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UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAM AND COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

NUCLEAR MEDICINE TECHNOLOGY (NMT)

College of Science and Health
Health Professions Department
Program Director: Aileen Staffaroni
4046 Health Science Center, 608.785.6625
e-mail: astaffaro@uwlax.edu


www.uwlax.edu/nmt


Nuclear medicine technology is a health professions specialty employing the use of radiopharmaceuticals for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Students majoring in this program are provided a substantial educational foundation in the sciences and clinical applications in a hospital internship so that graduates may function as technologists. The pre-professional and professional program collectively requires six semesters on campus to earn a minimum of 66 credits including certain prescribed courses followed by a 12-month internship at an affiliated internship site.

The university sponsors up to 21 clinical interns each year. The size of the nuclear medicine technology program is limited by these internships. Students must make formal application to the program during the spring semester of either their sophomore or junior year (see adviser). Refer to the sample schedules on the next page. A Nuclear Medicine Technology Professional Program Selection Committee composed of representatives from the university and the program's clinical affiliates evaluates each application on the basis of the applicant's past academic performance (a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.50 is required for admission into the professional program), their references, their past work experience, and the results of a formal interview. Based on these factors, the applicants are ranked and accepted for entry into the professional program. Those students admitted to the professional curriculum will be eligible for an internship upon successful completion of the on-campus course requirements and selection by a clinical affiliate. Acceptance into the professional program does not guarantee an internship at a hospital. The hospitals select students for internships. During the senior year, clinical internship students will register for (or be allowed to transfer in from Mayo's NMT program) a minimum of 34 semester credits in clinical courses and pay full tuition and fees. Upon successful completion of the internship and all other university requirements, students are awarded a Bachelor of Science degree with a major in Nuclear Medicine Technology.

Hospital educational programs of nuclear medicine technology are accredited by the Joint Review Committee on Educational Programs in Nuclear Medicine Technology (JRC-NMT). Graduates are eligible to take the examination for certification as a certified nuclear medicine technologist offered by the Nuclear Medicine Technology Certification Board (NMTCB) or as a nuclear medicine technologist offered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT).

Note: Nuclear Medicine Technology students who select to complete the required year-long clinical at the Mayo School of Health Sciences (MSHS) enroll at MSHS rather than at UW-La Crosse. The course taken during the year-long clinical at MSHS meet UW-La Crosse NMT program requirements. The student must request an official transcript to be sent to UW-La Crosse from MSHS. Upon successful completion of the clinical and all other graduation requirements, the students are awarded the Bachelor of Science degree from UW-La Crosse. The Mayo School of Health Sciences (MSHS) grants a Certificate of Completion in Nuclear Medicine Technology.

Nuclear Medicine Technology - Affiliated Internship Sites
-Mayo Clinic, School of Health Sciences, Rochester, MN
-Froedtert Hospital, Milwaukee, WI
-Ministry St. Joseph's Hospital, Marshfield, WI
-Aurora St. Luke's Hospital, Milwaukee, WI
-Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL


Nuclear Medicine Technology Major

(Science and Health) 100 credits, including internship

Pre-Professional Requirements (43 credits): BIO 103* or 105*, 312, 313; CHM 103*, 104, 301; MTH 145*, 150* or higher, NMT 201; PHY 103* or 125*; PSY 100* or SOC 110* or 120*.

Professional Core Requirements (23 credits): BIO 433; CHM 250 or 325, 461; HP 250, 310; NMT 314, 395, 398, 399; PHY 376.

Recommended Electives: BIO 306, 432; CHM 300, 325; CST 354; ECO 471; ESS 201; MIC 230; NMT 499.

*This course can also fulfill General Education requirements.

It is required that students have at least 10 hours of observation in a nuclear medicine department before they apply to the professional program. Students must have completed all courses taught at UW-L prior to their clinical internship experience. All courses must be completed with a grade of 'C' or above. A cumulative grade point average of 2.50 on a 4.00 scale is required for acceptance into the professional program, maintenance of accepted status, and for graduation with a major in nuclear medicine technology.

Clinical Internship Requirements (34 credits): Each Nuclear Med Intern will enroll in clinical courses for a minimum of 34 credits from the following selection: NMT 401, 402, 403, 404, 405, 407, 409, 411, 412, 413, 415, 416, 417, 418, 419, 420, 421, 422, 423, 427, 429, 495, 499. All of the above courses are not required but a minimum of 34 credits must be earned in the array required by the clinical internship site.


Nuclear Medicine Technology Sample Schedule

First Year
Semester I (13 total credits)
CHM 103 - General Chemistry I (5 credits) (Requires MTH 150 or Math Placement of 151 or Higher)
HIS 101 - Global Origins of the Modern World (3 credits)
ENG 110 - College Writing I (3 credits)
                    Appreciation Course (2 credits)

Semester II (15 total credits)
CHM 104 - General Chemistry II (5 credits)
BIO 105 - General Biology (4 credits)
PSY 100 - General Psychology (3 credits)
or
SOC 110 - The Social World (3 credits)
or
SOC 120 - Social Problems (3 credits)
CST 110 - Communicating Effectively (3 credits)

Second Year
Semester I (17 total credits)
CHM 301 - Analytical Chemistry (5 credits)
BIO 312 - Human Anatomy and Physiology I (4 credits)
MTH 145 - Elementary Statistics (4 credits)
SAH 105 - Analysis of Health, Wellness, and Disease for the Healthcare Consumer (3 credits)
NMT 201 - Introduction to Nuclear Medicine Technology (1 credit)

Semester II (16 total credits)
CHM 250 - Intro to Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry (3 credits) 
BIO 313 - Human Anatomy and Physiology II (4 credits)
PHY 125 - Physics for the Life Sciences (4 credits)
                   Appreciation Course (2 credits)
                   Minority Cultures or Multiracial Women's Studies course requirement (3 credits)

Third Year
Semester I (12 total credits)
NMT 314 - Cross-Sectional Anatomy (2 credits)
PHY 376 - Intro to Nuclear Science (2 credits)
HP 310 - Pathophysiology (3 credits)
NMT 395 - Immunology for Nuclear Medicine Technologists (1 credit)
HP 250 - Medical Terminology for the Health Professional (1 credit)
                 Humanistic Course (3 credits)

Semester II (16 total credits)
BIO 433 - Radiation Biology (3 credits)
CHM 461 - Nuclear Chemistry (4 credits)
                    International Studies course (3 credits)
NMT 398 - Research Writing (2 credits)
NMT 399 - Applied Research Writing in NMT (1 credit)
                    Elective course (3 credits)

Fourth Year
Internship: NMT 400 level courses



NUCLEAR MEDICINE TECHNOLOGY (NMT)


+ next to a course number indicate a GENERAL EDUCATION course


NMT  201  Cr.1

Introduction to Nuclear Medicine Technology

Orientation to the application and professional aspects of nuclear medicine technology; including radiation safety and protection, types of imaging procedures performed, computer applications, related allied health professions and ethics. Lect. 0.5, Lab. 1.   Offered Fall.


NMT  314  Cr.2

Cross-Sectional Anatomy

This course revisits anatomy specifically from an imaging perspective. Students will learn to identify normal and abnormal structures on CT and MRI scans and locate topographic landmarks on diagnostic and simulation images. Prerequisite: BIO 313 with a grade of 'C' or better. Students with credit in RT 421 cannot earn credit in NMT 314.   Offered Fall.


NMT  395  Cr.1

Immunology for the Nuclear Medicine Technologist

A highly focused investigation of the practices of immunology for the student of nuclear medicine technology.   Offered Fall.


NMT  398  Cr.2

Research Writing in Nuclear Medicine Technology

This course focuses on students learning how to interpret published data and how to write an article ready for publication in professional journals in the field of Nuclear Medicine. Students of the Nuclear Medicine Technology program will learn how to read, review, and comprehend NMT literature through a series of different writing exercises. Students will have opportunities to become comfortable deciphering the most up to date journal publications writing a journal article. Students will draft and revise their own work to become publication ready in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technologist Section periodical. Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in NMT 399; admission to NMT program.  Offered Spring.


NMT  399  Cr.1

Applied Research Writing in Nuclear Medicine Technology

This applied writing lab focuses on students practicing the art of interpreting data and summarizing NMT data. Learning how to summarize data and to write an article ready for publication in professional journals in the field of Nuclear Medicine will assist them in becoming successful in the field. The applied setting will offer students an opportunity to understand and perfect the different parts of writing an NMT research proposal. The applied writing lab provides opportunities for students to draft and revise their own work to become publication ready in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technologists Section periodical. Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in NMT 398; admission to NMT program.  Offered Spring.


NMT  401  Cr.0 - 2

Management and Methods of Patient Care I

The survey of hospital administrative procedures including medical terms and medical ethics. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Fall, Spring.


NMT  402  Cr.1 - 4

Clinical Correlation: Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology

A lecture series of topics of current interest selected and presented by nuclear medicine physicians. Emphasis on clinical interpretation of organ systems pathophysiology as viewed by the practicing nuclear physician. Lect. 1-2. Duration: two semesters. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  403  Cr.2 - 4

Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology

The anatomy, physiology and pathology of the human organ systems treated in the application of nuclear medicine. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  404  Cr.3

Management and Methods of Patient Care II

Skills in problem-solving, critical thinking and clinical decision making are developed, as well as oral and written clinical communication skills.  Administrative duties including budgeting, medical and legal considerations, and political issues affecting patient care are discussed.  Focus on basic measures necessary to provide quality patient care.  Basic principles of record keeping and confidentiality of information are explained. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Fall, Spring.


NMT  405  Cr.2 - 3

Radiation Protection

Properties of alpha, beta and gamma radiations, their effects upon human beings and methods for protecting patients and staff from unnecessary exposure and possible injury. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  407  Cr.2 - 5

Clinical Instrumentation and Techniques

Structure, operating characteristics and practice in use of nuclear radiation detection instruments and radioisotope handling devices used in medical diagnosis and therapy. Lect. 1-3, Lab. 3-6. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  409  Cr.1 - 3

Mathematical Evaluation of Clinical Data

A study of the expected variations in results depending on the choice of radionuclide, instrument and patient. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  411  Cr.1 - 2

Records and Administrative Procedures

Records and procedures required by federal, state and professional regulatory agencies to insure proper: (1) acquisition, handling, application, storage, and disposal of radioactive materials; (2) awareness of radiation dosages received by patients and staff; and (3) functioning of detection equipment. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  412  Cr.3 - 9

Clinical Nuclear Practicum I

The supervised use of radionuclides in imaging and scanning of patients for diagnostic purposes. Lect. 1-3, Lab. 6-18. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  413  Cr.3 - 9

Clinical Nuclear Practicum II

The supervised use of radionuclides in vitro and in vivo in patients for diagnostic purposes. Lect. 1-3, Lab. 6-18. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  415  Cr.1 - 3

Application of Radionuclides to Medicine

Review of radionuclides and the compounds into which they are formed that are useful in medical research, diagnosis and therapy. Lect. 1-3. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  416  Cr.1 - 3

Nuclear Medicine Quality Control Practicum

Elution of Mo/Tc generator, preparation and testing of radiopharmaceutical products. Gamma Camera uniformity, relative sensitivity and spatial linearity and resolution testing. The use of flood field and bar phantoms on in vivo imaging detectors in the nuclear medicine imaging laboratory. Lect. .5-1.5, Lab. 1.5-4.5. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  417  Cr.2 - 5

Nuclear Radiation Physics and Instrumentation

Properties of alpha, beta and gamma radiations; their origins and interactions with matter; their control and shielding; and the statistics of counting. Lect. 1-3, Lab. 3-6. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  418  Cr.1 - 3

Clinical Procedures Review

Classroom technique to establish clinical practices used in nuclear medicine imaging; develop techniques used in planar and SPECT imaging. The fundamental skills of patient care, radiopharmaceutical preparation and administration. Emphasis is also on computer processing techniques used in coordination with imaging procedures. Lect.5-1.5. Duration: two semesters. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  419  Cr.1 - 3

Clinical Radiation Biology

Cellular and organ responses to radiation sources and radionuclides employed in nuclear medicine. Lect. 1-2, Lab. 0-3. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  420  Cr.1 - 2

Gamma Cameras

This course consists of lectures and laboratory sessions relating to the gamma camera from a physics point of view. It will convey to the student the principles of gamma camera operation, methods of measuring and maintaining camera performance, and the theory and practice of acquiring tomographic studies. Lect. .5-1, Lab. 1.5-3. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  421  Cr.0 - 1

Therapeutic Radionuclides

The chemical, physical and biological properties of the radionuclides used in diagnosis and therapy. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  422  Cr.1 - 4

Clinical Procedures Review II

Classroom technique to establish clinical practices used in Nuclear Medicine imaging. To develop techniques used in planar and SPECT CT imaging that has been developed in addition to the previous course Clinical Procedures Review. The fundamental skills of patient care, radiopharmaceutical preparation and administration will be reviewed. Emphasis is also in computer processing techniques used in coordination with imaging procedures. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Fall, Spring.


NMT  423  Cr.1 - 3

Radiopharmacy

A study of the radiopharmacology and the chemistry of radionuclides used in the clinical laboratory. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  427  Cr.1 - 5

Application of Computers to Nuclear Medicine

A study of data collection, data reduction and data enhancement by computer methods. Lect. 1-2, Lab. 0-9. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  429  Cr.2

Introduction to Computerized Tomography

This course is designed to present a more in depth overview of CT Scanning and cross-sectional anatomy. Specific topics include the physics & instrumentation of CT scanning and image production. Comparison of cross-sectional anatomy to PET and CT images. Emphasis will be placed on patient considerations, patient safety, and radiation protection. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Fall, Spring.


NMT  495  Cr.1 - 3

Special Topics in Nuclear Medicine

Topics of current interest in nuclear medicine with emphasis on new or experimental methods. Hours arranged. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.


NMT  499  Cr.0 - 3

Independent Study

Independent projects under the direction and supervision of a member of the clinical staff. Hours arranged. Prerequisite: admission to the NMT Program; assignment to a clinical internship site.  Offered Annually.