International flags marking exchange students on the UWL campus.
The regional emphasis history degree allows students to specialize in one region or time period from history, while still accumulating a broad foundation in the survey-level and professionalizing courses that make up the core history experience. In this regional emphasis, students can take 12 credits on a single area -- European, Asian, U.S., or Latin American history, or the history of the Ancient and Medieval World.
All faculty in the department teach courses that satisfy the requirements in the regional emphasis -- consult the undergraduate catalog to see which courses count for which region.
Introduction to Regional Emphasis: Europe
As is widely known, the cultural, social, economic, and political institutions and practices of the United States are deeply grounded in and connected to the long history of Europe. An emphasis in European History at UWL will entail gaining a deep appreciation, knowledge, and comprehension of this history, which includes the implementation of the Magna Carta, the Protestant Reformation and Henry VIII’s formation of the Church of England, the English Civil War, the Glorious Revolution, and the Britain-centered early industrial revolution; the Reconquista (removal of Muslim rule in Spain), Columbus’ setting sail in 1492, and the Spanish Inquisition; and relationships between Enlightenment thought and the French Revolution of 1789.
Students with an emphasis in European history at UWL also have the opportunity to take courses on more recent history, in which they will learn about and critically analyze, for example, a German history involving that country’s nineteenth-century unification, the later rise of Nazi power, and the Holocaust; Europe’s involvement in both World Wars, the Cold War, and the fall of the Soviet Bloc; and the formation of the European Union at a time when some perceive emerging threats to various forms of national identity on the continent, as well as to any pan-European or Western identity because of increasing immigration from Asia and Africa.
Faculty Concerned with Europe
Professor Shelley Sinclair teaches courses involving ancient, medieval, and early modern Europe, with particular focuses on ancient Greece and Rome, medieval, Renaissance and early modern Spain and England, and the history of Russia and the Soviet Union. Professor Deborah Buffton’s research and teaching interests involve both China and Europe, and while she has a regional focus on France, she is most passionately involved in issues of peace and war, offering courses on that topic that are centered on European history. Professor Marti Lybeck’s region of primary concern is Germany, and she teaches courses on modern German history, but she also focuses on women’s issues and the history of gender, sexuality, and family in the German and European context. Professor Tiffany Trimmer’s research and teaching focuses on truly global flows of trade and migrant labor, and in this regard her courses have particular connections with the eighteenth- to twentieth- century British Empire, upon which (as was commonly said) “the sun never set.” Professor Ariel Beaujot specializes in Western Europe and British history of the nineteenth and early twentieth century; her teaching often emphasizes material objects and visual culture. In the future, courses involving European history, but embracing global themes, may be offered for credit in the Europe emphasis by Professor Kenneth Shonk, whose research has centered on Irish history.
Study Asia at UWL
If the long period from the time of Columbus' voyages to the Second World War was in particular centered on the Atlantic Ocean and the countries and regions bordering it, it may well be that more recent decades have seen a shift towards a world centered upon events and processes occurring in countries and regions bordering the Pacific and Indian Oceans. North America is on one side of the Pacific Rim; Asia is on the other. The economic booming of China as a nominally communist country thoroughly integrated in a global capitalist system; the rise of India's political, economic, and cultural power; recent crises, and political shifts in the Middle East; and the ongoing significance of Japan culturally, politically, and economically all evidence the twenty-first-century importance of a historically grounded understanding of the complex and heterogeneous continent we call Asia. Students choosing Asia as an emphasis with their history education at UWL will undoubtedly be equipped with valuable knowledge for our times.
Faculty Who Focus on Asia
UW-La Crosse's History Department has four faculty members who specialize in Asian history: Deborah Buffton, Gerry Iguchi, Heidi Morrison, and Gita Pai. Professor Buffton specializes in both Chinese history and European history, and she combines these regional focuses with her interest in human rights and peace and war. Gerry Iguchi's research and teaching is focused on post-1868, modern Japan, especially with regard to religions, culinary arts, and Japanese relationships with the rest of Asia on the one hand, and Japanese connections with the West (North America and Europe) on the other. Professor Morrison is an authority on the historical development of the concept of childhood in the Middle East, and she is becoming increasingly interested in the history of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. Professor Pai's regional focus is South Asia (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, and Nepal) and she teaches courses and does research on the long history of Hindu religiosity in practice at specific sites, Gandhi, British imperialism, and contemporary South Asia.
As the world’s leading economic, political, and military power, the United States plays a critical role in global developments and understanding the historical developments that shaped this nation provides a deeper understanding, not only of the United States, but of the world as a whole. The United States history emphasis at UWL provides students with the opportunity to study crucial historical issues from both the distant and more recent past. United States history courses at UWL cover a wide range of topics that trace United States history from pre-Columbian Native America through colonization, the American Revolution, slavery, westward expansion, the Civil War, Industrialization, the World Wars, the Great Depression, the Cold War, the Civil Rights Movement, and the energy and environmental concerns of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.
Six professors from UWL’s History Department offer courses in United States history. Professor Charles lee specializes in colonial history, nineteenth century history, and the history of Wisconsin. Professor Victor Macias-Gonzales teaches courses on US-Latin American relations and the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. Professor James Longhurst’s specialty is in urban history, environmental history, and the history of social movements. Professor Jennifer Trost specializes in American reform movements, the history of crime in the United States, and the history of the criminal justice system. Professor John Grider offers courses in Native American and Western history, labor and working-class history, and maritime history. Professor Patricia Stovey specializes in courses on Wisconsin history and the history of education in the United States.
Latin American history will prepare you to work globally and locally with diverse populations, and to gain perspective on the legacy of inequity, racism, and colonialism in the region, as well as the promising developments of revolutionary, leftist, and feminist ideas. History majors with a regional emphasis on Latin America can explore the past of a region that is attracting much interest of scholars, artists, politicians, and investors. You may take courses that survey the past of the entire region, or take specialized courses on Mexico, the Latina/o experience in the U.S.; women, gender and sexuality; or diplomacy and international relations.
Courses in the Latin American regional emphasis (341, 342, 344, 347, 356, and 360) focus on the cultural and social history of Spanish-speaking Latin America since 1492, although Brazilian and Haitian history is also covered. Most courses analyze classic Latin American literature in addition to primary texts, artwork, and the latest historical and interdisciplinary scholarship on Latin America. Other courses in European and American regional emphasis may interest students of Latin America history, including HIS 354 (Spain to 1700), HIS 345 (US-Latin American Relations) and HIS 336 (Hispanics in the U.S.)
It is strongly recommended-although not required-that you also complete training in Spanish to gain a competitive edge in the job market-and to complete an Undergraduate Research and Creativity Project during your junior year in order to be a more competitive candidate for graduate and professional programs.
Career opportunities for history majors with an emphasis on Latin America may be found in the foreign service, international business, teaching, health, and for organizations in the public and private sector with operations in Latin America or in regions of the U.S. with a Latina/o or Hispanic population. The research, writing, and analytic skills developed in Latin American history courses are good training for graduate and professional training in the law, library science, social sciences, humanities, business administration, and health.
Dr. Víctor M. Macías-González teaches courses on Colonial, Nineteenth, and Twentieth-century Latin America, and Mexican history; Dr. Shelley Sinclair teaches courses on the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands; and Dr. Timothy McAndrews teaches cross-listed courses on South American archeology in the Department of Sociology/Archaeology.
Study Ancient/Medieval History at UWL
The UWL History Department is committed to covering a wide chronological breadth of historical periods. We recognize that an emphasis in studying ancient and medieval history will provide the student with a solid foundation for understanding the modern world. This can be done, for example, by studying the Code of Hammurabi, Homer’s Iliad, Egyptian Pyramid Texts, Genesis, the Venerable Bede, Magna Carta, or the Bhagavad Gita. Most of the world's major religions originated during the ancient and medieval period; these religions are still very much alive and well today. Ancient and medieval history (and the religions of the same period) also serve as an excellent tool for sharpening our skills in critical thinking by forcing us out of the assumptions and concerns of our time period and popping us into a cultural universe that is radically different from our own. In other words, they are a powerful way to combat ethnocentricity and they enhance an awareness of diversity---cultural diversity.
Faculty Who Focus on Ancient/Medieval World
UW-La Crosse's History Department has three faculty members who specialize in Ancient and Medieval history: Shelley Sinclair, Jess Hollenback, and Mark Chavalas. Professor Sinclair's focus is medieval and Renaissance Europe, including courses in the Middle Ages, medieval England and Spain, the Age of Crusade, and the Renaissance/Reformation era. Dr. Hollenback teaches a variety of history courses on the topic of religion that focus heavily on the ancient and medieval periods of their development, specifically, courses in the histories of Hinduism, Buddhism, early Christianity, Christianity since 1517, Islam, and the history of religions. Dr. Chavalas teaches courses on Ancient Mesopotamia (Iraq), Egypt, Israel, Turkey (Anatolia), Iran before Islam, Greece, Rome, Syria, Women in the Ancient World, and two courses on the Akkadian language (Babylonian). In addition, Dr. Anderson (Egypt) and Dr. McAndrews (Maya) from the Archaeology Program teach courses that are cross listed with the History department.
History Major with Regional Emphasis - Bachelor of Arts (BA)
(All colleges, excluding teacher certification programs)
|HIS 200||Historiography and Historical Methods||3|
|HIS 490||History Research Seminar||4|
|Select nine credits of the following:||9|
|Survey of the United States|
|Survey of Ancient and Medieval Worlds|
|Survey of Modern Europe|
|Survey of Asia|
|Survey of the Middle East|
|Survey of Modern Africa|
|Select six credits of the following:||6|
|Ancient Literate Civilizations|
|Peace and War|
|History of Feminist Thought|
|History of Buddhism|
|History of Hinduism|
|History of Islam|
|History of Religions|
|Christianity to 1517|
|La Crosse Wisconsin in World History|
|Sugar, Coffee, Rubber, Bananas: Commodities in World History|
|Origins of Cities|
|History of Women in the Ancient World|
|Migration and Empire: 1200-1900|
|The Migration Experience: 1600-present|
|Religion and Conflict in Modern South Asia|
|Selected area of focus|
|Select 12 credits from one selected area of focus, with no more than three credits of the 12 coming from disciplines outside the HIS department (see below for lists)||12|
|Select six credits of electives from HIS 200/300/400 level courses (excluding HIS 490)||6|
|HIS 312||Peoples and Cultures of Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union||3|
|HIS 314||The Holocaust||3|
|HIS 331||The Ancient Greek World||3|
|HIS 332||Ancient Rome and the Mediterranean||3|
|HIS 333||Christianity to 1517||3|
|HIS 339||Russia and the Soviet Union||3|
|HIS 346||The Middle Ages||3|
|HIS 348||Renaissance and Reformation||3|
|HIS 349||Twentieth Century Europe||3|
|HIS 350||Great Events in France: 1750-present||3|
|HIS 351||History of France: 1750-Present||3|
|HIS 352||Germany: 1848-1989||3|
|HIS 354||Spain to 1700||3|
|HIS 355||England to 1603||3|
|HIS 358||French Revolution||3|
|HIS 359||Women, Gender and Sexuality in Modern Europe||3|
|HIS 373||World War I||3|
|HIS 414||Ireland and the World: 1500-present||3|
|HIS 316||Vietnam War||3|
|HIS 334||Themes in Chinese History||3|
|HIS 335||History of China||3|
|HIS 363||Modern South Asia||3|
|HIS 364||Gandhi's India||3|
|HIS 382||Imperialism in Asia and the Pacific||3|
|HIS 383||Women in South Asia||3|
|HIS 384||The Idea of Asia||3|
|HIS 394||Modern Japan||3|
|HIS 395||Postwar Japan||3|
|HIS 401||Japanese Religions||3|
|HIS 415||Religion and Conflict in Modern South Asia||3|
United States focus
|HIS 301||Women in the Modern United States: 1890-Present||3|
|HIS 305||History of Motherhood in the United States||3|
|HIS 306||Ethnic America||3|
|HIS 308||U.S. Reform Movements||3|
|HIS 310||Native American History||3|
|HIS 313||Colonial & Revolutionary America||3|
|HIS 316||Vietnam War||3|
|HIS 317||American Environmental History||3|
|HIS 318||Exhibition Development and Design I||3|
|HIS 319||Seminar in Twentieth Century America||3|
|HIS 320||Introduction to Public and Policy History||3|
|HIS 321||Wisconsin History||3|
|HIS 322||Public Education in Wisconsin and America||3|
|HIS 323||World War II||3|
|HIS 324||Civil War and Reconstruction||3|
|HIS 325||America in the Cold War||3|
|HIS 336||Latinos in the United States: 1450-2000||3|
|HIS 337||La Crosse Wisconsin in World History||3|
|HIS 343||U.S. Borderlands||3|
|HIS 345||U.S.-Latin American Relations||3|
|HIS 347||Greater Mexico||3|
|HIS 357||Crime and Punishment in America||3|
|HIS 370||The History of Black Women's Activism||3|
|HIS 377||U.S. Labor History||3|
|HIS 378||The American West||3|
|HIS 390||Public and Policy History Research||3|
|HIS 391||History of U.S. Environmental Policy||3|
|HIS 393||Material Culture||3|
|HIS 409||20th Century Civil Rights Movement||3|
|HIS 411||20th Century African American Urban History||3|
|HIS 418||Exhibition Development and Design II||3|
Latin American focus
|HIS 341||Nineteenth Century Latin America||3|
|HIS 342||Twentieth Century Latin America||3|
|HIS 344||Latin America: 1450-1830||3|
|HIS 345||U.S.-Latin American Relations||3|
|HIS 353||Maya Civilization||3|
|HIS 356||History of Mexico||3|
|HIS 360||Women, Gender, and Sexuality in Latin America||3|
Middle Eastern focus
|HIS 329||History of Islam||3|
|HIS 361||Israeli-Palestinian Conflict||3|
|HIS 362||Human Rights and the Middle East||3|
|HIS 365||Ancient Iraq||3|
|HIS 366||Ancient Israel||3|
|HIS 367||Ancient Egypt||3|
|HIS 368||History of Babylonian Language and Culture I||3|
|HIS 369||History of Babylonian Language and Culture II||3|
|HIS 374||Ancient Turkey||3|
|HIS 375||Iran before Islam||3|
|HIS 389||Women and Gender in the Middle East||3|
|HIS 396||Ancient Syria||3|
African and African Diaspora focus
|HIS 379||African Environmental History||3|
|HIS 380||The Rwandan Genocide||3|
|HIS 381||Health and Healing in African History||3|
|HIS 385||Popular Culture in Modern Africa||3|
|HIS 386||Women and Gender in Africa||3|
|HIS 387||African Novels and History||3|
|HIS 397||African Nationalism||3|
|HIS 398||Colonial Africa||3|
|HIS 409||20th Century Civil Rights Movement||3|
|ARC 312||African Archaeology||3|
|ARC/ANT 357||Peoples and Cultures of Africa||3|
|GEO 312||Geography of Africa||3|
All students must complete the general education, college core, major/minor, and university degree requirements in order to qualify for a degree. The easiest way to track all of these requirements is to refer to the Advisement Report (AR) found in the Student Information System (WINGS) Student Center. All enrolled students have access to the AR.
College of Liberal Studies (CLS/SAC) Bachelor of Arts core requirements
The following conditions apply to one or both Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees:
- Students majoring in English or in a modern language must earn a Bachelor of Arts degree (education majors earn a Bachelor of Science degree).
- Students majoring in other CLS programs may choose either a B.A. or a B.S. degree.
- Language courses (CHI, FRE, GER, RUS, SPA, MLG) used to fulfill general education requirement: "Mathematical/logical systems and modern languages" (GE 02, category 2) may also be used to meet the B.A. and B.S. language requirements.
- All other courses used to meet the requirements below must be in addition to the minimum 39 credits required in the General Education Program.
- At least one course in the B.A. or B.S. college degree program (core requirements) must be a CLS designated diversity course.
- Applicable courses may be found on the CLS B.A./B.S. Degree Option Course List or in the Advisement Report (AR) when the degree has been declared.
Courses used to fulfill general education requirements will not apply to core requirements except for language courses (CHI, FRE, GER, RUS, SPA, MLG) that count in the general education requirement: "Mathematical/logical systems and modern languages" (GE 02, category 2).
Declare ONE of the following tracks in the CLS Academic Services Office in 260 Morris Hall:
A. Language track
- Native speakers of English complete:
Course List Code Title Credits Select one of the following: Intermediate Chinese II Intermediate French II Intermediate German II Intermediate Russian II Intermediate Spanish II World Languages: Intermediate II Heritage Language: Intermediate Heritage Language: Advanced
- Two additional courses outside of the student's major in two of the following: humanities, social sciences or fine arts.
B. Humanities track
- One modern language course 102 or higher; and
- Two additional courses outside the department of the student's major from two different departments chosen from: history, English, philosophy; and
- One additional course in social sciences or fine arts.
C. Fine arts track
- One modern language course 102 or higher; and
- Two additional courses outside the department of the student's major from two different departments chosen from: art, communication studies, music, theatre; and
- One additional course in social sciences or humanities.
In addition to all other College of Liberal Studies core requirements, all students in CLS must complete a second major, minor, or program option by satisfying one of the following:
- Complete a minor (or second major) outside of the student's major program, consisting of at least 18 credits; or
- Complete an emphasis, program or concentration of at least 18 credits outside the student's major program. General education courses may apply provided they are not being used to fulfill minimum general education requirements; or
- Complete 18 credits in two or more departments or programs (at least 12 credits earned at the 300/400 level). These courses must be outside the student's major department and can be from any college. General education courses may apply provided they are not being used to fulfill minimum general education requirements.
Baccalaureate degree requirements
Candidates for the Bachelor of Arts or the Bachelor of Science degrees must accomplish the following:
- Fulfill the general education requirements.
- Complete at least one ethnic studies (diversity) course.
- Complete the courses prescribed by the Undergraduate Curriculum Committee for the degree desired in the respective school or college. (No substitutions for graduation may be made in course requirements for a major or minor after the fourth week of the last semester of the senior year.)
- Earn a minimum of 120 semester credits with at least a 2.00 cumulative GPA.1 At least 40 credits must be earned in 300/400 (senior college) level courses. Courses earned at the 100/200 level that transferred to UWL as 300/400 level courses do not apply to this requirement nor do courses from two-year schools.
- Complete major and minor requirements with at least a 2.00 GPA1 in each major and minor (and concentration or emphasis, if selected).
- A minimum of 30 semester credits in residence at UWL is required for graduation. (See undergraduate resident requirement.)
- Submit an application for graduation via the "Apply for Graduation" link in the WINGS Student Center as soon as the student has registered for his or her final semester or summer term in residence. December and winter intersession graduates should apply by May 1. May and summer graduates should apply by December 1.
Grade point average requirements for some programs will be considerably higher than 2.00. Re-entering students may be required to earn credits in excess of the 120 needed for graduation in any curriculum in order to replace credits earned in courses in which the content has changed substantially in recent years. Each case will be judged on its own merit.
No degree will be awarded unless all requirements are fulfilled and recorded within 30 days after the official ending date of each term.
Below is a sample degree plan that can be used as a guide to identify courses required to fulfill the major and other requirements needed for degree completion. A student's actual degree plan may differ depending on the course of study selected (second major, minor, etc.). Also, this sample plan assumes readiness for each course and/or major plan, and some courses may not be offered every term. Review the course descriptions or the class timetable for course offering information.
The sample degree plans represented in this catalog are intended for first-year students entering UWL in the fall term. Students should use the Advisement Report (AR) in WINGS and work closely with their faculty advisor(s) and college dean’s office to ensure declaration and completion of all requirements in a timely manner.
General Education Program
The general education curriculum (Gen Ed) is the common educational experience for all undergraduates at UWL. Sample degree plans include Gen Ed placeholders to ensure completion of the general education requirements. Courses may be rearranged to fit the needs or recommendations of the student’s program of study. Gen Ed courses may be taken during winter term (January between the semesters) and summer to reduce the course load during regular terms (fall and spring). Students should consult with their advisor and/or the assistant to the dean of their college for assistance with course and schedule planning. Refer to the general education requirements for more specific details.
Note: at least 40 credits of the 120 credits required must be earned at the 300/400 level.
This sample degree plan does not establish a contractual agreement. It identifies the minimum requirements a student must successfully complete, to qualify for a degree, in a format intended to assist the student plan their academic career. Actual degree plans may differ.
|HIS 101 or 102 (Gen Ed World History)||3||ENG 110 or 112 (Gen Ed Literacy - Written)||3|
|Gen Ed Self & Society||3||Gen Ed Natural Lab Science||4|
|UWL 100 (Gen Ed Elective)||1||Gen Ed Minority Cultures||3|
|CST 110 (Gen Ed Literacy - Oral)||3||HIS Core Course (HIS 210, 230, 240, 250, 260, or 285)||3|
|Gen Ed Math||4||Gen Ed Arts||2-3|
|HIS 200||3||HIS Core Course (HIS 210, 230,240,250,260, or 285)||3|
|102+ Level Gen Ed/CLS Core Language2||4||Gen Ed Arts||2-3|
|CLS Core Elective||3||History Elective||3|
|Gen Ed Global Studies||3||Gen Ed Health & Well Being||3|
|HIS Core Course (HIS 210, 230,240,250,260, or 285)||3||Minor Course||3|
|Minor Course||3||University Elective||3|
|Gen Ed Hum-Lit||3||Classical World/Religion History Course||3|
|Regional History Course1||3||CLS Core Elective||3|
|Gen Ed Elective||3||Regional History Course1||3|
|Regional History Course1||3||Minor Course||3|
|Regional History Course1||3||Minor Course||3|
|HIS 490||4||History Elective||3|
|Minor Course||3||Women, Gender, and Sexuality History Course||3|
|Minor Course||3||CLS Core Diversity Elective||3|
|Gen Ed Elective||3||Gen Ed Elective||3|
|Total Credits: 120|
At least two courses must be designed as writing emphasis.
Complete 12 credits of regional coursework from one of the following focus areas: European, Asian, United States, Latin America, Ancient/Medieval, or African and African Diaspora.
CLS Core Humanities and Fine Arts Tracks require 102+ level language. CLS Core Language Track requires 202 level language. Students unprepared for 202 level will need to complete prerequisite course work.