HEALTH EDUCATION AND HEALTH PROMOTION (HED)
Professors:Curtis, Detert, Duquette (Chair), Gilmore, Oganowski;
Health, Physical Education and Recreation Transfer Policy -
UW-La Crosse students transferring into the College of HPER must have a cumulative GPA of 2.50 or higher at the time of transfer.Departmental Policy
1. Students must follow the course sequences set up by the department.
2. Students must attain an overall 2.50 grade point average including all 100- and 200-level required courses before being admitted to the 300-level courses in health education.
3. Students must earn a grade of "C" or better in all required health education courses and the following science courses: BIO 101; CHM 100 or 103; ESS 205/206 or BIO 312/313.
4. Students must make application to the program after they have earned 48 semester hours of credit and have met all departmental requirements (including GPA).
5. School health education majors and minors must meet the following additional requirements: (a) apply for admission to teacher education; (b) achieve a minimum 2.50 cumulative GPA to be admitted to teacher education; (c) successfully complete the PPST by achieving the following minimum scores; Reading 175, Math 173, Writing 174; (d) achieve a minimum 2.75 cumulative GPA and a 2.75 GPA in professional preparation courses (C-I sequence), major or minor course sequence to student teach; (e) achieve a cumulative 2.75 GPA and successful completion of departmental exit exam administered by school health education faculty to be licensed by the state to teach.
6. Community health education majors must meet the following additional requirements for admission to the community health preceptorship: apply for and receive recommendation from the health education faculty; achieve a minimum 2.75 cumulative and major GPA; successfully complete all required course work.
Community Health Education Major
(Health Education and Science and Allied Health) - 46 credits in health education, including HED 205, 240, 331, 333, 335, 340, 350, 351, 420, 440, 441, 452, 491, and 498. Interdisciplinary requirements: C-S 101; CST 250; and ESS 205, 206 or BIO 312, 313. An additional nine credits in health education are to be selected under advisement for exploration and competency development. (BIO 101 and CHM 100 or 103 are prerequisites for the major.)
School Health Education Major
(Health Education, Physical Education) - 34 credits in health education, including HED 205, 210, 251, 252, 310, 331, 333, 335, 345, 351, 354, 420, 454, 460; one elective course in health education (1-3 cr.); ESS 205, 206 or BIO 312, 313; requirements in education: C-I 212, 402, 410, 412, 415, 403 or 404; PSY 310, 370; EDM 317, 318. Statutory requirements: RDG 328, 432, EFN 205, ESS 231, 321. Requirements in science: BIO 101.
Students should refer to Teacher Education Council and State of Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction (DPI) policies identified in the School of Education section on p. 68. These policies apply to students in all teacher certification programs.
School Health Education Minor
(Elementary/Middle/Secondary Education, Health Education, Physical Education) - 24 credits in health education, including HED 205, 210, 251, 252, 310, 331, 333, 335, 345, 420. Requirements in science: BIO 101. Requirements in education: C-I 402, 403, 410, 412, and 415. Statutory requirements: RDG 328, 432; EFN 205; ESS 231.
Child/Youth Care Emphasis
See p. 105 for description.
+ above a course number indicates a General Education course.
HED 101 Cr. 2
The dynamics of health in life in a rapidly changing world; modern concepts of health, disease, and longevity; current medical findings relative to weight control, emotional health, human sexuality, family planning, venereal and other disease control, drug abuse, environmental health and quackery are included.
HPR 105 Cr. 3
Creating a Healthy, Active Lifestyle
This course will focus on the knowledge and skills necessary for developing and maintaining a healthy, physically active lifestyle throughout one's lifespan. Major issues directly affecting one's health such as physical fitness, movement skills and activities, health promotion and disease prevention, the effective use of leisure and content in various wellness topical areas will be included.
HPR/CSC 106 Cr. 2
Introduction to Health Related Careers
Overview of health related professions in the health delivery system. Course will include educational and professional aspects of a broad range of health related careers. General topics will include an overview of the health related delivery system, health reform, legal and ethical issues, and professionalism. An interdisciplinary approach will be utilized to present specific information on individual health related professions. (Cross-listed with CSC; may only earn credit in HPR or CSC.)
HED 205 Cr. 3
Introduction to Health and Wellness Education
Introductory concepts related to the field of health education are examined. Basic principles, philosophies, and issues related to school health and community health education are presented. This course serves as an entry level course for both the school and community health tracks.
HED 210 Cr. 3
Introduction to School Health Programs
This course gives an introduction to school health majors about the role teachers play in encouraging healthy practices in the school age population. Skills in identifying health problems, developing an environment conducive to learning and developing health curriculum and instruction to encourage healthy lifestyles are developed. Prerequisite:
HPR 105.HED 230 Cr. 2
Nutrition for Fitness and Health
This course examines basic principles of nutrition and the implications and effects of these principles on one's diet, fitness level, and thus one's health. Methods for teaching nutrition principles to various age groups will be emphasized.
HED 240 Cr. 3
Community Health Education Foundations
Community health education is explored as a career option. Students learn about the theoretical foundations of health education as applied to program development for individuals, temporary groups, organizations and communities. Students participate in one hour of lecture, one hour of small group lab, and 5-8 hours of field experience for approximately ten weeks.
HED 250 Cr. 1-3
Health Education Forum
Examination of current issues and problems in health education. Varying topics selected to extend the students' knowledge in contemporary health issues, as determined by the health education department. Repeatable for credit - maximum 6. Offered occasionally.
HED 251 Cr. 1
Consumer Health and Safety Education
This course examines the relationship between adolescent risk behaviors and consumer and safety issues. Students will use the National Health Education content standards to apply consumer and safety education principles within the school setting.
HED 252 Cr. 1
Health Promotion and Disease Prevention for School Populations
This course examines the relationship between adolescent risk behaviors, selected diseases, and the national health education content standards for health promotion and disease prevention concepts. Basic concepts of health promotion/ wellness programs at the school worksite are also covered.
HED 307/507 Cr. 3
Health Education in the Elementary School
Introduction of the school health program for the elementary education major and physical education major. Consideration is given to school health services and healthy school living, with a further emphasis on health instruction and health content for the elementary school. Prerequisite: admission to teacher education.
HED 310 Cr. 2
Introduction to Curricular Processes and Instructional Techniques
Beginning concepts in comprehensive school health education curriculum development and instructional techniques are the core of this course. Skills for delivery of effective health instruction are practiced and curricular plans are developed. Prerequisite: HED 210.
HED 331/531 Cr. 3
Basic principles of nutrition are covered as well as current problems and topics regarding both personal and world nutrition today. Designed for the public school teacher, the community health educator, or those in related fields. Prerequisites: junior standing, CHM 100 or 103.
HED 332/532 Cr. 1
Safety and First Aid Curriculum and Instruction
The focus of this course is to identify curricular topics, content, resources, and methodology for developing instruction in safety and first aid for schools and community. Prerequisite: ESS 201 or current certification in First Aid and CPR.
HED 333/533 Cr. 3
Drugs, Society and Human Behavior
This course is directed at introducing social, psychological, pharmacological, and cultural aspects of drug use, misuse, and abuse. In addition, the methods, materials, and theories of drug abuse prevention in the school and community will be introduced. Prerequisites: BIO 101 and CHM 100 or 103.
HED 334/534 Cr. 1
Environmental Health Concerns and Issues
This course will focus on present and future issues regarding the people-resource-pollution crisis. Specific emphasis will be placed on enhancing awareness and understanding of the environment's impact on health and welfare. Sustainable Earth ethics and the individual's ability to influence public policy will be stressed. The infusion of environmental awareness into the current education curriculum will be discussed. Offered occasionally.
HED 335 Cr. 2
Human Ecology and Environmental Health
This course is directed at introducing human-environment relationships. Emphasis will be placed on the impact of human action on the environment and the relationship between a degraded environment and human health and welfare. In addition, the role of public health and education in the mitigation of environmental problems and the health ramifications of a polluted environment will be examined. Prerequisites: BIO 101, CHM 100 or 103.
HED 340 Cr. 3
Epidemiology and Community Health Problems
A survey and analysis of current public health problems incorporating an epidemiologic frame-work. A basic introduction to community health history and organization is followed by specific health issues analyzed through the agent, host, and environmental interrelationships. Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention, and health promotion strategies are detailed. Prerequisites: BIO 101, CHM 100 or 103.
HED 342/542 Cr. 2
Health Promotion and Wellness Methods
Methods for modifying health behaviors will be studied. Integration of fitness, stress management, weight control, nutrition, and smoking cessation techniques into wellness programs for worksite, hospital, community, and school settings will be demonstrated. Prerequisite: HPR 105. Offered occasionally.
HED 343/543 Cr. 1-2
Facilitating Self-Help Groups for Health Promotion
Self-help and support groups provide a structure to enhance well-being in the face of adversities, major lifestyle changes, and personal problems. Using the Integrity Groups model developed by O. Hobart Mowrer, participants will develop an understanding of the principles of self-help group processes and practice the skills of facilitating such groups. Particular emphasis will be placed on mutual help groups as a means of preventing problems in living and providing support for individuals with a chronic health problem or disease. Prerequisites: junior standing and HPR 105. Offered occasionally.
HED 345 Cr. 3
Issues in Emotional Health
This course examines the nature and development of emotions as a basis for understanding the healthy personality. Practical aspects of health counseling will be discussed. Students will be encouraged to deepen their commitment to effective teaching and learning. Prerequisite: HED 205.
HED 350 Cr. 3
Biometry and Research Design
This course is designed to provide the student with an understanding of research procedures and protocol. Through this course, one will develop a better understanding of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting valid, reliable data. The proper and improper uses of statistics, designing research experiments, and data handling will be examined. In addition, the basic procedures involved in the design and implementation of evaluation research will be examined. Prerequisites: MTH 205 and HED 340.
HED 351/551 Cr. 1-2
Microcomputer Applications in Health Education
A course designed for the health educator to learn specific applications of microcomputers to the field of health education. Students will be exposed to a sampling of available micro-computer software in health education and how to evaluate software programs. The focus of this course is applications-oriented. Prerequisite: health education major/ minor.
HED 354/554 Cr. 1
Stress Management and Relaxation Skills
An introduction to the detrimental effects of stress on an individual and the corresponding benefits of regular relaxation. This course will emphasize the basic skills of relaxation and will provide an experience that focuses on the practical application of these skills in one's life.
HED 360/560 Cr. 1
Medical Terminology for Health Education
Skill development for working with the special language used in clinics, hospitals, and other health agencies. Students in various health fields will learn to use medically related terms in their professional communication. Prerequisites: HPR 105, ESS 205 and 206.
HED 361/561 Cr. 1
Coordinator's Training: La Crosse Wellness Project
This course is designed to prepare the learner with the background and skills to administer the La Crosse Wellness Inventory, process inventory results, and facilitate the Wellness Development Process. The course will emphasize application of the La Crosse Wellness Project (LWP) in a number of settings to include: public schools, health care facilities, community agencies, and business and industry. Wellness concepts and theory will be presented to assist the participant in coordinating efforts for individual behavior change. The successful completion of the course will result in certification as an LWP Coordinator. Offered occasionally.
HED 362/562 Cr. 1
Values Development for Health
Practical systematic process in values formulation for healthy living. Decision making and problem solving strategies for understanding of beliefs, attitudes and perception that affect health status. Experiential skill learning applicable to professional health promotion and personal well being. Prerequisites: HPR 105 and PSY 100.
HED 363/563 Cr. 1
Men's Health Issues
This course will assist men to develop a larger perspective of the mental, emotional, physical, spiritual and social issues of their own health. Major health issues, transitions, and health hazards that impact upon males' health in our society will be examined. Prerequisite: junior standing. Offered occasionally.
HED 364/564 Cr. 1-3
Women's Health Issues
This course will provide an opportunity for participants to identify major health issues confronting women today and to examine appropriate health prevention and health promotion lifestyle choices. It will explore health issues from the traditional medical model to the wholistic model and provide a comprehensive overview of critical, contemporary women's health topics. Prerequisite: junior standing.
HED 365/565 Cr. 1
Health Education Marketing
Designed for health educators, this course provides a survey of marketing concepts as applied to health education programs. Marketing as part of the health planning and evaluation process will be discussed. Marketing strategies for both public agencies and private businesses will be presented. Prerequisite: HED 240.
HED 366/566 Cr. 1-3
Worksite Health Promotion
This course will focus on building an under-standing of the components necessary for successful worksite health promotion. Included will be the development, implementation, and evaluation of worksite health promotion programs. There will be a direct emphasis on actual worksite conditions and situations, including constraints and advantages. The course will examine the relationship of a worksite health promotion program to the organization as a whole and the potential benefits for both the employee and the employer. Non-repeatable for additional credit.
HED 375 Cr. 1-2
Human Sexuality-Human Potential
An overview of human sexuality as a total expression of personality with an examination of attitudes, feelings, and family/societal influences on human sexual behavior. Prerequisite: HPR 105. (Not open for credit to health education majors or minors.) Offered occasionally.
HED 401/601 Cr. 1-2
Simulation-Gaming for Health Education and Promotion
Simulation-Gaming is an educational methodology which can examine important health issues by combining role-taking activities within a gaming context. Simulation-games can be used to train participants in new health-related skills, to transfer relevant health knowledge, and to help participants develop new appreciations for the views of others. This course actively involves participants in health-related simulations and discusses how to prepare and run simulation games with target groups - including how to lead the cognitive and affective debriefing afterwards. Additional topics covered are: locating simulation-game resources for training and education purposes; applications for hospital, community, and school settings; and guidelines for designing effective simulation-games. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or SOC 110 or HPR 105 or ANT 101. Offered occasionally.
HED 416/516 Cr. 1
Developing Comprehensive School Health Education for Year 2000 and Beyond
Procedures for comprehensive health education curriculum development - from philosophy through identifying sources, to developing objectives - will be considered in discussion and group interaction. Final projects will include the writing of a partial curriculum.
HED 418/518 Cr. 1
Youth Health Issues
Introduction to the school health program responsibilities of the secondary education teacher. How to identify health issues such as anorexia, drug abuse, suicidal tendencies, diseases, and emotional health problems will be presented as well as effective ways schools are presently dealing with health issues. Prerequisite: admission to teacher education. Not applicable for credit on health education major or minor.
HED 420/620 Cr. 3
Sexual Health Promotion
A review of current information on health and human sexuality. Emphasis is given to cognitive and affective components of human sexuality. Major issues and topics in human sexuality are covered with particular attention to gender as it affects these issues. Prerequisites: ESS 205, 206 or BIO 312, 313.
HED 424/624 Cr. 1
Consumer Health Education
The focus of this course is to identify content, resources, materials, and instructional strategies for providing consumer education to various populations. The relationship of consumerism and health will be the underlying theme of this professional preparation course.
HED 433/633 Cr. 1
Alcohol, Health and Behavior
This course is intended to help individuals develop a more complete understanding of alcohol as a public health problem. Alcohol's impact on individuals, families, and society will be examined. Emphasis will be placed on information that will assist individuals in making intelligent decisions regarding the use of alcohol.
HED 440 Cr. 3
Program Development in Community Health Education
Community health analysis specific to community health education program development. Individual students develop knowledge of the following program development components: (1) needs, (2) objectives, (3) learning activities, (4) settings, (5) evaluation. Skills are developed in program planning and program implementing. Two hours for in-class activities are complemented by out-of-class program development experience. Prerequisite: HED 240 or one year of community health education experience.
HED 441/641 Cr. 3
Human Disease Prevention and Control
Presentations by medical experts in the recent progress in disease prevention and control. Knowledge of many disease processes and treatments will be discussed. Primarily designed for prospective health educators, to explore in depth, selected topic areas of communicable and chronic diseases. Prerequisites: ESS 205, 206 or BIO 312, 313.
HED 445/645 Cr. 1-2
Women and Healthy Aging
This course is designed to heighten women's awareness, increase their understanding, and expand their knowledge about their journey through the lifespan. The course will focus on the many physical, emotional, and social health changes that occur in the lives of women and will emphasize the approaches to slowing down the aging process.
HED 446 Cr. 2
Health Behavior Change
Skills, concepts, and processes for individualized health teaching. The course will examine health behavior change as a technique in the overall treatment of prevention of health problems. The approach is an integration of education, behavioral intervention, and health counseling. Offered occasionally.
HED 447/547 Cr. 1
The Body/Mind Connection in Health
Recent developments in health related research are demonstrating a close functioning relationship between the nervous, endocrine, and immune body systems. As the field of psycho-neuroimmunology expands, applications in health promotion, health care and education are being developed. Many of the findings and applications verify health and healing practices from alternative health traditions. This course provides an opportunity to study many of the developments in psychoneuroimmunology and their application in health, healing and learning. Implications for health education methods will also be explored. Health care, human service and education professionals will benefit from the practical information provided. A series of case studies will be the center of the learning experience.
HED 451/651 Cr. 1
Pre-Retirement: A Plan for Action
This seminar will provide opportunities for individuals to explore issues and concerns relevant to their present and future needs. Health and legal assessments, retirement as a transition, Social Security and Medicare, financial planning, housing options and creative use of time will be examined. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Offered occasionally.
HED 452/652 Cr. 3
Health Aspects of Aging
An exploration of the lifelong aging process and an examination of health factors affecting the elderly. Emphasis is given to the changes in the following health areas: physical, sexual, emotional, social and mental. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. (Open to seniors and graduate students only.)
HED 453/653 Cr. 1-3
Cultural Issues in Health Education: Ethnic, Racial, Religious, and Familial Groups
A study of cultural influences on health and illness. Values and attitudes held by different groups in America's pluralistic society to be considered in health program planning and implementation will be investigated. Racial, ethnic, and religious groups will be examined with regard to their health beliefs and practices. Health and illness within diverse family settings will be considered. The U.S. health care system will be analyzed in terms of its cultural roles. Designed for health professionals, this course will increase their sensitivity in working with people of various cultural origins. Repeatable for credit - maximum 3.
HED 454/654 Cr. 1
Teaching Stress Management and Relaxation Skills
This course examines both theory and cognitive information regarding stress and relaxation and the practical application of this information in a professional setting. The main thrust of the class is on how to develop, implement, teach and evaluate stress management and intervention programs. Prerequisite: HED 354.
HED 455/655 Cr. 1
Understanding Child Abuse
This course will provide an opportunity for students to develop an understanding of the dynamics of child abuse as well as a practical framework from which to provide services to abused children and their families.
HED 456/656 Cr. 1
Biofeedback, Meditation and Your Health
Students explore clinical biofeedback and meditation as strategies in preventing and managing stress and resultant stress disorders. Students have the opportunity to practice and apply biofeedback and meditation skills to their own personal management of stress. The concepts of stress testing, behavioral medicine for lifestyle improvement, and the complementation of biofeedback and meditation are also addressed. Prerequisite: HPR 105 or BIO 101 or PSY 100. Offered occasionally.
HED 458/658 Cr. 1-2
Imagery Techniques for Health Promotion, Learning Enhancement, and Sport Skill Development
This course examines the concepts and theories of autogenic training and mental imagery as applied to maximizing inner potentials for performance excellence. The first credit focuses on the learning and experiencing of the developmental phases of relaxation training, mental practice, concentration, confidence building through positive affirmation, and maintaining personal rhythm. The second credit focuses on developing the competencies necessary to develop and implement a mental practice program for those in pursuit of excellence.
HED 459/659 Cr. 1-2
Biofeedback, Behavioral Medicine, and Health Enhancement
This course explores the ways in which patients and populations play a vital role in maintaining their own health and recovering from disease. Participants will explore the roles that self-regulation processes play in enhancing the well-being of individuals and target groups. Topics to be covered include: patient compliance and health enhancement; biofeedback applications for learning self-regulation; community applications of behavioral medicine; factors influencing cardiovascular health and hypertension; gastro-intestinal and immune system diseases; cancer; and other stress-induced and stress-mediated diseases. Prerequisites: HPR 105 and HED 456. Offered occasionally.
HED 460/660 Cr. 1-2
Health Promotion and Preference
This course is designed to enable participants to understand and apply Jungian concepts as one approach to health promotion. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is used as a springboard for creating awareness and understanding for the application of typology to health promotion. The focus of the course is experiential in nature and the goal is to gain a better understanding of self and others in relation to health promotion issues (i.e., stress management, heart disease, relationships, and team building).
HED 465/665 Cr. 1
Sexual Abuse of Children
This course will provide an opportunity for participants to develop an in-depth understanding of child sexual abuse. Theoretical and research perspectives on the nature of abuse and its dynamics will be included as well as an update of available educational materials. Prerequisite: HED 455.
HED 467/567 Cr. 1-2
Experiential Learning Strategies for Health Education
This course examines emerging educational processes, strategies, and issues and how they can be applied in the facilitation of health education and health promotion programs in the school and/or community setting. Topics will vary per offering and target audience. Prerequisite: HED 210 or 240 (or equivalent) or teacher certification.
HED 470/670 Cr. 2
Theories of Health Behavior
Overview of health behavior through the examination of health behavior theoretical constructs. Emphasis is on the application of behavior change theories to facilitate positive behavior changes. Offered occasionally.
HED 471/671 Cr. 1
Entry-Level Health Educators: Responsibilities and Competencies
This course is designed to review the responsibilities and competencies for entry-level health educators. The National Commission for Health Education Credentialing, professional development, professional preparation, and the certification of health education specialists will be central topics of discussion. Through dialogue, group interactions with Certified Health Education Specialists, and written assignments, students will examine the seven responsibility areas of importance to entry-level health educators. Offered occasionally.
HED 475/675 Cr. 1-3
Workshop in Health Education
Group study of varying health education topics, community agencies, and educational institutions. Prerequisite: permission of adviser and instructor. Repeatable for credit under different subtitles - maximum 6. Departmental option for Pass/ Fail grading.
HED 477/577 Cr. 1-3
Grantseeking in Health, Human Services, and Education Professions
The grantseeking enterprise is studied and applied. Generic grantseeking content, practices, and concepts are presented for application in most disciplines and areas of interest. Content includes locating and communicating with funding agencies, writing and reviewing grant proposals, analyzing requests for proposals (RFPs), using technology in grantseeking, and implementing and evaluating grant funded projects. Prerequisite: senior standing.
HED 480/680 Cr. 1
Human Sexuality for Special Populations: Developmentally Disabled
This course is designed to prepare individuals with a basic understanding of the rights, problems, and needs of special populations; i.e., developmentally disabled, mentally handicapped, visually/hearing impaired, etc., in the area of human sexuality. Those who will benefit are health care professionals and teachers/students working with special populations. Prerequisites: ESS 231 or RTH 326 or RTH 327 or PSY 441 or consent of instructor. Offered occasionally.
HED 481/681 Cr. 1
Human Sexuality for Physically Disabled
This course is designed to acquaint and prepare students/teachers of adaptive physical education, recreation, social work, and other adjunctive care professionals with a basic understanding of individual rights, problems, and needs of special population members in the area of human sexuality; i.e., physically disabled populations in particular. Prerequisite: ESS 231 or RTH 326 or RTH 327 or PSY 441 or consent of instructor. Offered occasionally.
HED 485/685 Cr. 1-3
Confrontations of Death
This course is designed to allow students to consider death both generally and on an individual basis. Various programs and experiences will be used to help individuals confront their own mortality and its relationship with the vitality of life.
HED 486/686 Cr. 1
Introduction to International Health
An introduction to the world health conditions/ status; the different health care delivery systems, manpower and resources of selected countries in Asia, Europe and Africa in comparison to the United States. The course is designed as a survey of the condition of health and health care in the international setting. The roles/functions/responsibilities of the major international agencies and the governments will also be discussed as they relate to health. Prerequisites: junior standing and consent of instructor.
HED 487/687 Cr. 1
Health Implications of Environmental Pollution: An International Perspective
The emphasis of this course will be on the major health problems which have been associated with environmental episodes in Japan and the U.S. Through the examination of selected case histories, the student will be provided with an opportunity to study the impact of specific environmental pollutants on human health. Offered occasionally.
HED 491 Cr. 1
Senior Seminar in Community Health Education
This course is designed to review selected community health topics and introduce current issues in the profession. Through dialogue, interaction activities, and some on-site experience, students will be prepared to face the realism of the preceptorship and eventual employment. To be taken during final semester prior to HED 498.
HED 495/695 Cr. 1-3
Independent Study in Health Education
Individualized study of areas not available in existing courses. Repeatable for credit - maximum 6.
HED 498/698 Cr. 12 - UG, Cr. 1-5 - G
Community Health Education Preceptorship
Professional experience in a community health education setting for a full semester. The student works under faculty supervision with a professional in health education/health promotion who serves as a mentor. Undergraduate prerequisites: successful completion of all program course requirements, recommendation of the department, cumulative grade point average of at least 2.75, and major grade point average of 2.75. Undergraduate program requirement: 12 credits; graduate program requirement: five credits. Repeatable for credit - maximum 5 for graduate credit only.