International Flags on the UWL Campus

International flags marking exchange students on the UWL campus.


The regional emphasis history degree allows students to specialize in one region or time period from history, while still accumulating a broad foundation in the survey-level and professionalizing courses that make up the core history experience.  In this regional emphasis, students can take 12 credits on a single area -- European, Asian, U.S., or Latin American history, or the history of the Ancient and Medieval World. 


All faculty in the department teach courses that satisfy the requirements in the regional emphasis -- consult the undergraduate catalog to see which courses count for which region.

Introduction to Regional Emphasis: Europe

As is widely known, the cultural, social, economic, and political institutions and practices of the United States are deeply grounded in and connected to the long history of Europe.   An emphasis in European History at UWL will entail gaining a deep appreciation, knowledge, and comprehension of this history, which includes the implementation of the Magna Carta, the Protestant Reformation and Henry VIII’s formation of the Church of England, the English Civil War, the Glorious Revolution, and the Britain-centered early industrial revolution; the Reconquista (removal of Muslim rule in Spain), Columbus’ setting sail in 1492, and the Spanish Inquisition; and relationships between Enlightenment thought and the French Revolution of 1789. 

Students with an emphasis in European history at UWL also have the opportunity to take courses on more recent history, in which they will learn about and critically analyze, for example, a German history involving that country’s nineteenth-century unification, the later rise of Nazi power, and the Holocaust; Europe’s involvement in both World Wars, the Cold War, and the fall of the Soviet Bloc; and the formation of the European Union at a time when some perceive emerging threats to various forms of national identity on the continent, as well as to any pan-European or Western identity because of increasing immigration from Asia and Africa.

Faculty Concerned with Europe

Professor Deborah Buffton’s research and teaching interests involve both China and Europe, and while she has a regional focus on France, she is most passionately involved in issues of peace and war, offering courses on that topic that are centered on European history. Professor Tiffany Trimmer’s research and teaching focuses on truly global flows of trade and migrant labor, and in this regard her courses have particular connections with the eighteenth- to twentieth- century British Empire, upon which (as was commonly said) “the sun never set.”  Professor Ariel Beaujot specializes in Western Europe and British history of the nineteenth and early twentieth century; her teaching often emphasizes material objects and visual culture.  In the future, courses involving European history, but embracing global themes, may be offered for credit in the Europe emphasis by Professor Kenneth Shonk, whose research has centered on Irish history.

Study Asia at UWL 

If the long period from the time of Columbus' voyages to the Second World War was in particular centered on the Atlantic Ocean and the countries and regions bordering it, it may well be that more recent decades have seen a shift towards a world centered upon events and processes occurring in countries and regions bordering the Pacific and Indian Oceans. North America is on one side of the Pacific Rim; Asia is on the other. The economic booming of China as a nominally communist country thoroughly integrated in a global capitalist system; the rise of India's political, economic, and cultural power; recent crises, and political shifts in the Middle East; and the ongoing significance of Japan culturally, politically, and economically all evidence the twenty-first-century importance of a historically grounded understanding of the complex and heterogeneous continent we call Asia. Students choosing Asia as an emphasis with their history education at UWL will undoubtedly be equipped with valuable knowledge for our times.


Faculty Who Focus on Asia

UW-La Crosse's History Department has four faculty members who specialize in Asian history:  Deborah Buffton, Gerry Iguchi, Heidi Morrison, and Gita Pai. Professor Buffton specializes in both Chinese history and European history, and she combines these regional focuses with her interest in human rights and peace and war. Gerry Iguchi's research and teaching is focused on post-1868, modern Japan, especially with regard to religions, culinary arts, and Japanese relationships with the rest of Asia on the one hand, and Japanese connections with the West (North America and Europe) on the other. Professor Morrison is an authority on the historical development of the concept of childhood in the Middle East, and she is becoming increasingly interested in the history of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.   Professor Pai's regional focus is South Asia (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, and Nepal) and she teaches courses and does research on the long history of Hindu religiosity in practice at specific sites, Gandhi, British imperialism, and contemporary South Asia. 

United States

As one of the world’s leading economic, political, and military powers, the United States plays a critical role in global developments. Understanding the historical developments that shaped this nation provides a deeper understanding, not only of the United States, but of the world as a whole. The United States history emphasis at UWL provides students with the opportunity to study crucial historical issues from both the distant and more recent past. United States history courses at UWL cover a wide range of topics that trace United States history from pre-Columbian Native America through colonization, the American Revolution, slavery, westward expansion, the Civil War, Industrialization, the World Wars, the Great Depression, the Cold War, the Civil Rights Movement, and the energy and environmental concerns of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. 

Five professors from UWL’s History Department offer courses in United States history. Professor Victor Macias-Gonzales teaches courses on US-Latin American relations and the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. Professor James Longhurst’s specialty is in urban history, environmental history, and the history of social movements. Professor Jennifer Trost specializes in American reform movements, the history of crime in the United States, and the history of the criminal justice system. Professor John Grider offers courses in Native American and Western history, labor and working-class history, and maritime history. Professor Patricia Stovey specializes in courses on Wisconsin history and the history of education in the United States.


Latin American history will prepare you to work globally and locally with diverse populations, and to gain perspective on the legacy of inequity, racism, and colonialism in the region, as well as the promising developments of revolutionary, leftist, and feminist ideas. History majors with a regional emphasis on Latin America can explore the past of a region that is attracting much interest of scholars, artists, politicians, and investors.  You may take courses that survey the past of the entire region, or take specialized courses on Mexico, the Latina/o experience in the U.S.; women, gender and sexuality; or diplomacy and international relations.   

Courses in the Latin American regional emphasis (341, 342, 344, 347, 356, and 360) focus on the cultural and social history of Spanish-speaking Latin America since 1492, although Brazilian and Haitian history is also covered.  Most courses analyze classic Latin American literature in addition to primary texts, artwork, and the latest historical and interdisciplinary scholarship on Latin America.  Other courses in European and American regional emphasis may interest students of Latin America history, including HIS 354 (Spain to 1700), HIS 345 (US-Latin American Relations) and HIS 336 (Hispanics in the U.S.)  

It is strongly recommended-although not required-that you also complete training in Spanish to gain a competitive edge in the job market-and to complete an Undergraduate Research and Creativity Project during your junior year in order to be a more competitive candidate for graduate and professional programs.

Career opportunities for history majors with an emphasis on Latin America may be found in the foreign service, international business, teaching, health, and for organizations in the public and private sector with operations in Latin America or in regions of the U.S. with a Latina/o or Hispanic population.   The research, writing, and analytic skills developed in Latin American history courses are good training for graduate and professional training in the law, library science, social sciences, humanities, business administration, and health.


 Dr. Víctor M. Macías-González teaches courses on Colonial, Nineteenth, and Twentieth-century Latin America, and Mexican history; and Dr. Timothy McAndrews teaches cross-listed courses on South American archeology in the Department of Archaeology.

Study Ancient/Medieval History at UWL

The UWL History Department is committed to covering a wide chronological breadth of historical periods. We recognize that an emphasis in studying ancient and medieval history will provide the student with a solid foundation for understanding the modern world. This can be done, for example, by studying the Code of Hammurabi, Homer’s Iliad, Egyptian Pyramid Texts, Genesis, the Venerable Bede, Magna Carta, or the Bhagavad Gita. Most of the world's major religions originated during the ancient and medieval period; these religions are still very much alive and well today. Ancient and medieval history (and the religions of the same period) also serve as an excellent tool for sharpening our skills in critical thinking by forcing us out of the assumptions and concerns of our time period and popping us into a cultural universe that is radically different from our own. In other words, they are a powerful way to combat ethnocentricity and they enhance an awareness of diversity---cultural diversity.

Faculty Who Focus on Ancient/Medieval World

UW-La Crosse's History Department has one faculty member who specializes in Ancient history: Mark Chavalas. Dr. Chavalas teaches courses on Ancient Mesopotamia (Iraq), Egypt, Israel, Turkey (Anatolia), Iran before Islam, Greece, Rome, Syria, Women in the Ancient World, and two courses on the Akkadian language (Babylonian). In addition, Dr. Anderson (Egypt) and Dr. McAndrews (Maya) from the Archaeology Program teach courses that are cross listed with the History department.

History Major with Regional Emphasis - Bachelor of Arts (BA)

(All colleges, excluding teacher certification programs)

40 credits

Core requirements
HIS 200Historiography and Historical Methods3
HIS 490History Research Seminar4
Select nine credits of the following:9
Survey of the United States
Survey of Ancient and Medieval Worlds
Survey of Modern Europe
Survey of Asia
Survey of the Middle East
Survey of Modern Africa
Global-Transregional/Religions electives
Select six credits of the following:6
Ancient Literate Civilizations
Ethnic America
Peace and War
History of Feminist Thought
Modern Christianity
History of Buddhism
History of Hinduism
History of Islam
History of Religions
Christianity to 1517
La Crosse Wisconsin in World History
Sugar, Coffee, Rubber, Bananas: Commodities in World History
Origins of Cities
History of Women in the Ancient World
Migration and Empire: 1200-1900
Japanese Religions
The Migration Experience: 1600-present
Religion and Conflict in Modern South Asia
Selected area of focus
Select 12 credits from one selected area of focus, with no more than three credits of the 12 coming from disciplines outside the HIS department (see below for lists)12
Select six credits of electives from HIS 200/300/400 level courses (excluding HIS 490)6
Total Credits40

European focus

HIS 312Peoples and Cultures of Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union3
HIS 314The Holocaust3
HIS 331The Ancient Greek World3
HIS 332Ancient Rome and the Mediterranean3
HIS 333Christianity to 15173
HIS 339Russia and the Soviet Union3
HIS 346The Middle Ages3
HIS 348Renaissance and Reformation3
HIS 349Twentieth Century Europe3
HIS 350Great Events in France: 1750-present3
HIS 351History of France: 1750-Present3
HIS 352Germany: 1848-19893
HIS 354Spain to 17003
HIS 355England to 16033
HIS 358French Revolution3
HIS 359Women, Gender and Sexuality in Modern Europe3
HIS 373World War I3
HIS 414Ireland and the World: 1500-present3

Asian focus

Code Title Credits
HIS 316Vietnam War3
HIS 334Themes in Chinese History3
HIS 335History of China3
HIS 363Modern South Asia3
HIS 364Gandhi's India3
HIS 382Imperialism in Asia and the Pacific3
HIS 383Women in South Asia3
HIS 384The Idea of Asia3
HIS 394Modern Japan3
HIS 395Postwar Japan3
HIS 401Japanese Religions3
HIS 415Religion and Conflict in Modern South Asia3

United States focus

HIS 301Women in the Modern United States: 1890-Present3
HIS 305History of Motherhood in the United States3
HIS 306Ethnic America3
HIS 308U.S. Reform Movements3
HIS 310Native American History3
HIS 313Colonial and Revolutionary America3
HIS 316Vietnam War3
HIS 317American Environmental History3
HIS 318Exhibition Development and Design I3
HIS 319Seminar in Twentieth Century America3
HIS 320Introduction to Public and Policy History3
HIS 321Wisconsin History3
HIS 322Public Education in Wisconsin and America3
HIS 323World War II3
HIS 324Civil War and Reconstruction3
HIS 325America in the Cold War3
HIS 336Latinos in the United States: 1450-20003
HIS 337La Crosse Wisconsin in World History3
HIS 343U.S. Borderlands3
HIS 345U.S.-Latin American Relations3
HIS 347Greater Mexico3
HIS 357Crime and Punishment in America3
HIS 377U.S. Labor History3
HIS 378The American West3
HIS 390Public and Policy History Research3
HIS 391History of U.S. Environmental Policy3
HIS 393Material Culture3
HIS 40920th Century Civil Rights Movement3
HIS 41120th Century African American Urban History3
HIS 418Exhibition Development and Design II3

Latin American focus

Code Title Credits
HIS 341Nineteenth Century Latin America3
HIS 342Twentieth Century Latin America3
HIS 344Latin America: 1450-18303
HIS 345U.S.-Latin American Relations3
HIS 353Maya Civilization3
HIS 356History of Mexico3
HIS 360Women, Gender, and Sexuality in Latin America3

Middle Eastern focus

Code Title Credits
HIS 329History of Islam3
HIS 361Israeli-Palestinian Conflict3
HIS 362Human Rights and the Middle East3
HIS 365Ancient Iraq3
HIS 366Ancient Israel3
HIS 367Ancient Egypt3
HIS 368History of Babylonian Language and Culture I3
HIS 369History of Babylonian Language and Culture II3
HIS 374Ancient Turkey3
HIS 375Iran before Islam3
HIS 389Women and Gender in the Middle East3
HIS 396Ancient Syria3

African and African Diaspora focus

HIS 379African Environmental History3
HIS 380The Rwandan Genocide3
HIS 381Health and Healing in African History3
HIS 385Popular Culture in Modern Africa3
HIS 386Women and Gender in Africa3
HIS 387African Novels and History3
HIS 397African Nationalism3
HIS 398Colonial Africa3
HIS 40920th Century Civil Rights Movement3
GEO 312Geography of Africa3

All students must complete the general education, college core, major/minor, and university degree requirements in order to qualify for a degree. The easiest way to track all of these requirements is to refer to the Advisement Report (AR) found in the Student Information System (WINGS) Student Center. All enrolled students have access to the AR. 

College of Arts, Social Sciences, and Humanities (CASSH/VPA) Bachelor of Arts core requirements

The following conditions apply to one or both Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees:

  1. Students majoring in English (writing and rhetoric or literature emphases) or in the department of global cultures and languages must earn a Bachelor of Arts degree. Education majors earn a Bachelor of Science degree; English major: medical professions emphasis majors may earn a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree.
  2. Students majoring in other CASSH programs may choose either a B.A. or a B.S. degree.
  3. Language courses (ARA, CHI, FRE, GCL, GER, HMG, JPN, RUS, SPA) used to fulfill general education requirement: "Mathematical/logical systems and modern languages" (GE 02, category 2) may also be used to meet the B.A. and B.S. language requirements.
  4. All other courses used to meet the requirements below must be in addition to the minimum 39 credits required in the General Education Program.
  5. At least one course in the B.A. or B.S. college degree program (core requirements) must be a CASSH designated diversity course.
  6. Applicable courses may be found on the CASSH B.A./B.S. Degree Option Course List or in the Advisement Report (AR) when the degree has been declared.

Courses used to fulfill general education requirements will not apply to core requirements except for language courses (ARA, CHI, FRE, GCL, GER, HMG, JPN, RUS, SPA) that count in the general education requirement: "Mathematical/logical systems and modern languages" (GE 02, category 2).

Declare ONE of the following tracks in the CASSH Academic Services Office in 235 Morris Hall:

A. Language track

  1. Native speakers of English complete:
    Code Title Credits
    Select one of the following:
    Intermediate Arabic II
    Intermediate Chinese II
    Intermediate French II
    Intermediate Languages II
    Intermediate German II
    Hmong Heritage Language: Intermediate
    Hmong Heritage Language: Advanced
    Intermediate Japanese II
    Intermediate Russian II
    Spanish Language and Cultures in Action II
    Non-native speakers of English: score at least 80 on the La Crosse Battery of exams for non-native speakers of English; or submit a TOEFL or IELTS score that meets the university's English language proficiency requirement for admission; or complete ESL 252 or ESL 253, and one additional course from ESL 250, ESL 251, ESL 252, ESL 253. (Contact the English as a Second Language Institute for eligibility and regulations); and
  2. Two additional courses outside of the student's major in two of the following: humanities, social sciences or fine arts.

B. Humanities track

  1. One global language course 102 or higher; and
  2. Two additional courses outside the department of the student's major from two different departments chosen from: communication studies, English, history, philosophy and women's, gender and sexuality studies (see the Advisement Report (AR) for a listing of the approved courses); and
  3. One additional course in social sciences or fine arts.

C. Fine arts track

  1. One global language course 102 or higher; and
  2. Two additional courses outside the department of the student's major from two different departments chosen from: art, music, theatre; and
  3. One additional course in social sciences or humanities.
In addition to all other College of Arts, Social Sciences, and Humanities core requirements, all students in CASSH must complete a second major, minor, or program option by satisfying one of the following:
  1. Complete a minor (or second major) outside of the student's major program, consisting of at least 18 credits; or
  2. Complete an emphasis, program or concentration of at least 18 credits outside the student's major program. General education courses may apply provided they are not being used to fulfill minimum general education requirements; or
  3. Complete 18 credits in two or more departments or programs (at least 12 credits earned at the 300/400 level). These courses must be outside the student's major department and can be from any college. General education courses may apply provided they are not being used to fulfill minimum general education requirements.

Baccalaureate degree requirements

Candidates for the Bachelor of Arts or the Bachelor of Science degrees must accomplish the following:

  1. Fulfill the general education requirements.
  2. Complete at least one ethnic studies (diversity) course.
  3. Complete the courses prescribed by the Undergraduate Curriculum Committee for the degree desired in the respective school or college. (No substitutions for graduation may be made in course requirements for a major or minor after the fourth week of the last semester of the senior year.)
  4. Earn a minimum of 120 semester credits with at least a 2.00 cumulative GPA.1
  5. At least 40 credits must be earned in 300/400 level courses. Transfer courses earned at the 300/400 level apply to this requirement. Courses earned at the 100/200 level that transferred to UWL as 300/400 level courses do not apply to this requirement.
  6. Complete major and minor requirements with at least a 2.00 GPA1 in each major and minor (and concentration or emphasis, if selected).
  7. A minimum of 30 semester credits in residence at UWL is required for graduation. (See undergraduate resident requirement.)
  8. Submit an application for graduation via the "Apply for Graduation" link in the WINGS Student Center as soon as the student has registered for his or her final semester or summer term in residence. December and winter intersession graduates should apply by May 1. May and summer graduates should apply by December 1.

No degree will be awarded unless all requirements are fulfilled and recorded within 30 days after the official ending date of each term.

Below is a sample degree plan that can be used as a guide to identify courses required to fulfill the major and other requirements needed for degree completion. A student's actual degree plan may differ depending on the course of study selected (second major, minor, etc.). Also, this sample plan assumes readiness for each course and/or major plan, and some courses may not be offered every term. Review the course descriptions or the class timetable for course offering information.

The sample degree plans represented in this catalog are intended for first-year students entering UWL in the fall term. Students should use the Advisement Report (AR) in WINGS and work closely with their faculty advisor(s) and college dean’s office to ensure declaration and completion of all requirements in a timely manner.

General Education Program
The general education curriculum (Gen Ed) is the common educational experience for all undergraduates at UWL. Sample degree plans include Gen Ed placeholders to ensure completion of the general education requirements. Courses may be rearranged to fit the needs or recommendations of the student’s program of study. Gen Ed courses may be taken during winter term (January between the semesters) and summer to reduce the course load during regular terms (fall and spring). Students should consult with their advisor and/or the college academic services director in their college/school for assistance with course and schedule planning. Refer to the general education requirements for more specific details.

Note: at least 40 credits of the 120 credits required must be earned at the 300/400 level.

This sample degree plan does not establish a contractual agreement. It identifies the minimum requirements a student must successfully complete, to qualify for a degree, in a format intended to assist the student plan their academic career. Actual degree plans may differ.

Year 1
HIS 110 (Gen Ed World History)3ENG 110 or 112 (Gen Ed Literacy - Written)3
Gen Ed Self & Society3Gen Ed Natural Lab Science4
UWL 100 (Gen Ed Elective)1Gen Ed Minority Cultures3
CST 110 (Gen Ed Literacy - Oral)3HIS Core Course (HIS 210, 230, 240, 250, 260, or 285)3
Gen Ed Math4Gen Ed Arts2-3
 14 15
Year 2
HIS 2003HIS Core Course (HIS 210, 230,240,250,260, or 285)3
102+ Level Gen Ed/CASSH Core Language24Gen Ed Arts2-3
CASSH Core Elective3History Elective3
Gen Ed Global Studies3Gen Ed Health & Well Being3
HIS Core Course (HIS 210, 230,240,250,260, or 285)3Minor Course3
 16 14
Year 3
Minor Course3University Elective3
Gen Ed Hum-Lit3Classical World/Religion History Course3
Regional History Course13CASSH Core Elective3
Gen Ed Elective3Regional History Course13
Regional History Course13Minor Course3
 15 15
Year 4
Regional History Course13Minor Course3
HIS 4904History Elective3
Minor Course3Women, Gender, and Sexuality History Course3
Minor Course3CASSH Core Diversity Elective3
Gen Ed Elective3Gen Ed Elective3
 16 15
Total Credits: 120

At least two courses must be designed as writing emphasis. 

View in catalog