Health professions exploration
Just like choosing a major, choosing a health profession can be a process. This process requires students to explore health careers and ask themselves key questions. Two significant questions to ask yourself are "is a career in the health field right for me?" and "What specific role within the health care field is most suitable for myself?"
Choose the Right Health Profession for Yourself
There are a number of health professions that people are familiar with. For example nurses, pharmacists, and dentists. There may be just as many health professions that you are not familiar with or have never heard of, e.g, Clinical Laboratory Scientist, Community Health Educator, Audiologist, Diagnostic Medical Sonographer. There are multiple things that you can do as a student to see which health care role may best suit you.
- Evaluate whether a health career is actually the right path for you. ExploreHealthCareers.org poses several key questions that you should ask yourself.
- Participate in a job shadow. This may provide you with a glimpse of the routine duties of a health professional.
- Enroll in HP 106, Introduction to Health Related Careers. This is an elective course that allows students to gain exposure to some health professions. The course should also help students learn of resources and tools that enable them to make informed decisions about their career choice.
- Research health careers online. The Occupational Outlook Handbook and similar websites can help you to understand the basic tasks, required education & training, job outlook, etc. for specific health professions.
- Volunteer or work in a healthcare setting. This may expose you to a number of health care professionals.
- Evaluate the advancement opportunities within the careers that you are considering. This information might be gained via a job shadow or online research.
- Determine if you want to be involved in direct patient care vs. indirect patient care (e.g., health administrator, health information, etc.).
Training for Health Professions
Health professionals have to attain a certain level of education and training in order to be certified to practice in their field. The level of education & training needed varies by occupation. Thus, understanding the level of education and training that you are willing to complete, may help you to decide which professions are desirable.
- Certificate programs - Certain health professionals may only need a post secondary certificate to practice. Example professions include Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA), Emergency Medical Technician (EMT), & Phlebotomist.
- Associate degree programs - These degree programs are commonly offered at technical colleges and are typically two years in length. Example programs include Nursing, Respiratory Therapy, and Dental Hygiene.
- Bachelor degree programs - Some students are able to major in a four-year health program and then sit for their certifying examination upon graduation. These programs typically require students to complete prerequisite courses and apply for admission. Example programs include Clinical Laboratory Science, Therapeutic Recreation, Dietetics, and Nursing.
- Master degree programs - To practice professionally in some health professions, it will be necessary to complete both a bachelor's degree and a Master's degree (typically two years in length). Example professionals include Occupational Therapists, Physician Assistants and Speech Language Pathologists (sometimes called speech therapists).
- Doctoral degree programs - Some professional programs in this area require the completion of a bachelor's degree and required prerequisites prior to entry, while other programs may only require the completion of required prerequisites and a specified number of undergraduate credits for entry. These programs may range from three to four years in length. Example professionals include Physical Therapists (DPT, Doctor of Physical Therapy), Pharmacists (Pharm.D, Doctor of Pharmacy), and Audiologists (Au.D, Doctor of Audiology).
Profile of Students Entering Pre-professional Health Programs
When pursuing admission to most health programs, you may find that it can be quite competitive. Thus it will take a lot of effort on your part, to be a successful applicant. Admission to some programs may be based solely on academic performance, while other programs may use multiple factors for a more holistic approach. Here are some common admission factors. Please visit individual institutions for their specific selection criteria.
- Grades - A crucial factor for entry is often your cumulative G.P.A. Grades in required prerequisite science classes are equally as important.
- Test scores - Scores on standardized tests such as the GRE, MCAT, PCAT, etc., are often used in the admission process for graduate level health programs.
- Healthcare experiences - Healthcare experiences may be used to establish your knowledge and commitment to the field that you are preparing to enter.
- Letters of recommendation - Faculty members may be asked to speak about both your academic and personal attributes.
- Out-of-class experiences - Your involvement in student organizations, community service, volunteer experiences, work, and other life experiences may speak to your personal qualities.
- Communication skills - Believe or not, your written and interpersonal communication skills are being evaluated via your application materials and interviews.
Online Career Research
- Occupational Outlook Handbook
- Wisconsin AHEC Health Information Center
- Careers in Psychology
Find Accredited Health Programs
- Accredited Schools and Academic programs - ExploreHEALTHCareers.org
UW-La Crosse offers health programs at both the undergraduate and graduate level. In addition, UWL also offers Pre-professional health programs as a way for students to prepare for graduate/professional health programs both at UWL and outside of UWL.
Pre Occupational Therapy
Pre-Physician Assistant Studies
Note: Pre-professional programs at UWL are not academic programs that lead to a degree. They simply outline the academic requirements that you will typically need to apply to graduate level health programs. To earn your degree at UWL, you will have to complete an undergraduate major in addition to your Pre-professional program.
Question: What major gives me the "best" chance at entering a professional health program?
Answer: The truth is, there simply is not a right answer to this question. Professional health programs typically do not advocate for any specific undergraduate major, so your goal should be to choose a major that is "best" for you. While students pursuing professional health careers may lean towards majors in the biological or physical sciences, students that perform well in prerequisite science coursework can enter professional health programs from a variety of academic majors.
Required Pre-professional coursework can be completed in conjunction with any UW-L undergraduate major, so the the key to answering this question is identifying undergraduate majors that offer coursework that you are most interested in learning about. Other things to consider is whether the majors on your "short list" give you the best chance for academic success with (grades really do matter for health programs) and provide you with alternative career options if your career interests change over time.
Question: What can I do to make myself good candidate when applying to professional health programs? (Adapted from Colorado State University Health Professions Advising)
Answer: Regardless of the major that you choose, students planning to enter professional health programs should satisfy these "ABCs" as an undergraduate.
- Academics: Achieve a strong overall GPA as well as strong grades in appropriate science, math, and elective coursework.
- Background: Participate in experiences that demonstrate compassion, leadership, and communication. This can be research, volunteer, and community service experiences.
- Confirming Clinical Experience: Confirm you commitment to the health field via volunteer and/paid experiences in health related fields, shadowing and informational interviews with health professionals, and involvement with health related student organizations.