and its military implications for later conflicts. Offered once every two years.

HIS 325 Cr. 3 America in the Cold War

The United States spent almost half of the twentieth century engaged in a hostile confrontation with the Soviet Union. This course will explore the origins of the Cold War from its development in 1945 to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. It will study the economic and ideological conflicts between the two countries, as well as explaining the effects of the Cold War on U.S. domestic politics and culture. Offered every other year.

HIS 326 Cr. 3 Modern Christianity

This course surveys the history of Christianity from the beginning of the Protestant Reformation until the present. Offered once every three years.

HIS 327 Cr. 3 History of Buddhism

A survey of the historical development of the Buddhist religion - its doctrines, practices, and institutions - from its origins through the 20th century. This course will analyze how Buddhism first evolved in India and focus upon the distinctive ways that it developed in Southeast Asia, Tibet, China, and Japan. Offered once every three years.

HIS 328 Cr. 3 History of Hinduism

A survey of the historical development of the Hindu religion from its origins in the early Vedic period through the 20th century. Some of the topics covered include the evolution of the belief of reincarnation, the development and significance of the caste system, the development of Hindu attitudes toward women, and the evolution of the principal Hindu gods and goddesses. Offered once every three years.

HIS 329 Cr. 3 History of Islam

A survey of the historical development of Islam from its origins through the present day. It will also analyze the central beliefs, practices, and institutions of Muslims. Special attention will be given to the situations of women in the Islamic world. Offered once every three years.

HIS 330 Cr. 3 History of Religions

This course will be a historical and broadly comparative study of religion, religions, and religious phenomena. First, it will incorporate a cross-cultural study of such phenomena as myth, ritual, sacred places, gods and goddesses, mysticism, and the various forms of religious community and authority. Second, it will also trace the historical development of the scholarly study of comparative religion. Finally, it will focus on the historical evolution of a particular religious phenomenon through many centuries, i.e., the historical evolution of the devil and the concept of hell in the Old Testament and Christianity. Offered once every three years.

HIS/ARC 331 Cr. 3 The Ancient Greek World

A historical and archaeological survey of the ancient Greek world (Greece proper, the Aegean Islands, southern Italy, western Turkey). Periods discussed will include Cretan (Minoan), Mycenaean, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, and Early Greek Christian. (Crosslisted with ARC, may only earn credit in HIS or ARC.) Offered once every three years.

HIS/ARC 332 Cr. 3 Ancient Rome and Mediterranean

A historical and archaeological survey of the ancient Mediterranean area (with emphasis on the Italian peninsula) from the founding of the city of Rome to the collapse of the western Roman Empire in the fifth century A.C.E. Periods discussed will include: Italy in the Neolithic period, the founding of Rome, Etruscan Domination, the Roman Republic, the Roman Principate/Empire, and the advent of Roman Christianity. (Crosslisted with ARC, may only earn credit in HIS or ARC.) Offered once every three years.

HIS 333 Cr. 3 Christianity to 1517

This course surveys the history of Christianity from its origin up to the beginning of the Protestant Reformation in 1517. Topics to be covered will include the following: question of the reliability of the Gospels as historical sources, early heresies, Christological and Trinitarian controversies, the conversion of Western and Eastern Europe during the Middle Ages, the evolution of the papacy and monasticism, the Crusades, and the status and treatment of women in ancient and medieval Christianity. Offered once every three years.

HIS 334 Cr. 3 Aspects of Chinese History

Each semester this course will examine a specific aspect of the history of China from earliest times to the present. Included will be the Chinese family; the role of ideology in Chinese history (Confucianism, communism, etc.); the revolutionary period (18001949); and China since 1949. Offered once every three years.

HIS 335 Cr. 3 History of China

A survey of the history of China from earliest times to the present. Included are the study of traditional China, the impact of western civilization on that traditional society, and the rise of communism. Offered once every three years.

+ HIS 336 Cr. 3 Hispanics in the United States

This course will introduce students to the diverse experiences of Hispanic peoples in the United States through an interdisciplinary survey of their social, historical, political, economic, and cultural experiences. Offered once every three years.

HIS 339 Cr. 3 History of Russia and the Soviet Union

The origins and development of the Russian state from Kievan Rus through the collapse of the Soviet Union. This course will also examine the global impact of Russian interaction with Asian, Islamic and Western cultures. Offered once every three years.

HIS/ARC 340 Cr. 3 The Rise and Fall of Ancient Civilizations

A historical and archaeological study of the nature of origin of ancient civilizations and causes for decline and fall. Numerous case studies will be surveyed, including the rise and fall of Sumerian, Egyptian, Iranian, Hittite, Harappan, Israelite, Chinese, Minoan, Classical Greek and Roman and New World civilizations, among others. (Crosslisted with ARC; may only earn credit in HIS or ARC.) Offered once every three years.

HIS 341 Cr. 3 Nineteenth Century Latin America

Study of the problems of political instability, economic underdevelopment and social disunity from the Wars of Independence (18101825) to World War I. Attention also to the non-Hispanic Caribbean region. Offered once every two years.

HIS 342 Cr. 3 Twentieth Century Latin America

The struggle for economic development, political democracy, and social justice in the period of developing nationalism since World War I. The Non-Hispanic Caribbean is included. Offered once every two years.

HIS 343 Cr. 3 U.S. Borderlands

This course will focus on the Hispanic frontier in North America from California to Florida and the interactions between the United States and Mexico (and Spain) from 1521-1990. Offered once every three years.

HIS 344 Cr. 3 Colonial Latin America

This course will analyze Iberian society as a way to understand the establishment and evolution of Hispanic institutions and culture in Latin America from 1492 until 1821. Offered once every three years.

HIS 345 Cr. 3 U.S. Latin American Relations

This course will explore U.S. relations with the Latin American republics from 1776 to the present day. It will devote careful attention to the economic and political goals of U.S. foreign policy in Latin America and explore how these goals have fueled anti U.S. nationalism, thereby compromising Washington's efforts to forge closer ties with the Latin American nations. Offered once every three years.

HIS 346 Cr. 3 History of the Middle Ages

The emergence and flowering of medieval European civilization - in its political, religious, socioeconomic and cultural aspects - from the Germanic invasions to the Renaissance era. This course will also examine the Byzantine and Islamic civilizations; their interaction with the West; and the contributions made by the Muslim and Byzantine peoples to medieval Europe. Offered once every three years.

HIS 347 Cr. 3 A History of Greater Mexico

This course examines the Mexican experience in the United States as an integral part of Mexican history. Offered once every three years.

HIS 348 Cr. 3 Renaissance and Reformation

The broadening of European political, social, cultural, geographical and religious horizons from A.D. 1300 to 1648. This course will also examine European interaction with Asian, Islamic and American cultures, and the impact such interaction had upon Europe. Offered once every three years.

HIS 349 Cr. 3 History of Modern Europe (20th Century)

The emergence of Europe as a political, cultural, social, industrial and military power during the 19th and 20th centuries. This course will also explore European interaction with non-Western cultures, the two world wars, the Cold War, decolonization, the decline of Europe as a premier world power, and the breakup of Eastern Europe and Soviet regimes. Offered once every three years.

HIS 350 Cr. 3 Episodes in French History

An examination of various episodes in French history that illustrate major social, intellectual, political, and economic trends. Each semester will examine a specific aspect of French history since 1750. These will include: the French Revolutions of 1789, 1830, 1848, 1870, and 1968; war and occupation in France; and French intellectual development since 1750. Offered once every three years.

HIS 351 Cr. 3 History of France: 1750Present

A history of France since 1750 incorporating major social, intellectual, political, and economic trends. Offered once every three years.

HIS 352 Cr. 3 History of Modern Germany

Development of Germany through wars of unification and emergence as a world power, World War I and Weimar Republic, Nazi rule and World War II, and changes in the postwar Germanys. Offered once every three years.

HIS/ANT/ARC 353 Cr. 3 Maya Civilization

The course presents an overview of the Maya culture located in southern Mexico and Central America. The class is organized chronologically into several sections that focus on the origins, adaptations to various environments, social, political, and religious organizations, and the belief systems of the Maya beginning at around 3000 BC. Emphasis will be on Prehispanic Maya; will also explore life ways of contemporary Maya people. (Crosslisted with ARC/ANT, may only earn credit in HIS, ARC or ANT.) Offered once every three years.

HIS 354 Cr. 3 Spain to 1700

This course will examine political, religious, socioeconomic and cultural developments from the beginnings of Visigothic rule to the decline of Spain in the seventeenth century. Particular attention will be paid to Muslim and Jewish contributions to Spanish culture, as well as Iberian voyages of exploration and imperial ventures in the "New World". Offered once every three years.

HIS 355 Cr. 3 England to 1603

This course will examine political, socioeconomic and cultural developments in England from the Anglo-Saxon invasions of the fifth century through the reign of Elizabeth I. Particular attention will be paid to the development of the English monarchy and of Parliament, as well as interaction with other European nations. Offered once every three years.

HIS 356 Cr. 3 History of Mexico

Survey of Indian and Hispanic roots of Mexican history on both sides of the border. Emphasis on events in Mexico which have affected the United States. Offered once every two years.

HIS/ARC 365 Cr. 3 Ancient Iraq

A historical and archaeological survey of ancient Iraq (Syro-Mesopotamia) from its prehistoric origins in the neolithic period to the Seleucid period. Ethnic groups discussed will include the Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Assyrians, Kassites, Amorites, Chaldeans, and Elamites. Topics will include the rise of urbanism, cuneiform writing, religion, literature, displaced persons, gender relations, and social structure. (Crosslisted with ARC, may only earn credit in HIS or ARC.) Offered every three years.

HIS/ARC 366 Cr. 3 Ancient Israel

A historical and archaeological survey of coastal Syria and Palestine from the neolithic period to the Roman conquest. Various ethnic groups discussed will include the Eblaites, Phoenicians, Philistines, Canaanites, Arameans, Israelites, Samaritans, and Judeans. Special emphasis will be placed on putting biblical history in its Palestinian context. Topics will include social structure, gender relations, religion, and literature. (Crosslisted with ARC, may only earn credit in HIS or ARC.) Offered every three years.

HIS/ARC 367 Cr. 3 Ancient Egypt

This course is a survey of the history, archaeology, culture, and civilization of ancient Egypt from the prehistoric periods, the Pharaonic periods, as well as the Greco-Roman periods (to the advent of Christianity). Special attention will be given to reading historical texts in translation. We will also explore various aspects of Egyption religion, and the treatment of woman and nonEgyption ethnic groups. (Crosslisted with ARC, may only earn credit in HIS or ARC.)

HIS/ARC 368 Cr. 3 History of Babylonian Language and Culture I

This course is a survey of Babylonian history, culture, and language. Babylonian, was the most extensive of the cuneiform languages of the ancient Near East, was the language of the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians and was used for over two millennia. Students will study aspects of the history and culture of ancient Babylonia, as well as learn the fundamentals of Babylonian grammar and syntax, and the cuneiform writing system. (Crosslisted with ARC, may only earn credit in HIS or ARC.) Offered every three years.

HIS/ARC 369 Cr. 3 History of Babylonian Language and Culture II

This course is a second semester survey of Babylonian history, culture, and language. Babylonian, was the most extensive of the cuneiform languages of the ancient Near East, was the language of the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians and was used for over two millennia. Whereas the student studies grammatical forms and is introduced to the cuneiform writing system in the first semester, the student in the second semester will work with documents. Students will study aspects of the history and culture of ancient Babylonia in later periods, as well as read legal, economic, and literary texts in the original language. Prerequisites: HIS/ARC 368. (Crosslisted with ARC, may only earn credits in HIS or ARC.) Offered every three years.

HIS/WS 370 Cr. 3 The History of Black Women's Activism

An historical overview of the thoughts, actions, and creative products of Black women activists in the United States, from slavery to the present. Students will examine historical analyses, speeches, essays, economic activities, organizational styles, political issues, and various forms of artistic expression that women of African descent have produced in order to query, resist, and defy the interlocking oppressions of racism, sexism, and classism in the United States. Prerequisite: WS 100 or 210 or 230 or EFN 205 or ERS 100. (Crosslisted with WS, may only earn credit in HIS or WS.) Offered once every other year.

HIS/WS 371 Cr. 3 Women, Agriculture, and the Environment

Beginning with the ancient notion that the earth was both alive and female, a concept indigenous to western as well as other cultures, this course will examine subsequent ideas that have historically shaped attitudes and actions toward women and the earth, especially as those values and actions have affected agriculture in the U.S. The course will examine such topics as the roles of women as builders of community in the rural world; the impact of the industrializing of the production of food and fiber on concepts of femininity; the development of the modern corporate state and its impact on women and agriculture; and how women and men are working to reshape the way we see, think about, and act on, and interact with the earth. Prerequisite: WS 100 or 210 or 230. (Crosslisted with WS, may only earn credit in HIS or WS.) Offered once every other year.

HIS/ARC 372 Cr. 3 History of Women in the Ancient World

A history of the nature and status of women in the ancient world as derived from textual sources, including works of literature, private letters, economic documents, and tomb inscriptions. Areas studies will be Syro-Mesopotamia, Israel, Iran, Anatolia, Egypt, and the Mediterranean world. Also discussed will be the study of women as derived from archaeological sources. (Crosslisted with ARC, may only earn credit in HIS or ARC.)

HIS 385 Cr. 3 Modern African History

This course explores the history of Africa from 1800 to present. It focuses on the economic, political, social, and cultural forces that have shaped African societies. It examines continuities and changes by looking at ways in which Africans defined their needs under increasing external pressures. Topics include: colonization, nationalism, independence, postcolonial nation states, women's movements and neocolonialism. Offered Sem. I.

HIS 386 Cr. 3 Women and Gender in Africa

An examination of gender and power in Africa, and the historical roots of inequality as experienced by women in the social, economic, religious and political spheres during the 19th and 20th centuries. Course combines case studies on: Queens, goddesses, warriors, gender systems, with thematic issues such as gender impact of colonialism, resistance, African feminism, women politicians and empowerment to provide a vivid image of the state of gender relations in Africa. Offered Sem. I.

HIS 387 Cr. 3 African Novels And History

An introduction to the intellectual and cultural history of Sub-Saharan Africa and the experiences of African people in the 20th century specifically through novels. Emphasis on historical theory and research methods. African novels are used as sources of information to deepen understanding of African history. Offered Sem. II.

HIS 388 Cr. 3 Comparative Slave Systems

A study of the commonalities and differences between slave systems in Africa and the Americas which explores conditions in communities created by slaves and escaped slaves from Brazil, the Caribbean and the southern United States. Focus on the impact of the slave trade, the abolition and the nature of historical consciousness within Africa and the African Diaspora. Offered Sem. I once every three years.

HIS 390 Cr. 3 Public History Research

An intensive research field school in historic preservation, cultural resource management, oral history, or museum studies. Students will complete one active research project in one of the above specialties. Both the specialty and the project will vary from semester to semester. Offered as arranged with instructor.

HIS 400/500 Cr. 1-3 Historical Themes

Investigation of areas and topics of current historical interest not covered in the regular curriculum, ranging from local and regional to global issues. Credits generated in this course apply as electives in the major or minor. Repeatable for credit - no maximum.

HIS 450 Cr. 3-12 History Internship

The internship is intended to provide a student with an on-the-job experience which is related to academic studies in history. A student who applies for an internship and is accepted, will be placed in a carefully selected position and will be supervised by a committee of three members. At least two members of the committee shall be members of the history department. A maximum of 6 credits may be counted toward the history major and 3 credits toward the history minor from HIS 450. Prerequisite: overall grade point average of 2.75 with a minimum GPA of 3.00 in history. An open evaluation session between the committee and intern will be held before a grade is assigned by the faculty members of the committee.

HIS 490 Cr. 4 History Research Seminar

A capstone course in historical research and writing: Themes and techniques of historical inquiry, research methods, use of primary sources, interpretation, and composition. Requires completion of a significant research and writing project. Prerequisite: HIS 200, 12 earned history credits.

HIS 497 Cr. 1-3 Individual Study in History

Directed readings and research under the supervision of an assigned instructor. No more than six credits in HIS 497 may count in the major and no more than three credits in HIS 497 may count in the minor. Prerequisite: 20 credits in history (including current registration) and written permission of the instructor. Repeatable for credit - maximum 6.