PHILOSOPHY (PHL)

Professors: Kraemer (Chair), Maly, Miller, D.;
Assistant Professors: Glass, Scherwitz.

Philosophy Major
(Liberal Studies, Business, Science and Allied Health) - 27 credits, including PHL 100, 101, 205, 206, 496, and electives in philosophy.

Philosophy Minor
(Liberal Studies, Business, Science and Allied Health) - 18 credits, including PHL 100, 205, 206 and electives in philosophy.

Philosophy Department Honors Program Requirements
I. Admission

A. Junior standing

B. 12 credits in the major

C. 3.25 cumulative grade point average in the major

D. Recommendation of two faculty members in the major

II. Program

A. Completion of the regular major program

B. PHL 496

C. Thesis*

III. Evaluation

A. Cumulative grade point average of 3.60 in the major at graduation*

B. Cumulative grade point average of 3.50 in all university courses*

C. Presentation of the thesis to a colloquium of faculty and students in the major

D. Final examination*

+ above a course number indicates a General Education course.

+
PHL 100 Cr. 3
Introduction to Philosophy
An introduction to the major views on important philosophic topics such as knowledge, religion, morality, art, reality, feminism, and social diversity.

+
PHL 101 Cr. 3
Introduction to Logic
An introduction to logic, the science of valid reasoning. This course introduces the student to both formal and informal methods of reasoning and evaluating arguments.

PHL 202 Cr. 3
Symbolic Logic
This course offers the student a systematic presentation of symbolic logic. Proof techniques as well as consistency and completeness of the propositional calculus and predicate calculus are discussed. The student is also introduced to logical systems involving obligation and necessity as well as to systems of three-valued logic. Prerequisite: PHL 101 or MTH 151 or above.

PHL 203 Cr. 3
Ethics
A study of traditional and contemporary philosophical statements by which ethical problems may be approached. An examination of the search for general standards of value and of conduct as well as a critical examination of the answers put forth by the main types of ethical theories. Prerequisite: PHL 100.

PHL 205 Cr. 3
History of Philosophy I
Introduction to principle questions of philosophy and history of their analysis from the pre-Socratic period to the Renaissance.

PHL 206 Cr. 3
History of Philosophy II
Introduction to principle questions of philosophy and history of their analysis from the Renaissance to the present.

PHL 210 Cr. 3
Philosophical Concepts in Literature
Examination of philosophical concepts in literature and how literature serves as a means through which these concepts are expressed. Some principal concepts examined include: the nature of self, society, and God. Prerequisite: PHL 100.

PHL 220 Cr. 3
Introduction to Comparative Religion
Comparative study of religious expressions and the human situation in the major religions of the world. Exploration of the historic, social, and economic influences on religious world-views. The role of each religion in shaping cultural values. Prerequisite: PHL 100.

+
PHL 230 Cr. 3
Multicultural Philosophy
This survey course will examine philosophical ideas and systems that are generated from a wide range of cultural traditions. It will first explore a variety of multicultural philosophical traditions within the United States and then within the global context. The aim of this search will be to broaden and deepen our understanding and appreciation of the multiplicity of philosophical perspectives which are part of an increasingly diverse, interconnected, and globalized world.

PHL 300 Cr. 3
Topics in Philosophy
Study of a philosophical topic of special interest. Topics will vary according to the interests of students and the instructor. For the current content, consult the instructor or the department chair. Prerequisites: six credits in philosophy or permission of the department chair. No more than six credits in PHL 300, 494 and 495 combined are applicable to a major or minor. Repeatable for credit - maximum 6.

PHL/PSY 301 Cr. 3
Theory of Knowledge
An intensive examination of three major questions: (1) What are the principal grounds of knowledge? (2) How certain can we properly be of what we think we know? (3) Are there limits beyond which we cannot reasonably hope to extend knowledge? Strong emphasis is placed on the problem of perception, learning, and knowledge representation. Prerequisite: PHL 100 or PSY 100. (Cross-listed with PSY 301; may only earn credit in PHL or PSY, not both.) Offered every other year.

PHL 310 Cr. 3
Metaphysics
An inquiry into the fundamental features of reality. Problems discussed include: the nature of reality, change and permanence, universals and particulars, unity and diversity, and identity. Prerequisite: PHL 100.

PHL 320 Cr. 3
American Philosophy
A sketch of American thought in the colonial and revolutionary periods, followed by a study of developing American philosophy in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Includes Jonathan Edwards, Jefferson, Paine, Emerson, Royce, Santayana, Peirce, James, Dewey, Whitehead. Prerequisite: PHL 100.

PHL 321 Cr. 3
The Primal World: Native American Ways of Thinking
Reflections of the Native American ways of thinking as manifest in the literature of various select tribes, on the essential characteristics of thinking commonly shared by Native Americans, and on the fundamental differences of the Native American ways of thinking and those of the dominant (white) culture. The "primal world" of Native American thought will be studied as an alternative to the western way of thinking. Prerequisite: PHL 100.

PHL 323 Cr. 3
Twentieth Century Phenomenology and Existentialism
A study of the important phenomenological and existentialist philosophers of our century, emphasizing their methods of analysis and description. Includes Husserl, Heidegger, Sartre, and Jaspers. Prerequisite: PHL 100.

PHL 324 Cr. 3
Feminism and Philosophy
The study of the theoretical foundations of various feminist and anti-feminist theories. We consider feminist and anti-feminist positions in relation to issues of human relationships, justice, equality, human nature, freedom, and theory construction. We will analyze various contemporary ethical, social, and political issues in regard to these feminist perspectives. Prerequisite: PHL 100.

PHL 331 Cr. 3
Philosophy of Religion
An examination of religion and religious experience. Questions discussed include: What is religion? What are the grounds for belief in God? What are the foundations for belief in the soul? What is the nature of faith? What is the relation of religion to science? Prerequisite: PHL 100.

PHL 332 Cr. 3
Philosophy of the Arts
An examination of aesthetic experience and the questions that are relevant to works of art. Questions discussed include: What is art? What is artistic creation? What is artistic expression? What is artistic form? What is artistic criticism? Prerequisite: PHL 100.

PHL/PSY 333 Cr. 3
Philosophy of Mind
A study of the problems regarding the nature of mental events, mind-body relations, behaviorism, mentalism, and the relation of these topics to scientific methodology. Prerequisite: PHL 100 or PSY 100. (Cross-listed with PSY 333; may only earn credit in PHL or PSY, not both.) Offered every other year.

PHL 334 Cr. 3
Philosophy of Science
A study of the nature of scientific laws, theories, concepts, and explanations, and a study of related problems in the natural and social sciences. Prerequisite: PHL 100. PHL 101 is also recommended.

PHL 337 Cr. 3
Legal, Political and Social Philosophy
An examination of philosophical issues concerning legal, political, and social structures. A discussion of philosophical accounts of the nature and justification of law and the state, of the relation of morality and the law, of the relation of morality and the state, and of the nature of legal-political obligation and responsibility. Philosophical accounts of justice, liberty, rights, and obligation and the relation of these topics to contemporary legal, political and social problems will be covered. Prerequisite: PHL 100.

PHL 339 Cr. 3
Medical Ethics
Examination of the principal moral problems that arise in medical practice, including abortion, euthanasia, and human experimentation. Prerequisite: PHL 100.

PHL 340 Cr. 3
Business and Professional Ethics
Ethical issues in the conduct of business and professions will be examined by focusing on case studies in business and professions that raise ethical issues. A variety of ethical theories will be used to illuminate the ethical features of business and professional decisions and their effects on employees and society. The goal is to improve ability to identify factors and considerations that can play a role in improving the ethical character of business and professions. Prerequisite: PHL 100.

PHL 341 Cr. 3
Environmental Ethics
Reflections on how humans relate to the natural environment, humans' appropriate place in nature: The earth does not belong to humans, but humans belong to the earth. The course will concentrate on the historical roots of today's ecological crisis and on the contemporary environmental issues - i.e., land use, natural resources, technology and the environment, nuclear power - attempting to understand their philosophical basis. Prerequisites: PHL 100.

PHL 349 Cr. 3
Process Philosophy East and West
An examination of a number of philosophical issues that arise in connection with process philosophy. Issues include: What is the meaning of process as a fundamental philosophical perspective? What is the relation of process to creativity and other selected topics such as change, correction, interrelatedness, and therapy. The emphasis will be multicultural and holistic. Prerequisite: PHL 100.

PHL 350 Cr. 3
Philosophy of Creativity
An examination of a number of philosophical issues that arise in connection with creativity. Issues include: Can creativity be defined? What is the meaning of creativity as a fundamental philosophical category? What is the relation of creativity to self, society and God? Emphasis upon both Oriental and Western perspectives of philosophy of creativity. Prerequisite: PHL 100.

PHL/CST 400 Cr. 3
Ethical and Legal Issues in Communication Studies
Examines ethical and legal aspects of personal and professional communication behavior in interpersonal, organizational, and public contexts. Considers such controversial topics as lying, confidentiality, and freedom of speech. Familiarizes students with ethical principles, laws, and regulations that apply to both personal and professional communication, whether it is conducted face to face or through telecommunication media. Assists students in applying their knowledge of ethical principles, laws, and regulations in making specific decisions about communication behavior. Prerequisites: At least one course from PHL 100, CST 170, 230, 310, 360; PHL 100 recommended. (Cross-listed with CST; may only earn credit in PHL or CST, not both.) Offered Sem. II, alternate years.

PHL 494 Cr. 3
Advanced Topics in Philosophy
Study of a philosophical topic of special interest. Topics will vary according to the interests of students and the instructor. For the current content, consult the instructor or the department chair. Prerequisites: nine credits in philosophy and consent of department chair. This course is open to juniors and seniors. No more than six credits in PHL 300, 494, 495, and 496 are applicable to a philosophy major or minor. Repeatable for credit - maximum 6.

PHL 495 Cr. 1-3
Individual Study in Philosophy
Directed reading and research under the supervision of an instructor. Prerequisites: 12 hours in philosophy and consent of the philosophy department staff. No more than six credits in PHL 300, 494, and 495 combined are applicable to a philosophy major or minor. Repeatable for credit -maximum 6.

PHL 496 Cr. 3
Integrative Seminar
Integration of programmatic themes and methods in the major. Prerequisites: 18 credits including PHL 100, 101, 205 and 206. May be taken for Honors credit. No more than six credits in PHL 300, 494, 495, and 496 are applicable to a major or minor.