the Leaves: Next, we have
to prepare the leaves we're going to tie on. To repeat what was stated above, outer stalks were left
upright while inner stalks were tied upside down.
When tying leaf ends to the foundation twine, the tip of one outer stalk
placed inside the concave, or scooped-out, surface of the base of an inner stalk, forming a pair.
Arranging cattail leaves this way is not necessary and may be too
complicated for the first time making mat. You can work up to making
pairs this way, which is the best way to arrange them if the mat is really
to be used on the outside of a structure.
Leaves: For the next
steps, refer to the pictures to the left. For the first row, hold a pair of leaves
in the left hand with
their concave, or scooped-out, surfaces facing you.
As you hold the pair of leaves in hand, pass the basswood cord forward and over the pairs, creating a loose loop.
Then lay the pairs behind the foundation twine (Figure 1).
Next, fold the ends of the cattail leaves over the twine
and tuck the ends inside the loop made from the basswood cordage (Figure
Then pull the basswood cord tight (See Figure 3).
Tie the second pair in a similar way - but reversed.
Now when you hold the leaves in your left hand, the concave sides
should face away from you. Loop the basswood twine
as before, but now hold the pair of leaves over the foundation twine. Fold the ends
over the the twine and again tucked them into the
basswood loop (Figure 4). Finally,
pull the cord tight and secure the cattail leaves to the foundation twine.
Pulling the cord tight also squeezes the two pairs together and gets rid
Then just repeat the process, alternating which way the concave
side faces and whether the leaf ends are folded forward or backward over