Archaeology and Anthropology

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Archaeological Field Schools

At UW-L, we firmly believe that it is important for students to gain hands-on experience in the methods and techniques of archaeological field research.  Therefore, the Archaeological Studies Program currently offers two opportunities for students to acquire basic field experience in archaeological excavation; one locally based in the La Crosse area, and an international field school based in Bolivia.  Information about our local and international field schools can be found below.

We are also in the process of developing an opportunity for students with prior archaeological training and experience to gain additional archaeological field experience through participation in a research project in Egypt being conducted by one of our Archaeology faculty.  Information on this project be forthcoming as the program develops.

In addition to those field schools offered by UW-L, our students have participated in archaeological field schools around the globe.  We work closely with students to help them find a field school in a region appropriate to their research interests, as well as to help ensure that the field school they choose provides them with a high quality learning experience.  In the past, students have attended field schools in England, Ireland, Italy, Greece, Israel, Turkey, Syria, Peru, and Belize, as well as many other national and international locations.

Local Field School

Traditionally, each summer, the Archaeological Studies Program offers an archaeological field school based in the greater La Crosse area. The local field school is a 6 credit course typically running four days a week for a period of 5-6 weeks and is offered from late May through June.  This course involves the practical application of the basic skills used in the excavation of archaeological sites including survey techniques, methods of surface collection and excavation, compilation of field data, and laboratory processing and analysis.  It includes hiking, digging with shovels and trowels, screening dirt, carrying equipment and artifact bags, and the careful completion of field notes. 

Shoveling at Field School

In the summer of 2009, our local field school conducted excavations approximately nine miles north of campus at two prehistoric period Oneota Culture Native American sites in Onalaska, Wisconsin.  Our excavations revealed extensive remains of former habitation dating to ca. 1400 A.D.  In addition to a large assemblage of lithic and ceramic artifacts, and faunal remains, our excavations uncovered over 300 features, primarily storage pits which had been reused as refuge pits. 

Students who participated in the field school received training in a variety of field methods.  At the beginning of the field school a controlled surface collection of one of the site areas was conducted.  Students learned how to establish a large collection grid of individual 5 x 5 meter collection units, as well as the use of computerized survey equipment for the recording of horizontal and vertical provenience information.  Following the surface collection, a variety of techniques were employed to investigate the subsurface remains.  These included the hand excavation of test units, mechanical removal of the plowzone, as well as the hand excavation of individual features.  Students learned to record information about the excavations using traditional note taking on paper forms, graph paper and in notebooks, as well as by using hand held computers, a methodology increasingly being used in archaeology.

Besides learning the methods employed to recover archaeological data in the field, all the students received training in the basic steps involved in processing and analyzing the materials in the laboratory.  In addition to rain days when the entire crew worked in the lab, each student spent at least one other day in the archaeology lab on campus processing and analyzing the artifacts they had just helped to excavate in the field.

At UW-L we believe that one way in which students learn the most is through teaching other students.  Therefore, in addition to our faculty instructor on the field school, student field supervisory positions are available on our field schools.  These field supervisors are advanced students in the Archaeological Studies Program who have previously attended field school and have demonstrated a good working knowledge of skills involved in archaeological fieldwork.

To see additional photographs from this past summer's local field school, click here.

During our local summer field school, we feel it is important for students to be exposed to archaeological remains other than those they are excavating through field trips to archaeological sites in the greater Upper Mississippi Valley region.  In 2009, we visited Effigy Mounds National Monument, the excavation of an historic period archaeological site being conducted by MVAC in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, as well as Larson Cave, a prehistoric period cave art site on private property in southwestern Wisconsin.

International Field Schools

Tanzania Field School

 

Bolivia Field School

The archaeological field school in Bolivia is a 4-week, 6 credit course offered from May through June every other year. Unlike most other summer courses, student involvement in this course is virtually every waking hour of every single day. This course involves the practical application of the basic skills used in the excavation of archaeological sites including survey techniques, methods of surface collection and excavation, compilation of field data, and laboratory processing and analysis. It includes hiking, digging with shovels, pick axes, and trowels, screening dirt, carrying equipment and artifact bags, and careful paperwork, to name a few of the tasks students engage in.

Students screening depositsThe field school is based near the village of Parotani located west of the city of Cochabamba, Bolivia. The Pirque Alto site is the focus of the field school. The site contains occupations dating from 2000 B.C. through Inca times and our excavations focus on the Formative and Tiwanaku periods. The Formative Period (ca. 2000 B.C. through A.D. 200) saw the establishment of the very first villages in the Andes, and the subsequent Tiwanaku Period represents the time during which the complex civilization of Tiwanaku reached beyond its altiplano heartland into distant regions, including Cochabamba. Our excavations reveal large quantities of pottery, stone tools, human remains, animal bones and charred plant remains, as well as traces of architectural and domestic features. The focus of the field school is to train students in the skills of archaeological field work, including mapping, surface survey, hand excavation with shovels and trowels, screening, and the critical importance of recording excavations through paper work.

Excavating in BoliviaIn addition to training in archaeological field methods, students spend time in the major Bolivian cities of La Paz and Cochabamba, where they visit interesting cultural and historical landmarks as well as museums containing collections of ethnographic and archaeological significance. During their stay in Bolivia, students also visit important archaeological sites associated with ancient Andean civilizations, foremost among these will be the ancient monumental center of Tiwanaku. 

Finally, students learn firsthand about Bolivian culture by working in an indigenous village, observing and taking part in community activities (festivals, market days, etc.), and working closely with Bolivian archaeologists and local villagers hired to assist in excavations. Thus, students gain a great deal more than exposure to the methods implemented by archaeologists in the field. Students live and work in a third world country and are exposed to a rich and diverse cultural landscape composed of indigenous Quechua and Aymara populations.

Anthropological Field Opportunities

For our Anthropology students, we provide hands-on experiences in ethnographic methods and participant observations in a variety of ways. Most of our courses include short assignments and projects that give students practice in observing and taking notes of people's behaviors. 

Students gain more formal training through our methods course, ANT 401 Ethnographic Methods, as well as through ethnographic field schools taught by our faculty, or through another university.

International Opportunities

Bolivia Ethnographic Field School

Cochabamba, Bolivia

HippertAre you looking for an international experience that will give you an opportunity to be completely immersed in a different culture and conduct your own research project on a topic of your choice?  Then the Ethnographic Field School in Cochabamba, Bolivia may be just what you are looking for to round out your studies here at UWL.  This is a 6 credit, 4 week field school that takes place at the same time as the UWL Archaeological Field School in Cochabamba.  Students who elect to do ethnography in the field engage in a variety of activities that are scheduled every day while they are in Bolivia, including completing 4 weeks of intensive one-one-one Spanish and/or Quechua language instruction.  Quechua, the language of the Incas, is spoken by 10 million residents in the Andes today, and the field school is a rare opportunity for UWL students to learn this language and to speak it with indigenous agriculturalists in rural Bolivia.  Weekend activities include group excursions to the Amazonian jungles of Bolivia, to regional archaeological ruins, and to local cultural events.  Students’ research projects are supervised by Dr. Hippert, who works on her own research examining rural community development and ethnic identity.  Ethnography students from UWL engage in some activities related to Dr. Hippert’s research in order to become acquainted with rural Andean life, but the bulk of their time in Bolivia will be spent doing their own research.  In order to apply to the Ethnographic Field School, students should have an idea about what aspects of Bolivian culture they might be interested in researching.  Dr. Hippert teaches a course called Andean Anthropology (ANT 290), and taking this course is essential for ethnography students in order to design a culturally relevant research project.

 The joint Ethnographic/Archaeological Field School is designed in part to give students a better understanding of the importance of the 4-field approach in anthropology.  They are very few field schools providing this kind of experience, so we’re pleased to offer this exciting opportunity at UWL.  Our first field school returned from Cochabamba in June 2009, and it was a great success.  If you have any questions and want to learn about the Ethnographic Field School at UWL, please contact Dr. Hippert (hippert.chri@uwlax.edu).

 Ethnographic Field School

 

 

Dominican Republic Service-Learning Program

 

 

Prague Interdisciplinary Study Abroad Program

"Culture and Politics in Prague" in a 4-week summer program led by our own Dr. Elizabeth Peacock and Dr. Regina Goodnow (UWL political science faculty). This interdisciplinary program is a great way for anthropology students to learn more about the effects of the socialist period on the contemporary lives of people living in Eastern Europe. The program integrates course topics and activities to provide students with multiple perspectives on modern political, social, economic, and cultural concerns, all while experiencing daily life in Prague. In addition to class meetings, there are excursions to local sites including tours of the Jewish Quarter and a bomb shelter, visits to
the Museum of Communism and the Ethnographic Museum, and a trip to a local NGO. Course assignments often include students keeping a journal in which they reflect upon their experiences, and mini-activities that encourage students to experience local culture. The program includes two upper- division courses (6 credits) that count as electives at UWL in anthropology, political science, international studies, and the Russian certificate.