College of Science and Health
Department Chair: David Koster
1001 Cowley Hall, 608.785.8668
Professors: Hoar, Kelly S., LeDocq, Reineke, Riley, B., Senger;
Associate Professors: Baggett, Bennie, Boyle, Elfessi, Hulett, Kattchee, Kosiak, Koster, D., Matchett, Okamoto, Peirce, Toribio, Will;
Assistant Professors: Allen, Bingham, Hasenbank, Mathison, McCool, Yan
Credit by Examination
The mathematics department awards credit by examination in MTH 150, College Algebra; MTH 151, Precalculus; MTH 207, Calculus I; and MTH 208, Calculus II. The exams may be taken by new freshmen and are scheduled for the second week of semester I. Students may not earn credit by examination in both MTH 150 and MTH 151. Credit for MTH 145 will be granted to entering freshmen with a College Board Advanced Placement Statistics Examination score of three or better. Credit for MTH 207 will be granted to entering freshmen with a College Board Advanced Placement AB exam score of three or better. Entering freshmen with a score of three on the BC calculus examination are awarded credit for MTH 207 Calculus I; students with a score of 4 or 5 on the BC Calculus examination are awarded credit for both MTH 207 and MTH 208.
Students taking MTH 207, 208, 309, or 310, and earning a grade of “B” or better, will be given retroactive credit for MTH 151 provided that the student’s transcript shows no record of prior or concurrent enrollment in MTH 151, 207, 208, 309, or 310.
Dual Degree Program in Mathematics and Engineering
Students with a math major who are also interested engineering are able to receive both a Bachelor of Science (mathematics major) from UW- La Crosse and a Bachelor of Science (engineering major) from UW-Madison. At UW-L, students must complete a minimum of 85 credits, including the General Education requirements and specific math and science course in preparation for the engineering program. Students are recommended to include the following courses in their work at UW-L: CHM 103,104; CS 120; ECO 110,120, 336; MTH 207, 208, 225, 309, 310, 341, 353, 371, 480 or 461; PHY 203, 204, 321. Students interested in Industrial Engineering should add ACC 221. Students should consult with the mathematics department chair for specific course and sequence advising for this agreement.
Students who express interest in the dual degree program will be selected for entrance into the UW-Madison portion of the program based on their GPA in all course work; their GPA in the chemistry, computer science, mathematics and physics course work required by the program; and the positive recommendation of the UW-L mathematics department chair (or designee). Qualified UW-La Crosse applicants are assured admission in the College of Engineering at UW-Madison.
In order to receive the B.S. degree (mathematics major) from UW-L, students have two options: 1) complete the selected engineering program at UW-Madison, or 2) complete applicable math courses at UW-Madison to satisfy the remaining math electives required for mathematics major at UW-L. In either case the student would then transfer these credits to UW-La Crosse. For the typical student, the remaining credits must include 10-13 credits at the 300 level or above. This transfer of credits and awarding of the B.S. degree (mathematics major) by UW-L can take place as soon as the student demonstrates completion of math courses at UW-Madison to meet UW-L mathematics electives requirements or the completion of the engineering sequence at UW-Madison.
(All colleges, excluding Teacher Certification programs) — 37 credits – (41 total credits including CS 120) MTH 207, 208, 225, 309, 310, 407, 411; 9 credits from: MTH 311, 317, 320, 331, 341, 353, 371, 408, 410, 412, 413, 441, 442, 461, 480, CS 453, PHY 470. In addition CS 120 must be taken. Mathematics-computer science double majors may count MTH 317, MTH 371, and CS 453 for credits in both majors. Mathematics-physics double majors may count MTH 461 and PHY 470 for credit in both majors.
Mathematics Major with Applied Emphasis
(All colleges, excluding Teacher Certificates Programs) — 39 credits – (43 total credits including CS 120) MTH 207, 208, 225, 309, 310, 353, 371; 461 or 480; 9 credits from: MTH 341, 407, 408, 410, 413, 441, 442, 448, 461, 480. Three of these credits may be met by completing one of the following courses: CHM 310, CS 453, PHY 470, PHY 474. In addition, CS 120 must be taken.
Mathematics Major with Education Emphasis
(All colleges)— 38 credits – (42 total credits including CS 120) MTH 207, 208, 225, 309, 310, 331, 341, 411; 6 credits from: MTH 151 (if taken for grade rather than retro-credit), 311, 317, 320, 353, 371, 407, 410, 413, 441, 442, 461, 480. In addition CS 120 must be taken. Students seeking teacher certification must complete teacher education requirements in addition to major. Click here for additional teacher certification requirements.
Mathematics Major with Statistics Emphasis
(All colleges, excluding Teacher Certification programs) — 40 credits – (44 total credits including CS 120), MTH 207, 208, 305, 309, 310, 341, 440, 441, 442, 445, 446; 3 credits from MTH 371, 407, 443, 447, 449. In addition, CS 120 must be taken.
Mathematics Major with Concentration in Actuarial Science
(All colleges, excluding Teacher Certification programs) — 55 credits – ( 59 total credits including CS 120) MTH 207, 208, 305, 309, 310, 341, 440, 441, 442, 445, 446, ECO 110, 120; ACC 221, 222; FIN 355; and three credits from MTH 371, 407, 443, 447, 448, 449. In addition, CS 120 must be taken.
(Teacher Certification programs)— 41 credits (45-46 total credits including CT or CS) - MTH 207, 208, 225, 309, 310, 321, 331, 341, 421; two additional courses from (at least one course must be at the 400-level): 311, 317, 320, 353, 371, 407, 410, 411, 413, 441, 442, 461, 480. In addition, CT 100 or CS 120 (3-4 credits) is required.
Click here for additional teacher certification requirements.
(All colleges, excluding Middle Childhood-Early Adolescence Level Education) — 22 credits – MTH 207, 208, 309; nine credits from MTH 225, 265, MTH courses numbered 310 and above. Credit for MTH 151 may be used to fulfill three of the nine additional credits. Computer science majors may count MTH 317, 371 and CS 453 for credit in both the computer science major and the mathematics minor. Physics majors may count MTH 461 and PHY 470 for credit in both the physics major and the mathematics minor.
(All colleges) — 20 credits – MTH 145, 175 or 207, 305; nine credits from MTH 443, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449. With the approval of the mathematics department chair, a research methods course from another department may be substituted for three of the nine additional credits. MTH 341 may be substituted for MTH 145. This minor is not available to mathematics majors.
(Teacher Certification programs excluding Middle Childhood-Early Adolescence Level Education) — 28 credits - MTH 207, 208, 225, 309, 310, 331 and 341.
Early Adolescence-Adolescence teacher certification candidates must also complete MTH 421 (4 credits)
(Middle Childhood-Early Adolescence Education Program) — 22 credits – MTH 125, 126, 171, 280, 175 or 207; four credits from MTH 145, 151, 208, 265, MTH courses numbered 300 and above.
Mathematics Minor with Education Emphasis
(All colleges) — 28 credits – MTH 207, 208, 225, 309, 310, 331, 341.
The mathematics department incorporates a significant amount of writing through the required courses instead of identifying particular courses as writing emphasis courses. Students who complete a mathematics major will fulfill the university writing emphasis requirement.
+ above a course number indicates a
General Education course.
MTH 050 Cr. 3 transcript*
A review of beginning algebra. Topics include an elementary treatment of real numbers, polynomials, linear equations, inequalities, rational expressions, systems of linear equations, radicals, and quadratic equations. Letter grade, but only F calculated in GPA. Transcript credit only. Offered Fall, Spring.
MTH 051 Cr. 2 transcript*
Topics in Intermediate Algebra
A course to enhance the student’s skills in selected areas of intermediate algebra; areas covered include polynomials, rational expressions, exponents, equations, and inequalities. Prerequisite: MTH 050 or an appropriate placement test score. Letter grade, but only F calculated in GPA. Offered Fall, Spring.
*Transcript credit does not count toward graduation.
MTH 125 Cr. 4
Mathematics for Elementary Teachers
A study of the mathematical concepts and techniques that are fundamental to, and form the basis for, elementary school mathematics. Topics include problem solving, inductive and deductive reasoning, sets, number systems through the real numbers, number theory, measurement, and 2-and 3-dimensional geometry. Prerequisite: MTH 051 or satisfactory placement test score. Offered Fall, Spring.
MTH 126 Cr. 4
Mathematics for Elementary Teachers II
Continued study of the mathematical concepts and techniques that are fundamental to, and form the basis for, elementary school mathematics. Topics include use of probability and statistics to explore real-world problems; representation and analysis of discrete mathematical problems using counting techniques, sequences, graph theory, arrays and networks; use of functions, algebra and the basic concepts underlying the calculus in real-world applications. Prerequisite: MTH 125 (and MTH 051 or satisfactory placement test score for transfer students). Offered Fall, Spring.
MTH 145 Cr. 4
An introductory course covering fundamentals of modern statistical methods. Topics include descriptive statistics, the binomial and normal distributions, estimation, and hypothesis testing. The z, t, F and chi-Square test statistics are introduced. Instruction in computer use is included, and statistics software is used throughout the course for analyzing data files and carrying out statistical procedures. Prerequisite: MTH 050 or an appropriate placement test score. Offered Fall, Spring, Summer.
MTH 150 Cr. 4
A college algebra course on the properties, graphs, and applications of elementary functions. Topics include the real and complex numbers, concepts from analytic geometry, solutions to equations and inequalities, the elementary algebraic functions, and the logarithmic and exponential functions. Prerequisite: MTH 051 or two years of high school algebra and an appropriate placement test score. (Successful completion of MTH 151, 175 or 207 precludes taking MTH 150 for credit.) Offered Fall, Spring, Summer.
MTH 151 Cr. 4
A precalculus course on properties, graphs, and applications of elementary transcendental functions. Topics include concepts from analytic geometry; theory of equations; the logarithmic, exponential, trigonometric, and inverse trigonometric functions; and analytic trigonometry. Prerequisite: MTH 150 or two years of high school algebra and an appropriate placement test score. (Successful completion of MTH 151 precludes taking MTH 150 for credit. Successful completion of MTH 207 precludes taking MTH 151 for credit.) Offered Fall, Spring, Summer.
MTH 171 Cr. 3
Geometry for Elementary Teachers
Analysis and description of 2- and 3-dimension geometric concepts. Intuitive, direct, and indirect proofs and applications of geometric principles. Transformations, similarities and symmetry. Some topics from measurement. Prerequisites: MTH 125 and either MTH 150 or math placement above MTH 150. Offered Fall.
MTH 175 Cr. 4
Basic concepts and methods from differential, integral, and multivariate calculus. Logarithmic and exponential functions are included, but not trigonometric functions. Emphasis of the course is on models and applications in business and the social, life, and physical sciences. Prerequisite: MTH 150 or two years of high school algebra and an appropriate placement test score. (Successful completion of MTH 175 precludes taking MTH 150 for credit. Successful completion of MTH 207 precludes taking MTH 175 for credit.) Offered Fall, Spring, Summer.
MTH 207 Cr. 5
A rigorous introduction to calculus. Topics include limits, rules for differentiation, derivatives of trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, the Mean Value Theorem, integration, and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. In the area of applications, the course covers problems on related rates, extrema, areas, volumes, and Newton’s Second Law. Prerequisite: MTH 151 or four years of high school mathematics, including trigonometry, and appropriate placement score. (Successful completion of MTH 207 precludes taking MTH 150, 151, or 175 for credit.) Offered Fall, Spring, Summer.
MTH 208 Cr. 4
A continuation of Calculus I with a rigorous introduction to sequences and series. Topics include techniques of integration and indeterminate forms, improper integrals, applications of integrals to the physical sciences, tests for the convergence of series, absolute convergence, power series, and Taylor’s Theorem with Remainder. First order linear differential equations are explored, as well as the geometry of space. Prerequisite: MTH 207. Offered Fall, Spring.
MTH 225 Cr. 4
Logic and Discrete Mathematics
An introduction to mathematical reasoning. Mathematical logic, including quantification and the predicate calculus is introduced and used to discuss set theory, relations, functions, counting, graphs, and algorithms. Elementary proofs, including proofs by induction are stressed. Prerequisite: MTH 175 or 207. Offered Fall, Spring.
MTH 265 Cr. 4
Mathematical Models in Biology
An introduction to the use of calculus and stochastic based models to the biological sciences. Mathematical tools such as discrete and continuous differential equations, linear algebra, phase portraits, probability theory and descriptive and inferential statistics that are necessary to analyze and interpret biological models will be covered. Biological topics may include single species and interacting population dynamics, modeling infectious diseases, enzyme kinetics, and quantitative genetics. Prerequisite: MTH 175 or 207. Offered Fall, Spring.
MTH 280 Cr. 3
Problem Solving for Elementary Teachers
A high activity course designed to enhance skills in problem solving. Includes methods of representing problems, general strategies for solving problems, creative problem posing and ways to evaluate progress in problem solving skills. Examples taken from the elementary school curriculum. Prerequisites: MTH 125 and either MTH 150 or math placement above MTH 150. Offered Spring.
MTH 305/505 Cr. 3
A survey of statistical methods from the point of view of how these methods are implemented with a standard statistics software package. Topics include descriptive statistics, graphical methods, tests of location, goodness of fit, simple and multiple regression, design of experiments, ANOVA, multiple comparisons, chi-Square tests. Both parametric and nonparametric methods are treated. Computer use is an integral part of the course. Prerequisite: MTH 145 or 341. Offered Fall.
MTH 309 Cr. 4
Linear Algebra with Differential Equations
A systematic study of linear algebra, and its interactions with differential equations. Topics include: vectors, matrices, systems of linear equations, determinants, vector spaces, subspaces, basis and dimension, linear transformations and their matrix representations, similar matrices and diagonalization, systems of first order linear differential equations, and higher order linear differential equations. Prerequisite: MTH 208. Offered Fall, Spring.
MTH 310 Cr. 4
Calculus III: Multivariate Calculus
A course in higher dimensional calculus, partial derivatives, and multiple integrals. Topics include parametric curves, polar (and other) coordinate systems, vector fields, scalar fields, the gradient vector, chain rule, Jacobian, Green’s Theorem, Stokes’ Theorem, and the Divergence Theorem. Prerequisite: MTH 208. Offered Fall, Spring.
MTH 311 Cr. 3
Topics are selected from such areas as: divisibility and factorization, congruence, distribution of prime numbers, and Diophantine equations. Problem-solving strategies and unsolved problems are stressed. Applications are developed in areas such as primality testing and public key cryptography. Prerequisites: MTH 225 and 309 or concurrent enrollment. Offered Fall, even-numbered years.
MTH 317 Cr. 3
An introduction to graph theory-emphasizing algorithms. Topics include graphs and sub graphs, isomorphism, degree sequences, digraphs, networks, algorithm complexity and NP-completeness, trees, Euler circuits and Hamilton cycles, planarity and graph coloring. Prerequisites: MTH 225, 309; CS 120. Offered Fall.
MTH 320 Cr. 3
History of Mathematics
A study of the evolution of mathematics. Discussion and evaluation of major periods of development including the lives and works of preeminent mathematicians. A sampling of problem solving methods from various historical periods. Emphasis is on Western mathematics from earliest recorded history through the initial developments of calculus and modern mathematics. Prerequisite: MTH 309 or concurrent enrollment. Offered Spring, odd-numbered years.
MTH 321 Cr. 3
Teaching Mathematics with Technology
This course covers traditional, emerging, and interactive technologies used in the teaching and learning of mathematics. Teacher education candidates will gain an understanding of the use and application of instructional technology. They will explore how software, hardware, and instructional media can be used to enhance mathematics instruction in grades 6-12. Topics include instructional technology for visualizing and exploring mathematics, enhancing and delivering lessons, as well as interactive communication tools. Prerequisites: MTH 175 or 207; CT 100 or CS 120; admission to teacher education program (STEP) or consent of instructor. Offered Fall.
MTH 331 Cr. 3
Introduction to Modern Geometry
A thorough discussion of transformations and their use in proving congruence of geometric figures; selected theorems concerning the triangle and circle, and constructions possible given different parts of a triangle. Prerequisites: MTH 225 and 309 or concurrent enrollment. Offered Spring.
MTH 341 Cr. 4
Probability and Statistics
An initial course in probability and statistics for students strong in mathematics. Probability topics include sample spaces, random variables, independence, and the binomial, Poisson, normal, and exponential distributions and their applications. Calculus-based methods will be used for analyzing continuous distributions. Statistics topics include descriptive statistics, sampling distributions, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, regression, and ANOVA. Prerequisite: MTH 208. Offered Fall, Spring.
MTH 353 Cr. 3
Fundamental existence and uniqueness theory, linear independence and the Wronskian, series solutions near regular singular points, Laplace transforms and systems of first order linear equations. Fourier Series and the method of separations of variables will be applied to the heat equation, wave equation and Laplace’s equation. Prerequisites: MTH 309 and 310. Offered Fall, Spring.
MTH 371 Cr. 3
Introduction to Numerical Methods
Techniques devised for use with computing machinery are applied to problems such as: solving non-linear equations and linear systems, curve-fitting and function approximation, numerical integration. Prerequisites: MTH 309 and CS 120. Offered Spring.
MTH 395 Cr. 1-3
Special Topics in Mathematics
Special topics in mathematics not covered by regular courses taught in this department. The particular topic is decided mutually by the student and instructor. Prerequisite: written consent of department chair. Repeatable for credit — maximum six. Offered occasionally.
MTH 407 Cr. 3
Real Analysis I
This course covers the basic theory underlying the differential and integral calculus. Convergence of sequences is examined. Theoretical concepts of calculus are examined and particular attention is given to writing proofs. Prerequisites: MTH 225, 309, 310. Offered Fall.
MTH 408 Cr. 3
Real Analysis II
This course covers convergence of series and basic theory of power series. Further study of real analysis via selected topics such as the theory of convergence, Lebesque-Stieltjes integration, Fourier Analysis, probability theory, approximation theory and metric spaces. Prerequisite: MTH 407. Offered Spring, odd-numbered years.
MTH 410 Cr. 3
Introduction to complex numbers and complex functions. Analytical functions are developed via power series and Cauchy’s Theorem. Topics include Cauchy-Riemann conditions, integration theorems, residues, conformal mapping and applications. Prerequisites: MTH 309 and 310. Offered Spring, even-numbered years.
MTH 411 Cr. 4
Abstract Algebra I
A rigorous approach to algebraic systems including the study of groups, rings, integral domains and fields with application to polynomials. Prerequisites: MTH 225 and 309. Offered Fall.
MTH 412 Cr. 3
Abstract Algebra II
Continuation of MTH 411. Further study of rings, integral domains and fields. Prerequisite: MTH 411. Offered Spring, even-numbered years.
MTH 413 Cr. 3
Topics in Linear Algebra
A thorough study of selected topics such as abstract vector spaces, linear transformations and their matrix representations, inner product spaces, canonical forms; selected applications. Prerequisites: MTH 225 and 309. Offered Spring, odd-numbered years.
MTH 421 Cr. 4
Teaching and Learning Mathematics and Computer Science in the Secondary School
This course will be integrated with a field experience. In the context of a real classroom, teacher candidates will learn how to plan for and assess student learning in mathematics and computer science. With a focus on content knowledge, teacher candidates will plan a variety of meaningful learning experiences, assess student learning, and monitor and modify instruction to best support the individual learners in the classroom. The teacher candidate will design, enact, and assess activities that advance student understanding to more complex levels. Teacher candidates will gain experience in monitoring the obstacles and barriers that some students or groups of students face in school and learn how to design learning experiences to support all learners. Prerequisites: EDS 351 and MTH 321. Offered Fall, Spring.
MTH 440 Cr. 1
Experiences will include interpersonal written and oral communication and interdisciplinary exposure as well as opportunities to apply statistical knowledge in a broad variety of situations. Students will take part in consultations (i.e. extracting information, listening, asking appropriate questions), apply knowledge in experimental design, data modeling, use of statistical software, and/or sampling; diagnose and conduct appropriate statistical procedures and interpret and communicate results. Reading past and present literature on statistical consulting also will be required. Prerequisites: MTH 305 or 341 and written consent of the Statistical Consulting Center director. Repeatable for credit — maximum three. Offered Fall, Spring.
MTH 441 Cr. 3
Mathematical Statistics I
Review of discrete and continuous random variables. Moment generating functions, multivariate probability distributions, marginal and conditional probability distributions, functions of random variables, order statistics, Central Limit Theorem, point estimation and confidence intervals. Prerequisites: MTH 310 and 341. Offered Fall.
MTH 442 Cr. 3
Mathematical Statistics II
Methods of estimating, including method of moments and maximum likelihood. Sufficient statistics, hypothesis testing, power of tests, likelihood ratio tests and introduction to regression and analysis of variance. Prerequisite: MTH 441. Offered Spring.
MTH 443/543 Cr. 3
Categorical Data Analysis
An introduction to categorical data analysis covering summaries and inference for categorical response and count data, analysis of contingency tables, generalized linear models for binary and count data, logistic regression, multicategory logit models and loglinear models for contingency tables with an emphasis on applications and implementation using computer software. Prerequisite: MTH 305 or 341. Offered Fall, even-numbered years.
MTH 445/545 Cr. 3
Correlation and Regression Analysis
An introduction to simple linear regression, multiple regression, polynomial regression. Inferences, appropriateness of model, model diagnostics/adequacy, difficulties in the application of models are discussed. A computer package will be used. Course participants will be involved with hands-on statistical applications and consulting. Prerequisite: MTH 305 or 341. Offered Fall.
MTH 446/546 Cr. 3
Analysis of Variance and Design of Experiments
An introduction to single factor, multiple factor, and randomized block designs in analysis of variance. Inferences, appropriateness of model, model diagnostics/adequacy, difficulties in the application of models are discussed. Design or structure of an experiment will be discussed. A
computer package will be used. Course participants will be involved with hands-on statistical applications and consulting. Prerequisite: MTH 305 or 341. Offered Spring.
MTH 447/547 Cr. 3
An introductory course presenting the theory and procedures for using distribution-free methods in data analysis. Standard procedures, such as the Wilcoxon tests, Kruskal-Wallis, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, nonparametric confidence intervals, regression analysis, and powers of the tests will be included. Computer programs will be used when appropriate. Prerequisite: MTH 305 or 341. Offered Spring, even-numbered years.
MTH 448 Cr. 3
An introductory course which applies mathematics/statistics to management decision making. Included are methods of optimizing systems, inventory and production control, scheduling, game theory bidding, queuing, quality control, reliability and time series. Various programming, analysis and Monte Carlo techniques are introduced with the computer used as a tool where appropriate. Prerequisite: MTH 305 or 341. Offered Spring, odd-numbered years.
MTH 449/549 Cr. 3
Applied Multivariate Statistics
An introduction to applied multivariate statistical methods covering multivariate analysis of variance, multivariate analysis of covariance, repeated measures design, factor analysis, principle component analysis, cluster analysis, discriminate analysis, and multivariate regression. Course participants will be involved with hands-on statistical applications. Prerequisite: MTH 305 or 341. Offered Fall, odd-numbered years.
MTH/PHY 461 Cr. 3
In depth study of topics from vector analysis, Fourier analysis and special functions with emphasis on modeling physical phenomena involving conservative fields, fluid flow, heat conduction, and wave motion. Prerequisite: MTH 353. (Cross-listed with PHY; may only earn credit in MTH or PHY.) MTH 461 may be counted towards both a MTH and PHY major. Offered Spring, odd-numbered years.
MTH 480 Cr. 3
Studies in Applied Mathematics
Advanced studies of applications of mathematics and computation to solve problems and understand processes from a variety of fields (for example, industry, medicine and the physical and life sciences.) Requirements include an application/ modeling project with a written report and class presentation. Prerequisite: MTH 353. Offered Spring, even-numbered years.
MTH 495/595 Cr. 1-3
Special Topics in Mathematics
Special topics in mathematics not covered by regular courses taught in this department, such as topology, set theory and advanced numerical analysis. The particular topic is decided mutually by the students and the instructor. Prerequisite: written consent of the department chair. Repeatable for credit — maximum six. Offered occasionally.
MTH 496/596 Cr. 1-3
Special Topics in Statistics
Special topics in statistics not covered by regular courses taught in this department. The particular topic is decided by the instructor. Prerequisite: written consent of the department chair. Repeatable for credits – maximum six. Offered occasionally.
MTH 498 Cr. 1-3
Directed readings or presentation of material not available in formal departmental courses under the supervision of a faculty member. Prerequisite: written consent of the supervising faculty member and the department chair. Repeatable for credit — maximum six. Offered occasionally.
MTH 499 Cr. 1-3
An opportunity to pursue individual research topics under the direction of a faculty member. Depending on the nature of the research project, study is expected to involve substantial computational or theoretical work in addition to literature review and instruction. In addition to a written report to the supervising faculty member, expected outcomes may include: software, papers and presentations to the department and regional meetings. Prerequisite: written consent of the supervising faculty member and the department chair. Not applicable to a mathematics major or minor. Repeatable for credit — maximum six. Offered occasionally.