Parent Resources for Adapted Physical Education

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Listed below are several resources for parents of students with disabilities about adapted physical education, disability sport, and professional and advocacy organizations.


Adapted Physical Education Resources Adapted physical education teacher website that provides consultation, answers questions, and offers ideas for equipment.

Adaptive Aerobics: Advice and modifications for integrating persons of all abilities into an aerobics class/unit.

Adapted Physical Activity Council - American Alliance for Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD): American Association for Physical Activity and Recreation. Resources in adapted physical education.

California State Council on Adapted Physical Education: Provides resources on aspects of adapted physical education. Includes links to adapted physical education guidelines, position statements, and assessment tools.

Connecticut State Department of Education - Guidelines for Adapted Physical Education: Clarifies the importance of physical education for students with disabilities, as well as provides guidelines for the definition of the roles and responsibilities of an adapted physical educator.

Fairfax County Public Schools - Adapted Physical Education Profile: Provides the definition of adapted physical education as well as the definition of the continuum of services. Links are also provided for assessment procedures, and areas of focus used in the district.

Family Center on Technology and Disability (FCTD): Provides support to organizations and programs that work with families of children and youth with disabilities. They offer a range of information and services on assistive and instructional technologies.

Just for Kicks, Inc.: Provides consultation services for parents, educators, and coaches in setting up programs to meets individual needs of children with disabilities.

Maryland Learning Links: Provides information about adapted physical education for parents and professionals. Website has information regarding the special education law, scope of adapted physical education, as well as tips for parents and teachers.

Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education – Adapted Physical Education Q & A: Answers frequently asked questions about adapted physical education. 

National Center on Health, Physical Activity, and Disability (NCHPAD): Organization which collaborates with the nation’s leading health advocacy and disability organizations in linking them to the hundreds of program initiatives across the nation, to help build inclusion and integration into these existing programs.

National Consortium for Physical Education for Individuals with Disabilities (NCPEID): Promotes research, professional preparation, service delivery, and advocacy of Physical Education and Recreation for individuals with disabilities.

North Carolina State Department of Education- Adapted Physical Education: Explains the relationship between physical education and special education law for parents. Provides a brief explanation of adapted physical education.

Palaestra: A journal publication dedicated to adapted physical education/activity exercise, fitness, and sport topics.

PE Central - Adapted Physical Education: Provides information on teaching PE to students with disabilities.

PE Links 4 U: Access to monthly newsletter, and links to various resources such as activities, and organizations.

PE Links 4 U - Adapted Physical Education: Provides news articles and lesson plans related to adapted physical education.

Spark PE: Provides curriculum programs, support, and equipment resources.

Texas Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (TAHPERD) - Adapted Physical Education Manual of Best Practices: An APE manual that provides definitions of terms, resources, explains the history of APE, and gives suggestions for adapting activities.

Texas Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (TAHPERD) Adapted Physical Education Manual of Best Practices: An APE manual which defines definitions of terms, provides resources, explains the history of APE, and gives suggestions for adapting activities.

Texas Woman’s University – Project INSPIRE: Website which includes information on instructional techniques, inclusion strategies, health and safety issues, and sport organizations.

Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction - Physical Education for Children with Disabilities Q & A: Answers commonly asked questions regarding physical education requirements for children with disabilities.

Wrightslaw and Physical Education: Overview of IDEA 2004 requirements for physical education. Explanation of adapted physical education and provides links to resources and articles of interest for parents of children with disabilities.


Disability Sport Resources


Achilles International: Enables people with all types of disabilities to participate in mainstream athletics.

Active Amp: The online connection for amputees with an active lifestyle. Provides adaptive sports, news, contacts, and information links for amputees.

Adaptive Adventures: Provides outdoor sport opportunities for persons with physical disabilities and their families.

The Adaptive Adventure Sports Coalition (TAASC): Non-profit organization seeking to enhance the quality of life of people with disabilities through sports and recreation activities.

American Amputee Soccer Association: Non-profit association which promotes social interaction and self-confidence through soccer.

American Association of Adapted Sports Programs (AAASP): Works with education agencies to establish programs, policies, procedures, and regulations in interscholastic adapted sports for students with physical disabilities.

American Collegiate Society for Adapted Athletics (ACSAA): Non-profit organization which helps to further athletic opportunities for students with disabilities at the college level through tournaments.

American Special Hockey Association: Gives persons with developmental disabilities of all ages a chance to learn and play hockey.

Beep Kickball Association: Non-profit corporation which began organizing teams for beep kickball for persons with visual impairment as a lead up to beep baseball.

Blaze Sports America: Offers programs, training, education, certification, and technical assistance to those engaged in adaptive, disability and Paralympic sport.

Blind Sailing International: Recreational and competitive sailing for persons who are blind or vision impaired.

Blind Sports Organization: Information about tournaments for persons who are blind.

Camp Abilities: A one week sports camp for youth who are blind, visually impaired, and deaf-blind throughout the U.S.

Cerebral Palsy International Sports and Recreation Association (CPISRA): Mission to promote and develop the means by which people throughout the world can have access to opportunities for participation in sport and recreational activities.

Challenged Athletes Foundation (CAF): Charity which provides grants to athletes with physical disabilities.

Dare 2 Tri Paratriathlon Club: Club serving youth, adults, and injured service members who have a physical disability of all ability levels. Provides adaptive equipment, training, and support for athletes to participate in paratriathlons either individually or as part of a relay team.

Disabled Sports USA: A nonprofit organization which offers sports rehabilitation programs to anyone with a permanent disability. These sports include, winter skiing, water sports, and special sports events throughout the year.

Dwarf Athletic Association of America (DAAA): A non-profit organization created to promote, develop, and provide quality amateur level athletic competition.

Fishing Has No Boundaries, Inc.: Non-profit organization which helps to make the world of fishing more accessible to persons with disabilities.

Gliding Stars: Organization which provides adaptive ice skating programs for persons with disabilities of all ages.

Goalball: Team sport designed for blind athletes.

Great Lakes Adaptive Sports Association (GLASA): Promotes active development of persons with physical or visual impairments through inclusive recreational, fitness, and competitive sports.

Inclusive Fitness Coalition: Organization whose mission is to address the positive and negative personal, social, cultural, political, and economic factors which influence persons with disabilities participation in physical activity, fitness, sports, and recreation.

Independent Living Research Utilization- Directory of Sports Organizations for Athletes with Disabilities: Listing of various sport organizations available for persons with disabilities- from aquatics to weightlifting and everything in between. Information and descriptions on how to adapt water sports for persons with disabilities. Also provides links to product resources and sport organizations.

International Badminton Association for the Disabled: Organization responsible for developing, regulating and managing badminton and para-badminton at the international level. 

International Blind Sports Foundation: IBSA is a registered non-profit, public interest body in Spain, and are members of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), where they are the legitimate representatives of sport for the blind. 

International Sports Federation for Persons with an Intellectual Disability (INAS-FID): Global organization that promotes inclusion through sport and is a member of the International Paralympic Committee representing intellectual disability. 

International Sports Organization of the Deaf: Promotes sports for Deaf athletes without discrimination. The Deaflympics were created to give athletes who are Deaf to compete on the international stage. 

Kids in Disability Sports, Inc.: Sports and recreation programs for kids with disabilities. Lakeshore Foundation: Non-profit organization which provides programming to live an active lifestyle for persons with disabilities.

Lakeshore Foundation: Non-profit organization which provides programming to live an active lifestyle for persons with disabilities.

Little League Baseball & Softball- Challenger Division: Enables youth with physical and mental disabilities ages 4-18 (or up to 22 if still enrolled in high school) to participate in the game of baseball.

Michigan Adaptive Sports: A member of Disabled Sports USA organization which offers sports, recreation, and physical fitness opportunities for persons with disabilities.

Minnesota Adapted Athletics Association: Provides youth with disabilities the opportunity to enjoy the benefits of participating in high school sports programs. 

Miracle League: Provides opportunities for children with disabilities to play baseball.

NARHA (North American Riding for the Handicapped Association): Non-profit organization which provides equestrian activities and therapies for individuals with special needs.

National Alliance for Accessible Golf: Works to increase golf participation for persons with disabilities.

National Beep Baseball Association: Baseball for individuals with visual impairments. Contains information about the game and teams. 

National Consortium for Physical Education for Individuals with Disabilities (NCPEID): Promotes research, professional preparation, service delivery, and advocacy of Physical Education and Recreation for individuals with disabilities. 

National Disability Sports Alliance (NDSA): Community based organization that is the national governing body for competitive sports for individuals with cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury, and stroke survivors. NDSA helps individuals with disabilities participate in competitive sports. 

National Sports Center for the Disabled (NSCD): NSCD offers a variety of year-round sports and recreational adventures such as alpine skiing, snowboarding, cross-country skiing, indoor soccer, lacrosse, rock climbing, and horseback riding. 

National Wheelchair Basketball Association: Provides qualified individuals with physical disabilities the opportunity to play, learn and compete in the sport of wheelchair basketball. Over 200 basketball teams consisting of men’s, women’s intercollegiate and youth teams across the U.S. and Canada. 

Outdoors for All Foundation: Non-profit organization which provides instruction year round in outdoor recreation for person with developmental, physical, and sensory disabilities.

Riding Opportunities Promoting Exceptional Riders (R.O.P.E.R): Provides equestrian opportunities for person with disabilities.

Sail to Prevail: Adaptive sailing program for persons with physical and developmental disabilities.

Shooting 4 Disabled: Website with information about target shooting for persons with or without disabilities. 

Skating Association for the Blind and Handicapped (SABAH): SABAH’s mission is to challenge individuals with special needs and volunteer partners to experience the success, pride, freedom and joy of therapeutic ice-skating while achieving personal growth. 

Special Olympics: Provides opportunities worldwide for year-round sports training and athletic competition in a variety of Olympic-type sports for children and adults with intellectual disabilities. 

Sports ‘n Spokes: Magazine for Wheelchair Sports and Recreation. 

The First Tee: Youth golf development program serving children with physical and learning disabilities, vision impairment, and paralysis.

U.S. Deaf Sports Federation: National athletic association which coordinates the participation of persons who are deaf or hard of hearing in international sport competition.

U.S. Handcycling: Non-profit association which works with local and regional cycling events to create an environment that is welcoming to athletes with disabilities.In conjunction with the Paralympic Committee and USA Cycling, organizes and conducts Para-cycling competitions at major cycling events nationwide.

U.S. Paralympics: Through education, sports programs and partnerships with community organizations, medical facilities and government agencies, U.S. Paralympics is making a difference in the lives of thousands of people with physical and visual disabilities every day. You can also find information about the athletes and upcoming event schedules. 

U.S. Power Soccer Association: Governing body for Power Soccer in the U.S. It is the first team sport designed for persons who use power wheelchairs.

U.S. Quad Rugby Association: Provides opportunity, support, and structure for competitive wheelchair rugby to persons with disabilities.

U.S.A. Swimming: Resources, videos, and disability articles related to swimming.

U.S.A. Waterski: Competitive adapted water skiing for persons with disabilities.

United States Association of Blind Athletes (USABA): Organization which provides various competitive sports opportunities for persons who are blind or visually impaired.

University of Wisconsin-Whitewater- Wheelchair Athletics: Men’s and Women’s Collegiate Wheelchair Basketball programs provide summer camps and demonstrations for raising awareness.

Wheelchair Sports Federation: National non-profit organization that provides opportunities for person who use wheelchairs to play sports recreationally and competitively. The Wheelchair Sports Federation is one of the first organizations to provide adaptive athletes with the opportunity to participate in a multitude of Adaptive Sports.

Wheelchair Sports, USA (WSUSA): Provides recreation and multi-sport opportunities for person with visual and physical disabilities.

Wilderness Inquiries: Provides outdoor adventure trips for persons with and without disabilities.

World T.E.A.M.: Non-profit organization which brings individuals with and without disabilities together to experience unique athletic events to encourage, promote, and develop opportunities in sports for all people. 


Professional and Advocacy Organization Resources


American Council of the Blind: The Council strives to increase the independence, security, equality of opportunity, and quality of life for all blind and visually-impaired people.

Angelman Syndrome Foundation: Promotes awareness and treatment of Angelman syndrome via education, research and support to families.

The Arc: Advocacy group which promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supports their full inclusion and participation in the community throughout their lifetimes. Legal rights, quality of life, and life in the community position statements are provided. 

Attention Deficit Disorder Association: Provides information, networking, and resources to adults with ADHD and those that work with them to generate greater awareness. 

Autism Society of America: Seeks to raise public awareness about the daily issues faced by persons with autism and provides latest information on treatments, education, research, and advocacy.

Autism Speaks: Leading autism science and advocacy organization which is dedicated to funding research into the causes, prevention, treatments and a cure for autism; increasing awareness of autism spectrum disorders; and advocating for the needs of individuals with autism and their families. 

Children and Adults with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD): Nonprofit organization which provides advocacy, education, publishes a variety of printed materials on current research and treatments, and support for individuals with ADHD.

Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation: Nonprofit organization dedicated to curing spinal cord injury by funding research, and improving the quality of life for people living with paralysis.

Council for Exceptional Children: Organizations which advocates for appropriate government policies, sets professional standards, advocates for underserved individuals with exceptionalities, and provides professional development. Contains information on disability programs and services in communities nationwide. 

Down Syndrome: Health Issues: News and information about health issues associated with Down syndrome for parents and professionals.

Down Syndrome Education International: Improves the education for children with Down syndrome through research and provides families with resources and services.

Foundation for Angelman Syndrome Therapeutics: Organization of professionals and families dedicated to finding a cure through research and advocacy.

IDEA Partnership: Organization which collaborates with technical assistance providers as well as agencies at the national, state and local level. The partnership community is committed to advancing the connections among research, policy and practice.

Indiana University at Bloomington- National Center on Accessibility: The leading authority on access issues pertaining to park and recreation facilities and programs.

International Federation of Adapted Physical Activity: International professional organization which promotes and disseminates information about adapted physical activity, disability sport, and other aspects of sport and movement which benefit persons who require adaptations to enable their participation.

Learning Disabilities Association of America: Mission to create opportunities for success for all individuals with learning disabilities. 

Learning Disabilities Online: Seeks to help children and adults reach their potential by providing up to date information and advice about learning disabilities and ADHD.

Lighthouse International: Helps with the fight against vision loss, provides assistance, and schools for children with visual impairments.

Muscular Dystrophy Association of USA: Nonprofit health agency which advocates and funds research for treatments for MDA and ALS. 

National Association of the Deaf: Organization dedicated to promoting, protecting, and preserving the rights and quality of life of deaf and hard of hearing individuals. 

National Association for Down Syndrome: Provides support to families through Parent Support Program, Mentoring Program and Work Experience Program to the Chicago area. NADS also offers publications, products, and information about Down syndrome. 

National Center for Learning Disability (NCLD): NCLD provides information to professionals, parents, and individuals with learning disabilities, promotes research and programs for effective learning. 

National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY): Serves the U.S. as a national resource of information on disabilities in infants, toddlers, children, and youth. Provides easy-to-read information on IDEA, the law authorizing early intervention services and special education. State Resource Sheets will help connect with the disability agencies and organizations in your state.

National Down Syndrome Society: Seeks to benefit persons with Down Syndrome through leadership, education, research, and advocacy.

National Foundation for Blind Children: Provides a forum for ideas and projects for service professionals and caregivers to support children who are blind or visually impaired.

National Fragile X Foundation: Provides resources, research and treatment for Fragile X Syndrome.

National Spinal Cord Injury Association: Organization whose mission is to improve the quality of life of all people living with a spinal cord injury or disease. They provide active-lifestyle information, peer support and advocacy to empower individuals to achieve their highest potential in all facets of life.

National Therapeutic Recreation Society: Specializes in therapeutic recreation services for persons with disabilities.

One Place for Special Needs: Links to various topics for special needs- from disability information to resources for life skills to family activities.

Osteogenesis Imperfecta Foundation: Provides research, education, and raises awareness for osteogenesis imperfecta.

Parent Project Muscular Dystrophy: Largest nonprofit organization focused solely on Duchenne. Advocates, raises awareness, and funds research for the fight against Duchenne’s Muscular Dystrophy.

President’s Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition: Promotes programs and initiatives which motivate people of all ages and abilities to lead a healthy and active lifestyle.

Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago: Provides research and education for the recovery of individuals.

Special Education News: Online newspaper about current issues and IEP tips for parents of children receiving special education services. 

Spina Bifida Association of America: Promotes the prevention of spina bifida and enhances the lives of those affected.

TASH- Individuals with Significant Disabilities: International leader in disability advocacy by advocating for human rights and inclusion of persons with significant disabilities and support needs. 

Tourette Syndrome Association: Nonprofit organization offering resources, programs, and education to help persons with Tourette’s.

United Cerebral Palsy: Provides education, advocacy, and support services to ensure a life without limits for people with a spectrum of disabilities.

United Cerebral Palsy Smart Brief: Newsletter from United Cerebral Palsy. UCP educates advocates and provides support services to ensure a life without limits for people with a spectrum of disabilities.

United Spinal Association: Provides resources, programs, and services to enable persons with spinal cord injury or disease to live the life they choose.

U.S. Department of Education – Building the Legacy: IDEA 2004: Resources and information pertaining to IDEA 2004.

Williams Syndrome Association: Provides support, resources, and medical information for families.

Wrightslaw: information and resources on special education law, education law, and advocacy. Search through the advocacy and law libraries to find answers to dozens of topics including IDEA.