Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies expanding section

+WGS 100 Cr.3

Gender, Race and Class in American Institutions

This course provides an introduction to how gender, race and class have intertwined over time to produce women's social roles and status in American culture. The creation, transmittal, interpretation and institutionalization of gender roles will be examined using family and kinship, the educational system, the media, work, government and the health care system. The course provides a critical, interdisciplinary perspective on scholarship which omits or distorts the female experience. Offered Fall, Spring, Summer.

SOC/WGS 105 Cr.3

Introduction to LGBT Studies

This course will examine the cultural, legal, and political dimensions of LGBT life in the U.S. It will begin by exploring the social invention of heterosexuality and how personal and institutional interpretations of sexuality have historically informed the lives of LGBT people. The course also addresses class, racial and gender biases that especially confront queer communities of color in the U.S. Finally, the course looks at continued instances of hate crimes and homophobia against the backdrop of rights-based activism and the role that art and politics play in this interplay. (Cross-listed with SOC/WGS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Alternate Years.

+WGS 130 Cr.3

Women's Diversity: Race, Class, and Culture

This course explores the diversity of women's experience in America as it has been affected by race, ethnicity, class, and other factors, and the effects of gender on women of different groups. Issues that have united and divided women in movements for social change are also addressed. Offered Fall, Spring.

+SOC/WGS 150 Cr.3

Introduction to Social Justice

Students in this course will examine the concept of social justice through an intersectional and multidisciplinary lens. Students will begin with a critical investigation of the connections between the individual, the local, and the structural as they relate to justice and inequality in society. Social justice strategies are then evaluated, in case study fashion, through the lenses of gender, race, and class structures. (Cross-listed with SOC/WGS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Annually.

+WGS 212 Cr.3

Search for Economic Justice

Using humanistic and social scientific approaches, students will explore movements for economic empowerment as a critical dimension of justice in the increasingly global world. Through a mixture of face-to-face, online, and experiential methods, students will examine connections between the individual and larger systems and between the local and the global. They will critically analyze economic and political structures and movements as they pertain to gender, race, ethnicity, and class. The course will be informed by the perspectives of English, economics, political science, anthropology, and women's, gender, and sexuality studies. Students may only earn credit in one of the following: ANT 212, ECO 212, ENG 212, PHL 212, POL 212, WGS 212. Offered Annually.

WGS 225 Cr.3

Women and Leadership

This course investigates women's leadership and develops students' leadership skills. Students will examine women's under-representation in formal public positions of power while also evaluating the strengths women can and do bring to leadership, and the emerging possibilities for women's leadership capacity in a rapidly changing world. Special attention will be paid to women's changing roles in the workplace. Students will critically evaluate leadership models, especially as they pertain to gender, race, and class. Offered Alternate Years.

ESS/PSY/WGS 259 Cr.1-3

Girls and Women in Sport

This course is an introduction to the involvement of girls and women with sport. It includes a historical perspective on women's sport participation, cultural images of women athletes, teaching and coaching implications of current research, Title IX, and recreation/leisure approaches to physical activity. Course content may vary according to instructor. (Cross-listed with ESS/PSY/WGS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

WGS 300 Cr.1-3

Independent Study

Topics to be selected by the individual instructor or by the student and instructor together. The topics must relate to women's experiences and/or issues. Repeatable for credit - maximum six. Prerequisite: WGS 100 or WGS 150 or EDS 206. Consent of department. Offered Fall, Winter, Spring, Summer.

HIS/WGS 301 Cr.3

Women in the Modern United States: 1890-Present

This course introduces students to key issues in modern women's history in the United States. It explores women's experiences as workers, activists, consumers, citizens, and family members. It also examines the various ways in which generations of Americans have defined "woman's place" and "women's issues," and raises questions about the possibility for defining common "women's issues" today. (Cross-listed with HIS/WGS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Alternate Years.

WGS 303 Cr.3

Social Justice Research Methods

This course answers the question that most caring people want answered: How can we fix this problem? Students will engage in the process of strategizing, whatever the issue (gender bias, racism, homophobia, environmental degradation, disability bias), and whatever the setting (a workplace, neighborhood, campus, or beyond). Course activities organize around the processes behind social change: strategic analysis, organizing, action planning, and evaluation, developing students' ability to create the knowledge necessary for complex problem-solving. Students learn and use the quantitative, qualitative, and critical research methods necessary to inform decisions at each step along a generalized pathway to change. Students going on to graduate school and students entering the workforce in a variety of fields like social work, community organizing, communication, and management will benefit from this course. Prerequisite: one of the following: WGS 100, WGS 130, WGS 150, EDS 206, ERS 100; plus nine additional credits in courses approved for WGS. Offered Fall.

HIS/WGS 305 Cr.3

History of Motherhood in the United States

This course considers motherhood in nineteenth and twentieth century United States history from a variety of perspectives. It explores women's experiences as mothers, across lines of class, race, and relationship status. It also examines the politics of motherhood in US history, and considers both the restrictive and the empowering dimensions of ideologies of motherhood. (Cross-listed with HIS/WGS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Alternate Years.

WGS 308 Cr.3

Gender, Justice, and Film

Along with other forms of media, film helps to create, introduce, and reinforce cultural values, norms, and understandings. Using an interdisciplinary approach, this course will provide students tools with which to critically analyze film as a cultural product, with a specific focus on representations of gender and justice. Films to be viewed and analyzed will focus on issues such as interpersonal and gendered violence, parenting, immigration, economic justice, criminal justice policy, leadership, and the social construction of race, class, gender, and sexuality. While films will be the primary text in the course, each will be supplemented with the empirical and theoretical literature on the subject at hand. Prerequisite: one from the following: WGS 100, WGS 130, WGS 150, WGS 212, CST 110, EDS 206, ERS 100, SOC 110, SOC 120. Offered Annually.

HIS/WGS 315 Cr.3

History of Feminist Thought

An examination of the history of feminist ideas in the United States and the historical context, both western and international, from which they emerged. (Cross-listed with HIS/WGS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Alternate Years.

SOC/WGS 316 Cr.3

Gender, Sexuality, and Social Change in Religion

This course examines the various gender roles, norms, mobility, restrictions and empowerment that people experience within religious traditions, for example: Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism. Global case studies and engaging narratives focused on the intersections of gender, sexuality, race, and religion will be considered. Special attention will be paid to feminist laypersons and religious leaders who are reformulating traditional understandings and practices, and in turn, negotiating their agency within secular and spiritual spaces. Prerequisite: WGS 100, WGS 130, WGS 150, SOC 110, SOC 120, or EDS 206. (Cross-listed with SOC/WGS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

WGS 320 Cr.3

Violence and Gender

This course will examine the connections between gendered violence and power distributions within our society using an interdisciplinary and intersectional perspective. Three specific types of violence and abuse will be examined in-depth: sexual harassment, intimate partner violence, and sexual assault. Prerequisite: one of the following: WGS 100, WGS 130, WGS 150, or EDS 206. Offered Alternate Years.

WGS 321 Cr.3

Sexual Violence in the United States

This course will explore the history of sexual violence in the United States and the histories of organized responses to that violence. Special attention will be paid to how the intersections of race, class, sexuality, and gender impact the experience of, and public and political response to, sexual violence. Prerequisite: one from the following: WGS 100, WGS 130, WGS 150, PH 200, EDS 206, ERS 100, PSY 100, SOC 110, SOC 120. Offered Spring - Odd Numbered Years.

WGS 322 Cr.3

Gendered Violence Prevention

Gendered violence takes many forms such as sexual harassment, sexual assault and rape, and intimate partner violence. In this course, students will review the empirical and theoretical literature on one or more of these forms (topics will vary) as well as the empirical and theoretical literature on prevention strategies. Students will then use that knowledge to design and develop a prevention program aimed at gendered violence. Prerequisite: one from the following: WGS 100, WGS 130, WGS 150, PH 200, EDS 206, ERS 100, PSY 100, SOC 110, SOC 120. Offered Alternate Years.

WGS 325 Cr.3

Black Feminist Thought

This course is designed to introduce students to Black Feminist theory. During this semester, we will explore how African-American women have been socially located in American society. We will read various texts (books, articles, etc.) to explore how theory works to explain power, oppression and liberation in the lives of African-American women. To accomplish this goal, we will focus our discussions on themes such as activism, identity, difference, representation, and possibilities of upward mobility as they pertain to the lived experiences of African American women. Offered Annually.

WGS 330 Cr.1-3

Topics: Women, Gender, and Society

Interdisciplinary analysis of a social issue, idea, or institution from the perspective of women and women's studies. Repeatable for credit - maximum nine. Department approval is necessary to apply more than three credits toward the WS minor. Prerequisite: one of the following: WGS 100, WGS 130, WGS 150, WGS 212, ERS 100, EDS 206, SOC 110, SOC 120. Offered Occasionally.

WGS 333 Cr.3

The Gendered Body in History and Today

This class explores historical and contemporary concepts of gender and the body. We will look at how these ideas also connect to other systems of privilege and inequality, and discuss ways that people have thought about social roles, social sanctions, and empowerment through ideas about the body. Topics will include the history of medical ideas about gendered bodies, cultural concepts of disability, race, and transgender identities, socially sanctioned violence against bodies, cultural representation of body ideals, gendered bodies in relation to health, sexual and spiritual ideals. Prerequisite: one of the following: WGS 100, WGS 130, WGS 150, WGS 212, ERS 100, EDS 206, SOC 110, SOC 120. Offered Spring.

SOC/WGS 337 Cr.3

Globalization, Women, and Work

This course examines the global and often exploitative experiences of women, migrating from one part of the world to another for work. As women leave their countries of origin, many find themselves working as nannies, sex workers, house cleaners and modern-day slaves in sweatshops. These work environments often create vulnerability, discrimination, and abuse of women within the private and public institutions of their host countries. The course will also use in-depth personal narratives and a focus on grassroots social movements to witness how women resist workplace policies and domestic laws to campaign for their rights, despite cultural and political constraints. Prerequisite: one of the following: WGS 100, WGS 130, WGS 150, EDS 206, or ERS 100. (Cross-listed with SOC/WGS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Alternate Years.

WGS 340 Cr.3

Gender, Knowledge, and Power

This course explores the connection between gender, knowledge, and power. Students in this course will learn to apply classic and feminist epistemological theory to questions such as how knowledge is socially situated, what it means to explore knowledge through a critical feminist lens, and how the production of knowledge is impacted by conceptions of gender, race, and class. Students in this course will learn about the scientific method and how feminist epistemological theory can strengthen, not weaken, objectivity. Ultimately, students will apply these lessons to the context of the formalized education system in the contemporary United States. In doing so, students will come to a better understanding of how women can "reclaim" their educations. Prerequisite: one of the following: WGS 100, WGS 130, WGS 150, or EDS 206. Offered Alternate Years.

WGS 373 Cr.3

Gender and Human Rights

This course will provide an overview of transnational women's human rights movements in a variety of locations around the world; locations will vary with the instructor. Included in this overview will be the study of women's political participation as a human rights issue; women's bodily integrity as a human right; violence against women and reproductive sexual health and rights; human rights as a framework for social and economic and gender justice; and human rights as (quasi) legal accountability; UN agreements, treaties and venues of redress. Prerequisite: WGS 100, WGS 130, WGS 150, EDS 206, or ERS 100. Offered Fall - Odd Numbered Years.

WGS 374 Cr.3

Women, Poverty and Public Policy

The course analyzes the historical underpinnings to the creation and evolution of welfare with special attention paid to the ways gender, race, and class oppression have shaped welfare in the past and today. Wage differentials, occupational segregation, unpaid work, and gender violence are discussed in relation to the construction of poverty. How poverty affects the lives of poor women and their children also is be explored. Current welfare policy will be analyzed and suggestions for reform based on current research is developed by the class. Prerequisite: one of the following: WGS 100, WGS 130, WGS 150, POL 205, PSY 318, or EDS 206. Offered Alternate Years.

SOC/WGS 375 Cr.3

Lesbian Studies

Examines the social construction of sexual orientation and its meaning for women and women's equality. The course draws on a range of sources, including scientific research, history, literature, psychological theory, and popular culture. Prerequisite: one of the following: WGS 100, WGS 130, WGS 150, EDS 206. (Cross-listed with SOC/WGS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

WGS 450 Cr.1-9

Internship in Women's Studies

The internship is an academically relevant field experience for majors and minors in women's studies which combine women's studies scholarship with practical experience. The field experience will be supervised by the women's studies staff. A maximum of three credits will be counted toward the minor. Repeatable for credit - maximum nine. Prerequisite: six credits of WGS courses; WGS major or minor. Offered Fall, Winter, Spring, Summer.

WGS 499 Cr.3

Women's Studies Seminar

Intensive interdisciplinary study of particular areas in women's studies. Topics will be chosen by the instructor and the students. Prerequisite: one of the following: WGS 100, WGS 130, WGS 150, or EDS 206; at least two other courses approved for the WGS major or minor; declared WGS major or minor. Offered Fall.

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Women's Studies Courses in Other Departments

ANT 250  Cr. 3  Women and Society

A comparative and evolutionary analysis of the development of sex roles in human society, concentrating on the experience of females. Considers sexual dimorphism; symbolic background of gender; relationships between techno-economy, social structure, political organization and women's roles; personality and sex roles; and the experience of women in America. 

ANT 323  Cr. 3  Anthropology of Childhood and Youth

 

This course provides an overview of the anthropology of childhood and youth, emphasizing how these concepts both vary and are similarly-shaped cross-culturally. The texts draw upon cultural studies, ethnography, feminist anthropology, child development, and psychological anthropology. We will explore topics such as child-rearing practices, the role of peers and family, gender roles and expectations, rites of passage, youth subcultures, and youth engagement with globalization and technology. In our discussions, we will also consider how children and young people are active agents in shaping the world around them and conversely, how they are shaped by their worlds. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ANT 195 or ANT/SOC 202 or SOC 110 or SOC 120.

ARC/HIS 372  Cr. 3  History of Women in the Ancient World

A history of the nature and status of women in the ancient world as derived from textual sources, including works of literature, private letters, economic documents, and tomb inscriptions. Areas studied will be Syro-Mesopotamia, Israel, Iran, Anatolia, Egypt, and the Mediterranean world. Also discussed will be the study of women as derived from archaeological sources. (Crosslisted with HIS, may only earn credit in ARC or HIS.) Offered once every three semesters.

CST 334  Cr. 3  Gender Communication

Explores the theory and practice of communication between men and women. Focuses on understanding the similarities and differences of communicative behaviors (verbal, nonverbal, power, conflict and listening) among men and women in various contexts such as intimate relationships, friendships, educational settings, the work place and media. Prerequisite: CST 230 or WGS 100. Offered Sem. II.

CST 338  Cr. 3  Romance in the Media

This course examines the role of print and electronic media in constructing and/or reinforcing unrealistic mythic and stereotype images and ideals of sex, love and romance and the impact of these portrayals on men, women, and children. Multidisciplinary research and theory provide the basis for the focus on practical applications. Students will attempt to identify mass media myths and unrealistic portrayals. Prerequisite: CST 230 or WGS 100. Offered as needed.

CST 419  Cr.3  Communication, Media and Identity

 

Mass media frequently represents and perpetuate stereotypes of social groups. When we are isolated from groups different from ourselves, we tend to define these groups by how they are represented in mass media. To some extent, we also define ourselves in relation to mass media representations of groups with which we identify. Communication among individuals and social groups is influenced by mass media's representations of social groups. This course facilitates critical examination of social stereotypes perpetuated by mass media and investigation of the effects of these stereotypes on communication in various social contexts. Prerequisite: CST 190. Offered Occasionally.

+ ECO 336  Cr. 3  Women in the U.S. Economy

An introduction to the status of women in the U.S. economy. Topics include alternative perspectives on women, work and the labor force, the value of paid versus unpaid labor, pay equity, the social support network, and the prospects for change.

+ ENG 220  Cr. 3  Women and Popular Culture

Fundamentals of cultural studies, with a focus on analyzing representations of women in modern American popular culture and their historical reception. Primary texts from media such as film, television, advertising, and popular fiction will be studied for how they communicate cultural values regarding women and femininity. Prerequisite: ENG 110.

ENG 385  Cr. 3  Women Authors

This course examines how women's literature reflects the causes and nature of women's places in society and their creation of alternative visions and strategies, with a focus on women's negotiation of established traditions of authorship. Primary readings will span literary periods and genres. Authors may include Sappho, Marie de France, Katherine Phillips, Mary Astell, Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary Shelley, Charlotte Bronte, Phyllis Wheatley, Lillian Hellman, Djuna Barnes, George Eliot, Virginia Woolf, Angela Carter, Joyce Carol Oats, Toni Morrison, Zadie Smith. Prerequisite: three credits of 200 level English courses.

ENG 482  Cr. 3  Advanced Study of Women's Literature

This course builds on ENG 385, Women Authors, offering a more focused study of a particular aspect of women's aesthetic expression - the novel, poetry, drama, film, autobiography, and other genres are possible primary texts. Students will engage with more advanced theoretical approaches and critical/contextual readings, while studying the gendered politics of producing and consuming women's artistic work. Approaches might include cultural studies, psychoanalytic theory, sociolinguistics, global matriarchal traditions, new historicism, feminist theory, and so on. Focus will vary with instructors. Prerequisite: ENG 301 and 385. Repeatable for credit -- maximum 6. No more than 3 credits may be applied to an English major or minor. Junior standing or higher recommended.

HED 412/512  Cr. 1-3  Women's Health Issues

This course will provide an opportunity for participants to identify major health issues confronting women today and to examine appropriate health prevention and health promotion lifestyle choices. It will explore health issues from the traditional medical model to the holistic model and provide a comprehensive overview of critical, contemporary women's health issues. Repeatable for credit - maximum 3. Offered Sem. II.

HED 472/572  Cr. 3  Sexual Health Promotion

A review of current information on health and human sexuality. Emphasis is given to biological, psychosocial and educational aspects of human sexuality with special emphasis on instructional activities related to interpersonal communication, decision-making ability and clarification of values. Prerequisite: ESS 205, 206 or BIO 312, 313.

HIS 359  Cr. 3  Women, Gender, and Sexuality in Modern Europe

This course examines changes in ideas about and experiences of gender and sexuality in Europe between 1700 and 2000.  Topics emphasized include changing family structures, women's emancipation and feminism, the intersection of race with gender and sexuality, the politics of reproduction, and gender transformation through war and revolution.  Offered every two years.

HIS 360  Cr. 3  Women, Gender, and Sexuality in Latin America

This course analyzes historical transformations in Iberia and Latin America and their effects on women's and men's lives and gender relations. The relationship of gender and power will be explored to understand inequalities: themes will include pre-colonial societies, colonialism, religious change, urban labor, nationalism, sexuality, and homosexual cultures. Offered every three years.

ARC/HIS 372  Cr. 3  History of Women in the Ancient World

A history of the nature and status of women in the ancient world as derived from textual sources, including works of literature, private letters, economic documents, and tomb inscriptions. Areas studies will be Syro-Mesopotamia, Israel, Iran, Anatolia, Egypt, and the Mediterranean world. Also discussed will be the study of women as derived from archaeological sources. (Cross-listed with ARC/HIS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

HIS 383  Cr. 3  Women in South Asia

This course maps the history of women in South Asia. While the primary emphasis will be colonial and post-colonial South Asia, the course will begin with ancient India and trace women's history through the medieval period. We will survey the historical institutions, practices, and traditions that define the position of women in India. We will examine the laws and religious traditions pertinent to women in South Asia including marriage, inheritance, sati, and purdah. We will also read a variety of women's writings including the poetry of medieval women saints, as well as stories and memoirs from the colonial and post-colonial period. In addition to textual sources, we will analyze Indian popular film and the representation of women in this modern visual genre.

HIS 386  Cr. 3  Women and Gender in Africa

An examination of gender and power in Africa, and the historical roots of inequality as experienced by women in the social, economic, religious and political spheres during the 19th and 20th centuries. Course combines case studies on: Queens, goddesses, warriors, gender systems, with thematic issues such as gender impact of colonialism, resistance, African feminism, women politicians and empowerment to provide a vivid image of the state of gender relations in Africa. Offered Sem. I.

HIS 389  Cr. 3  Women and Gender in the Middle East

 

This course examines the role of gender in Middle East history, from the first years of Islam to present, focusing on women's activism and changing experiences. Offered Occasionally.

PHL 342  Cr. 3  Philosophy of Love, Sex and Friendship

 

An examination into the nature of a variety of kinds of love including love of knowledge, love of friends, erotic love, and parental love. Philosophical consideration of topics such as the nature of desire, the politics of desire, sexual intercourse, adultery, monogamy, polygamy, homosexuality, and the obligations of friends as well as institutions of marriage and parenthood. Offered Alternate Years.

+POL 205  Cr. 3  Women and Politics

An examination of the positions and roles of women in the political arena. This course discusses the nature and extent of women's political involvement, both in the United States and abroad, with particular emphasis on the cultural and racial diversity of women political participants in the United States. Additional topics will include the legal status of women, differences between male and female political behavior, factors that influence women's political participation and current political issues related to women. Offered Sem. II.

POL 433  Cr. 3  Women and Politics in Asia

This course takes a look at the status and treatment of women in the political systems of Asian countries.  It examines the role that history, religion, economics but more importantly politics plays in terms of the life of women in this part of the world.  The focus of the course is the status of women in the political systems of Asia.

POL 436  Cr. 3  Women and Politics in the Middle East

 

This course focuses on the status and treatment of women in the political systems of Middle Eastern countries. It examines the effects of politics as well as history, religion and economics in the lives of women in this region of the world.  Prerequisite: POL 202 or POL 205 or POL 234 or junior standing. Offered Occasionally.

POL 437  Cr. 3  Women and Politics in Africa

This course takes a look at the status and treatment of women in the political systems of African countries.  It examines the role that history, religion, economics but more importantly politics plays in terms of the life of women in this part of the world.  The focus of the course is the status of women in the political systems of Africa.

POL 439  Cr. 3  Women and Politics in Latin America

This course analyzes gender and sexuality issues in the political systems of Latin American countries. It examines the role that history, religion, economics but more importantly politics plays in the lives of women in this part of the world.

PSY 305  Cr. 3  Human Sexuality

A study of psychology of sexual attitudes and behaviors, including typical and atypical variations. Prerequisite: PSY 100.

+ PSY 318  Cr. 3  Psychology of Women

Theories and research concerning the biological, psychological, and social aspects of female functioning will be evaluated. The course will analyze psychological literature that addresses itself to the experience, development, and behavior of women from different ethnic and cultural backgrounds. Prerequisite: PSY 100 and sophomore standing.

PSY 319  Cr. 3  Men and Masculinities

This course examines everyday life using the theories, methods, and findings from the psychology of men and masculinities. The psychology of men is analyzed from multiple perspectives including biological, social learning, feminist, and social constructionist theories. The course considers the role of patriarchy, biology, the media, and other factors that shape the lives of individuals and social groups. Specific topics include men’s mental and physical health, violence, work, and diversity. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or PSY 212 or WGS 100 or WGS 130 or EFN 205. Offered Occasionally.

+SAH 307  Cr. 3  Changing the Culture: Women in Science

This course will focus on the relationship between science and culture, specifically with regard to women. A comprehensive approach will be taken to explore both women's roles in science and women as objects of scientific investigation. Issues that will be addressed include cultural and historical attitudes toward women in science, cultural and historical barriers fought against and overcome by women, and contributions of women to multiple scientific disciplines. Women as objects of psychological and physiological investigation will be explored, and knowledge will be applied to an assessment of how cultural and gender biases have impacted women's health and lives. Prerequisite: Junior standing. Offered Sem. II.

WGS/SOC 338  Cr. 3  Sociological Aspects of Work and Life

This course will explore the sociological impact of work and life demands in contemporary American society. Special emphasis will be given to how gender, sexual orientation, social class, race and ethnicity, and family structure affect individuals' ability to balance the demands of work and life. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or 120 or 200 or ANT 101. May only earn credit in SOC 338 or PSY 444.

SOC 369  Cr. 3  Sociology of Sexualities

 

This course uses a sociological perspective to examine human sexuality. Although biological explanations are often used to understand sexuality, this course will focus on how sexual attitudes and behaviors are shaped by society. We will focus on the methodological and theoretical approaches that are used in sociological studies of sexuality. This will include a brief overview of historical perspectives on sexuality; as well as contemporary debates about sexual identity; sexual practices and behavior; and how sexuality relates to issues of power and politics, of morality and social control. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or WGS 100 or ANT 101. Offered Alternate Years.

SOC 370  Cr. 3  Sociology of Gender

Explores the social construction, variation and consequences of gender categories across time and space. Examines how gender identities are developed and how gender structures our experiences in education, work, families, the media and other institutions. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or 120 or 200 or ANT 101.

 

Ethnic and Racial Studies expanding section

+ERS 100 Cr.3

Introduction to Ethnic and Racial Studies

An examination of the persistence of minority and ethnic problems in the United States and consideration of the contributions, parallels, similarities, and differences between and among ethnic and minority groups. Offered Fall, Winter, Spring, Summer.

+ENG/ERS 207 Cr.3

Multicultural Literature of the United States

This course examines cultural themes in American literature in an effort to enhance student awareness of the multi-ethnic nature of American culture. Students engage in close reading, discussion, analysis, and interpretation of texts written by individuals from a variety of American ethnic and cultural backgrounds. Content varies with instructors. Prerequisite: ENG 110 or ENG 112 or concurrent enrollment in ENG 112. (Cross-listed with ENG/ERS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Fall, Spring.

+ENG/ERS 210 Cr.3

Literature of Black America

Survey and exploration of Black American prose and poetry from their eighteenth century beginnings to the end of the Harlem Renaissance and the depression years. Prerequisite: ENG 110 or ENG 112 or concurrent enrollment in ENG 112. (Cross-listed with ENG/ERS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Fall.

+ENG/ERS 215 Cr.3

African American Authors

A study of the principal post-depression (1940 to present) African American authors, critics, and scholars which clarifies the relationship between these writers and the general field of American literature and which illustrates their unique contributions as representatives of African American culture. Prerequisite: ENG 110 or ENG 112 or concurrent enrollment in ENG 112. (Cross-listed with ENG/ERS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Spring.

+ERS 220 Cr.3

Introduction to Ethnic and Racial Stereotypes in the Media

This course will trace how popular entertainment mediums such as film, television, books, comics, "wild west shows," music and cartoons have impacted perceptions of ethnic and racial groups from the early seventeenth century to the present. Besides analyzing the persuasive power of these types of mediums, it will examine why such representations were created and why they still persist. The mythopoeic image that surrounds American Indians, African Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanics, and other minority groups will be juxtaposed against the historical reality that these groups have faced and the contemporary inequalities that we still must confront. Prerequisite: ERS 100. Offered Fall, Spring.

+ERS 253 Cr.3

Introduction to Wisconsin Indians

An introductory examination of Wisconsin Indians with specific reference to the Ho-Chunk, Menominee, Ojibwa, Oneida, Potawatomi, and the Stockbridge-Munsee communities. An interdisciplinary approach will be used to explore topics including sovereignty, land use and environmental issues, education, economic development, social issues and challenges, and tribal identity. The course also will explore federal and state American Indian policies, as well as each tribes' response to them. The story of Wisconsin American Indian tribes is a story of struggle against prejudice and discrimination to survive. They continue not only to survive but to thrive as a modern tribal people. Their presence is felt in all areas of the state's economy, yet they are often overlooked. Wisconsin American Indians work in the state's health care fields, as educators, administrators, and as entrepreneurs. Many state residents are unaware of their presence in their day-to-day lives. This creates a unique opportunity for students to examine their relationship to racial minorities and their own ability to become more aware of the world around them, and to help in creating a more harmonious racial environment. Offered Fall, Spring.

ERS 300 Cr.1-3

Topics and Symposium in Minority Studies

Topics selected by the individual instructor or by the students and instructor together. Special interest of both the instructor and students such as Black drama or Native American art, or other areas of concern which are either not covered or briefly dealt with in formal course work may be the vehicles for this offering. Repeatable for credit - maximum six. Offered Occasionally.

ERS 309 Cr.3

Music of Black America

This course examines the history of recorded Black musical expression in the United States through music, lyrics, and texts. It explores the role of spirituals, blues, ragtime, jazz, calypso & mento, gospel, rhythm & blues, funk, reggae, house, and rap music from slavery through the Obama era as a conveyor of social, cultural, and political commentary on race, gender, class, sexual orientation and other intersecting identities with an emphasis on race. Literary criticism, music history, critical race theory will be used to understand the importance of music as an expression of power and relative powerlessness to the black experience in the US. Lect. 2, Lab 1. Offered Fall.

ERS 314 Cr.3

Race, Ethnicity, and Sport

Sport has long occupied a place at the heart of American culture and society. Organized athletics have also served as symbolic sites of protest, power, and inclusion for the nation's racial minorities. This course will explore the terrain of American sport in the twentieth century as a way to understand the profound impact that the phenomenon of athletic competition has had in the development of American race relations. With particular attention to the experiences of African American athletes, but also encompassing Native American, Latino/a, and Asian American interactions with sport, and will delve into the events, icons, and cultural meanings of sports over the last century. Offered Occasionally.

ERS/PHL 321 Cr.3

American Indian Thought

Reflection on the Native American ways of thinking as manifest in the literature of various select tribes, on the essential characteristics of thinking commonly shared by Native Americans, and on the fundamental difference between the Native American ways of thinking and those of the dominant (white) culture. The "primal world" of Native American thought will be studied as an alternative to the western way of thinking. Prerequisite: ERS 100. (Cross-listed with ERS/PHL 321; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ERS 325 Cr.3

Exploring White Privilege

This inter-disciplinary course is an exploration of white privilege in contemporary American society. Considering whiteness as both race and power-based system, this course attempts deeper understanding of the persistence of racism and its impact on all segments of society. Questions of denial and resistance, collaboration in systems of privilege, and personal and intellectual responses to those explorations highlight how privilege influences human interaction. The distribution of privilege within American society at personal, institutional, and cultural levels, as well as how whiteness operates within social constructs of class and gender, will be analyzed. Students ultimately develop strategies for confronting racism. Prerequisite: ERS 100. Offered Occasionally.

ERS 330 Cr.3

Food and Race in the United States

This course is an interdisciplinary examination of the relationship between food and American identity and racial stratification in the United States. The study of food gives insight into immigration technology, religion, tradition and politics. Particular emphasis will be placed on understanding how various groups use food to maintain racial and ethnic boundaries. Offered Occasionally.

ERS/SOC 342 Cr.3

Latino/a Experiences in the U.S.

This course offers a sociological analysis of the experiences of Latino/a populations in the United States. Topics covered include legal status and citizenship; push and pull factors of immigration; political participation and social movements; assimilation and acculturation; health concerns and educational outcomes; and identity formation around issues of social class, sex and gender, and race/ethnicity. Emphasis is placed on understanding the complexities of the Latino/a experience in the United States as well as mastering sociological concepts related to processes of immigration and assimilation. This course will be useful for students planning to enter human services where they are likely to interact with this population. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or ANT 101. (Cross-listed with ERS/SOC, may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Alternate Years.

ERS/SOC 343 Cr.3

American Indian Contemporary Issues

This course is an interdisciplinary examination of American Indian contemporary experience in the United States. It will introduce students to some of the critical issues in American Indian studies by examining the place of American Indians within the American imagination, politics and society. The course concentrates on issues of tribal sovereignty, economics, social class and structure, and the difficulties of maintaining a tribal identity in the 21st century. Prerequisite: one of the following: EFN 205, ERS 100, ERS 253, HIS 310, SOC 225, or WGS 130. (Cross-listed with ERS/SOC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Fall.

ERS 351 Cr.3

Ethnic and Racial Relations

An introductory course that examines leading theories of racial and ethnic relations in the United States and assesses their significance and relevance in explaining historic and contemporary relations between the white majority and the racial and ethnic minorities. It also analyzes and evaluates the impact of various laws, policies, and programs on racial and ethnic relations. Prerequisite: ERS 100. Offered Fall, Spring.

+ANT/ERS 362 Cr.3

Hmong Americans

This is an introductory course to Hmong American history, culture, and contemporary life. The course reviews Hmong history within the context of U.S. foreign policy in Southeast Asia from 1945 to 1975 and examines the sociocultural transformations that have been taking place in Hmong American communities across the U.S. since 1976. Prerequisite: (Cross-listed with ANT/ERS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ERS/SOC 363 Cr.3

American Indians and the Environment

This course introduces students to American Indian environmental issues. Topics include treaty-based hunting, fishing and gathering rights, air and water quality regulatory authority, environmental racism, toxic and nuclear waste disposal on Indian lands, mining and hydroelectric dams, sacred sites, and Indian vs. Western perceptions of the environment. Special attention will be given to current environmental controversies in Wisconsin Indian country. Prerequisite: one of the following: EFN 205; ERS 100, ERS 253; ERS/SOC 343; SOC 225, SOC 328. (Cross-listed with ERS/SOC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ERS 365 Cr.3

Muslims in the United States

What is the history of Islam in the United States? Who makes up the Muslim American community, past and present? What does it mean to be Muslim in the US? Using an interdisciplinary approach, this course explores the multiple racial, ethnic, cultural, and national groups that make-up this diverse community. The course begins by chronicling the introduction of Islam to the country, namely through travel, slavery, immigration and conversion. The course then investigates how the events of 9/11 and the subsequent "war on terror" impact Muslim Americans. Building upon this theoretical foundation, we examine key experiential themes, including media stereotyping, Islamophobia, gender, Muslim youth, cultural pluralism, and progressivism. Students ultimately relate theories of race and religion to the Muslim American experience. Prerequisite: ERS 100. Offered Occasionally.

ERS 369 Cr.3

Multiracial and Multicultural Identities

This interdisciplinary course explores the experiences and identities of multiracial and multicultural people in the United States. An increasing number of people identify as multiracial, including those coming of age at a time when more than one racial/ethnic identity may be checked on the census. Transracial adoptees are sharing stories of what it means to be raised by parents who do not "look like them." Immigrants and their descendants are openly maintaining practices of ancestral cultures while simultaneously acculturating to "mainstream America." Multiracial and multicultural Americans are gaining visibility in the 21st century like never before. Questions of interracial relationships, globalization and immigration dynamics, identity construction, transnationality, and belonging will be addressed. Students will ultimately engage contemporary discussions, debates, and narratives to analyze the past, present, and future spaces occupied by multiracial and multicultural identities in the US, and to locate self-identities within that discussion. Prerequisite: ERS 100. Offered Occasionally.

ERS 400/500 Cr.1-3

Individual Study in Ethnic and Racial Studies

Directed reading and research under the supervision of an instructor. Repeatable for credit - maximum six. This course is taught largely at an undergraduate level. Graduate students will have additional course requirements/expectation. Prerequisite: junior standing. Consent of instructor. Offered Fall, Spring.

ERS/HIS 409 Cr.3

20th Century Civil Rights Movement

This course explores the modern civil rights movement in the US and the struggle for African Americans and other marginalized groups to gain equal rights in voting, education, employment, housing, and other facets of life in the US. It begins with the MOWM and examines the seemingly completing philosophies of civil rights organizations such as CORE, SNCC, SCLC, BPP, AIM, SDS and other civil rights leaders, and local people in shaping their own destinies. It highlights and interrogates major national and local political struggles and their reciprocal relationships with international political and anti-colonial movements from 1941 to the present. It concludes with exploring the link between convict leasing, prison reform movements, political prisoners, and the prison industrial complex as the New Jim Crow. Prerequisite: ERS 100. (Cross-listed with ERS/HIS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Fall.

ERS/HIS 411 Cr.3

20th Century African American Urban History

This course will explore the interrelationships between race, class, and gender among blacks in the twentieth century American city. Throughout the semester we will interrogate the confluence and the divergence of the myths and the realities of the black urban political, social, and cultural experience in the United States. The course begins in the American South in 1900, where the majority of blacks continued to live, and follows the migration of over two million African Americans to the northern and western United States in the years between World War I and World War II. The course continues with the black community-building process and the black urban struggle for political, economic, and cultural self-determination. While blacks in the South played an enormous role in the Civil Rights Movement, this course will include focus on the Civil Rights and Black Power Movement in the Urban North and West, and conclude with examinations of the rise of the so-called second ghettos. Prerequisite: ERS 100. (Cross-listed with ERS/HIS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Fall.

ERS/PSY 415 Cr.3

Multicultural Counseling

This course focuses on the effects of culture on the nature and behavior of individuals, their adaptations to institutions and environments, and their relations within and outside their culture. Specifically, the impact of concepts such as ethnocentrism, stereotypes, racism and prejudice are explored in terms of their relevance to the counseling process. Strategies and skills relevant to providing effective multicultural counseling are investigated. Prerequisite: PSY 100, PSY 285. (Cross-listed with ERS/PSY; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Annually.

ERS/PSY 442 Cr.3

Racism and Oppression

This course focuses on psychological theory and research regarding individual, group, historical, institutional, and societal causes of racism and oppression. The manifestations and consequences of racism and oppression are examined as are the challenges inherent in reducing racism and oppression. Both historical and contemporary racism and oppression in a global context are analyzed. Prerequisite: ERS 100 or PSY 241 or PSY 285 or SOC 330; junior standing. Students with credit in ERS/PSY 443 cannot earn credit in ERS/PSY 442. (Cross-listed with ERS/PSY; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ERS/PSY 443 Cr.3

Prejudice and Stigma

This course explores the psychological underpinnings of prejudice and stigma from an empirical, research-based perspective. In addition to covering well-recognized forms of prejudice such as racism, the course examines discrimination more broadly in terms of its impact on those who stigmatize and those who are stigmatized. Prerequisite: PSY 100; PSY 241 or SOC 330; PSY 321 or PSY 331. Students with credit in ERS/PSY 442 may not earn credit in ERS/PSY 443. (Cross-listed with ERS/PSY; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ERS 490 Cr.3

Ethnic and Racial Studies Seminar

This capstone course is designed as a culminating experience for students completing a minor in Ethnic and Racial Studies. Current events will be examined and connections to careers will be explored as the active application of an ERS minor is made the central focus for the course. Students will draw upon the skills and knowledge of both their ERS minor as well as their own majors and other programs of study to design and carry out a capstone project that will address and/or analyze some aspect of ethnic and racial experiences in the United States. Note: Students are not allowed to substitute an independent study for this course. Prerequisite: ERS 100; 12 credits from core and elective courses; declared ethnic and racial studies minor. Offered Spring.

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