Profile for Steven Verrall

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Steven Verrall

Associate Teaching Professor
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse

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Specialty area(s)

Nuclear Modeling

Quantum Vacuum Modeling

Computer Vision

Pattern Recognition


Brief biography

Born and raised in New Zealand


Research and publishing

Current research emphasis is to explain certain fundamental particle masses, magnetic moments, charge generation, and charge radii from a novel quantum vortex formalism—based on the circular Unruh effect, general relativity, and quantum electrodynamics.  The circular Unruh effect is derived from quantum field theory.

This research incorporates the effects of event horizons, which are ignored in the standard model of particle physics.  The modeled event horizons naturally connect to general relativity without the need for renormalization or additional hidden dimensions.

Recent Publications:

Verrall, S.C., Atkins, M., Kaminsky, A. et al. Ground State Quantum Vortex Proton Model. Found Phys 53, 28 (2023).

Current Undergraduate Research Projects:

Neutron model, improved proton model, charge generation, and the fine-structure constant (manuscript in preparation) 

Deuteron quark-gluon plasma mass distribution, shape, and size

Deuteron quark-gluon plasma magnetic moment

Planned Undergraduate Research Projects:

Calculating pion and quark masses

Calculating electron mass

Incorporating charm, strange, and bottom quarks into the proton model 

Helium 4 model that explains dynamics of deuteron-deuteron fusion

Helium 3 model

Tritium model



Micah Atkins, Nuclear Medicine Technology; Andrew Kaminsky and Steven Verrall, both Physics; Peter Lynch, University College Dublin; Andy Otto, Biology student; and Emily Friederick, Exercise & Sport Science student; co-authored the article "Ground State Quantum Vortex Proton Model" in Foundations of Physics published on Jan. 23 by Springer Nature. Proton magnetic moment and charge radius accurately calculated from first principles. Mass energy explained via the circular Unruh effect. Ground state stability, spin, isospin, electric charge generation, strong force origination, color charge generation, and gravitational field explained geometrically.

Submitted on: Jan. 29