Department of Psychology:  Resources for Inclusive Excellence

Why Bother with IE?

All students should know more about populations unlike themselves, but a diverse student body can pose intellectual challenges that benefit all students (see, for example, Mitchell J. Chang, et al. "The Educational Benefits of Sustaining Cross-Racial Interaction among Undergraduates." Journal of Higher Education 77, no. 3 (May 2006): 430-455).  Because of the breadth and variety of careers psychology majors pursue after college, the diversity goals for teaching and learning in psychology increase.

Differences in Terminology

A "stereotype" in psychology often refers to a single characteristic (e.g. that Asians are good at math).  In other disciplines, stereotypes are a constellation of characteristics embedded in a time and place (e.g., the "coolie" is not the same as the "model minority").  That difference suggests another difference in terminology:  a "primary source" is not defined the same way across disciplines.    


Vasquez, M., Lott, B., García-Vázquez, E., Grant, S., Iwamasa, G., Molina, L., et al. (2006). Personal reflections: Barriers and strategies in increasing diversity in psychology. American Psychologist, 61(2), 157-172.

Curriculum Infusion/Prejudice Reduction

Ahmed, B. (2008). Teaching critical psychology of ‘race’ issues: problems in promoting anti-racist practice. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 18(1), 54-67.

Swim, J., Mallett, R., Russo-Devosa, Y., & Stangor, C. (2005). JUDGMENTS OF SEXISM: A COMPARISON OF THE SUBTLETY OF SEXISM MEASURES AND SOURCES OF VARIABILITY IN JUDGMENTS OF SEXISM. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 29(4), 406-411.   Psychology students are likely to view traditional gender beliefs as "more sexist" than "modern" sexist beliefs.

Fletcher, A., & Russell, S. (2001). Incorporating Issues of Sexual Orientation in the Classroom: Challenges and Solutions. Family Relations, 50(1), 34-40.

NOLAND, R., BASS, M., KEATHLEY, R., & MILLER, R. (2009). Is a Little Knowledge a Good Thing? College Students Gain Knowledge, but Knowledge Increase Does not Equal Attitude Change Regarding Same-Sex Sexual Orientation and Gender Reassignment Surgery in Sexuality Courses. American Journal of Sexuality Education, 4(2), 139-157.  Order through ILLIAD.

Jamie Chamberlain, "Exploring the world," Monitor on Psychology 39:  10 (November 2008)  Examines service-learning trips and other types of travel-study.

Scholarship of Teaching and Learning Journals by discipline:

In addition to the more obvious approach of adding materials written by or about particular populations or projects or papers about diversity-related issues, you might also consider a topical thread running through several courses or structuring a program.  Obvious choices include stereotypes or sexuality, but topics like intelligence also offer a critical subject for examining stereotypes about a number of historically marginalized populations while simultaneously normalizing difference.  Another thread could be projects that use psychology to inform public policy (APA's student learning outcomes include this).  See the APA Public Interest Directorate:

Transformation of Knowledge

CONNELL, R. (2008). A Thousand Miles from Kind: Men, Masculinities and Modern Institutions. Journal of Men's Studies, 16(3), 237-252.

Valsiner, J. (2009). Integrating Psychology within the Globalizing World: A Requiem to the Post-Modernist Experiment with Wissenschaft. Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science, 43(1), 1-21.