born in India, studied law in London, practiced in S. Africa, used nonviolent
methods to obtain rights for Indians and blacks. Used nonviolent protest in
India to change the cast system and rid it of the British.
Ida B. Wells
Barnett (1865-1931) Mississippi black women freed with her parents
after the war. Became a teacher and part owner of a newspaper. Wrote about
unfair laws against blacks. When the paper was burned because of her views,
she moved to NY and continued her fight. Her cry was No More Lynching.
(1936-1996) born in Houston, TX went to Boston and got her law degree.
Practiced law in Houston. First black and first female elected to Texas state
senate. Elected to U.S. Congress. Was part of impeachment committee for
Mother Jones (1830-1930)
born in Cork, Ireland, immigrated to Canada. Trained as a dressmaker
and teacher. Moved to Memphis and married George Jones who died with her 4
children in yellow fever epidemic. Became a fearless crusader for rights of
American laborers. Known as miners angel.
(1879-1935) born in Indian Territory in Oklahoma, worked as a cowboy where he
learned rope tricks. Dropped out of school but continued to read and think
and talk to smart people. Star of Broadway and movies, radio broadcaster,
newspaper columnist, friend of Presidents, senators, kings. Wrote 6 books,
traveled the world. Died in a plane crash.
(1878-1931) from a poor black family in Indianaplis, he became bicycle racing
star at 13. Became a professional at 18. Encountered much prejudice in the
all white bicycle races, but became the fastest rider in the world. Was
popular and successful in Europe where he beat Francs champion.. Retired
in1910. Financial difficulties followed him the rest of his life.
(1866-1955) First African American to travel to North Pole. Was with Robert
Peary. His role was ignored by the press. Parents died when he was very
young; he worked on his own starting at age 13; worked on sailing ships;
traveled to Nicaragua in 1888 as a servant to explorers looking for a place
for a canal.
(1821-1912) teacher in Massachusetts, organized help for the wounded in
Washington D.C. during the Civil War. After the war set up an office to locate
families of the dead. Traveled to Europe. Learned about the Geneva
Convention of 1864. Returned home in 1873 and began to fight to get
government to set up Red Cross in the U.S., then became its first president.
(1867-1934) scientist who discovered Radium and Radon. Born in Poland,
studied in Paris, married Pierre Curie. Nobel Prize in Chemistry and Physics.
Visited U.S. in 1921 & 1929, met Pres. Harding and Hoover.
(1879-1955) born in Germany, Jewish family, lived in Italy, studied then
taught in Switzerland. Scientist who won Noble Prize. Known for his formula
E = Mc. Became a U.S. citizen. Died in Princeton, New Jersey.
(1847-1931) scientist born in Ohio, moved to Michigan. Became partially
deaf. Worked as a telegrapher and began experimenting. By 23 was considered
the best electrical inventor in the country. Moved to NY then New Jersey.
Many inventions phonograph, light bulb, 1,093 U.S patents.
(1858-1919) hunter, outdoorsman, soldier, Governor of New York,
vice-president, president. Responsible for building the Panama Canal. Nobel
(1856-1924) President of Princeton University, Governor of New Jersey,
President from 1913-1921, League of Nations and 14 Points.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
(1890-1969) General and President. Born in TX, grew up in Kansas, graduated
from West Point. Served in WW I and WW II. Was Supreme Commander of American
Marshall (1880-1959) born in Pennsylvania, became a soldier,
general, statesman, served FDR and Truman. Formulated the plan to rebuild
Europe Marshall Plan.
Harry S. Truman
(1884 1972) born in Missouri, he was a farmer, soldier, businessman,
senator, vice president and president. Only 20th century president without a
college degree. Known for saying The Buck Stops Here.
(1880-1973) born in Montana, was a teacher, seamstress, social worker, First
woman elected to Congress. Only person to vote against WW I and WW II. Went
to India to study Gandhi.
(1898-1978) Russian Jew, educated in U.S., went to Palestine, one of signers
of Israels Proclamation of Independence, Prime Minister of Israel 1969-1973.
(1868-1926) first woman at Oxford University (England), traveled throughout
the Middle East, became a British spy in WW I. Drew the boundaries for the
new country of Iraq. Helped choose its first ruler.
(1917-1984) friend of Mahandas Gandhi, she worked for independence for India,
was a lawyer; became Prime Minister of India; was assassinated by 2 members of
her security guard.
(1940-1980) English singer and songwriter; member of the Beatles; Moved to New
York; wrote songs promoting peace.
Martin Luther King Jr.
(1929-1968) born in Georgia to a family of ministers; became a minister and
studied nonviolent revolutionary methods of Gandhi; led protest against unjust
laws and rules for blacks; assassinated.
John F. Kennedy (
1917-1963) born in Mass., served in the Navy during WW II. Elected to
Congress; won a Pulitzer prize for his first book; elected President.
(1884-1962) wife mother, advisor to her President husband, journalist, radio
commentator, author, called by some the most dangerous woman in America.
(1874 1965) Military leader in England, wrote many books, fought in Boer War
in Africa, elected to House of Commons, Prime Minister of England during WW