Information Systems - Related Terms

Hardware
Software
Telecommunications/Networks
Popular IT-related reference web sites
O'Brien textbook web site (key terms and definitions):

Hardware:

Adapters/Cards:

Plug-and-Play, NIC, Video Cards

Buses:

PCI, SCSI, PCMCIA

Data Storage:

Bit, Byte, Raid, Optical disks (CD, DVD), Floppy Disk, Zip Disk, Hard Disk, Track, Sector, Cylinder, Cluster, FAT, Fragmentation

Hardware Companies:

IBM, Intel, Sun,

Input Devices:

Digital Camera, Optical Mouse

Integrated Circuits(ICs):

MSI (medium-scale integration), LSI (large-scale integration), VLSI (very large-scale integration), ULSI (ultra large-scale integration)

Memory:

RAM, ROM, CMOS, Buffer, Cache

Microprocessors:

CPU, MHZ, CPU Time, Intel Chip (8088-present)

Monitors:

Dot Pitch, Pixel, Resolution, Flat Panel Display LCD Display

Motherboards:

BIOS

Networking Hardware:

Hub, Router, Switch, Repeater

Printers:

DPI, Laser, Ink-Jet

Others:

Serial Interface, Parallel Interface

Software:

File sharing programs:

Morpheus, Gnutella, Napster

Graphic software:

CAD/CAM,

Object-oriented programming:

Object, Class, Instance, Encapsulation, Abstraction, Inheritance

System software:

Operating System, Compiler, API, Interpreter

Software companies:

Microsoft, Borland, IBM, Oracle, Sun, Novell

Anti-virus programs:

Norton Anti-Virus

Web browsers:

Microsoft Internet Explorer, Netscape Navigator

Other:

Shareware, Software Piracy

Telecommunications/Networks

Communication protocols:

TCP/IP, BPS, Baud, Synchronous, Asynchronous, Bandwidth, host

Channels/media:

Ethernet, Cables, Optical Fiber

Networking:

Internet, Network, LAN, WAN

Network topology:

Star, Ring, Bus

Switching:

Packet Switching, Circuit Switching

Bandwidth speed:

ISDN, Satellite, ADSL, T1 T3 ATM

Popular IT-related reference web sites

www.webopedia.com
www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
www.wtechweb.com

O'Brien textbook web site

Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6